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Что такое экономическая социология? Это не "междисциплинарные исследования". Это не "изучение социальных проблем в экономике". Это не проведение опросов населения. Это не маркетинговые исследования. Что же это? (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 214

Авторы:
А Б В Г Д ЕЖЗИ ЙК ЛМ Н ОП Р С Т УФ ХЦЧ Ш ЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M NO P Q R S T UV W XY Z
 
Названия:
А Б В Г Д Е ЖЗ И ЙК ЛМ Н О П Р С Т УФ ХЦ Ч Ш ЩЭ ЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P QR S T U V W XYZ
 

Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007
Mauro F. Guillén
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2003, 304 с.
This book challenges the widely accepted notion that globalization encourages economic convergence--and, by extension, cultural homogenization--across national borders. A systematic comparison of organizational change in Argentina, South Korea, and Spain since 1950 finds that global competition forces countries to exploit their distinctive strengths, resulting in unique development trajectories. Analyzing the social, political, and economic conditions underpinning the rise of various organizational forms, Guillén shows that business groups, small enterprises, and foreign multinationals play different economic roles depending on a country's path to development. Business groups thrive when there is foreign-trade and investment protectionism and are best suited to undertake large-scale, capital-intensive activities such as automobile assembly and construction. Their growth and diversification come at the expense of smaller firms and foreign multinationals. In contrast, small and medium enterprises are best fitted to compete in knowledge-intensive activities such as component manufacturing and branded consumer goods. They prosper in the absence of restrictions on export-oriented multinationals. The book ends on an optimistic note by presenting evidence that it is possible--though not easy--for countries to break through the glass ceiling separating poor from rich. It concludes that globalization encourages economic diversity and that democracy is the form of government best suited to deal with globalization's contingencies. Against those who contend that the transition to markets must come before the transition to ballots, Guillén argues that democratization can and should precede economic modernization. This is applied economic sociology at its best--broad, topical, full of interesting political implications, and critical of the conventional wisdom.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 20-11-2008
Martin Höpner
Frankfurt am Mein: Campus, 2003, 300 с.
Shareholder Value versus Wertschöpfung Wandel der politischen Ökonomie in Deutschland Die Praxis der Unternehmensführung ist in Deutschland seit den neunziger Jahren zunehmend aktionärsorientiert. Martin Höpner untersucht am Beispiel der vierzig größten deutschen Kapitalgesellschaften Ursachen und Konsequenzen dieser Entwicklung. Deutsche Großunternehmen bemühen sich in den neunziger Jahren verstärkt, ihre Unternehmenskontrollsysteme an den Interessen der Aktionäre auszurichten. In der öffentlichen Debatte wird dieser Vorgang unter dem Schlagwort »Shareholder Value« diskutiert – ein Begriff, der eine Unternehmenspolitik bezeichnet, die auf die Bedienung der Finanzinteressen der Aktionäre und damit auf die Steigerung der Aktienkurse zielt. Doch die Aktienkurse spiegeln nicht die Wertschöpfung des Unternehmens, sondern nur deren Verteilung wider. Aus der Sicht von z.B. Arbeitnehmern, Zulieferern, Abnehmern und Endverbrauchern ist der Shareholder Value quasi bedeutungslos, weil für diese Gruppen andere Unternehmenswerte von Belang sind. Martin Höpner diskutiert in seiner Untersuchung die Vereinbarkeit einer Shareholder-Value-Orientierung mit dem deutschen System der Arbeitsbeziehungen, das durch ein hohes Maß an Regulierung und Mitbestimmung gekennzeichnet ist. Er zeigt, dass aktionärsorientierte Unternehmensführung gerade nicht auf dauerhafte Steigerungen der Wertschöpfung (zum Beispiel durch Unternehmenswachstum) zielt, sondern auf dauerhafte Steigerungen des Aktionärsnutzens, der mit den Ansprüchen, die andere Gruppen an Unternehmen richten, durchaus in Konflikt geraten kann. Höpners wirtschaftssoziologische Studie interpretiert die zunehmende Managementorientierung an den Finanzinteressen der Aktionäre als einen Indikator dafür, dass sich in den zugrunde liegenden Spielregeln und Kräfteverhältnissen, unter denen die am Unternehmensgeschehen beteiligten Gruppen zusammentreffen, grundlegende Veränderungen vollzogen haben. Der Autor stellt seine Befunde in den Kontext der Theorie über Modelle des Kapitalismus und leistet so einen wichtigen Beitrag zur politisch-ökonomischen Theorie der gegenwärtigen Liberalisierungsprozesse.
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Опубликовано на портале: 08-10-2007
Peter A. Hall, David Soskice
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001
What are the most important differences among national economies? Is globalization forcing nations to converge on an Anglo-American model? What explains national differences in social and economic policy? This pathbreaking work outlines a new approach to these questions. It highlights the role of business in national economies and shows that there is more than one path to economic success.
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Опубликовано на портале: 19-12-2009
Gary G. Hamilton
London: Routledge, 2006, 322 с.
This informative book discusses the effects of the rise of Chinese capitalism on both China itself, and on its neighbours. Incorporating empirical data collated from interviews in several Asian societies and from historical Chinese sources, this renowned author analyzes, discusses and applies an institutional approach derived from the writings of Max Weber to explore the various aspects of Chinese economic practice. Consisting of sixteen articles that come together to provide historical, comparative and theoretically informed perspectives on the spread of Chinese capitalism, this collection emphasizes the difference between Western and Chinese forms of capitalism. Including sections on China's pre-industrial economy as well as the growth of modern Chinese capitalism, this collection will be a valuable resource for students of Asian and Chinese studies as well as those concerned with the economics of Chinese societies.
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Опубликовано на портале: 19-12-2009
Ред.: Gary G. Hamilton
Изд-во: University of Washington Press, 1999, 185 с.
At midnight on June 30, 1997, Hong Kong became part of the People's Republic of China. The transfer of Hong Kong sovereignty from Great Britain to China was an extraordinary historical event, signifying the end of the West's colonial presence in Asia and the rise of China's hegemony. In 150 years as a British colony, Hong Kong changed from a barely inhabitable colonial entrepot to one of the world's leading financial and industrial centers. Faced with a new social and economic order under Chinese law, many Hong Kongers moved to a new country; others decided to stay; but many chose to maintain their lives and livelihoods in Hong Kong, while spreading their assets and their family members around the world. They bought apartments in London and condos in Vancouver, invested in firms in Guangzhou and Thailand, and sent their children to schools in Europe and Australia. These new up-market migrants have transformed a cosmopolitan outlook into a global presence. "Cosmopolitan Capitalists" focuses on the people of Hong Kong and how they are defining themselves under altered circumstances. It is a broad multi-disciplinary view of Hong Kong's transformation, written for a general audience by some of the world's foremost scholars on the region. Gary Hamilton is professor of sociology at the University of Washington. Other contributors include Katharyne Mitchell, Barry Naughton, Helen Siu, G. William Skinner, Wang Gungwu, Edgar Wickberg, Rosanna Yick-ming Wong, and Wong Siu-lun.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 19-12-2009
Gary G. Hamilton, Robert C. Feenstra
New-York: Cambridge University Press, 2006, cерия "Structural Analysis in the Social Sciences", 476 с.
The economies of South Korea and Taiwan in the second half of the twentieth century are to scholars of economic development what the economy of Britain in the late eighteenth and early nineteeth century is to economic historians. This book, a collaboration between a leading trade economist and a leading economic sociologist specializing in East Asia, offers a fresh, original explanation of the development paths of post-World War II Korea and Taiwan. The ambitions of the authors go beyond this, however. They use these cases to reshape the way economists, sociologists, and political scientists will think about economic organization in the future. They offer nothing less than a theory of, and extended evidence for, how capitalist economies become organized. One of the principal empirical findings is that a primary cause for the industrialization of East Asia is the retail revolution in the United States and the demand-responsiveness of Asian manufacturers. A highly unusual collaboration between a leading economist and a leading economic sociologist. An original theory of economic organization that is subject to multiple empirical tests and historical evidence. A brand new interpretation of the industrialization of East Asia
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006
Bob Hancke
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002, 232 с.
A new firm-centred perspective on the French political economy Analysis of economic readjustment in France 1980-2000 Contains a critique of the conventional perspectives on the relationship between state, economy, and society Case studies include Renault, EDF, Moulinex, and SNCF Between 1980 and 1985, the French economy and industry faced a dramatic crisis; in the ten years that followed, it witnessed a remarkable revival. How did the French economy make this transition? While the state is still an important economic agent in France, and the market certainly has become more central in the organization of the French economy, both state- and market-centered perspectives fail to understand critical elements of this adjustment. Building on the new Varieties of Capitalism approach in political economy which puts firms at the center of the analysis, this book argues that the post-war, state-led system changed into a system organized by and around the large firms. Large firms have always been central in the French post-war economic development model. In the past, however, they adapted to patterns set by the central state. By exploiting the possibilities in government policies in different areas such as finance, labour relations, and regional policies, the large firms were able to induce their main interlocutors - the state, banks, labour unions, workers, and small firms - to adjust in a way which was congruent with their own interests. From subservient economic agents, they became the drivers of economic adjustment. Through this case study of readjustment in France, this book offers a subtle critique of neo-institutionalist perspectives on firms. Institutional frameworks do not simply offer scenarios for adjustment, but are themselves constructions of economic and political actors and therefore subject to change and reorganization. By analysing how large firms in France, arguably one of the least likely places to harbour such endogenous capacities, changed their institutional environment to fit their own needs, this book offers an important new perspective on the political economy of industrial and economic change.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-11-2007
Ред.: Bob Hancke, Martin Rhodes, Mark Thatcher
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, 450 с.
Since the early 1990s, Europe's economies have been facing several new challenges: the 1992 single market programme, the collapse of the Berlin wall and eastward enlargement, and monetary unification. Building on the influential Varieties of Capitalism (VoC) perspective, first elaborated in detail in the book Varieties of Capitalism (OUP, 2001), this book critically analyzes these developments in the European political economy and their effects on the continental European economies. Leading political economists from Europe and the US debate how VoC can help understand the political-economic challenges that Europe is facing today and how understanding these new challenges can in turn enrich and enhance the VoC perspective. Thematically, the contributions to this volume are organised in four sections:
* how the macro-economics of EMU influenced different European models of capitalism,
* how the Single Market programme was received in the different institutional regimes in European capitalism,
* how welfare and labour market reforms are debated and implemented,
* how European capitalism travelled east after 1989.

Preceding this is a spirited defence of the VoC approach by Peter Hall, and an introduction from the volume editors, considering the approach, and proposing extensions and amendments. This book demonstrates that the VoC approach remains, as the editors put it in their introduction, a rich seam to mine, capable of accommodating new developments, and theoretically flexible enough to branch out into new arguments.
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Опубликовано на портале: 01-07-2004
В этом увлекательном и захватывающем сборнике очерков классик мирового менеджмента Чарльз Хэнди берет нас с собой в интеллектуальное путешествие по изменяющемуся миру и показывает, как мы должны адаптироваться, чтобы не только выжить, но и преуспеть в новых экономических условиях. Книгу можно рекомендовать не только практикующим специалистам по менеджменту и маркетингу, так как она содержит много интересной и полезной информации, но и всем, кто хочет научиться жить в ногу со временем и не бояться будущего.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 01-02-2007
Charles R. Handy
Москва: Альпина Бизнес Букс, 2004, 204 с.
Слон и блоха - странная метафора, но она как нельзя более точно отражает структуру бизнес-сообщества, которая формируется сейчас в мире. Чарльз Хэнди, авторитетнейший ученый с мировым именем и один из ведущих мыслителей в сфере бизнеса и экономики, в своей новой книге показывает тенденции развития бизнеса и общества. В современном мире, когда экономика стала переходить от производства к услугам, с огромными слонами прошлого (большими организациями) сосуществуют и успешно конкурируют индивидуумы или небольшие компании (блохи), которые вносят инновации в бизнес. Каково будущее капитализма и как он изменится при условии, что ценность теперь облечена в знания и ноу-хау, а не в землю и вещи, которые можно увидеть и пересчитать? Как будут управляться новые, растущие корпорации и кому они будут подотчетны, если выручка многих из них больше, чем у большинства государств? Как общество приспособится к виртуальному миру, где территориальные границы стираются Интернетом? Каким станет мир работы в электронном веке, с новыми сочетаниями блох и слонов? На эти и другие вопросы можно найти ответы в новом бестселлере Ч.Хэнди. Книга ориентирована на широкую аудиторию
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 17-12-2009
Robert L. Heilbroner, William Milberg
Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 2008, 227 с.
With its roots in history and eyes on the future, this book traces the development of our economic society from the Middle Ages to the present, offering a balanced perspective of why our economy is the way it is and where it may be headed. It explores the catalytic role past economic trends and dynamics–particularly capitalism–have played in creating the present challenges we face, and offers suggestions on how we may deal with them most effectively in the future. Chapter topics include the economic problem, the premarket economy, the emergence of market society, the industrial revolution, the great depression, the rise of the public sector, modern capitalism emerges in Europe, the golden age of capitalism, the rise and fall of socialism, the globalization of economic life, and why some nations remain poor. For individuals interested in the economic history.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007
Philip Hoffman
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2000, cерия "Princeton Economic History of the Western World", 362 с.
Philip Hoffman shatters the widespread myth that traditional agricultural societies in early modern Europe were socially and economically stagnant and ultimately dependent on wide-scale political revolution for their growth. Through a richly detailed historical investigation of the peasant agriculture of ancien-régime France, the author uncovers evidence that requires a new understanding of what constituted economic growth in such societies. His arguments rest on a measurement of long-term growth that enables him to analyze the economic, institutional, and political factors that explain its forms and rhythms. In comparing France with England and Germany, Hoffman arrives at fresh answers to some classic questions: Did French agriculture lag behind farming in other countries? If so, did the obstacles in French agriculture lurk within peasant society itself, in the peasants' culture, in their communal property rights, or in the small scale of their farms? Or did the obstacles hide elsewhere, in politics, in the tax system, or in meager opportunities for trade? The author discovers that growth cannot be explained by culture, property rights, or farm size, and argues that the real causes of growth derived from politics and gains from trade. By challenging other widely held beliefs, such as the nature of the commons and the workings of the rural economy, Hoffman offers a new analysis of peasant society and culture, one based on microeconomics and game theory and intended for a wide range of social scientists.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 20-12-2006
Ред.: Ian Holliday, Paul Wilding
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003, 224 с.
Social Policy has been a key dimension of dynamic economic growth in East Asia's 'little tigers' and is also a prominent strand of their responses to the financial crisis of the late 1990s. This systematic comparative analysis of social policy in the region focuses on the key sectors of education, health, housing and social security. It sets these sectoral analyses in wider contexts of debates about developmental states, the East Asian welfare model and globalization.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006
Ред.: Glenn D. Hook, Harukiyo Hasegawa
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, cерия "The Palgrave Macmillan Asian Business Series", 328 с.
No-one can doubt the need for us to better understand the Japanese response to globalization, given the country's increasingly important role in politics/security and economy/business. This is a timely and cutting-edge analysis and evaluation of Japanese responses to globalization by leading Japanese scholars. It consists of a three dimensional structure which links issues of politics/security and economy/business, at both internal and external levels, thus shedding light on Japan's globalization in its totality. It is a valuable contribution to explicating the meaning of the positive and negative consequences of Japan's globalization over the long term.
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Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2007
Torben Iversen
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005, cерия "Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics", 336 с.
This book builds on new institutionalist theory in both economics and political science to offer a general political economy framework for the study of welfare capitalism. Based on the key idea that social protection in a modern economy, both inside and outside the state, can be understood as protection of specific investments in human capital, the book offers a systematic explanation of popular preferences for redistributive spending, the economic role of political parties and electoral systems, and labor market stratification (including gender inequality). Contrary to the popular idea that competition in the global economy undermines international differences in the level of social protection, the book argues that these differences are made possible by a high international division of labor. Such a division is what allows firms to specialize in production that requires an abundant supply of workers with specific skills, and hence high demand for protection.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)