Эксоцман
на главную поиск contacts
Мы не берем все книги по признаку формального соответствия темам. Отбираем лучшее по качеству и релевантности. (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 41

Книги

Авторы:
А Б ВГ Д Е ЖЗИ ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У ФХ ЦЧ Ш ЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
все А БВ Г Д ЕЖЗ И ЙК ЛМ Н О П Р С Т У ФХЦ ЧШЩЭ ЮЯ
A B C D E F G H IJKL M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Nataliya Pustovit, P. Michael Schmitz
Durban, 2003
Agricultural protection in industrialized countries and price distortions in developing countries are accused to hamper economic and agricultural development and are partly responsible for poverty and hunger in the Third World. A multi-commodity multi-country comparative static trade model is used to simulate the impact of different policy scenarios in this typical second best world for the case of South Africa.

Special emphasis is given to the disincentive effect of production and to endogenous policy responses in South Africa. In conclusion South Africa could benefit a lot by liberalizing trade and agricultural policies world wide, although it is an importer for most of the considered commodities.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Myrna van Leeuwen, Andrzej Tabeau
2002
This paper examines the influence of animal premiums under the CAP beef and ewe regime on beef and sheep meat farming in the Netherlands concerning instruments like stock density limits, quota on premium rights and premium payments. On the basis of econometric models, equations are estimated for beef cows1, bulls and ewes. Then, the impacts of the different policy instruments on the stocks are decomposed. At last, prospects of Agenda 2000 on the Dutch beef and ewe sector are calculated up to 2010. For policy makers, the study offers information on the effectiveness of animal premium instruments to manipulate beef and sheep meat production. For Dutch farmers, the study offers information to what extent premium instruments might influence the decision to incline or reduce their stocks.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Anna Haring, Stephan Dabbert
2004
Organic farming has a long tradition in Europe. Policy support played a significant role in stimulating the growth of organic farming. However, large differences in the development stage of the organic sector exist between Member States and regions as the policy environment for organic farming differs significantly between Member States. This paper investigates the relationship between organic farming and measures implemented within the Rural Development Regulation. The status quo of support from second pillar measures for organic farming systems is compared to that of standard production and the impact of these measures on the organic farming sector is identified in 6 selected Member States (Austria, Germany, Italy, Spain, UK and France). The attractiveness of the different RDP measures for farms with organic production compared to farms with conventional production is evaluated via detailed qualitative and where available quantitative analyses of relevant provisions. All nine measures (agri-environmental programmes, investment support, Less Favoured Area payments, support for processing, marketing, and training) are discussed with a focus on the measures ‘agri-environment’, ‘processing and marketing’, ‘investments into agricultural holdings’and ‘training’. Most of the analysed national RDPs have a considerable potential for supporting organic farming. Organic farming is considered as one possible mechanism to achieve the sustainable development objectives and is addressed specifically in certain measures. Nevertheless, most of these priority areas still bear the potential for a more targeted support of organic farming.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Erly C. Teixeira, Luiz A. Cypriano
Durban, 2003
Focusing on changes in agricultural policy, this paper examines the economic impacts on MERCOSUL member country economies arising from the creation of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and a free trade area between MERCOSUL and the European Union (MERCOEURO). Four simulations are run using the Global Trade Analysis Project's (GTAP) applied general equilibrium model. The results suggest these new trade alliances would cause an increase in MERCOSUL agribusiness production and a decrease in manufactures production. In all scenarios, agricultural trade flows are greatly altered, expanding MERCOSUL agribusiness exports. Economic growth for the MERCOSUL countries increases only in the MERCOEURO scenarios. The elimination of agriculture production and export subsidies by members of the North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA) and European Union (E.U.) has strong economic impacts on the MERCOSUL member countries.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Lutz Laschewski, Bettina Matzdorf, Christian Schleyer
2004
Current research on the impact of agri-environmental schemes under the Rural Development Regulation (EC) 1257/99 (RDR) stresses the institutional, structural and cultural diversity, but also the wide range of natural conditions that shape the implementation processes. Furthermore, those agri-environmental policy instruments are closely linked to the development and institutionalisation of an European environmental policy in general and to a number of European directives, such as the ‘Habitat’ Directive, in particular. While taking the implementation of Article 16 of the RDR in the German federal state of Brandenburg as an illustrative case, we are aiming at developing a wider understanding of the implementation process and its regional impacts. In particular, we argue that it is necessary to understand the regional agrienvironmental discourse to which regional administrations refer to, the rationale of the administration itself and the mechanisms of decision making at the regional level. Regional administrations follow their own legitimate agendas and do not simply apply given measures, but modify and try to integrate them into wider regional strategies. In the case presented, we show that the regional administration’s foremost concern to link political goals with given budgetary constraints resulted in a reshuffling of funds between schemes funded by different sources. We also show that European regulations are enforcing administrative procedures that do influence the design of agri-environmental schemes in a way that raises doubts about their environmental effectiveness. Finally, we argue, that the presumably sharp distinction between statutory environmental rules versus voluntary agri-environmental schemes is blurred in practice. Instead, they appear to be complementary in nature.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 29-03-2005
Bruno Vindel
2004
Complying with the legal framework of EU regulation 1257/99, the implementation of the rural development pillar of the CAP in France takes over several measures constitutive of previous programs, and institutes significant innovations, reflecting both the evolution of French rural territories and the political choice of a more sustainable and multifunctional agriculture. That is why, before describing the organisation and methodology of the recently completed midterm evaluation, this paper emphasises the present trends of evolution in French rural zones. The lessons learned from the evaluation will be then detailed, in the third part of the paper.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 29-03-2005
Erwin Schmid
2004
The aim of this paper is to analyse the question whether the recent Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform is counter-productive to the objectives of the rural development programme or alleviating the attainment of its objectives. Austria is chosen as a case study because i) the rural development programme is more important than commodity policies as measured by total transfers, and ii) agricultural services and inseparable secondary activities have a relatively large share on total agricultural sector output. An agricultural sector model is presented that captures core features of the rural development programme including: a) broad regional, structural and activity differentiation, b) sufficient coverage of programme components (in particular agri-environmental measures), and c) secondary activities addressed by the programme. Simulation results show that the recent CAP reform will reduce the cost of production, lessen environmental harm and make the programme for rural development more attractive for farmers.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Renee Kim, Milton Boyd
2002
Country of origin labeling and brand labeling play important roles in affecting purchasing behavior of buyers in the Korean beef supply chain. This paper presents a model which explain differences in the attitudes and purchase behaviors of three marketing groups regarding country of origin and other important quality attributes. The results show some of the diversity of buyers’ attitudes, preferences and willingness to pay for different country of origin and brand of foreign packers in three marketing groups.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Liesbet Vranken, Johan Swinnen
2002
This paper uses data from a survey of more than 1,400 farming households in Hungary to identify a set of profiles of farming households, which are active in the rental market and to estimate econometrically the impact of household characteristics, such as social, physical, and human capital, as well as regional and environmental characteristics on land rental activities. We show that the decision of farming households to lease in land is related to their land endowment, their access to capital assets, human capital variables such as age and education and their social capital. Environmental factors are also important.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Witold-Roger Poganietz
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 129-153 с.
Since the opening of the Russian economy in January 1992, exchange rate policy has become an important instrument in the reform and stabilization process. After the real effective exchange rate of the agriculture and food sector had risen continuously since 1992, the introduction of the target system in June 1995 supported its stabilization from 1994.

The changed exchange rate policy leading to low inflation resulted in high real interest rates, deteriorating potential domestic investment possibilities. However, the breakdown of the foreign exchange market and the financial system in summer 1998 has revealed that establishing a target system is no panacea for economic problems, even though it is a credible nominal anchor in a comprehensive reform package.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Markus Hanisch, Volker Beckmann, Silke Boger, Marcus Brem
2002
Studies of the transition process remind us of Stiglitz’s comparison between pathology and the economic analysis of institutions (1989): asking what went wrong and what did not is the essence of understanding the functioning of social systems. Thus, carefully conducted empirical studies of the transition process itself may yield elucidative results applicable not only to theory but also to institutional policy changes in transition. This paper presents the key findings of KATO, a comprehensive research project focussing on the transition process of agriculture in Central and Eastern Europe. From 1997 to 2000, the project empirically examined processes of liberalization and market development, privatization and property rights changes, as well as restructuring and path dependencies in three Central and Eastern Europe countries: Poland, the Czech Republic and Bulgaria. Conclusions on three analytical levels are drawn: (1) the empirical design for analyzing rapidly changing and evolving institutions in transition economies, (2) the suitability of different theoretical approaches for understanding transition, and (3) policy recommendations targeting better governance and an improved institutional framework.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Karen Macours
2002
This paper analyzes the functioning of land rental markets in the Dominican Republic using a new data set collected specifically to characterize the entire market. We analyze the choice of the landlords and the tenants in the search for the optimal partner. We show how insecure property rights leads to segmentation in the tenancy markets along socio-economic group and hence severely limits access to land for the rural poor.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Michela Ascani, Gaetano Martino
2004
This paper aims to examine some aspects of the Rural Development policies in the light of the conceptualization of institutional complementarities. Actually, an increasing amount of analytical outcomes emerges in inquiring the relationship between specific institutional arrangements and the kind of economic and social problems they may solve. This suggests that under that view some chances of enhancing the knowledge about rural policy making models may be exploited. Actually, the rural systems constituting the European Rural territory show specific and complex institutional orderings defining a rural institutional field. This field calls for specific analysis and policy models. The market and the State are the main entities taken into account in specifying policy patterns in the Rural Development’s field, whereas a communitarian framework is often considered a rooted characteristic of the European rural development processes. The communities’ constituting processes is often not fully considered in the rural development studies. Even if the scholars have usually recognised a correspondence between Community and Rural System, this correspondence has still to be analysed. The paper would examine some Rural Development Policies (i.e. under the EU regulation 1257/99), by taking into account the roles of the market, the State, and the Community. In particular the communitarian field seems of interest in integrating different policy making levels, thus we would delineate the role of the Rural Development Policies in constituting or fostering Rural Communities. The Hohfeld-Commons analytical structure of rights and duties will be considered to this purpose. Then the analytical framework will be taken into account to delineate some opportunities for future scenarios emerging from the CAP reform.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Marijke D'Haese, Wim Verbeke, Guido Van Huylenbroeck, Johann Kirsten, Luc D'Haese
Durban, 2003
Commercial producers, brokers, exporters and spinners dominate the wool supply chain in South Africa. Until recently smallholder farmers in the Transkei region had limited access to a profitable market outlet for their wool. In response, the South African wool industry has taken the initiative to help local farmers by building shearing sheds, under which the local association can bulk the wool and trade directly with the brokers. More direct access to the wool brokers is a prerequisite for the farmer to develop a viable business.

This article investigates on the effect of membership in the local shearing shed association on the farmers. revenue. A two-step regression model of the gross margin is used to analyse whether farmers selling through the local association have better financial records as compared to those who sell their wool to local traders. This article exemplifies how institutional innovation through local marketing associations can contribute to economic development in poor rural areas.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Lilyan E. Fulginiti, Richard K. Perrin, Bingxin Yu
Durban, 2003
Agricultural productivity in 41 Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries from 1960 to 1999 is examined by estimating a semi-nonparametric Fourier production frontier. Over the four decades the estimated rate of productivity change was 0.83% per year, although the average rate from 1985-99 was a strong 1.90% per year. Former UK colonies exhibited significantly higher productivity gains than others, while Liberia and countries that had been colonies of Portugal or Belgium exhibited net reductions in productivity. We measure a significant reduction in productivity during political conflicts and wars, and a significant increase in productivity among those countries with a measure of political rights and civil liberties.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл