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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 27



Опубликовано на портале: 29-12-2003
William Liefert, Zvi Lerman, Василий Якимович Узун, Дмитрий Николаевич Рылько, Bruce L. Gardner
Москва: Ин-т экономики переходного периода, 2002, 199 с.
A decade after the initial reforms of the former Soviet economy, the results in agriculture remain disappointing. Despite food price liberalization, barriers to marketing agricultural output are still present in many regions, and access to modern inputs is very limited almost everywhere. Agricultural output remains about one-third below the pre-reform levels of 1989-91. Incomes of workers employed in agriculture remain depressed. Yet significant changes have occurred. Output increases have been noted on household subsidiary plots, which have been enlarged and play an important role, especially where former collective farms are weakest. New arrangements are springing up in which input suppliers or other businesses related to agriculture are establishing vertically integrated or other contractual arrangements with agricultural producers. These arrangements are managing to supply much-needed fertilizer, chemical, and energy inputs in ways more promising than the barter arrangements that have characterized the dealings of many former collective farms and the ad hoc and unpriced ways in which owner-employees of these farms often acquire inputs for their own farming enterprises on private plots. Even without fully developed land ownership rights, it appears that rental transactions under which new operators may acquire the use of increased acreage are increasing and are beginning to be economically important. The objectives of the project are to quantify the extent to which factor market constraints have impaired the ability of Russian agriculture to function efficiently and profitably, to establish which constraints are most important in both the short and long run perspectives, and to provide the analytical knowledge needed to formulate policies to remedy obstacles and constraints. In order to consider the state of knowledge and determine the research directions in following three years the BASIS , University of Maryland and Centre AFE have hold a conference in July, 2001 in Golitzino (Golitzino-II) nearby Moscow. The proceedings of this conference are presented in this book . The book is issued in English and Russian simultaneously.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Peter Halmai, Andrea Elekes
Zaragoza, 2002
As regards EU accession of Hungary one of the most important questions is how the adaptation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) will affect the competitiveness of the Hungarian agriculture. Competitive effects of CAP can be revealed in several ways (quantitative, comparative analysis, simulations etc.) but the results may differ significantly. That is why it is interesting to compare the results of different methods.

This paper concentrates on the competitive effects of changing trade policy by comparing the results of comparative analyses (producer prices, export subsidy systems and import protection) and simulations. The results of the simulation confirm the conclusion that the CAP adaptation will favour basically the cereal production. CAP adaptation will intensify the already existing (competitive) differences between the two large sectors of agriculture (plant and animal products). All of the analyses came to the conclusion that the prospects of arable crops are favourable. Less reassuring are the prospects of animal products. There are apparent efficiency problems, and rising feed costs (due to accession) may further weaken the position of this sector. Without basic structural reforms the sustainability of the sector’s competitiveness is questionable.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Kyosti Pietola, Minna Vare, Alfons Oude Lansink
This paper estimates farmer decisions between three discrete occupational choices: exit and close down the farming operation (1), exit and transfer the farm to a new entrant (2), or continue farming and retain the option to exit later on (3). The farmer optimisation problem is formulated as a recursive optimal stopping problem. The unknown parameters are first estimated by a switching-type, reduced form Probit models and, then by the Simulated maximum likelihood (SML) method, controlling for serial correlation in the errors. Serial correlation in the errors is controlled for by the Geweke-Hajivassiliou-Keane (GHK) simulation technique. The results suggest that the timing and the type of farmer exit decisions respond elastically to farmer characteristics, farm characteristics, and economic environment. Early retirement programs and the level of farmer retirement benefits are predicted to play a key role in steering structural development and enhancing family farms in the Nordic agricultural sectors.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Dan Looker
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1995, 198 с.
В книге даётся представление об основных программах поддержки для начинающих фермеров в США. Рассматриваются экономические и политические проблемы, а также реальные истории фермеров, успешно вошедших в фермерство сегодня.

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Pierre Dupraz, Isabel Vanslembrouck, Francois Bonnieux, Guido Van Huylenbroeck
This paper examines the factors influencing farmers' participation in several agri-environmental schemes. A multinominal logit model is used to separate between participating and nonparticipating farmers. In addition this model allows to predict farmers participation in one measure as well as in different measures simultaneously. Data stems from a survey conducted in eight European countries and includes a description of both farmer and farm characteristics. Three categories of schemes have been analysed: landscape maintenance, biodiversity protection and restriction of intensive farming practices. The combination of these three types of schemes provides eight possible packages which can be selected by eligible farmers.

The multinominal logit model shows the importance of both farm and farmer as well as attitudinal characteristics on the participation in different combinations of schemes. For instance, the environmental concern favours landscape maintenance and biodiversity protection as well as their combinations with schemes requiring restrictions of intensive practices. However, it has a negative effect on the single participation in schemes requiring restrictions of intensive practices only. Our analysis confirms a number of previous findings. In addition, it shows the importance for policy makers to take into account that farmers have the opportunity to enter several schemes simultaneously. Indeed, due to cost complementarities, joint participation provides both private and public benefits.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Thomas Glauben, Christian Henning, Arne Henningsen
The study is devoted to the comparative static analysis and econometric estimation of farm household decisions under both standard and agricultural taxes. Accounting for labor market constraints a non- separable model is constructed implying increasing per-unit costs of accessing labor markets. To control for tax-induced adjustments related to labor market imperfections we compare the results to those derived from a separable approach, assuming perfect labor markets. Theoretical results suggest that most tax-induced responses are ambivalent mainly caused by shadow prices effects. Further, tax-induced effects differ between the two model versions. In particular standard taxes may imply production adjustments in the case of non- separability.

Thus, income and value-added taxes are no more necessarily superior to agricultural taxes. Econometric analysis using individual household data from Mid-West Poland indicates remarkable responses to market surplus and input taxes. In contrast, standard and land taxes imply only negligible production adjustments. Thus, they seem to be superior, at least in the Polish case.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Farm management [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Ronald D. Kay, William M. Edwards
New York: McGraw-Hill, 1999, 512 с.
Учебник по управлению сельскохозяйственным предприятием. Раскрываются основные составляющие процесса принятия решений в сельском хозяйстве, встающие перед современным управленцем в АПК – проведение прикладного микроэкономическго анализа состояния предприятия, разработка бюджетирования, и работа с информационными системами. Среди многих проблем, получивших глубокое рассмотрение в учебнике, можно выделить планирование производства, анализ финансового состояния предприятия, процесс покупки ресурсов и получения кредита.

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Paul Hill, John S. Nix
USA: Wye College, 1980, 160 с.
Справочник по вопросам управления сельскохозяйственным предприятием.

Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Kent Olson
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2003, 416 с.
Учебник является новейшим представлением управления сельскохозяйственным предприятием. Рассматриваются стратегические и операционные аспекты управления. Это незаменимый справочник для управленцев, работающих в сельском хозяйстве. Внимание уделено написанию бизнес-плана и инновационным, современным методам оценки решений. В отличие от других изданий по управлению, в учебник вместе с традиционным материалом по бюджетированию, маркетинговому, финансовому планированию, управлению персоналом, вошли такие разделы как стратегический менеджмент, планирование производственного процесса и отдельных операций, управление качеством и контроль, оценка производственных контактов, принятие решений за рамками традиционного микроэкономического анализа.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Christopher Stephen Barnard, John S. Nix
Cambridge, USA: Cambridge University Press, 1980, 612 с.
Учебник «Планирование и контроль на сельскохозяйственном предприятии» ставит целью обучить современным техникам организации и управления предприятием в сельском хозяйстве при увеличении размеров, углублении специализации и интенсификации производства. Книга состоит их четырёх основных частей – организация ресурсов, организация предприятий, комбинация предприятий, контроль над ресурсами и предприятиями. То есть, для оптимального использования ресурсов фермерам необходимо определить какие ресурсы использовать, как организовать их использование в размерах предприятия, и как объединить предприятия в единую аграрную систему. Более того, важное место отводится системе планирования и контроля за принятыми решениями.

Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2003
Steven M. Helfand
Durban, 2003
This paper explores the determinants of technical efficiency, and the relationship between farm size and efficiency, in the Center-West of Brazil. This is the region where agricultural production and total factor productivity have grown the fastest since 1970. It is also a region characterized by unusually large farms. Technical efficiency is studied with Data Envelopment Analysis and county level data disaggregated by farm size and type of land tenure. The efficiency measure is regressed on a set of explanatory variables which includes farm size, type of land tenure, composition of output, access to institutions, and indicators of technology and input usage. The relationship between farm size and efficiency is found to be non-linear, with productivity first falling and then rising with size. Access to institutions, credit, and modern inputs are found to be important determinants of the differences in efficiency across farms. Improved access could strengthen the efficiency advantage of small and medium farms.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Cornelis Gardebroek
Organic dairy farming in the Netherlands is a growing sector. This paper investigates the impact of a number of economic and farm-specific variables on the choice between conventional and organic farming. Based on expected utility maximisation, a theoretical framework is developed that explicitly accounts for the impact of non-economics variables like age and education level and unobserved characteristics. The model is estimated with an unbalanced panel of Dutch dairy farms using a random effects probit specification.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Agata Nicolosi, Marco Platania
In recent times the role played by women in rural development has been given an ever increasing attention, culminating in the insertion of specific measures in Agenda 2000. The EU programs for rural development aim to single out the factors handicapping the full participation of women to the public and economic life at the local level and to develop specific initiatives for this category. Aim of the present research was the evaluation of the effectiveness of the new EU policy guidelines in terms of occupation and/or additional income achieved by women in agriculture. The study analysed the main characteristics of the farm women in a local rural system in Calabria. As any rural system, the one that was considered is the result of the interlace between various governmental intervention (EU and national policies) and the physical, social and economic characteristics of a particular territory. The analysis regarded social characteristic, characteristics of the farm, organisation and management. In relation to the specific agricultural activities, they were analysed the main sociological factors affecting the motivations and the attitudes of the local farm women, the difficulties in conciliating job and family and the potential unexpressed and the ambitions unfulfilled and/or discouraged.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Finance [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Zvi Bodie, Robert C. Merton
Saddle River: Prentice-Hall, 1999, 479 с.
Базовый учебник по финансам. Может быть использован для курса «Финансы в АПК». Рассматриваются три основные части в корпоративных финансах – оптимизация активов с течением времени, оценка активов, и управление риском. Главы учебника – финансы и финансовая система, время и распределение ресурсов, оценка активов, управление риском и теория портфельной оптимизации, ценообразование на вторичном рынке (фьючерсы, опционы), финансовый менеджмент.

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Peter J. Barry, Paul N. Ellinger, C.B. Baker, John A. Hopkin
USA: Prentice-Hall, 1999, 682 с.
Учебник по управлению финансами в сельском хозяйстве уровня студентов последнего года обучения в бакалавриате или первого года обучения в магистратуре, имеющими достаточное знакомство с микроэкономическими принципами и статистическими методами анализа данных. В издании рассматриваются прикладные концепции и методы финансового анализа, способы интерпретации финансовых данных и полученных результатов на сельскохозяйственном предприятии.