Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 26
Albert M. Marxism and socialist theory [Текст] / M. Albert, R. Hahnel. Boston : South End Press, 1981. [книга]
Опубликовано на портале: 08-06-2004
Вниманию читателя предлагаются главы из книги М. Альберта и Х. Робина "Марксизм и социалистическая теория". Как следует из названия, работа посвящена обсуждению проблем марксистской теории в свете "новых" феноменов: расового, этносоциального, гендерного неравенств. Главное внимание в трех главах книги, которые выложены на сайт, поддерживающий учебные курсы Э. О. Райта, уделено традиционным для марксистского классового анализа проблемам отношений общества, родства, общности и истории.
Report №6: Widening participation in higher education for students from lower socio-economic groups and students with disabilities (Расширение возможности получения высшего образования среди выходцев из низших социально-экономических групп населения и лиц с физическими недостатками) [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 15-07-2005Josh Hillman, David Robertson
Один из отчетов Национального комитета по изучению проблем высшего образования в Великобритании, посвящённый проблемам доступа к высшему образованию выходцев из низших социально-экономических групп и лиц с физическими недостатками. Анализ статистики и предложения конкретных шагов по решению данных проблем.
Опубликовано на портале: 16-10-2004Linda Racioppi, Katherine O'Sullivan See
USA: Temple University Press, 1997, 277 с.
Книга является результатом исследования женского общественного движения в позднесоветский и постперестроечный период истории России (1980-1990-е гг.). Авторы искали ответ на вопрос о том, как различные женские организации и отдельные личности адаптировали свою деятельность в ходе изменения политических, экономических и социальных условий в стране. Среди изученных организаций, были как государственные структуры (например, Комитет Советских Женщин), так и негосударственные организации (Женский Форум, Женская Лига). Авторы неоднократно проинтервьюировали женщин-активистов из Санкт-Петербурга и Москвы, что дало им возможность проследить стратегии женской политической активности в динамике. Собственные наблюдения, интервью и другие материалы позволили авторам сделать вывод о том, что, несмотря на всю слабость и разобщенность женского движения в России, идеи феминизма получили свое развитие в России. Поскольку опыт общественной активности дает женщинам навыки, необходимые для политической активности и преодоления материальной зависимости, что является важным условием для становления феминисткого движения. В книге также представлен исторический экскурс в историю женского движения в России. Данное исследование интересна для всех интересующихся особенностями женского общественного движения в России переходного периода.
Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006Patricia Ranft
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, cерия "The New Middle Ages", 272 с.
Historians have long noted the intense debates nineteenth- and twentieth-century scholars had over the concept of work, but few are aware of the medieval debates over work that set the stage for modern discussions. Indeed, medieval society established the framework within which modern Western ideas about work have grown. It is essential, therefore, that we learn what medieval thinkers had to say on the subject. This study addresses this need by examining the thought of Peter Damian and numerous other religious leaders and groups of the High Middle Ages for evidence of their contributions. The result is a deepening of our historical understanding of the concept of work as well as widening our appreciation of the modern world's debt to medieval society.
Опубликовано на портале: 27-05-2006Terhi Rantanen
Москва: Изд-во МГУ им. М.В.Ломоносова, 2004, cерия "21 век: информация и общество", 160 с.
Книга финской исследовательницы доктора Терхи Рантанен посвящена изучению процесса глобализации медиа и коммуникаций в современной России. Автор критически подходит к рассмотрению западных теорий глобализации, не учитывающих изменений, происходящих в странах бывшего социалистического содружества и в посткоммунистической России с начала 90-х годов XX века. Прослеживает трансформацию медиасистемы со времен Российской империи, выделяет роль информационных агентств, телевидения, зарубежной рекламы, социальное использование коммуникационных технологий в советское время и в современной России. Для журналистов, политологов, исследователей глобализации в сфере СМИ и коммуникаций, преподавателей и студентов факультетов журналистики, для широкого круга читателей.
Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006Harold Rawls, Anne Warfield Garfinkel, Harold Garfinkel, Anne Rawls
Изд-во: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc, 2002, 320 с.
Ethnomethodology's Program: Working out Durkheim's Aphorism emphasizes Garfinkel's insistence that his position focuses on fundamental sociological issues--and that interpretations of his position as indifferent to sociology have been misunderstandings. Durkheim's aphorism states that the concreteness of social facts is sociology's most fundamental phenomenon. Garfinkel argues that sociologists have, for a century or more, ignored this aphorism and treated social facts as theoretical, or conceptual, constructions. Garfinkel, in this new book, shows how and why sociology must restore Durkheim's aphorism, through an insistence on the concreteness of social facts that are produced by complex social practices enacted by participants in the social order.
The Age of Access: The New Culture of Hypercapitalism, Where all of Life is a Paid-For Experience [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2007Jeremy Rifkin
New-York: Tarcher, 2000, 320 с.
Imagine waking up one day to find that virtually every activity you engage in outside your immediate family has become a "paid for" experience. It's all part of a fundamental change taking place in the nature of business, contends bestselling author Jeremy Rifkin. On the horizon looms the Age of Access, an era radically different from any we have known. In the hypercapitalist economy, buying things in markets and owning property become outmoded ideas, while "just-in-time" access to nearly every kind of service, through vast commercial networks operating in cyberspace, becomes the norm. We increasingly pay for the experience of using things-in the form of subscriptions, memberships, leases, and retainers-rather than for the things themselves. Already, millions of Americans have give up ownership of their automobiles in favor of leasing cars as a service and are renting everything from software to furnaces. Similarly, companies around the world are selling off real estate, shrinking inventories, leasing equipment, outsourcing activities, and becoming "weightless". Ownership of physical property, once considered a valued asset, is now regarded as a liability in the corporate world. Rifkin argues that the capitalist journey, which began with the commodification of goods and the ownership of property, is ending with the commodification of human time and experience. In the future, we will purchase enlightenment and play, grooming and grace, and everything in between. "Lifestyle marketing" is the buzz in the commercial world as more and more consumers become members of corporate-sponsored clubs and participate in corporate-sponsored activities and events. People are even living out their lifestyles in planned commercial residential communities. The business of business, therefore, is no longer about exchanging property but, rather, about buying access to one's very existence in small commercial time segments. In the Age of Access, Rifkin asks, will any time be left for relationships of a noncommercial nature? The changes taking place are part of even a larger transformation occurring in the nature of capitalism. We are making a long-term shift to a system based on the selling of cultural experiences. Global travel and tourism, theme cities and parks, destination entertainment centers, wellness, music, film, television, the virtual worlds of cyberspace, and even social causes are fast becoming the center of an economy that trades in cultural resources. The old giants of the industrial age, companies such as General Motors, Sears, USX, Boeing, and Texaco, are giving way to the new giants of cultural capitalism, Viacom, AOL Time Warner, Disney, Sony, and News Corporation. These transnational companies, with communications networks that span the globe, are mining cultural resources in every part of the world and repackaging them in the form of commodities and entertainments. The top one-fifth of the world's population, says Rifkin, now spends as much income accessing cultural experiences as buying manufactured goods and basic services. Rifkin warns that when the culture itself is absorbed into the economy, only commercial bonds will be left to hold society together. The critical question posed by The Age of Access is whether civilization can survive when only the commercial sphere remains as the primary arbiter of human life.
The Biotech Century [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2007Jeremy Rifkin
New-York: Tarcher, 1998, 288 с.
In this provocative and far-reaching book, Jeremy Rifkin argues that the computer revolution is merely a prelude to a far more significant change taking place in the global economy. We are in the midst of a great historic transition into the Age of Biotechnology. Rifkin notes that after more than forty years of running on parallel tracks, the information and life sciences are fusing into a single powerful technological and economic force that is laying the foundation for the Biotech Century. The computer is increasingly being used to decipher, manage, and organize the vast genetic information that is the raw resource of the new global economy. Already, transnational corporations are creating giant life-sciences complexes from which to fashion a bio-industrial world. Our way of life, says Rifkin, is likely to be transformed more fundamentally in the next few decades than in the previous thousand years. Food and fiber may be grown indoors in giant bacteria baths, partially eliminating the farmer and the soil for the first time in history. Animal and human cloning could be commonplace, with "replication" increasingly replacing "reproduction". Millions of people could obtain a detailed genetic readout of themselves, allowing them to gaze into their own biological futures and predict and plan their lives in ways never before possible. Parents may choose to have their children gestated in artificial wombs outside the human body. Genetic changes could be made in human fetuses to correct deadly diseases and disorders and enhance mood, behavior, intelligence, and physical traits. The Biotech Century promises a cornucopia of genetically engineered plants and animals to feed a hungry world; genetically derived sources of energy and fiber to propel commerce and build a "renewable" society; wonder drugs and genetic therapies to produce healthier babies, eliminate human suffering, and extend the human life span. But with every step we take into this brave new world, the nagging question will haunt us: "At what cost?" The new genetic commerce raises more troubling questions than any other economic revolution in history. Will the artificial creation of cloned, chimeric, and transgenic animals mean the end of nature and the substitution of a "bio-industrial" world? Will the mass release of thousands of genetically engineered life forms into the environment cause catastrophic genetic pollution and irreversible damage to the biosphere? What are the consequences-for both the global economy and society-of reducing the world's gene pool to patented intellectual property controlled exclusively by a handful of life-science corporations? What will it mean to live in a world where babies are genetically engineered and customized in the womb, and where people are increasingly identified, stereotyped, and discriminated against on the basis of their genotype? What are the risks we take in attempting to design more "perfect" human beings? Rifkin explores these and many other critical issues in this ground-breaking book about the coming era. The biotech revolution will force each of us to put a mirror to our most deeply held values, making us ponder the ultimate question of the purpose and meaning of existence. This, Rifkin maintains, may turn out to be its most important contribution.
The End of Work. The Decline of the Global Labor Force and the Dawn of the Post-Maket Era. Updated edition [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2007Jeremy Rifkin
New-York: Tarcher, 2004, 400 с.
In this compelling, disturbing, and ultimately hopeful book, Jeremy Rifkin argues that we are entering a new phase of history — one characterized by the steady and inevitable decline of jobs. Worldwide unemployment is now at the highest level since the great depression of the 1930s. The number of people underemployed or without work is rising sharply as millions of new entrants into the workforce find themselves victims of an extraordinary high-technology revolution. Sophisticated computers, robotics, telecommunications, and other cutting-edge technologies are fast replacing human beings in virtually every sector and industry-from manufacturing, retail, and financial services, to transportation, agriculture, and government. Many jobs are never coming back. Blue collar workers, secretaries, receptionists, clerical workers, sales clerks, bank tellers, telephone operators, librarians, wholesalers, and middle managers are just a few of the many occupations destined for virtual extinction. While some new jobs are being created, they are, for the most part, low paying and generally temporary employment. More than fifteen percent of the American people are currently living below the poverty line. The world, says Rifkin, is fast polarizing into two potentially irreconcilable forces: on one side, an information elite that controls and manages the high-tech global economy; and on the other, the growing numbers of permanently displaced workers, who have few prospects and little hope for meaningful employment in an increasingly automated world. Rifkin suggests that we move beyond the delusion of retraining for nonexistent jobs. He urges us to begin to ponder the unthinkable-to prepare ourselves and our institutions for a world that is phasing out mass employment in the production and marketing of goods and services. Redefining the role of the individual in a near workerless society is likely to be the single most pressing issue in the decades to come. Rifkin says we should look toward a new, post-market era. Fresh alternatives to formal work will need to be devised. New approaches to providing income and purchasing power will have to be implemented. Greater reliance will need to be placed on the emerging "third sector" to aid in the restoration of communities and the building of a sustainable culture. The end of work could mean the demise of civilization as we have come to know it, or signal the beginning of a great social transformation and a rebirth of the human spirit.
The European Dream: How Europe's Vision of the Future Is Quietly Eclipsing the American Dream [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2007Jeremy Rifkin
New-York: Tarcher, 2004
The American Dream is becoming ever more elusive. Americans are increasingly overworked, underpaid, squeezed for time, and unsure about their prospects for a better life. One third of all Americans say they no longer even believe in the American Dream. While the American Dream is languishing, says bestselling author Jeremy Rifkin, a new European Dream is capturing the attention and imagination of the world. Twenty-five nations, representing 455 million people, have joined together to create a United States of Europe. The European Union's GDP now rivals the United States', making it the largest economy in the world. The EU is already the world's leading exporter and largest internal trading market. Moreover, much of Europe enjoys a longer life span and greater literacy, and has less poverty and crime, less blight and sprawl, longer vacations, and shorter commutes to work than we do in the United States. When one considers what makes a people great and what constitutes a better way of life, observes Rifkin, Europe is beginning to surpass America. More important, Europe has become a giant laboratory for rethinking humanity's future. In many respects, the European Dream is the mirror opposite of the American Dream. While the American Dream emphasizes unrestrained economic growth, personal wealth, and the pursuit of individual self-interest, the European Dream focuses more on sustainable development, quality of life, and the nurturing of community. We Americans live (and die) by the work ethic and the dictates of efficiency. Europeans place more of a premium on leisure and even idleness. America has always seen itself as a great melting pot. Europeans, instead, prefer to preserve their rich multicultural diversity. We believe in maintaining an unrivaled military presence in the world. Europeans, by contrast, emphasize cooperation and consensus over go-it-alone approaches to foreign policy. All of this does not suggest that Europe has suddenly become a utopia. Its problems, Rifkin cautions, are complex and its weaknesses are glaringly transparent. And, of course, Europeans' high-mindedness is often riddled with hypocrisy. The point, however, is not whether Europeans are living up to the dream they have for themselves. We have never fully lived up to the American Dream. Rather, what's crucial, notes Rifkin, is that Europe is articulating a bold new vision for the future of humanity that differs in many of its most fundamental aspects from America's. Rifkin draws on more than twenty years of personal experience working in Europe, where he has advised heads of state and political parties, consulted with Europe's leading companies, and helped spur grassroots environmental and social justice campaigns. The author delves into the history of Europe, from the medieval era to postmodernity, to capture the soul of the new European consciousness. Two hundred years ago, America's founders created a new dream for humanity that transformed the world. Today, suggests Rifkin, a new generation of Europeans is creating a radical new dream - one better suited to meet the challenges of a globalizing world in the 21st century.
The Hydrogen Economy: The Creation of the World-Wide Energy Web and the Redistribution of Power on Earth [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2007Jeremy Rifkin
New-York: Tarcher, 2002, 304 с.
In The Hydrogen Economy, best-selling author Jeremy Rifkin takes us on an eye-opening journey into the next great commercial era in history. He envisions the dawn of a new economy powered by hydrogen that will fundamentally change the nature of our market, political and social institutions, just as coal and steam power did at the beginning of the industrial age. Rifkin observes that we are fast approaching a critical watershed for the fossil-fuel era, with potentially dire consequences for industrial civilization. While experts had been saying that we had another forty or so years of cheap available crude oil left, some of the world's leading petroleum geologists are now suggesting that global oil production could peak and begin a steep decline much sooner, as early as the end of this decade. Non-OPEC oil producing countries are already nearing their peak production, leaving most of the remaining reserves in the politically unstable Middle East. Increasing tensions between Islam and the West are likely to further threaten our access to affordable oil. In desperation, the U.S. and other nations could turn to dirtier fossil-fuels - coal, tar sand, and heavy oil - which will only worsen global warming and imperil the earth's already beleaguered ecosystems. Looming oil shortages make industrial life vulnerable to massive disruptions and possibly even collapse. While the fossil-fuel era is entering its sunset years, a new energy regime is being born that has the potential to remake civilization along radical new lines, according to Rifkin. Hydrogen is the most basic and ubiquitous element in the universe. It is the stuff of the stars and of our sun and, when properly harnessed, it is the "forever fuel." It never runs out and produces no harmful CO2 emissions. Commercial fuel-cells powered by hydrogen are just now being introduced into the market for home, office and industrial use. The major automakers have spent more than two billion dollars developing hydrogen cars, buses, and trucks, and the first mass-produced vehicles are expected to be on the road in just a few years. The hydrogen economy makes possible a vast redistribution of power, with far-reaching consequences for society. Today's centralized, top-down flow of energy, controlled by global oil companies and utilities, becomes obsolete. In the new era, says Rifkin, every human being could become the producer as well as the consumer of his or her own energy - so called "distributed generation." When millions of end-users connect their fuel-cells into local, regional, and national hydrogen energy webs (HEWs), using the same design principles and smart technologies that made possible the World Wide Web, they can begin to share energy - peer-to-peer - creating a new decentralized form of energy use. Hydrogen has the potential to end the world's reliance on imported oil and help diffuse the dangerous geopolitical game being played out between Muslim militants and Western nations. It will dramatically cut down on carbon dioxide emissions and mitigate the effects of global warming. And because hydrogen is so plentiful and exists everywhere on earth, every human being could be "empowered," making it the first truly democratic energy regime in history.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-03-2007Jeremy Rifkin
Изд-во: Секрет фирмы, 2006, 416 с.
Мы все понимаем, что с энергетикой что-то происходит. Дешевого бензина больше не будет, перебои в снабжении электричеством учащаются, а прогнозы - один катастрофичнее другого. Как отличить правду от шарлатанства, можно ли в этой нестабильной ситуации оставаться беспечным оптимистом или пора бить тревогу? Разобраться в хитросплетениях глобальной энергетической политики помогает всемирный бестселлер известного американского футуриста Д.Рифкина. Эта книга беспощадна и одновременно оставляет небольшой шанс человечеству. Шанс заключается в возможности перехода экономики всех стран на экологически чистую энергию водорода. Вероятность удачного перехода невелика, и она существенно повысится, если эту книгу прочитают все руководители бизнеса - и малого, и большого. Им в первую очередь делать энергетическую революцию во благо следующих поколений.
Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006George Ritzer
Изд-во: McGraw-Hill, 2002, 312 с.
This is the first textbook for sociological theory that is modeled after the texts routinely available for introductory sociology courses. It is concise (although it covers a lot of ground), written in a highly accessible fashion, and includes much of the pedagogy that one expects to find in an introductory text. The book stems from the need of some instructors for a short text to be used in one-semester courses in contemporary sociological theory, or sociological theory more generally. At least some students (and their instructors) have found other texts too long, too dense and too complex. This volume is not only short, but comparatively light (but not lightweight) and less technical.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-07-2005David Robertson, Josh Hillman
Оценка возможного вклада системы индивидуальных студенческих счетов и банка обучения в финансирование студентов, предоставление высшего образования и в обучение в течение всей жизни.
Humanity, Globalization, and Worldwide Religious Resurgence, in Lechner F.J. and Boli J. (eds) The Globalization Reader, pp.93-98 [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 24-02-2004Roland Robertson, Joann Chirico
Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2003, 411 с.
Всплеск интереса к религии и активности как традиционных, так и новых религиозных и квазирелигиозных институтов в условиях глобализации в последние два десятилетия рассматривается авторами исходя из социокультурных особенностей "современной глобальной ситуации". Последняя во многом характеризуется качеством взаимосвязи между ситуацией "антропоцентрического дуализма" (отношениями между индивидами и обществами) и ситуацией на транс-социетальном уровне.