Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 2
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2007Ronald Philip Dore
Geneva: International Labor Organization, 2004, 85 с.
The Sixth Nobel Peace Prize Social Policy Lectures were given in Tokyo from 1 to 3 December 2003. Professor Ronald Dore, Associate Researcher at the London School of Economics delivered the series, which was organized in collaboration with Tokyo University and the ILO Office in Japan. The theme of the lectures was "New Forms and Meanings of Work in an Increasingly Globalized World". Ronald Dore, a Fellow of the British Academy and an Honorary Foreign Fellow of both the Japanese Academy and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, is renowned for his pioneering work, analysing the transformation of labour markets in Japan and other industrial societies. The lectures focused on the evolution of work and relations at work with special reference to industrial societies. They were delivered in four separate sessions, and dealt with the following themes: (i) The pains and rewards of work in the twenty-first century; (ii) The concrete meanings of labour flexibility; (iii) The direction of social change and (iv) Global markets and national employment systems. Drawing on his academic contributions, spread over several decades, Dore discussed a range of analytically important issues concerning the course and the consequences of globalization within and across countries of the world. These issues included productivity growth, changes in working time, the transformation of workers’ interests into rights, the rise of individualism and metamorphosis of the bread-winner model, the division and fragmentation of the job-for-life model, the rising capital content of labour, flexibility as a tool for improving labour efficiency, the polarization of the workforce and the rise of income inequalities, the changing fortunes of the managerial class, the dilemma of reconciling social justice with meritocracy, competing models of capitalism, and the prospects for securing social justice in the face of rising inequalities. The lectures drew attention to a perceived trend in industrial societies towards a rising tolerance of inequalities. Globalization has always been associated with the rise of “market individualism” and a polarization of the workforce. As the pace of globalization has accelerated in recent years, the outcome has been rising inequality within labour markets. Quite significantly, this is accompanied by a rising tolerance of inequality, notably among the industrialized economies. The lecturer discussed whether this trend could be reversed through national economic and social policies. Even in an era of globalized markets, each country can still initiate a range of independent policy choices; the reach and effectiveness of these choices, however, tend to be circumscribed by the economic and cultural hegemony of industrially advanced economies.
Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2007Ronald Philip Dore, Mari Sako
Изд-во: Routledge, 1998, cерия "Nissan Institute/Routledge Japanese Studies", 224 с.
Japan is regarded as a world leader in the field of education and training for improved economic performance. Yet success in Japan is often achieved by going against what is regarded as ideal practice elsewhere. This book offers the most comprehensive review available in English, fully updated from the first edition, of the many facets of Japanese vocational education and training. It covers the system from primary education through to in-job training offered by companies and provides a detailed study of current practice. This gives equal emphasis to formal training in explicitly vocational courses and informal training in factories, shops and offices. The authors are also concerned to analyse the difference between substantive 'person-changing' training and mere 'ability-labelling'. They raise important issues such as: to what extent does the need to package skills to provide convenient qualifications distort the actual training given? How efficient is it to rely on professional trainers to certify the acquisition of skills, rather than run separate testing systems? In Japanese companies the authors have discovered that pride in doing the job well is often the strongest motivation, and that much company training is carried out by colleagues.