Эксоцман
на главную поиск contacts
Мы не берем все книги по признаку формального соответствия темам. Отбираем лучшее по качеству и релевантности. (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 35

Книги

Авторы:
все А Б ВГ Д Е ЖЗИ ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У ФХ ЦЧ Ш ЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S TU V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
А БВ Г Д ЕЖЗ И ЙК ЛМ Н О П Р С Т У ФХЦ ЧШЩЭ ЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I JKL M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Kym Anderson, Rodney Tyers
Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 1992
Авторы книги исследуют эффект от либерализации мировой торговли продукцией сельского хозяйства. Рассматривается современное состояние торговли сельскохозяйственной продукцией и проблемы либерализации, изменение структуры мировых продовольственных рынков, политика протекционизма сельского хозяйства развитыми странами, моделируется ситуация либерализации торговли, рассчитываются потери и выгоды от данной политики.

Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Ralph Battles, Robert Thompson
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2000, 194 с.
Begins with an overview of domestic and international trends and covers the basics of loans (mortgages and deeds of trust) and time values of money (interest, discounting, calculations and amortization, refinancing, cash budgeting, and graphing loans). Useful as a guide for practitioners, the the text was actually designed for teaching with outlines at the beginning of chapters, and study questions and problems at each chapter's end.

Учебник - практическое пособие по финансам в агробизнесе. Рассматриваются все основные элементы – кредитная система, залог, займ, дисконтирование, компаудинг, амортизация, рефинансирование, бюджетирование потоков наличности.

Опубликовано на портале: 29-03-2005
Sabine Baum, Christian Trapp, Peter Weingarten
2004
Despite some common features, rural areas cannot be considered homogeneous. They are much more heterogeneous than a generalised comparison with urban areas might indicate. Rather, they have specific characteristics which can differ within a country and even more across countries. This paper provides a typology of CEEC-10 NUTS-3 regions according to demographic and socio-economic criteria. The cluster analysis carried out revealed five different types of regions as the most adequate result: three are largely rural, one includes both rural, and especially industrialised urban areas, and one covers only large cities. To provide insight on the similarities of, and differences between rural areas in all of Europe, an additional cluster analysis on NUTS-2 level, including the EU-15 Member States (except for the UK) alongside the CEEC, was carried out. The result of the last cluster analysis reveals large differences in development between the regions of the European Union and the CEECs. Two of the nine clusters cover only CEE regions, another two only EU-15 regions. Of the remaining five, four are dominated by current EU regions and only one cluster is rather mixed. In order to design concrete policy measures adapted to the peculiarities of the specific regions, more detailed cluster analyses – on a more disaggregated regional level including additional variables – proved to be necessary. Given the restricted data availability, this requires focussing on single countries. As a first step, a typology of rural areas in Bulgaria is elaborated in this paper.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 25-11-2003
Duncan Boughton, David L. Tschirley, Higino Marrule, Ballard Zulu
2003
Cotton is one of the most important smallholder cash crops in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). How to ensure input supply, credit recovery and competition is a subject of intense policy debate. This paper examines the performance of cotton sector development policies in Mozambique and Zambia. Both countries face the challenge of organizing input supply to farmers in the absence of rural credit markets, and competing in international markets distorted by production subsidies in developed countries. Both countries privatized cotton ginning in the 1990s. Emerging from civil war, Mozambique established geographical monopolies to interlink input and output markets and facilitate credit recovery. In Zambia, the government completely liberalized the cotton sector, forcing the private sector to deal with the problem of input distribution and credit recovery by itself. Despite being landlocked, Zambia.s cotton sector has achieved better performance in terms of both value of cotton output per hectare and smallholder share of world market prices. An analysis of the institutional and technical factors behind the two countries. performance provides insights to guide the design of public/private partnerships relevant to many SSA countries.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Bruno Henry De Frahan, Christian Tritten
2002
This paper proposes a partial equilibrium displacement model that differentiates wheat according to its end-use and country of origin to investigate the impact of alternative European trade policies on wheat supply and demand in France. Transmission, demand and supply elasticities are estimated for each class and origin of wheat. Simulation results show that rebalancing trade protection across wheat classes encourages domestic supply of high quality wheat and displaces imports from North America.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Detlef Deumlich, J. Thiere, H. I. Reuter, L. Völker, R. Funk, Joachim Kiesel
2004
This paper presents a comparative method (SICOM) to evaluate complex site conditions at the level of a Federal State (Brandenburg) and at different areal units. The methodology uses primary site conditions and provides the possibility to objectively compare and judge different ecological questions. Objects with heterogeneous content are pooled in comparison groups. Consideration of the main site characteristics allows a goal-oriented allocation of subsidies. The use of SICOM is demonstrated for the wind and water erosion risk assessment across different scales from Federal State down to a parcel of land. The “parcel” aggregation-level proves to be useful to assess the erosion risk. Larger scales are less useful in the assessment of subsidies policy with regard to erosion risk. SICOM is demonstrated to be suitable for comparing and assessing regional aspects more objectively.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
M. Carmen Firici, Kenneth J. Thomson
2002
This paper focuses on estimation of distributional economic welfare effects of the adoption of the CAP on different groups of Romanian households. The calculations of welfare effects are based on 1999 household data and refer to a 10-fold breakdown of Romanian households, i.e. five socio-economic categories from urban and rural areas, taking into account own (home) production of food. To identify the most vulnerable groups of Romanian consumers to food price changes, the Slutsky approximation Compensating Variation approach is applied. The results suggest that, if the current CAP is adopted and results in food price changes averaging a 10 per cent increase in all food prices, the lowest-income groups (i.e. urban and rural unemployed households, urban pensioner households) will be the most affected, ceteris paribus (prices of all other goods held constant). The minimum amount by which the groups could be compensated for the effect of price change on their real incomes varies between Euro 3 per month for employers’ households (about 1% of total income) and about Euro 8 per month for farmers’ households (6%). However, due to the relatively large shares of food self-production in total consumption, in particular by rural households, somewhat smaller money compensation would be appropriate.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Robert Gibbs, Paul Swaim, Ruy Teixeira
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1998, 200 с.
Книга-исследование о состоянии рынка труда в сельской местности США. Автором рассеивает миф о наличии огромного разрыва между уровнем повышения квалификации на месте работы, уровнем образования в сельской местности и уровнем образования в урбанизированных районах. В книге представлена реалистичная информация о структуре, слабых и сильных сторонах современного рынка труда, с предложениями новых методов для профессионального роста.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Thomas Glauben, Hendrik Tietje, Christoph Weiss
2002
This study examines family farms and characteristics affecting farm succession. Based on a farm survey, three aspects of succession are analysed in the paper: the probability of family succession; the likelihood of having a successor designated; and the timing of succession. Large and specialised farms are more likely to be transferred within the family and to have appointed a successor. The number of family members, as well as the experience of farm operator, is also significantly related to the succession behaviour. The probabilities of succession, and of having a successor, first increase with age and then decline again. Furthermore, timing of succession is delayed as the farm holder ages, suggesting most farm operators’ succession plans to be inconsistent over time. In addition, we find a significant interrelationship between the different aspects of succession indicating that decisions on family succession, the designation of a successor, as well as the timing of succession, are not separable.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Giannis Karagiannis, Peter Midmore, Vangelis Tzouvelekas
2002
The objective of this paper is to develop a tractable approach for recovering and quantifying all sources of TFP changes (namely, technical change, changes in technical and allocative efficiency, and scale economies) from the econometric estimation of an input distance function which also fully describes the production technology. The proposed theoretical framework relies on Bauer’s TFP decomposition framework and the duality between input distance and cost functions. Hence, instead of using a system approach to estimate a cost frontier, all necessary information for decomposing TFP changes are recovered from its dual counterpart.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Hans Lofgren, Sherman Robinson, James Thurlow
2003
Zambia.s strong dependence on copper exports has suppressed other tradables sectors, indicative of a Dutch disease phenomenon. The current copper crisis will have strong economic effects, possibly reversing such Dutch disease effects. We use a computable general equilibrium model built around a 1995 social accounting matrix to simulate the short- and long-run effects of two scenarios that reflect the current crisis, a 20 percent reduction in world copper prices and a complete collapse of copper mining. Compared to the short run, the long run is characterized by more flexibility in production technology and capital allocation. Both scenarios require a significant reduction in the .non-copper. trade deficit, absorption, and household consumption. The strongest effects occur under the short-run mining-collapse scenario where household consumption falls by 13 percent and the real exchange rate depreciates by 42 percent. In the long run, these effects are approximately half as strong. The short- and long-run impacts of a 20 percent fall in world copper prices include a cut in household consumption by 4-5 percent and real depreciation by 7-10 percent. For all scenarios, the welfare losses for rural households are below the national average. Given that per-capita consumption is lower in rural areas, inequality falls. This distributional outcome is driven by the fact that the agro-food-fiber complex, which produces outputs that are relatively tradable, expands relative to the rest of the economy in terms of value-added, employment, and exports, suggesting that the copper crisis may induce an agricultural renaissance.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Christos Pantzios, Stelios Rozakis, Vangelis Tzouvelekas
2002
Utilizing the stochastic frontier approach, this paper estimates output and input-oriented technical and scale efficiency levels for a sample of cotton-growing farms in Thessaly, Greece. The empirical results suggest that Greek cotton farm operations are technically and scale inefficient. There is a considerable scope for improvement in resource use and thereby in farm income of cotton farms; Greek cotton farmers could reduce production costs by 20.4%, making more efficient utilization of the existing production technology. Factors responsible for the technical efficiency differentials observed among cotton-growers include the farmer’s age and education as well as the farm’s land fragmentation and output specialization.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
David Pearce, Kerry Turner
USA: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990, 392 с.
Учебник начального уровня по экономике использования природных ресурсов и окружающей среды. Раскрываются основные понятия, модели, проблематика.

Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Demetrios Psaltopoulos, Eudokia Balamou, Kenneth J. Thomson
2004
This paper presents an analysis and evaluation of the impacts of rural development policies implemented in the rural town of Archanes, an area in Crete which has received considerable rural development funds during the CSF I and II. A hybrid interregional Social Accounting Matrix approach is used to describe interlinkages between Archanes and neighbouring rural and urban localities. Then, preliminary results are reported on the diffusion- patterns of rural development policy impacts in terms of generated output and income. Results show that policy-related economic benefits leak primarily to the ’affluent’ urban area of Heraklion and marginally to the less-developed rural area of N. Kazantzakis. Taking account of the significant rural development policy investment that has taken place in Archanes in recent years, this finding raises doubts on the contribution of these policies towards the core EU policy-objective of cohesion.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
David J. Sedik, Michael A. Trueblood, Carlos Arnade
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 495-512 с.
In this paper, we consider the extent to which there has been genuine restructuring of Russian corporate farms by oblast and attempt to explain the various levels of farm restructuring by oblast.

To do this, we measure the average level of technical efficiency of crop production on corporate farms by oblast over the period 1991-1995 and the change in technical efficiency by oblast over that period. We find that many of the producing regions that were relatively efficient before the reforms have maintained this status since reforms began. However, the most inefficient regions have become even more inefficient. We also find that variations in efficiency by oblast can be explained by economic and institutional factors, including shocks in relative prices, average farm size, the extent of state marketing channels, the degree of privatization, subsidy levels, and movement towards crop specialization.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл