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Аграрная экономика - – это часть экономической теории. Она изучает использование ограниченных ресурсов в производстве, переработке, реализации и потреблении продовольствия... (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 60

Книги

Авторы:
АБ ВГДЕЖЗИЙК ЛМНОП РС Т УФХ ЦЧШ ЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H IJ K L M N O P Q R S T UV W XY Z
 
Названия:
А БВГДЕЖЗИЙКЛМНОП РСТУФХЦЧШЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F GHI JKLM NOP QR S T UVW XYZ
 

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Ирина Безлепкина
2002
This study analyses the causal factors of fall in Russian farm output focusing on financial determinants. Translog production function is estimated on panel of 17653 large-scale farms for 1996-1998 period using fixed-effects and accounting for inter-regional climate differences. Output elasticities are analysed for sub-samples of crop and animal producing farms. The reserarch findings show that budget transfers to the farms are inefficient and result in taxation of farms. Farms are operating under the soft budget constraints that have to be removed to improve farm production performance.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 04-04-2004
И. Кобута, М. Прокопьев, Евгения Викторовна Серова, Ирина Георгиевна Храмова, Ольга Валерьевна Шик, Наталия Алексеевна Карлова
Москва: Ин-т экономики переходного периода, 2001, cерия "Научные труды"
В книге « Агропродовольственная политика и международная торговля: российский аспект » дан анализ эффективности государственной поддержки аграрного сектора в переходной экономике. Книга написана по материалам исследований Аналитического центра АПЭ в области внешней торговли агропродовольственными товарами и государственного регулирования этой торговли.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Евгения Викторовна Серова
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 81-106 с.
Russia’s agro-food sector has changed significantly during the reform period. Firstly, the agricultural production were transformed and the downstream sector has been privatized. The industry has become more sensitive to market signals.

Secondly, the state role in food distribution was diminished sharply and a new market infrastructure of the food chain has emerged. Thirdly, the food deficit typical for the centrally-planned economy was almost eliminated. These changes were achieved at the expense of a notable fall in agro-food output and the food consumption of citizens. At the same time, from 1997 to the first half of 1998, there have been a number of signs for a recovery of the agro-food economy, though the recovery was slow and even reversed by the impact of the financial crisis that hit Russia in the second half of 1998.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-04-2006
Евгения Викторовна Серова, Наталия Алексеевна Карлова, Татьяна Владимировна Тихонова, Ирина Георгиевна Храмова, Ольга Валерьевна Шик
Москва: Ин-т экономики переходного периода, 2004, 113 с.
Работа посвящена анализу опыта государственного регулирования АПК на федеральном и региональном уровнях, на основе которого выработаны рекомендации по формированию агропродовольственной политики в ближайшие годы, предложены концепция реформирования бюджетного процесса и мониторинга эффективности поддержки аграрного сектора в России, а также меры по снижению уровня несостоятельности в сельском хозяйстве и по решению социальных проблем на территории хозяйств-банкротов, включая развитие несельскохозяйственных видов занятости в сельской местности.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Ольга Валерьевна Шик
2002
The conventional PSE’s methodology doesn’t provide adequate estimation of agricultural support for the economy in transition. In this paper we attempt to adjust PSE’s methodology for Russian economy, and also coefficients’ analysis and interpretations are adapted for transitional conditions. Investigation showed that the level of agricultural support in Russia is much lower than conventional methodology estimates.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Ana-Maria Aldanondo, Javier Puertolas
2002
In this paper we use a general equilibrium model to examine the effects of international quota transfer when a quota restricts world commodity production whilst the trade in an intermediate good is not regulated. The analysis shows that, when the quota regime is not internationally transferable, intermediate input trade substitutes for final good trade. In these circumstances, the distortions are lower than expected. International quota transfer increases world welfare proportionally to quota rent gap. Welfare distribution is also conditioned by commodity terms of trade and, particularly, by the outcome of the intermediate good price.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Sven Anders, Johannes Harshce, Roland Herrmann
Zaragoza, 2002
The objective of this paper is twofold. First, we intend to show how regional impacts of the CAP can be measured in terms of the price and revenue impacts. Second, new empirical evidence will be presented by use of the proposed method for regions in Germany. Data utilized are available over time (1986-99) and across commodities, so that regional support due to the CAP can be aggregated from support for the individual commodities.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Manuel Arriaza, Jose A. Gomez-Limon
2002
This study compares the predictive performance of several mathematical programming models. Using the cropping patterns, yields and crop gross margins of eighteen farms over a period of five years we compare the models’ optimum solutions with observed crop distributions after the Reform of the EU Common Agricultural Policy of 1992. The results show that the best prediction corresponds to a model that includes expected profit and a qualitative measure of crop riskiness. The results suggest that, in order to obtain reliable predictions, the modelling of farmers’ responses to policy changes must consider the risk associated with any given cropping pattern. Finally, we test the ability of the proposed model to reproduce the farmers’ observed behaviour with equally good performance under conditions of limited data availability.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Catherine Benjamin, Isabelle Piot
2002
The European Union beef market regulation is largely influenced by the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). With the 1992 CAP reform, there was a partial shift by the EU from product price support to a more direct form of income support by way of direct payments. For beef there was a move to direct payments on intermediate products which was essentially a direct payment for the possession of various categories of animals and these were linked to a land resource base. The Agenda 2000 reform consists in a further price decrease associated with an increase in direct payments. The objective of this paper is to assess how the behaviour of beef producers is sensitive to changes in production prices and to changes in premiums. The analysis relies on an analytical framework which allows to take into account the dynamic feature of beef production and the subsidies provided by the Common Agricultural Policy. We studys how the beef supply response is modified when various exogenous variables like prices or premiums are changed. The application focuses on the dynamics of beef supply response in the French beef sector.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Julian Binfield, Patrick Westhoff, Robert Young
Durban, 2003
In the Mid-Term Review (MTR), the European Commission proposed a series of changes to the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). An important part of these changes was significant decoupling of support payments from production. In this paper, a partial equilibrium model of the EU agricultural sector is used to estimate the potential impacts of the MTR proposals on EU and world agricultural markets over the period 2004-2009. Effects of the MTR proposals are evaluated by comparing estimated outcomes under the proposals to those that would result under a current-policy baseline. The changes that are made in the MTR have the effect of reducing the production of the major commodities by varying amounts based on the importance of payments in production and the degree to which these payments are currently production inducing. For example, total area harvested for nine major crops falls by about 2 percent under the MTR proposals. In the livestock sector, however, where current payments are strongly coupled and form a large part of producers’ income, the reductions in production are projected to be more significant.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-11-2003
Duncan Boughton, David L. Tschirley, Higino Marrule, Ballard Zulu
2003
Cotton is one of the most important smallholder cash crops in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). How to ensure input supply, credit recovery and competition is a subject of intense policy debate. This paper examines the performance of cotton sector development policies in Mozambique and Zambia. Both countries face the challenge of organizing input supply to farmers in the absence of rural credit markets, and competing in international markets distorted by production subsidies in developed countries. Both countries privatized cotton ginning in the 1990s. Emerging from civil war, Mozambique established geographical monopolies to interlink input and output markets and facilitate credit recovery. In Zambia, the government completely liberalized the cotton sector, forcing the private sector to deal with the problem of input distribution and credit recovery by itself. Despite being landlocked, Zambia.s cotton sector has achieved better performance in terms of both value of cotton output per hectare and smallholder share of world market prices. An analysis of the institutional and technical factors behind the two countries. performance provides insights to guide the design of public/private partnerships relevant to many SSA countries.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Joachim Braun, Matin Qaim
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 301-321 с.
Falling real incomes, inequality in income distribution and the increased incidence of poverty have led to a both qualitative and quantitative deterioration in the average Russian’s diet. This analysis, which is based on a comprehensive household survey conducted in the mid-1990s, reveals that 19 percent of Russian families are poor according to at least two of the different poverty indicators used. It shows that, for the majority of rural and urban households, subsistence production of food is an important private mechanism for coping with the transformation risks of market failures. The subsistence sector is likely to be a long-term reality in Russia, that will continue to exist at least until the economy stabilizes and a sound social-security system supersedes this private insurance mechanism.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Bernhard Brummer, Thomas Glauben, Wencong C. Lu
2003
The study is devoted to the measurement of productivity and efficiency change in Chinese farming sector over the reform process in the 1980s and 1990s. Within an output distance function framework, an index of total factor productivity is decomposed into technical and allocative efficiency, technical change, and scale effects. We estimate a parametric output distance function using individual farm household data from the province Zhejiang over the period 1986-2000. Results indicate that during the more market-oriented reform period in the mid 1980s productivity and technical efficiency increased while allocative efficiency remain constant. However, productivity growth and technical efficiency slow in the mid 1990s when market orientation of the reforms was reduced and self-sufficiency as a major goal reappeared on the political agenda.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Jean-Christophe Bureau, Luca Salvatici
2002
This paper provides a summary measure of the possible new commitments in the area of market access undertaken by the European Union and the United States, using the Trade Restrictiveness Index (TRI) as the tariff aggregator. Indicators such as the TRI, based on welfare theory, integrate economic behavioural assumptions within a balance of trade framework. We take the 2000 bound tariffs as the starting point and attempt to assess how much liberalisation in agriculture could be achieved in the European Union and the United States as a result of the present negotiations. We compute the index for agricultural commodity aggregates assuming a specific (Constant Elasticity of Substitution) functional form for import demand. The present levels of the TRI under the actual commitments of the Uruguay Round are computed and compared with three hypothetical cases: a repetition of the same set of commitments of the Uruguay Round, a uniform 36 percent reduction of each tariff, an harmonization formula based on the “sliding scale” scheme. This makes it possible to infer how reducing tariff dispersion would help improve market access in future trade agreements.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Sami Daniel, Maureen Kilkenny
2002
This article considers the impacts of (de)coupled farm sector support on the locations of farming and agro-industrial activity. An economic geography model is developed which has two types of regions, one with extensive agricultural production (rural), the other with intensive farming that is more densely populated (urban). The farm and agro-industrial sectors are vertically linked. A service sector that is not directly linked to either basic industry is also explicit. We show that coupled and decoupled subsidies affect the spatial distribution of farming, industry, and service sector activity. Support that is provided to all farmers regardless of crop, thus semi-decoupled, increases spatial agglomeration. Support targeted to farmers of particular crops, especially rural comparative advantage crops, favors increased farming in rural areas but spatial agglomeration of non-farm activity still occurs. This latter targeting approach is used in the European Union.
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