Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 4
Household and Family in Past Time: Comparative Studies in the Size and Structure of the Domestic Group over the Last Three Centuries in England, France, Serbia, Japan, and Colonial North America [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006Peter Laslett, Richard Wall
Изд-во: Cambridge University Press, 1972, 635 с.
Сборник "Домохозяйство и семья в прошлом..." издан по итогам одноименной международной конференции, которая была инициирована "Кембриджской группой по изучению истории населения и социальной структуры" под руководством Питера Ласлета. Представленные исследования основывались на данных переписей. Работа оказала большое влияние на последующие кросс-культурные исследования истории института семьи.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006Meira Weiss
Westport, Conn.: Bergin & Garvey, 1994
Questioning the myth of unconditional love between parents and children, this study examines the strength of the parental bond when children are born with physical defects. The author studied parents' behavior toward 1,450 children born with defects in three hospitals in Israel, and then conducted follow-up studies over a period of six years with 200 families in their homes. One of the major recurring patterns of parental behavior was a massive tendency toward rejection of deformed children. Rejection was manifested by parents' wishes for drastic separation from their children through abandonment, institutionalization, or giving up for adoption. If brought home, the children were isolated and hidden from view. Weiss found that half of the newborns with physically observable defects were abandoned by their parents in the hospital. Even when the parents were assured by doctors that their children would develop intellectually or would not require special care, the tendency to abandon remained strong. Normal children who suffered physical deformity due to burns or other accidents were similarly rejected by their parents. This study will take a major place in the literature on human behavior because through exhaustive and long-term observation of actual behavior in thousands of individual situations, it exposes the extreme importance of physical appearance in interpersonal relations. The author describes how the deformity causes confusion in the parents' cognitive system, labelling the child with a name such as monster or devil or creature, or another non-human category. Parents' reactions to their children's body image are discussed and the concept of body boundaries is analyzed. Children connected to medical apparatus or sickly children are the cause of much parental rejection. Also, territorial restrictions are placed on the deformed child in the home. These range from closeting or imprisoning in unfurnished surroundings separate from the family to demotion to servant status within the family. This study refutes most assumptions in the literature and shows that forming bonds with one's biological child is not necessarily spontaneous, automatic, or natural, and that every child undergoes a process of adoption or rejection based on external appearance and whether or not that appearance matches the parents' image of a "person." Hospital personnel, social workers, sociologists and anthropologists will be profoundly influenced by this work, as will be all others who read it.
Rethinking Families [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006Fiona Williams
Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, 2004, 96 с.
Rethinking the Family sets out the main trends - the increase in the number of working mothers, in cohabitation and divorce, in single and step parenthood, in people living on their own or in more open same-sex relationships - within the context of ethnic and cultural diversity and an ageing society. What, it asks, are the effects of these changes and what are the implications for future social policy? In pulling together much new research, it offers a balanced understanding of what matters to people in their intimate lives and develops a practical 'ethic of care' which it applies to issues of current concern, including the work/life balance, parenting support, partnership agreements, services for children, divorce, social inclusion, and citizen participation.
Changing Family Values [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006Caroline Wright, Gill Jagger
Изд-во: Routledge, 2006, 224 с.
This book is a comprehensive introduction to contemporary debates and new research surrounding the family. Encompassing politics, social policy, law, sociology and history, the contributors focus on the diverse realities of contemporary family life. They cover the recent backlash against single mothers; lesbian and gay families and the law; men's changing roles within the family; and the future of the nuclear family.