Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 214
Contested Economic Institutions: The Politics of Macroeconomics and Wage Bargaining in Advanced Democracies [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 16-12-2005Torben Iversen
New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999, cерия "Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics", 221 с.
This book helps explain one of the most intriguing and politically salient puzzles in comparative political economy: why some countries have much higher unemployment rates than others. Contrary to new classical economics the focus is on explaining distribution and equilibrium unemployment, and contrary to neo-corporatist theory the role of monetary policy and rational expectation is integral to the analysis. The book makes two central arguments. The first is that monetary policies affect equilibrium employment whenever wages are set above the firm level. The second argument focuses on the distributive effects of different institutions, and models institutional design as a strategic game between partisan governments and cross-class alliances of unions and employers.
Unions, Employers and Central Banks: Macroeconomic Coordination and Institutional Change in Social Market Economies [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2007Ред.: Torben Iversen, David Soskice, Jonas Pontusson
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000, cерия "Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics", 356 с.
This book focuses on some of the most important political-economic changes in advanced industrialized countries over the past two decades, namely, the sharp rise in unemployment in some countries and the growth of inequality in others. Using a variety of methodological approaches, the essays provide different pieces to this puzzle and explain how economic outcomes may be linked to macroeconomic policies and wage bargaining practices. Focusing on the experiences of northern European countries, the book also explores the intersection of partisan politics, the international economy, and nationally specific institutions.
Corporate Governance and International Business. Strategy, Performance and Institutional Change [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2008Ред.: Gregory Jackson, Roger Strange
London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, 2008, 336 с.
Corporate governance has not, until recently, been a major topic for international business scholars. Corporate Governance and International Business, however, brings together a number of leading scholars and pioneering pieces of research in order to demonstrate that corporate governance and international business are clearly linked. By solving principle-agent problems and fostering different forms of stakeholder investment, it illustrates how corporate governance influences the attractiveness of host countries to inward investors, as well as the internationalization strategies of multinational enterprises themselves. Drawing on a number of different disciplinary approaches and methodological styles, the papers in this book also explore how international investors and the activities of multinational enterprises influence the institutional diversity of corporate governance around the world through novel patterns of diffusion and adaptation.
Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007Sanford M. Jacoby
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 1998, 360 с.
Winner of the 1998 Taft Labor History Award of the School of Industrial and Labor Relations. One of Choice's Outstanding Academic Books of 1998. In light of recent trends of corporate downsizing and debates over corporate responsibility, Sanford Jacoby offers a timely, comprehensive history of twentieth-century welfare capitalism, that is, the history of nonunion corporations that looked after the economic security of employees. Building on three fascinating case studies of "modern manors" (Eastman Kodak, Sears, and TRW), Jacoby argues that welfare capitalism did not expire during the Depression, as traditionally thought. Rather it adapted to the challenges of the 1930s and became a powerful, though overlooked, factor in the history of the welfare state, the labor movement, and the corporation. "Fringe" benefits, new forms of employee participation, and sophisticated anti-union policies are just some of the outgrowths of welfare capitalism that provided a model for contemporary employers seeking to create productive nonunion workplaces. Although employer paternalism has faltered in recent years, many Americans still look to corporations, rather than to unions or government, to meet their needs. Jacoby explains why there remains widespread support for the notion that corporations should be the keystone of economic security in American society and offers a perspective on recent business trends. Based on extensive research, Modern Manors greatly advances the study of corporate and union power in the twentieth century.
The Embedded Corporation: Corporate Governance and Employment Relations in Japan and the United States [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007Sanford M. Jacoby
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2007, 236 с.
Is there one best way to run the modern business corporation? What is the appropriate balance between shareholders, executives, and employees? These questions are being vigorously debated as layoffs, scandals, and restructurings rattle companies around the world. The common assumption is that globalization is merging the varieties of corporate capitalism. Yet, as this book shows, corporations in Japan and the United States are responding differently to the pressures unleashed by globalization. In The Embedded Corporation, Sanford Jacoby traces this diversity to national differences in economic history and social norms, and, paradoxically, to global competition itself. The book's vantage point for exploring the varieties of capitalism is the human resource departments of large corporations, where changes in markets and technology turn into corporate labor policies affecting millions of workers. Despite some cross-fertilization, Japanese and American corporations maintain distinctive approaches to human resource management, which has important consequences for how firms compete, for corporate governance, and even for the level of inequality in Japan and the United States. The Embedded Corporation is a major contribution to our understanding of comparative management and the relationship between business, society, and the global economy. Sanford M. Jacoby is the Howard Noble Professor of Management, Public Policy, and History at the University of California, Los Angeles.
Опубликовано на портале: 22-01-2007Bob Jessop
Cambridge: Polity Press, 2002, 344 с.
In this important new book, Bob Jessop offers a radical new interpretation of capitalist states and their likely future development. He focuses on the changing forms, functions, scales and effectiveness of economic and social policy that have emerged since the 1950s in advanced western capitalist states.The postwar Keynesian welfare national state that developed in most advanced capitalist societies has long been regarded as being in crisis. Mounting tensions have been generated by technological change, globalization, and economic and political crises, and new social and political movements have also had a destabilizing impact. Jessop examines these factors in relation to the rise, consolidation and crisis of Atlantic Fordism and asks whether a new type of capitalist state that is currently emerging offers a solution. He notes that there are several difficulties still to be overcome before the new type of state is consolidated; in particular, he is critical of its neoliberal form and considers its main alternatives.This book will have broad cross-disciplinary appeal. It will be read by sociologists, political scientists, institutional economists, geographers and students of social policy.
Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006Ailish Johnson
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, cерия "St Antony's Series", 288 с.
Ailish Johnson examines national welfare state regimes of EU Member States and the features of the European Union and the International Labour Organization that encourage cooperation and assure outcomes of supranational cooperation higher than theories of inter-state bargaining or social dumping would predict. By tracing the development of EU and global social policy from the 1950s to today, she identifies policy leaders, resisters and passive states. She concludes with an analysis of the forms and outputs of supranational social policy and suggests limits of social policy in an enlarged European Union.
Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006Ред.: John B. Kidd, Frank-Jurgen Richter
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, 280 с.
Development Models, Globalization and Economies compares and critiques the different economic models available in today's global market place. The US or Anglo-Saxon model is often portrayed as the best, yet Europe has a well-known Social Model, and Asia has enjoyed success in the past wherein the 'Asian Economic Miracle' was highly vaunted before their crash. But now Asia, especially China, is again on a roll. The book analyzes how these models have influenced both regional and global development, and finally engages in discussions upon alternatives and the search for the 'grail'.
Опубликовано на портале: 04-03-2008Ред.: Herbert Kitschelt, Peter Lange, Gary Marks, John D. Stephens
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999, cерия "Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics", 544 с.
In the early 1980s, many observers, argued that powerful organized economic interests and social democratic parties created successful mixed economies promoting economic growth, full employment, and a modicum of social equality. The present book assembles scholars with formidable expertise in the study of advanced capitalist politics and political economy to reexamine this account from the vantage point of the second half of the 1990s. The authors find that the conventional wisdom no longer adequately reflects the political and economic realities. Advanced democracies have responded in path-dependent fashion to such novel challenges as technological change, intensifying international competition, new social conflict, and the erosion of established patterns of political mobilization. The book rejects, however, the currently widespread expectation that ‘internationalization’ makes all democracies converge on similar political and economic institutions and power relations. Diversity among capitalist democracies persists, though in a different fashion than in the ‘Golden Age’ of rapid economic growth after World War II.
Institutional Economics in France and Germany: German Ordoliberalism versus the French Regulation School [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 25-03-2008Ред.: Agnes Labrousse
Изд-во: Springer, 2000, 384 с.
German Ordoliberalism and French Regulation theory, two institutionalist theories born in different national contexts, show striking convergences and complementarities. Based on an original comparison, Institutional Economics in France and Germany analyses the basic concepts, the development and the present relevance of both schools, the way they deal with the crucial methodological issue of complexity and with transformation in post-socialist Europe. It underlines the specificity and fruitfulness of these European approaches to institutional economics, often unfortunately ignored in the English-language literature. Written by leading scholars, this book is a clear presentation of both theories, with numerous illustrations and in-depth analysis of recent research developments. This theoretical, methodological and thematic comparison raises central issues in the growing field of socioeconomic and institutionalist theory.
Опубликовано на портале: 13-11-2007Ред.: David Lane
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, cерия "Studies in Economic Transition", 368 с.
This book considers several aspects of the transformation of the former state socialist countries: social and economic outcomes; forces in the transformation process; problems of consolidation of the new regimes; and alternative scenarios. The book evaluates the course of transformation of state socialist societies. It focuses on economic change and its impact on inequality and health. Comparisons are made between the successful central European countries now members of the European Union with those of the former Soviet Union. There are detailed studies of the transformation of the (former) German Democratic Republic, Czech Republic, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, as well as the impact on Poland. A feature of the book is the impact of the collapse of state socialism on countries of Asia and the Third World. Alternative scenarios are considered, with specific chapters on China, Cuba, and North Korea. The book contemplates the alternative types of society that might replace state socialism, particularly state capitalism and market socialism.
Опубликовано на портале: 16-11-2007Richard N. Langlois
Изд-во: Routledge, 2007, cерия "The Graz Schumpeter Lectures", 144 с.
Co-winner of the 2006 Schumpeter Prize of the International Joseph A. Schumpeter Society. This book explains the shift of the organizational landscape away from vertically integrated firms and towards more specialized entities connected by markets and networks. In doing so, it places in a larger theoretical framework the work of Joseph Schumpeter and Alfred Chandler, two of the twentieth century's most important analysts of the modern corporation. Weaving together business history, economic theory and the history of ideas, Langlois - who won the Newcomen Award in 1992 - sorts through the competing understanding of the rise and (relative) eclipse of the multi-unit enterprise. Rather than rejecting the accounts of Schumpeter and Chandler, he offers his own nuanced and historically grounded account of the rise and success of the corporation and its subsequent unbundling. Topical and timely, Dynamics of Industrial Capitalism is a useful resource for postgraduates and academics interested in the economics of organization, business history, economic sociology, and the history of economic thought, as well as to the general reader interested in the place of the corporation in the new economy.
Рождение Европы [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 10-12-2009Jacques Le Goff
Санкт-Петербург: Alexandria, 2007, cерия "Становление Европы", 397 с.
Известнейший французский медиевист рассматривает Средние века, прежде всего, с точки зрения складывания европейской идентичности. Именно в эту эпоху, которая заслуживает самого пристального к себе отношения, сформировались основные черты знакомой нам Европы. Само понятие "Европа" встречается уже в документах VII века, а первая попытка ее объединения восходит к следующему столетию. Далее, на протяжении всего Средневековья, складывались отличительные особенности Европы как особой социокультурной общности объединенной христианскими ценностями, и возникали первые ростки общеевропейского самосознания.
Опубликовано на портале: 10-12-2009Jacques Le Goff
Екатеринбург: У-фактория, 2009, cерия "Великие цивилизации", 568 с.
Один из самых авторитетных историков XX века, Жак Ле Гофф рассматривает средневековый Запад в заданных им параметрах пространства-времени, материальной культуры и социальной иерархии, открывающих нам как человека Средневековья в его повседневности и в его ментальности, так и особенности духовной культуры людей в Средние века. Книга, ставшая классической работой о Средних веках, впервые издается вместе с оригинальным "Справочным индексом" - авторским комментарием основных понятий и персоналий эпохи.
Опубликовано на портале: 13-03-2007Feng Li
Blackwell Publishing, 2006, 264 с.
What is e-Business: How the Internet Transforms Organizations provides a thorough and reflective introduction to business strategies and organisational innovations for the Internet world. This much-needed new text gives business and technology students the integrated framework they need to interpret conflicting and rapidly changing business phenomena in the e-arena.Based on over 10 years' experience teaching e-Business modules at both postgraduate and undergraduate levels, Feng Li's textbook takes the reader through the vast range of issues surrounding e-Business. What is e-Business covers key topics such as:- New technologies and new business environment as the context for E-Business- Emerging strategies and business models developed in response to the internet and related technologies- Organizational innovations necessary in order to implement and manage E-Business strategies and E-Business models- The transformation of various industries, from banking, music, retailing, telecoms, to public services- Emerging issues such as privacy, security, identity and online presence, as well as legal, regulatory, social and political issues.Students and teachers alike will welcome this coherent, well-tested text, with its student-friendly case examples, questions and summaries. What is e-Business is supported by online lecturer and student resources, available at www.blackwellpublishing.com/fengli.