Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 134
Опубликовано на портале: 17-03-2008Ronald Philip Dore
Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1987, 264 с.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006Uta Gerhardt
USA: Cambridge University Press, 2002
The American sociologist Talcott Parsons was often accused of being an overly abstract, even apolitical thinker, remote in Harvard's ivory tower. The controversial Parsons, in fact, emulated his mentor, the venerable Max Weber, in at least two respects: as a scholar he practised Wertfreiheit (scientific professionalism) and as a political activist he worked for the preservation and expansion of democracy. Uta Gerhardt traces this double commitment and links Parsons's scholarship to his politics. Utilizing rich archival material, she examines four periods in Parsons's intellectual life in the context of American history and society. From the New Deal and the rise of German fascism to the Second World War, through the McCarthy era and the Civil Rights movement, Parsons's overriding agenda was to develop both a sociological understanding and a defense of the development of modern democracy.
Опубликовано на портале: 01-02-2007Carlota Perez
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2002, 224 с.
Technological Revolutions and Financial Capital presents a novel interpretation of the good and bad times in the economy, taking a long-term perspective and linking technology and finance in an original and convincing way.
Television culture [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 18-02-2006John Fiske
London: Routledge, 1988, cерия "Studies in communication", 400 с.
Книга известного американского исследователя популярной культуры Джона Фиска представляет собой критический культурологический анализ разных аспектов телевидения. Используя методологию Ролана Барта, Михаила Бахтина и множество других теоретических подходов, Фиск рассматривает такие разные темы как семиотические характеристики телезвезд (на примере Мадонны), гендерные аспекты телесериалов, социальные функции телевикторин, роль зрителей в интерпретации и "дописывании" телепродукции. Фиск всячески подчеркивает активную роль аудитории, в частности, с помощью одного из своих ключевых понятий "производительные тексты" (producerly texts) - т.е. тексты, в создании которых прямым или косвенным образом принимает участие аудитория. Книга написана простым, увлекательным языком, доступным для студентов.
Holmes J. S. Terrorism and democratic stability [Текст] / J. S. Holmes. Manchester : Manchester University Press, 2002. 256 p. (Perspectives on democratization). [книга]
Опубликовано на портале: 26-05-2004
Книга "Терроризм и стабильность демократии (перспективы демократизации)" анализирует влияние терроризма и государственных репрессий на стабильность демократии в Уругвае, Перу и Испании. Книга представляет детальный эмпирический анализ, сделанный на основе хорошей теоретической базы. Автор анализирует, каким образом политическая активность граждан и формирующееся гражданское общество могут противостоять авторитарным тенденциям при построении демократического государства.
The Age of Access: The New Culture of Hypercapitalism, Where all of Life is a Paid-For Experience [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2007Jeremy Rifkin
New-York: Tarcher, 2000, 320 с.
Imagine waking up one day to find that virtually every activity you engage in outside your immediate family has become a "paid for" experience. It's all part of a fundamental change taking place in the nature of business, contends bestselling author Jeremy Rifkin. On the horizon looms the Age of Access, an era radically different from any we have known. In the hypercapitalist economy, buying things in markets and owning property become outmoded ideas, while "just-in-time" access to nearly every kind of service, through vast commercial networks operating in cyberspace, becomes the norm. We increasingly pay for the experience of using things-in the form of subscriptions, memberships, leases, and retainers-rather than for the things themselves. Already, millions of Americans have give up ownership of their automobiles in favor of leasing cars as a service and are renting everything from software to furnaces. Similarly, companies around the world are selling off real estate, shrinking inventories, leasing equipment, outsourcing activities, and becoming "weightless". Ownership of physical property, once considered a valued asset, is now regarded as a liability in the corporate world. Rifkin argues that the capitalist journey, which began with the commodification of goods and the ownership of property, is ending with the commodification of human time and experience. In the future, we will purchase enlightenment and play, grooming and grace, and everything in between. "Lifestyle marketing" is the buzz in the commercial world as more and more consumers become members of corporate-sponsored clubs and participate in corporate-sponsored activities and events. People are even living out their lifestyles in planned commercial residential communities. The business of business, therefore, is no longer about exchanging property but, rather, about buying access to one's very existence in small commercial time segments. In the Age of Access, Rifkin asks, will any time be left for relationships of a noncommercial nature? The changes taking place are part of even a larger transformation occurring in the nature of capitalism. We are making a long-term shift to a system based on the selling of cultural experiences. Global travel and tourism, theme cities and parks, destination entertainment centers, wellness, music, film, television, the virtual worlds of cyberspace, and even social causes are fast becoming the center of an economy that trades in cultural resources. The old giants of the industrial age, companies such as General Motors, Sears, USX, Boeing, and Texaco, are giving way to the new giants of cultural capitalism, Viacom, AOL Time Warner, Disney, Sony, and News Corporation. These transnational companies, with communications networks that span the globe, are mining cultural resources in every part of the world and repackaging them in the form of commodities and entertainments. The top one-fifth of the world's population, says Rifkin, now spends as much income accessing cultural experiences as buying manufactured goods and basic services. Rifkin warns that when the culture itself is absorbed into the economy, only commercial bonds will be left to hold society together. The critical question posed by The Age of Access is whether civilization can survive when only the commercial sphere remains as the primary arbiter of human life.
The Architecture of Markets: An Economic Sociology of Twenty-First-Century Capitalist Societies [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007Neil Fligstein
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2002, 288 с.
Winner of 2003 Distinguished Book Award. Market societies have created more wealth, and more opportunities for more people, than any other system of social organization in history. Yet we still have a rudimentary understanding of how markets themselves are social constructions that require extensive institutional support. This groundbreaking work seeks to fill this gap, to make sense of modern capitalism by developing a sociological theory of market institutions. Addressing the unruly dynamism that capitalism brings with it, leading sociologist Neil Fligstein argues that the basic drift of any one market and its actors, even allowing for competition, is toward stabilization. The Architecture of Markets represents a major and timely step beyond recent, largely empirical studies that oppose the neoclassical model of perfect competition but provide sparse theory toward a coherent economic sociology. Fligstein offers this theory. With it he interprets not just globalization and the information economy, but developments more specific to American capitalism in the past two decades--among them, the 1980s merger movement. He makes new inroads into the ''theory of fields,'' which links the formation of markets and firms to the problems of stability. His political-cultural approach explains why governments remain crucial to markets and why so many national variations of capitalism endure. States help make stable markets possible by, for example, establishing the rule of law and adjudicating the class struggle. State-building and market-building go hand in hand. Fligstein shows that market actors depend mightily upon governments and the members of society for the social conditions that produce wealth. He demonstrates that systems favoring more social justice and redistribution can yield stable markets and economic growth as readily as less egalitarian systems. This book will surely join the classics on capitalism. Economists, sociologists, policymakers, and all those interested in what makes markets function as they do will read it for many years to come.
The Biotech Century [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2007Jeremy Rifkin
New-York: Tarcher, 1998, 288 с.
In this provocative and far-reaching book, Jeremy Rifkin argues that the computer revolution is merely a prelude to a far more significant change taking place in the global economy. We are in the midst of a great historic transition into the Age of Biotechnology. Rifkin notes that after more than forty years of running on parallel tracks, the information and life sciences are fusing into a single powerful technological and economic force that is laying the foundation for the Biotech Century. The computer is increasingly being used to decipher, manage, and organize the vast genetic information that is the raw resource of the new global economy. Already, transnational corporations are creating giant life-sciences complexes from which to fashion a bio-industrial world. Our way of life, says Rifkin, is likely to be transformed more fundamentally in the next few decades than in the previous thousand years. Food and fiber may be grown indoors in giant bacteria baths, partially eliminating the farmer and the soil for the first time in history. Animal and human cloning could be commonplace, with "replication" increasingly replacing "reproduction". Millions of people could obtain a detailed genetic readout of themselves, allowing them to gaze into their own biological futures and predict and plan their lives in ways never before possible. Parents may choose to have their children gestated in artificial wombs outside the human body. Genetic changes could be made in human fetuses to correct deadly diseases and disorders and enhance mood, behavior, intelligence, and physical traits. The Biotech Century promises a cornucopia of genetically engineered plants and animals to feed a hungry world; genetically derived sources of energy and fiber to propel commerce and build a "renewable" society; wonder drugs and genetic therapies to produce healthier babies, eliminate human suffering, and extend the human life span. But with every step we take into this brave new world, the nagging question will haunt us: "At what cost?" The new genetic commerce raises more troubling questions than any other economic revolution in history. Will the artificial creation of cloned, chimeric, and transgenic animals mean the end of nature and the substitution of a "bio-industrial" world? Will the mass release of thousands of genetically engineered life forms into the environment cause catastrophic genetic pollution and irreversible damage to the biosphere? What are the consequences-for both the global economy and society-of reducing the world's gene pool to patented intellectual property controlled exclusively by a handful of life-science corporations? What will it mean to live in a world where babies are genetically engineered and customized in the womb, and where people are increasingly identified, stereotyped, and discriminated against on the basis of their genotype? What are the risks we take in attempting to design more "perfect" human beings? Rifkin explores these and many other critical issues in this ground-breaking book about the coming era. The biotech revolution will force each of us to put a mirror to our most deeply held values, making us ponder the ultimate question of the purpose and meaning of existence. This, Rifkin maintains, may turn out to be its most important contribution.
The Birth of City Planning in the United States, 1840-1917 (Creating the North American Landscape) [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 25-11-2006Jon A. Peterson
Изд-во: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003, 464 с.
Jon A. Peterson presents a sweeping narrative history of the origins of city planning in the United States, from its 19th-century antecedents to its flowering in the early 20th century. The text is supplemented by a selection of historic plans, illustrations and photographs.Topics covered in detail include the McMillan Plan for Washington, DC (the first comprehensive plan for an American city), the City Beautiful movement, the major planners - Daniel Burnham, Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr, Charles Mulford Robinson, John Nolen, and others - who led the planning movement; the ascendancy of a generalist approach to the shaping of the physical city, the role of the Progressive Era reform, and the emergence of city planning as a novel field of public endeavour. This book should appeal to students and scholars in urban studies, community planning, American history (the Guilded Age and Progressive Era), American studies, architectural and landscape history, as well as environmental and planning history, including practising professionals in related fields.
Опубликовано на портале: 18-12-2009Ред.: Joel Baum
Oxford: Blackwell, 2001, 960 с.
Drawing on the research of more than 50 influential international scholars, this extensive interdisciplinary survey consolidates and evaluates what is known and not known about organizations, and critically examines how we learn about and study them. Contributors include 50 influential international scholars. Contributions represent the most important contemporary perspectives on organizations, including networks, ecology and technology. Each topic is covered at three levels of organization: intraorganizational, organizational, and interorganizational. Chapters structured around five common elements for ease of use.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006Jackqueline Scott, Judith K. Treas, Martin Richards
Изд-во: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2003, cерия "Blackwell Companions to Sociology", 624 с.
The Blackwell Companion to Sociology of Families is an authoritative volume of original essays by expert contributors. It tackles a range of issues relevant to family life today, such as social inequality, parenting practices, children's work, the changing patterns of citizenship, and challenges confronting multi-cultural families.Each essay examines the changing family forms and relationships as well as the changing social context (by way of globalization, technological innovation, state policy, religion, employment and community) that shapes modern family life. From an explicitly comparative perspective, the authors provide a selective overview of empirical research and address emerging issues. Families in Europe and North America are given special attention, with discussion of previously neglected groups including immigrant families and gays and lesbians.The Companion shows how revolutionary changes in aging, longevity, and sexual behavior have radically affected the experience of children and parents over the life course, and shifted the ties that bind different generations. This exceptional volume shows why the study of social change in families is a necessary key for understanding the transformations in individual and social life, across the globe.
The Brave New World of Work [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 01-02-2007Ulrich Beck
Oxford: Polity Press, 2002, 202 с.
In this important book, Ulrich Beck - one of the leading social thinkers in Europe today - examines how work has become unstable in the modern world and presents a new vision for the future. Beck begins by describing how the traditional work society, with its life-long job paths, is giving way to a much less stable world in which skills can be suddenly devalued, jobs obliterated, welfare cover reduced or eliminated. The West would appear to be heading towards a social structure of ambiguity and multiple activity that has hitherto been more characteristic of the developing world. But what appears to be the end of traditional working practices can also be seen as an opportunity to develop new ideas and models for work in the twenty-first century.Beck's alternative vision is centred on the concept of active citizens democratically organized in local, and increasingly also regional or transnational, networks. Against the threat of social exclusion, everyone can and must have a right to be included in a new definition and distribution of work. This will involve constant movement between formal employment (with a major reduction in working hours) and forms of self-organized artistic, cultural and political 'civil labour', providing equal access to comprehensive social protection. The aim must be to turn insecurity around, so that it becomes a positive and enriching discontinuity of life.Drawing on his earlier work on risk and reflexive modernization, The Brave New World of Work is also closely linked to his studies on globalization and individualization. These processes are part of the same challenge upon which a politics of modernity must now base itself. Not only the future of work, but also the very survival of democracy and the welfare state will depend on the development of a newly committed and 'multi-active' transnational citizenship.This book will be of great interest to second- and third-year students in sociology, politics, geography and the social sciences generally. It will also appeal to a broader audience interested in the issues and debates surrounding the changing nature of work.
Rosner, Scott R., and Kenneth L. Shropshire (eds.). The Business of Sports. Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 2004. 776 p. [книга]
Опубликовано на портале: 12-08-2005
The Business of Sports is the first comprehensive collection of readings to focus on the multibillion-dollar sports industry and the dilemmas faced by today’s sports business leaders. This valuable resource provides a complete overview of major sports business issues and is designed for current and future sports business leaders as well as those interested in the inner-workings of the industry. The book covers professional, Olympic, and collegiate sports, and highlights the major issues that impact each of these broad categories. The readings in The Business of Sports provide insight from a variety of stakeholders in the industry and cover the major business disciplines of management, marketing, finance, information technology, accounting, ethics and law. In addition, the book features concise introductions, a broad range of focused readings and targeted discussion questions, as well as graphs and tables that are used to convey relevant financial data and other statistics. This first-of-its-kind book makes accessible, in a single location, book excerpts, articles and other materials that students and professionals interested in “the business of sports” will find both useful and compelling.
Опубликовано на портале: 27-03-2004Ред.: Simon Frith, John Street
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001, cерия "Cambridge Companions to Music", 303 с.
Книга анализирует современное состояние музыкальной индустрии, останавливаясь на наиболее важных моментах эволюции современной попиндустрии, и описывает наиболее жизнестойкие формы современной популярной культуры. Авторы рассматривают сменяющиеся образцы производства и потребления популярной музыки, прослеживают рост огромных капиталов музыкальной индустрии и анализируют появление мировых звезд –, таких как Elvis Presley, Public Enemy, Nirvana и The Spice Girls. Авторы отмечают, что современную музыкальную индустрию невозможно представить без постоянно развивающихся электронных технологий (от усилителей до Интернета). Особое место отведено процессу создания глобальных музыкальных корпораций, музыкальной политике, проблеме расизма и этническим проблемам, процессу глобализации. Большое внимание уделено музыке как таковой – рок и поп, танцевальной, мировой музыке – их воздействию и доставляемому удовольствию.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-11-2006Manuel Castells, Ida Susser
Изд-во: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2002, 448 с.
Manuel Castells, the most influential urban theorist of our time, has revolutionized modern thought on the processes of advanced capitalism and the generation of inequality. This collection of Castells' classic writing, which also includes two new essays written specifically for this book, reflects the panoramic breadth of his knowledge, the clarity of his approach, and the scholarly rigor and intellectual depth of his theoretical methods. Editor Ida Susser, through her own experience and collaboration with Castells, has selected his most significant essays and placed them within a theoretical and historical context. The Castells Reader on Cities and Social Theory is an essential resource for students and scholars of sociology, anthropology, political science, and urban studies.