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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 30


все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я

Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Larry R. Ford, Judith A. Trachte
Изд-во: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000, 234 с.
Gates and fences, sidewalks and driveways, alleys and parking lots--these ordinary features have an important architectural impact, influencing how a building relates to the spaces around it. As geographer Larry R. Ford argues, architectural histories and guidebooks tell us surprisingly little about the character of American cities because they concentrate on buildings taken out of context, buildings divorced from space. In The Spaces between Buildings , Ford focuses on the neglected "nooks and crannies" between structures, supplementing his analysis with three photographic essays.

Long before Ford knew anything about geography or architecture, he was a connoisseur of front porches, alleys, and loading docks. As a kid in Columbus, Ohio, he knew where to find coal chutes to play in, which rooftops and fire escapes were ideally suited for watching parades, and which stoops were perfect for waiting for a bus. To him the spaces between buildings seemed wonderfully integrated and connected. The Spaces between Buildings is the result of Ford's preoccupation with the relationship of buildings to one another and how their means of access and boundaries organize the areas around us.

As Ford observes, a city with friendly, permeable facades and a great variety of street-level doors is more conducive to civic life than a city characterized by fortresslike structures with blank walls and invisible doors. Life on the street is defined and guided by the nature of the surrounding buildings. Similarly, a residential neighborhood with front porches, small lawns or gardens, and houses with lots of windows and architectural details presents a more walkable and gregarious setting than a neighborhood where public space is surrounded by walls, three-car garage doors, blank facades, and concrete driveways.

Ford begins by looking at the growth of four urban places, each representing a historical era as much as a geographic location: the Islamic medina; the city shaped by the Spanish renaissance; the nineteenth-century North American city; and the twentieth-century American city. His first essay also discusses the evolution of the free-standing structure as a basic urban building type and the problems encountered in beautifying the often work-a-day back and side yards that have helped to create the image of the untidy American city. The second essay examines the urban trend toward viewing lawns, gardens, hedges, and trees as an essential adjunct to architecture. The final essay focuses on pedestrian and vehicular spaces. Here the author includes the landscape of the garage, sidewalks, streets, and alleys.

In its exploration of how spaces become places, The Spaces between Buildings invites readers to see anew the spaces they encounter every day and often take for granted.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 27-01-2005
Michael R. Gibbons, Camille Limoges, Helga Nowotny, Simon Schwartzman, Peter Scott, Martin Trow
Изд-во: Sage Publications, 1994
In this provocative and broad-ranging work, a distinguished team of authors argues that the ways in which knowledge — scientific, social and cultural — is produced are undergoing fundamental changes at the end of the twentieth century. They claim that these changes mark a distinct shift into a new mode of knowledge production which is replacing or reforming established institutions, disciplines, practices and policies. Identifying a range of features of the new moder of knowledge production — reflexivity, transdisciplinarity, heterogeneity — the authors show the connections between these features and the changing role of knowledge in social relations. While the knowledge produced by research and development in science and technology (both public and industrial) is accorded central concern, the authors also outline the changing dimensions of social scientific and humanities knowledge and the relations between the production of knowledge and its dissemination through education. Placing science policy and scientific knowledge in its broader context within contemporary societies, this book will be essential reading for all those concerned with the changing nature of knowledge, with the social study of science, with educational systems, and with the relations between R&D and social, economic and technological development.

Опубликовано на портале: 12-06-2003
John B. Judis, Ruy Teixeira
New York: Scribne, 2003
Авторы книги утверждают, что при сохранении и продолжении текущей демографической и политической ситуации в США, власть неизбежно перейдет к демократам. В доказательство они приводят ряд аргументов: возрастающую размытость электората; увеличение доли азиатского, латиноамериканского и афро-американского населения, склонного голосовать за демократические силы, в то время как количество белых американцев, склонных голосовать за республиканцев,остается неизменным; постиндустриализация американской экономики, порождающая новые социальные группы избирателей, склонных поддерживать демократические силы. Рассматриваются также и многие другие значимые элементы.Анализируя ситуацию, Джудис и Тиксейра предсказывают, что все необходимые предпосылки сойдутся вместе к 2008 г., и в США появится новое демократическое большинство.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Jackqueline Scott, Judith K. Treas, Martin Richards
Изд-во: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2003, cерия "Blackwell Companions to Sociology", 624 с.
The Blackwell Companion to Sociology of Families is an authoritative volume of original essays by expert contributors. It tackles a range of issues relevant to family life today, such as social inequality, parenting practices, children's work, the changing patterns of citizenship, and challenges confronting multi-cultural families.Each essay examines the changing family forms and relationships as well as the changing social context (by way of globalization, technological innovation, state policy, religion, employment and community) that shapes modern family life. From an explicitly comparative perspective, the authors provide a selective overview of empirical research and address emerging issues. Families in Europe and North America are given special attention, with discussion of previously neglected groups including immigrant families and gays and lesbians.The Companion shows how revolutionary changes in aging, longevity, and sexual behavior have radically affected the experience of children and parents over the life course, and shifted the ties that bind different generations. This exceptional volume shows why the study of social change in families is a necessary key for understanding the transformations in individual and social life, across the globe.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-11-2008
Andrei Shleifer, Daniel S. Treisman
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2000, 233 с.
Recent commentators on Russia's economic reforms have almost uniformly declared them a disappointing and avoidable—failure. In this book, two American scholars take a new and more balanced look at the country's attempts to build capitalism on the ruins of Soviet central planning. They show how and why the Russian reforms achieved remarkable breakthroughs in some areas but came undone in others. Unlike Eastern European countries such as Poland or the Czech Republic, to which it is often compared, Russia is a federal, ethnically diverse, industrial giant with an economy heavily oriented toward raw materials extraction. The political obstacles it faced in designing reforms were incomparably greater. Shleifer and Treisman tell how Russia's leaders, navigating in uncharted economic terrain, managed to find a path around some of these obstacles. In successful episodes, central reformers devised a strategy to win over some key opponents, while dividing and marginalizing others. Such political tactics made possible the rapid privatization of 14,000 state enterprises in 1992-1994 and the defeat of inflation in 1995. But failure to outmaneuver the new oligarchs and regional governors after 1996 undermined reformers' attempts to collect taxes and clean up the bureaucracy that has stifled business growth. Renewing a strain of analysis that runs from Machiavelli to Hirschman, the authors reach conclusions about political strategies that have important implications for other reformers. They draw on their extensive knowledge of the country and recent experience as advisors to Russian policymakers. Written in an accessible style, the book should appeal to economists, political scientists, policymakers, businesspeople, and all those interested in Russian politics or economics.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 23-11-2006
Kian Tajbakhsh
Изд-во: University of California Press, 2001, 250 с.
The Promise of the City proposes a new theoretical framework for the study of cities and urban life. Finding the contemporary urban scene too complex to be captured by radical or conventional approaches, Kian Tajbakhsh offers a threefold, interdisciplinary approach linking agency, space, and structure. First, he says, urban identities cannot be understood through individualistic, communitarian, or class perspectives but rather through the shifting spectrum of cultural, political, and economic influences. Second, the layered, unfinished city spaces we inhabit and within which we create meaning are best represented not by the image of bounded physical spaces but rather by overlapping and shifting boundaries. And third, the macro forces shaping urban society include bureaucratic and governmental interventions not captured by a purely economic paradigm. Tajbakhsh examines these dimensions in the work of three major critical urban theorists of recent decades: Manuel Castells, David Harvey, and Ira Katznelson. He shows why the answers offered by Marxian urban theory to the questions of identity, space, and structure are unsatisfactory and why the perspectives of other intellectual traditions such as poststructuralism, feminism, Habermasian Critical Theory, and pragmatism can help us better understand the challenges facing contemporary cities.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 04-02-2004
Идеологическая мотивация культивирования и восприятия «нарочито национальной» музыки русских композиторов облекается в высказывания куда более ясные и недвусмысленные, нежели те, что адресуются «всеобщей» музыке классико-академической традиции — «универсальному» репертуару, с которым соперничает этот специфически русский продукт. Будучи широко распространены, такого рода высказывания служат основанием для тенденциозно-оценочных суждений при том, что сами эти «основания» не основаны ни на чем, кроме шокирующе-откровенной системы двойных стандартов.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006
Gary Taylor
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, 200 с.
This wide-ranging text introduces students to the diversity of theoretical perspectives on welfare, looking at how different schools of thought have evolved, how they have responded to changing conditions, how they have conflicted, or borrowed from, one another. The book offers a clear conceptual understanding and crisp evaluation of key theorists, both illuminating the distinctiveness of each ideology and highlighting important continuities in thought. It goes on to illustrate how these theories are reflected in and challenge the development of welfare policy.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 25-03-2004
Laurent Thévenot
London: Routledge, 2001
В рамках парадигмы социальной теории практик автор статьи предлагает собственной решение одной из классических проблем социологической теории – проблемы взаимного соотношения макроуровня социальных структур и микроуровня поведения или действий социальных агентов. Специфицируя общее понятие практики (practice), автор вводит понятие «прагматических режимов вовлеченности» (pragmatic regimes of engagement), которые, по мысли автора статьи, хорошо характеризуют формы существования социального агента в рамках множественных социальных миров (динамических систем интерсубъективных взаимодействий) – от уровня отношений между близкими (дружба, любовь, семья…) до уровня максимально публичных пространств социального взаимодействия (общественные и политические движения и т.д.). Каждый из таких режимов характеризуется собственным типом реальности (являющейся причиной или объектом тех или иных действий агентов) и собственной формой «общего блага» (определяющей характер критических оценок и суждений ценности). Таким образом, место классической оппозиции «микро/макро» занимает констелляция прагматических режимов, каждый из которых предполагает наличие у социальных акторов соответствующей данному режиму практической компетентности и умения переходить от режима к режиму. Опираясь во многом на концепции фрейм-анализа Э. Гофмана и повседневной креативности социальных акторов М. де Серто, автор предлагает их оригинальное развитие, привлекая целый ряд дополнительных понятий из области социологии практик, моральной социологии и политической философии.
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Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2007
Kathleen Thelen
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004, cерия "Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics", 352 с.
The institutional arrangements governing skill formation are widely seen as a key element in the institutional constellations defining ‘varieties of capitalism’ across the developed democracies. This book explores the origins and evolution of such institutions in four countries - Germany, Britain, the United States and Japan. It traces cross-national differences in contemporary training regimes back to the nineteenth century, and specifically to the character of the political settlement achieved among employers in skill-intensive industries, artisans, and early trade unions. The book also tracks evolution and change in training institutions over a century of development, uncovering important continuities through putative ‘break points’ in history. Crucially, it also provides insights into modes of institutional change that are incremental but cumulatively transformative. The study underscores the limits of the most prominent approaches to institutional change, and identifies the political processes through which the form and functions of institutions can be radically reconfigured over time.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006
Ralph Thomlinson
Изд-во: Random House, 1969, 335 с.
Urban sociology is a long-established field for research and teaching, yet its importance and even its existence as a specialty are in jeopardy. As increasing numbers of people come to live in urban places and as those remaining on the farm become urban or semiurban in their outlook and behavior, urban sociology is coming to be nearly synonymous with general sociology. What then is the justification, if any, for the continuation of urban sociology as a special subject within sociology? What contribution to man's knowledge can urban sociology make that cannot be made as well by another field? If no answer can be offered and supported, then urban sociologists, urban sociological research, and urban sociology courses perforce merge conceptually with other sociologists and sociologies.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-01-2004
John B. Thompson
Oxford: Polity Press, 1990, 353 с.
Идеология рассматривается автором как элемент культуры модерна. С неомарксистских позиций проанализированы основные теории идеологии. Главный тезис Томпсона: изучение идеологии сегодня - это исследование того, как смысл конструирует отношения господства/подчинения. Выделяются способы и типичные стратегии оперирования идеологии в современном «медиазированном» социуме. Большое внимание уделяется применению методологии «глубинной герменевтики» французского ученого П.Рикера к исследованию идеологии. Работа Томпсона – одна из наиболее фундаментальных работ на данную тему в западной социологической и философской литературе конца ХХ века.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 02-05-2006
John B. Thompson
Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995, 314 с.
В своей монографии, посвященной актуальным вопросам масс медиа как культурно-политического феномена, известный британский исследователь Дж.Б.Томпсон опирается на три теоретических традиции: Франкфуртскую школу (особенно на ее позднего представителя Ю.Хабермаса), Торонтскую школу (М.Маклюэн) и герменевтику. Развивая инструментарий этих подходов, автор вводит такие новые понятия как медиатизированная квази-интеракция и медиатизированное публичное пространство, вполне укоренившихся в теории массовой коммуникации. С помощью этих понятий он рассматривает влияние современных СМИ на трансформацию таких социальных явлений и понятий как политический процесс, публичность и приватность, глобальное и локальное, индивидуальная идентичность и общественная традиция. Несмотря на теоретическую глубину, книга написана относительно простым языком, доступным для студентов старших курсов.

Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Robert William Thurston
USA: Oxford University Press, 1987, 286 с.
Between 1906 and the outbreak of World War I, Moscow was the locale of great uncertainty and experimentation. Moscow's liberal leaders sought social and political stability for their city following the violence of the 1905 revolution by offering attractive programs in education, employment, housing and other areas to Moscow's unruly lower classes. They were countered in their efforts, however, by central authorities of the Old Regime, who feared the political effects of these programs and stressed social rigidity. Liberal City, Conservative State examines the resulting clash between the city and the state as it brought to the surface and exacerbated the deep tensions plaguing Russia by the eve of World War I. It focuses on the roots of this dispute, juxtaposing the Old Regime's rural background and orientation with the urban concerns of Moscow's liberals, and sees the state's essential failure in its inability to come to terms with the realities of urban life and growth. Providing new perspectives and insights into Russian liberalism, the scope and urgency of urban problems, and the importance of tsarist ideology in conditioning development after 1905, Moscow's story sheds light on the unsolved dilemmas and contradictions that pushed Russia inexorably toward revolution.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 13-11-2007
Yves Tiberghien
Изд-во: Cornell University Press, 2007, cерия "Cornell Studies in Political Economy", 255 с.
In Entrepreneurial States, an innovative examination of the comparative politics of reform in stakeholder systems, Yves Tiberghien analyzes the modern partnership between the state and global capital in attaining structural domestic change. The emergence of a powerful global equity market has altered incentives for the state and presented political leaders with a "golden bargain"--the infusion of abundant and cheap capital into domestic stock markets in exchange for reform of corporate governance and other regulatory changes. Drawing on extensive archival research and interviews with policy and corporate elites in Europe and East Asia, Tiberghien asks why states such as Korea and France have embraced this opportunity and engaged in far-reaching reforms to make their companies more attractive to foreign capital, whereas Japan and Germany have moved forward much more grudgingly. Interest groups and electoral institutions have their impacts, but by tracing the unfolding dynamic of reform under different constraints, Tiberghien shows that the role of political entrepreneurs is critical. Such policy elites act as mediators between global forces and national constraints. As risk takers and bargain-builders, Tiberghien finds, they use corporate reform to reshape their political parties and to stake out new policy ground. The degree of political autonomy available to them and the domestic organization of bureaucratic responsibility determine their ability to succeed.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)