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Аграрная экономика - – это часть экономической теории. Она изучает использование ограниченных ресурсов в производстве, переработке, реализации и потреблении продовольствия... (подробнее...)
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АБВГДЕЖЗИЙКЛМНОП РСТУФХЦЧШЩЭЮЯ
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
M. Carmen Firici, Kenneth J. Thomson
2002
This paper focuses on estimation of distributional economic welfare effects of the adoption of the CAP on different groups of Romanian households. The calculations of welfare effects are based on 1999 household data and refer to a 10-fold breakdown of Romanian households, i.e. five socio-economic categories from urban and rural areas, taking into account own (home) production of food. To identify the most vulnerable groups of Romanian consumers to food price changes, the Slutsky approximation Compensating Variation approach is applied. The results suggest that, if the current CAP is adopted and results in food price changes averaging a 10 per cent increase in all food prices, the lowest-income groups (i.e. urban and rural unemployed households, urban pensioner households) will be the most affected, ceteris paribus (prices of all other goods held constant). The minimum amount by which the groups could be compensated for the effect of price change on their real incomes varies between Euro 3 per month for employers’ households (about 1% of total income) and about Euro 8 per month for farmers’ households (6%). However, due to the relatively large shares of food self-production in total consumption, in particular by rural households, somewhat smaller money compensation would be appropriate.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Klaus Frohberg, Peter Voigt
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 39-80 с.
The 15 member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) departed all from the same system and pursue similar goals in the transition process. Hence, this paper discusses the economic development of these countries and evaluates the state it has reached so far.

The analysis indicates that while all the CIS countries have bilateral agreements only some countries have realized that the CIS is in fact in some ways beneficial for them. In fact, the economies of the CIS countries are very closely interrelated. However, the search for a new identity and the problem of ethnic heterogeneity have led to a strengthening of national borders. The tendency towards ethnic segregation is also a threat in the Russian Federation which could aggravate the vacuum of power as well as the economic crisis in the entire region.
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