Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 5
Government Debt [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003Douglas W. Elmendorf, Gregory N. Mankiw
This paper surveys the literature on the macroeconomic effects of government debt. It begins by discussing the data on debt and deficits, including the historical time series, measurement issues, and projections of future fiscal policy. The paper then presents the conventional theory of government debt, which emphasizes aggregate demand in the short run and crowding out in the long run. It next examines the theoretical and empirical debate over the theory of debt neutrality called Ricardian equivalence. Finally, the paper considers the various normative perspectives about how the government should use its ability to borrow.
Monetary Policy [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2003Gregory N. Mankiw
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994
In Monetary Policy, leading monetary economists discuss applied aspects of monetary policy and offer practical new research on the timing, magnitude, and channels of central banking actions. Some of the papers in this volume evaluate a variety of policy rules based on monetary aggregates, nominal income, commodity prices, and other economic variables. Others analyze price behavior and inflation, particularly the short-run behavior of prices. Still others examine the monetary transmission mechanism--the channel through which the central bank's actions affect spending on goods and services--with a special focus on the reduction in bank lending that must accompany a reduction in reserves. This new research will be of special interest to central bankers and academic economists.
Martin P. Financial globalization and emerging markets [Текст]. With or without crash? / P. Martin, H. Rey. Cambridge : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2002. 36 p. (NBER working paper series ; 9288 ). [книга]
Опубликовано на портале: 12-08-2004
Authors analyze the impact of financial globalization on asset prices, investment and the possibility of crashes driven by self-fulfilling expectations in emerging markets. In a two-country model with one emerging market (intermediate income level) and one industrialized country (high income level), they show that liberalization of capital flows increases asset prices, investment and income in the emerging market. However, for intermediate levels of international financial transaction costs, authors find that pessimistic expectations can be self-fulfilling, leading to a financial crash. The crash is accompanied by capital flight, a drop in income and investment below the financial autarky level and more market incompleteness. Authors show that emerging markets are more prone to financial crashes simply because they have a lower income level and not because of the existence of market failures (moral hazard or credit constraints), bad monetary policies or exchange rate regimes.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-09-2003Bennett T. Mccallum
The recently-developed fiscal theory of price level determination contends that there is an important class of policy rules in which there exists a unique rational expectations solution that shows the price level to be dependent upon fiscal policy and independent of monetary variables. The present paper argues, however, that there is an alternative solution to these models that has entirely traditional (or monetarist') properties. This latter solution is perhaps the more plausible since it is the solution that is typically regarded as the bubble-free fundamentals' solution. The argument involves a respecification of feasible instrument variables.
Опубликовано на портале: 29-01-2003Terry McKinley
Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2001
In the late twentieth century, structural adjustment policies became the West's received wisdom as a solution to the economic problems of the South. Based on detailed empirical research, the contributors to this volume take a more heterodox and even critical approach. Indeed, many of the issues raised here are now being assimilated into a new 'Post-Washington Consensus'. The range of geographical coverage matched with the coherence of the approaches taken by the contributors allows striking comparisons to be made.