Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 24
Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2007Torben Iversen
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005, cерия "Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics", 336 с.
This book builds on new institutionalist theory in both economics and political science to offer a general political economy framework for the study of welfare capitalism. Based on the key idea that social protection in a modern economy, both inside and outside the state, can be understood as protection of specific investments in human capital, the book offers a systematic explanation of popular preferences for redistributive spending, the economic role of political parties and electoral systems, and labor market stratification (including gender inequality). Contrary to the popular idea that competition in the global economy undermines international differences in the level of social protection, the book argues that these differences are made possible by a high international division of labor. Such a division is what allows firms to specialize in production that requires an abundant supply of workers with specific skills, and hence high demand for protection.
Changing Capitalisms? Internationalism, Institutional Change, and Systems of Economic Organization [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-12-2007Ред.: Glenn Morgan, Eli Moen
Руководитель: Richard Whitley
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, 466 с.
An increasing number of studies in the last decade or so have emphasized the viability and persistence of distinctive systems of economic coordination and control in developed market economies. Over more or less the same period, the revival of institutional economics and evolutionary approaches to understanding the firm has focused attention on how firms create distinctive capabilities through establishing routines that coordinate complementary activities and skills for particular strategic purposes. For much of the 1990s these two strands of research remained distinct. Those focusing on the institutional frameworks of market economies were primarily concerned with identifying complementarities between institutional arrangements that explained coherence and continuity. On the other hand, those focusing on the dynamics of firm behaviour studied how firms develop new capacities and are able to learn new ways of doing things. This book aims to bring together these approaches. It consists of a set of theoretically motivated and empirically informed chapters from a range of internationally known contributors to these debates. In their chapters, the authors show how institutions and firms evolve. Ideas of path dependency and complementarity of institutions are subjected to critical scrutiny both by reference to their own internal logic and to empirical examples. Varieties of institutional integration, the surprising maintenance of 'deviant' or alternative traditions and processes, and the existence of unpredictable yet consequential policy options that can lead to breaks in path dependency are scrutinized with particular reference to how national and international firms may relate to institutions at various levels as a diverse arena of potential resources rather than as a singular and determinant constraining force. The book provides a set of theoretical and empirical challenges for researchers concerned with the relationship between national institutional contexts and firm dynamics. For those involved in teaching or studying at doctoral, Masters and higher level undergraduate courses, the book provides a structured entry into the debates about how institutions and firms are changing in the contemporary era.
Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006Ред.: Pepper D. Culpepper, Peter A. Hall, Bruno Palier
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, cерия "French Politics, Society and Culture", 336 с.
How do European states adjust to international markets? Why do French governments of both left and right face a crisis of public confidence? In this book, leading experts on France chart the dramatic changes that have taken place in its polity, economy and society since the 1980s and develop an analysis of social change relevant to all democracies. Exploring immigration, industrial relations, generational conflict, and politics, they find the roots of discontent in the transformation of a society exemplifying a 'new' Europe.
Chinese Capitalism, 1522-1840 [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 13-11-2007Ред.: Xu Dixin, Wu Chengming
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999, cерия "Studies on the Chinese Economy", 560 с.
This book is a unique contribution by China's leading economic historians to the study of the country's economic history. It is an impressive summing-up of the evidence, collected over a period of more than twenty years, on the much debated question: Did capitalism emerge in China before the coming of the West? The immense historical sweep runs from the late Ming dynasty through the early and middle Qing period to the first Opium War in 1840. Evidence is presented of the existence (minimal in the case of agriculture) of embryonic capitalism in commerce and in nearly twenty branches of the handicraft industry. The production methods in each are briefly described, but the main focus is on the nature of capital, employment and the control of production. The book concludes with overviews of the reasons why the development of capitalism was weak and retarded, and discusses the role it nevertheless played in the Chinese economy in the subsequent period.
Collected Writings of R.P. Dore [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2007Ronald Philip Dore
Изд-во: Routledge, 2002, cерия "Collected Writings of Modern Western Scholars on Japan", 304 с.
This volume of the Collected Writings of Modern Western Scholars on Japan, published under the Japan Library imprint, brings together landmark writings by R.P. Dore, on Japanese society, politics and economics. This series of major works from the Japan Library features the collected writings of many of the most outstanding Western scholars who have been actively writing about Japan and connected subjects over the last half century. Developed in close collaboration with the participating scholars, each volume contains a wide and substantial cross-section of their writings, thematically structured around essays, including published and unpublished conference and symposium papers, contributions to refereed journals, chapters from multi-author volumes, translations and book reviews, as well as newspaper and more broadly based general-interest articles and commentaries as available. A full introductory section, written by the author, reviewing his/her association and historical ties with Japan as well as specialist interests, prefaces each volume. Thus, for the first time in scholarly publishing, this series makes available a comprehensive collection of the author's lifetime output (other than single-author volumes) that might otherwise be lost or dispersed. Over twenty volumes are anticipated.
Опубликовано на портале: 19-12-2009Gary G. Hamilton
London: Routledge, 2006, 322 с.
This informative book discusses the effects of the rise of Chinese capitalism on both China itself, and on its neighbours. Incorporating empirical data collated from interviews in several Asian societies and from historical Chinese sources, this renowned author analyzes, discusses and applies an institutional approach derived from the writings of Max Weber to explore the various aspects of Chinese economic practice. Consisting of sixteen articles that come together to provide historical, comparative and theoretically informed perspectives on the spread of Chinese capitalism, this collection emphasizes the difference between Western and Chinese forms of capitalism. Including sections on China's pre-industrial economy as well as the growth of modern Chinese capitalism, this collection will be a valuable resource for students of Asian and Chinese studies as well as those concerned with the economics of Chinese societies.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2007Ред.: James Mahoney, Dietrich Rueschemeyer
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003, cерия "Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics", 468 с.
This book systematically investigates the past accomplishments and future agendas of contemporary comparative-historical analysis. Its core essays explore three major issues: the accumulation of knowledge in the field over the past three decades, the analytic tools used to study temporal process and historical patterns, and the methodologies available for making inferences and for building theories. The introductory and concluding essays situate the field as a whole by comparing it to alternative approaches within the social sciences. Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences will serve as an invaluable resource for scholars in the field, and it will represent a challenge to many other social scientists - especially those who have raised skeptical concerns about comparative-historical analysis in the past.
Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006R.C. Mascarenhas
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002, 256 с.
This comparative study of industrial capitalism is an examination of state-economy relations in mixed economies ranging from the interventionist German and Japanese to the less interventionist Anglo-American. Following the postwar consensus that resulted in the 'golden age' (1950-1973) and ended with the energy crisis, the Anglo-American economies adopted neoliberalism while Germany and Japan remained interventionist. This resulted in the emergence of national types of capitalism. While analyzing the increased competition between them, R.C.Mascarenhas also notes the influence of globalization as well as 'alternative capitalism' with the survival and re-emergence of industrial districts.
Comparing Financial Systems [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 29-10-2008Franklin Allen, Douglas Gale
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2000, 519 с.
Financial systems are crucial to the allocation of resources in a modern economy. They channel household savings to the corporate sector and allocate investment funds among firms; they allow intertemporal smoothing of consumption by households and expenditures by firms; and they enable households and firms to share risks. These functions are common to the financial systems of most developed economies. Yet the form of these financial systems varies widely. In the United States and the United Kingdom competitive markets dominate the financial landscape, whereas in France, Germany, and Japan banks have traditionally played the most important role. Why do different countries have such different financial systems? Is one system better than all the others? Do different systems merely represent alternative ways of satisfying similar needs? Is the current trend toward market-based systems desirable? Franklin Allen and Douglas Gale argue that the view that market-based systems are best is simplistic. A more nuanced approach is necessary. For example, financial markets may be bad for risk sharing; competition in banking may be inefficient; financial crises can be good as well as bad; and separation of ownership and control can be optimal. Financial institutions are not simply veils, disguising the allocation mechanism without affecting it, but are crucial to overcoming market imperfections. An optimal financial system relies on both financial markets and financial intermediaries.
Comparing Welfare Capitalism: Social Policy and Political Economy in Europe, Japan and the USA [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 17-11-2008Ред.: Bernhard Ebbinghaus, Philip Manow
London: Routledge, 2001, cерия "Routledge/Eui Studies in the Political Economy of Welfare, 3", 352 с.
This book challenges the popular thesis of a downward trend in the viability of welfare states in competitive market economies. With approaches ranging from historical case studies to cross-national analyses, the contributors explore various aspects of the relationships between welfare states, industrial relations, financial government and production systems. Building upon and combining comparative studies of both the varieties of capitalism and the worlds of welfare state regimes, the book considers issues such as the role of employers and unions in social policy, the interdependencies between financial markets and pension systems, and the current welfare reform process. Comparing Welfare Capitalism sheds new light on the tenuous relationship between social policies and market economies.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2007Ред.: Richard Whitley
Изд-во: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2002, cерия "Critical Studies in Economic Institutions", 1040 с.
This authoritative collection (two volume set) brings together the leading contributions to the comparative study of forms of capitalism. An introductory essay presents the context in which these contributions developed, discusses the major issues raised by such comparative work, and suggests likely future developments. Topics include: the major theoretical issues involved in analyzing different kinds of market economies; the key frameworks for comparing systems of economic organization, both historically and between societies; the analysis of the distinctive varieties of industrial capitalism that have developed in the Anglo-Saxon countries, Continental Europe and East Asia; and studies of globalization and the connections between types of market economies and varying forms of economic performance, particularly in terms of sectoral development and technical change. The collection will be an indispensable reference source and will improve access to important papers that may not be available in many libraries.
Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007Elizabeth Gallagher
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2007, 256 с.
One of the core assumptions of recent American foreign policy is that China's post-1978 policy of "reform and openness" will lead to political liberalization. This book challenges that assumption and the general relationship between economic liberalization and democratization. Moreover, it analyzes the effect of foreign direct investment (FDI) liberalization on Chinese labor politics. Market reforms and increased integration with the global economy have brought about unprecedented economic growth and social change in China during the last quarter of a century. Contagious Capitalism contends that FDI liberalization played several roles in the process of China's reforms. First, it placed competitive pressure on the state sector to produce more efficiently, thus necessitating new labor practices. Second, it allowed difficult and politically sensitive labor reforms to be extended to other parts of the economy. Third, it caused a reformulation of one of the key ideological debates of reforming socialism: the relative importance of public industry. China's growing integration with the global economy through FDI led to a new focus of debate--away from the public vs. private industry dichotomy and toward a nationalist concern for the fate of Chinese industry. In comparing China with other Eastern European and Asian economies, two important considerations come into play, the book argues: China's pattern of ownership diversification and China's mode of integration into the global economy. This book relates these two factors to the success of economic change without political liberalization and addresses the way FDI liberalization has affected relations between workers and the ruling Communist Party. Its conclusion: reform and openness in this context resulted in a strengthened Chinese state, a weakened civil society (especially labor), and a delay in political liberalization. Mary Elizabeth Gallagher is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. She is also a faculty associate of the Center for Chinese Studies and the Institute for Labor and Industrial Relations.
Опубликовано на портале: 04-03-2008Ред.: Robert Boyer, Rogers Hollingsworth
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997, cерия "Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics", 511 с.
This book argues that there is no single best institutional arrangement for organizing modern societies. Therefore, the market should not be considered the ideal and universal arrangement for coordinating economic activity. Instead, the editors argue, the economic institutions of capitalism exhibit a large variety of objectives and tools that complement each other and can not work in isolation. The various chapters of the book ask what logics and functions institutions follow and why they emerge, mature and persist in the forms they do.
Contested Economic Institutions: The Politics of Macroeconomics and Wage Bargaining in Advanced Democracies [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 16-12-2005Torben Iversen
New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999, cерия "Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics", 221 с.
This book helps explain one of the most intriguing and politically salient puzzles in comparative political economy: why some countries have much higher unemployment rates than others. Contrary to new classical economics the focus is on explaining distribution and equilibrium unemployment, and contrary to neo-corporatist theory the role of monetary policy and rational expectation is integral to the analysis. The book makes two central arguments. The first is that monetary policies affect equilibrium employment whenever wages are set above the firm level. The second argument focuses on the distributive effects of different institutions, and models institutional design as a strategic game between partisan governments and cross-class alliances of unions and employers.
Contests for Corporate Control. Corporate Governance and Economic Performance in the United States and Germany [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006Mary O'Sullivan
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, 346 с.
During the 1990s, corporate governance became a hot issue in all of the advanced economies. For decades, major business corporations had reinvested earnings and developed long-term relations with their labour forces as they expanded the scale and scope of their operations. As a result, these corporations had made themselves central to resource allocation and economic performance in the national economies in which they had evolved. Then, beginning in the 1980s and picking up momentum in the 1990s, came the contests for corporate control. Previously silent stockholders, now empowered by institutional investors, demanded that corporations be run to 'maximize shareholder value'. In the United States many, if not most, top corporate executives have now embraced this ideology. In this highly original book, Mary O'Sullivan provides a critical analysis of the theoretical foundations for the shareholder value principle of corporate governance and for the alternative perspective that corporations should be run in the interests of 'stakeholders'. She embeds her arguments on the relation between corporate governance and economic performance in historical accounts of the dynamics of corporate growth in the United States and Germany over the course of the twentieth century. O'Sullivan explains the emergence and consequences of 'maximizing shareholder value' as a principle of corporate governance in the United States over the past two decades, and provides unique insights into the contests for corporate control that have unfolded in Germany over the past few years.