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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 2

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Названия:
АБВГДЕЖЗИЙКЛМНОПР СТУФХЦЧШЩЭЮЯ
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Barney G. Glaser, Anselm Strauss
New-York: Aldine De Gruyter, 1965
A study of the process of dying in American hospitals focuses upon discernible recurrent patterns of interaction between staff members, terminally ill patients, and their families. Strauss and Glaser suppose that the expectation of death by both the dying and the relatives are a key to understanding the interactions between those people. Their choice of hospitals and stations allowed them to compare various kinds of expectations. On a premature infant station, mortality was high but the patients were not aware of their impeding deaths, while on an oncology station, dying was slow and differences in the awareness of dying were very pronounced. The hypothesis results in a theory on the influence of awareness on the interaction with dying people.
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Опубликовано на портале: 08-09-2006
The author through discussions of her own experiences, shows how cultural heritage can affect delivery and acceptance of health care and how professionals, when interacting with their clients, need to be aware of these issues in order to deliver safe and professional care. Traditional and alternative health care beliefs and practices from Asian American, African American, Hispanic, and American Indian perspectives are represented.

First of all the author focuses on the background knowledge one must recognize as the foundation for developing cultural competency. In chapter 1 she explores the concept of cultural heritage and history and the roles they play in one's perception of health and illness. This exploration is first outlined in general terms: What is culture? How is it transmitted? What is ethnicity? What is religion? How do they affect a given person's health? What major sociocultural events occurred during the life trajectory of a given person that may influence their personal health beliefs and practices? Chapter 2 presents a discussion of the diversity—demographic, immigration, and poverty—that impacts on the delivery of and access to health care. The backgrounds of each of the U.S. Census Bureau's categories of the population, an overview of immigration, and an overview of issues relevant to poverty are presented. Chapter 3 reviews the provider's knowledge of his or her own perceptions, needs, and understanding of health and illness. After that R. Spector explores the domains of health, blends them with one's personal heritage, and contrasts them with allopathic philosophy. In chapter 4 she introduces the concept of health and develops the concept in broad and general terms. The Health Traditions Model is presented, as are natural methods of health restoration. Chapter 5 is devoted to the concept of healing and the role that faith plays in the context of healing, or magico-religious, traditions. This is an increasingly important issue, which is evolving to a point where the health care provider must have some understanding of this phenomenon. Chapter 6 discusses family heritage and explores personal and familial health traditions. It includes an array of familial health beliefs and practices shared by people from many different heritages. And chapter 7 focuses on the allopathic health care delivery system and the health care provider culture. Once the study of each of these components has been completed, the author moves on to explore selected population groups in more detail, to portray a panorama of traditional health and illness beliefs and practices, and present relevant health care issues.
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