Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 8
Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006Deborah Bryceson, Ulla Vuorela
Berg Publishers Ltd, 2002, 288 с.
Migrant networks, in the form of families, associational ties and social organizations, stretch across the globe, connecting cultures and bridging national boundaries. The effects of this global networking are vast. This book is the first to stand back and explore the impact. Families living outside of their original national boundaries have had, and continue to have, a profound influence over the flow of people, goods, money and information. More in-depth perspectives reveal how immigrants face troubling issues of cultural identity, economic change, political uncertainty and social welfare. From an examination of nineteenth-century transnational families emigrating from Europe, to the Ghanaian Pentecostal diaspora in Europe today, this book combines broadly based analysis with more unusual case studies to reveal the complexities that immigrants and refugees must contend with in their daily lives. What are the experiences of migrant Turkish women living in Germany? In what ways has religion been hybridized amongst West African Muslim migrants in Paris? What are the gender relations and transnational ties amongst Bosnian refugees? Never has such a topic been more relevant. Problems relating to immigrants' and refugees' situations in their adopted countries continue to grow. This book, wide-ranging in its geographical and thematic scope, is a highly important and timely addition to debates on transnational families, immigrants and refugees.
Опубликовано на портале: 05-11-2008Andrei Shleifer, Robert W. Vishny
Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1998, 288 с.
In many countries, public sector institutions impose heavy burdens on economic life: heavy and arbitrary taxes retard investment, regulations enrich corrupt bureaucrats, state firms consume national wealth, and the most talented people turn to rent-seeking rather than productive activities. As a consequence of such predatory policies--described in this book as the grabbing hand of the state--entrepreneurship lingers and economies stagnate. The authors of this collection of essays describe many of these pathologies of a grabbing hand government, and examine their consequences for growth. The essays share a common viewpoint that political control of economic life is central to the many government failures that we observe. Fortunately, a correct diagnosis suggests the cures, including the best strategies of fighting corruption, privatization of state firms, and institutional building in the former socialist economies. Depoliticization of economic life emerges as the crucial theme of the appropriate reforms. The book describes the experiences with the grabbing hand government and its reform in medieval Europe, developing countries, transition economies, as well as today's United States.
Privatizing Russia [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 05-11-2008Andrei Shleifer, Robert W. Vishny, Maksim Boycko
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1995, 175 с.
Privatizing Russia offers an inside look at one of the most remarkable reforms in recent history. Having started on the back burner of Russian politics in the fall of 1991, mass privatization was completed on July 1, 1994, with two thirds of the Russian industry privately owned, a rapidly rising stock market, and 40 million Russians owning company shares. The authors, all key participants in the reform effort, describe the events and the ideas driving privatization. They argue that successful reformers must recognize privatization as a process of depoliticizing firms in the face of massive opposition: making the firm responsive to market rather than political influences. The authors first review the economic theory of property rights, identifying the political influence on firms as the fundamental failure of property rights under socialism. They detail the process of coalition building and compromise that ultmately shaped privatization. The main elements of the Russian program —corporatization, voucher use, and voucher auctions—are described, as is the responsiveness of privatized firms to outside investors. Finally, the market values of privatized assets are assessed for indications of how much progress the country has made toward reforming its economy. In many respects, privatization has been a great success. Market concepts of property ownership and corporate management are shaking up Russian firms at a breathtaking pace, creating powerful economic and political stimuli for continuation of market reforms. At the same time, the authors caution, the political landscape remains treacherous as old-line politicians reluctantly cede their property rights and authority over firms
Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006Arne Tostensen, Inge Tvedten, Mariken Vaa
Изд-во: Nordic Africa Institute, 2001, 320 с.
The book contains 17 chapters with material from 13 African countries, from Egypt to Swaziland and from Senegal to Kenya. Most of the authors are young African academics. The focus of the volume is the multitude of voluntary associations that has emerged in African cities in recent years. In many cases, they are a response to mounting poverty, failing infrastructure and services, and more generally, weak or abdicating urban governments. Some associations are new, in other cases, existing organizations are taking on new tasks. Associations may be neighbourhood-based, others may be city-wide and based on professional groupings or a shared ideology or religion. Still others have an ethnic base. Some of these organizations are engaged in both day-to-day matters of urban management and more long-term urban development. Urban associations challenge the monopoly of local and central government institutions.
Когнитивные модели этнических ситуаций//Язык. Познание. Коммуникация /Под ред В.И.Герасимова.- С.161-189. [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 01-04-2004T.A. van Deik
Москва: Прогресс, 1989
Статья продолжает исследования голландского ученого в области текста, базирующиеся на том, что важнейшим компонентом процессов построения и восприятия текстов является осмысление стоящих за ними социальных ситуаций и их когнитивная репрезентация. На основе междисциплинарного подхода, привлекающего понятийный аппарат когнитивной и социальной психологии, микросоциологии и анализа дискурса, автор показывает, как когнитивные модели социальных ситуаций связаны с производством текстов. Для примера взяты тексты, обладающие высокой социальной значимостью: повседневные беседы о группах национальных меньшинств.
Opinions and Ideologies in the Press, in A.Bell and P.Garret (eds) Approach to media discourse [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 01-02-2004Teun A. van Dijk
London: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1998, 21-64 с.
"Мнения и идеологии в прессе" - статьия популярного исследователя медиа и дискурса, опубликованная в сборнике "Подходы к изучению дискурса масс-медиа" под редакцией А.Белла и П.Гаррета. Известный голландский ученый в данной работе опираясь на широко применяемы им социокогнитивный подход анализирует методологию изучения дискурса современной прессы. В его структуре он выделяет среди прочего мнения и идеологии. Ван Дайк предлагает считать идеологии оценочным фундаментом группового менталитета, так как они задают основные принципы, руководящие формированием групповых «мнений», в том числе и относительно того, что члены группы считают правильным или неправильным, истинным или ложным. Большинство идеологий задают также и схемы конструирования идентичностей.
Опубликовано на портале: 16-12-2009Stella Vettori
Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007, 198 с.
How is the contract of employment to remain relevant in the changed world of work? Stella Vettori brilliantly shows that the implied duty of good faith is the ideal vehicle for adapting the contract to changing conditions. Mr Justice A A Landman High Court of South Africa. In light of the global decline in trade unions other means of protecting legitimate worker interests are explored. These include: (i)The socialisation of the law of contract; (ii)the constitutional right to fair labour practices; and (iii)the role of good corporate governance and corporate social responsibility. The conclusion arrived at is that these alternative means of addressing legitimate worker interests could play a valuable role in filling the vacuum left by the worldwide decline of trade unions. The world of work has undergone major changes in the last two decades. This book examines these changes in their international context. It is argued that collective bargaining should no longer be viewed as the most important means of regulating the employment relationship. In the changed world of work such an approach is becoming less relevant. Instead, other means of protecting legitimate worker interests are explored. These include: an adaptation and extension of the general principles of the law of contract; a constitutional right to fair labour practices; and the pursuit of good corporate governance and corporate social responsibility. The conclusion is that these alternative means of addressing legitimate worker interests can play a valuable role in filling the vacuum left by the worldwide decline of trade unions.
Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006Arthur J. Vidich, Joseph Bensman
Изд-во: University of Illinois Press, 2000, 560 с.
"First published in 1958, "Small Town in Mass Society" set community studies on a new course by placing the small town within the framework of large-scale, bureaucratic mass society. Drawing attention to the dynamics of class and ethnicity in relation to economics and politics, this landmark work was among the first to document the consequences of centralized administration on life in American communities. Through a close study of ""Springdale, New York,"" Arthur J. Vidich and Joseph Bensman depict the small town as continuously and increasingly drawn into the central institutions and processes of the total society. Vidich and Bensman based their conclusions on extensive interviews with and close observation of the inhabitants of one community. The original publication of the book caused a sharp response among the town's citizens who felt their trust had been violated and their town misrepresented. The present volume includes the editorials and correspondence evoked by that controversy, the authors' articles describing their methodology, a new foreword by Michael W. Hughey, and a new afterword in which Arthur J. Vidich recounts the creation and history of the book."