Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 5
Теории информационного общества [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 24-04-2007Frank Webster
Москва: Аспект-Пресс, 2004, 400 с.
Книга представляет собой рассмотрение более или менее известных теорий второй, послевоенной, половины XX в., которые, учитывая так называемый информационный взрыв, считали основой глобальной "информационной" экономики. В предлагаемой книге Фрэнк Уэбстер подвергает критическому анализу теории Д.Белла, М.Кастельса, Г.Шиллера, Ю.Хабермаса, Э.Гидденса, Ж.Бодрийяра и З.Баумана и др. Для изучающих социальные теории современного общества, а также для всех, кто интересуется социальными и технологическими переменами в современном мире.
Business Systems and Organizational Capabilities. The Institutional Structuring of Competitive Competences [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-12-2007Richard Whitley
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, 375 с.
Twenty-first century capitalism has been marked by an increasing international economic independence, and considerable differences between dominant economic systems of coordination and control. In this context, national competition and coordination within industries has increased, but the governance of leading firms, and the kinds of competences they develop, remain quite diverse. This book shows how different kinds of firms become established and develop different capabilities in different societies, and as a result are effective in particular kinds of industries and markets. By integrating institutionalist approaches to organizations with the capabilities theory of the firm, Richard Whitley suggests how we can understand this combination of diversity and integration by developing the comparative business systems framework in three major ways. First, by identifying the particular circumstances in which distinctive business systems and innovation systems become nationally established and reproduced, as well as how changing endogenous and exogenous pressures have affected the major kinds of business systems that developed in many OECD states during the postwar period. Second, by showing how variations in authority sharing with employees and business partners and in the provision of organizational careers lead institutional regimes to affect the nature of organizational capabilities that dominant firms develop and enable them to deal with different kinds of risks and opportunities in particular technologies and markets. Third, by identifying the circumstances in which multinational firms are likely to develop distinctive transnational organizational capabilities through such authority sharing and careers, and so become different kinds of companies from their more domestically focused competitors. In many, if not most, cases of cross national managerial coordination, these conditions rarely exist, and so the extent to which multinational firms do indeed constitute distinct organizational forms and strategic actors is much less than is sometimes claimed.
Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2007Richard Whitley
Изд-во: Sage Publications Ltd, 1994, 288 с.
As trends toward the internationalization and globalization of business intensify, it becomes increasingly apparent that different cultures manifest very different--yet no less effective--forms of business organization. And while much has been written about the Japanese approach to business, far less attention has been paid to other East Asian business systems. In this fascinating and informative book, Whitley looks at business in its social context in South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong as well as Japan. He explores similarities and differences organizations, markets and societies. The author also compares East Asian business systems with dominant Western practices and considers the international transferability of different business "recipes." Clearly demonstrating how different business practices can only be fully understood with reference to the societies from which they come, this volume will be essential reading for all students and managers concerned with international business, the comparative analysis of organizations, and the social foundations of business enterprise.
Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006Richard Whitley
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999, 312 с.
The late twentieth century has witnessed the establishment of new forms of capitalism in East Asia as well as new market economies in Eastern Europe. Despite the growth of international investment and capital flows, these distinctive business systems remain different from each other and from those already developed in Europe and the Americas. This continued diversity of capitalism results from, and is reproduced by, significant differences in societal institutions and agencies such as the state, capital and labour markets, and dominant beliefs about trust, loyalty, and authority. This book presents the comparative business systems framework for describing and explaining the major differences in economic organization between market economies in the late twentieth century. This framework identifies the critical variations in coordination and control systems across forms of industrial capitalism, and shows how these are connected to major differences in their institutional contexts. Six major types of business system are identified and linked to different institutional arrangements. Significant differences in post-war East Asian business systems and the ways in which these are changing in the 1990s are analysed within this framework, which is also extended to compare the path-dependent nature of the new capitalisms emerging in Eastern Europe.
Опубликовано на портале: 13-11-2007Jane Whittle
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000, cерия "Oxford Historical Monographs", 376 с.
This is an important new scholarly study of the roots of capitalism. Jane Whittle's penetrating examination of rural England in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries asks how capitalist it was, and how and why it changed over the century and a half under scrutiny. Her book intelligently relates ideas of peasant society and capitalism to a local study of north-east Norfolk, a county that was to become one of the crucibles of the so-called agrarian revolution. Dr Whittle uses the rich variety of historical sources produced by this precocious commercialized locality to examine a wide range of topics from the manorial system and serfdom, rights to land and the level of rent, the land market and inheritance, to the distribution of land and wealth, the numbers of landless, wage-earners, and rural craftsmen, servants, and the labour laws.