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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 69


Опубликовано на портале: 25-11-2006
Enzo Mingione
Изд-во: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1996, 448 с.
Over the last two decades poverty has moved centrestage as an issue within the social sciences. This volume, edited by one of Europe's foremost sociologists, aims to assess the debates surrounding poverty and the responses to it, exploring the ways in which the various socio-political systems and welfarist regimes are being radically transformed. The essays examine how such change is effected by failing welfare programmes and enervating social structures such as family and community which once would have provided mechanisms of social stability.The first part of the book provides reflections on urban poverty; the second part discusses the widely debated idea of an underclass and its meanings in Europe and in the USA, and the final part draws on concrete empirical analyses to examine the patterns of poverty thoughout Western Europe.This volume will be of first-rate importance to all serious students of politics, sociology, geography, public policy, youth and community studies, social policy and American studies.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006
Lewis Mumford
USA: Fine Communications, 1998, 668 с.
Harcourt, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Lewis Mumford's massive historical study brings together a wide array of evidence--from the earliest group habitats to medieval towns to the modern centers of commerce (as well as dozens of black-and-white illustrations)--to show how the urban form has changed throughout human civilization.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006
Lewis Mumford
Изд-во: Thomson Learning, 1970, 586 с.
An analysis of the communities, buildings, and surrounding regions which have characterized cities from medieval times to the present
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Urban Sociology [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006
Earl E. Muntz
New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1950, 742 с.
Urban Sociology is a book replete with factual information about cities and hence a book that will repay the general reader as well as the student. But it is a boot that is "flying under false colors," so to speak. By its title it purports to be a sociology of city communities and of the urban way of life. About ninety per cent of the book is concerned with history, economics, political science, education, and social and public welfare, rather than with sociology.

Опубликовано на портале: 25-11-2006
Anthony M. Orum, Xiangming Chen
Изд-во: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2002, cерия "21st Century Sociology", 180 с.
The World of Cities is a concise theoretical and empirical introduction to urban sociology. In clear and engaging terms, the book surveys and critiques all the major theoretical perspectives in urban studies. It examines the meanings of place and space, and applies these concepts to contemporary cities, communities, and neighborhoods. It then reviews the history of city-building in the United States from the late 18th century to the present time. Next it examines the impact of global economic and cultural forces on contemporary local places and city life in a comparative context, with illustrative examples and evidence from the United States and China. The final section discusses the current efforts of metropolitan leaders to improve cities and maintain the civic culture of a community.

For the student of urban sociology and urban studies in general, this textbook is an ideal overview and synthesis of a fascinating and ever-changing field.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006
Simon Parker
London, New York: Routledge, 2004, 210 с.
For the first time ever, the classic and contemporary approaches to urban theory have been brought together in an introductory text. From the foundations of Weber and Simmel to the contemporary work of Manuel Castells and the Los Angeles school, Urban Theory and the Urban Experience traces key developments in the idea of the city over more than a century, revealing the often unacknowledged debt that empirical and theoretical perspectives owe each other. Documentary, literary, and cultural sources bring theories to life, while hands-on studies and analysis of alternative ideas, such as "the garden city" and "the new urbanism" round out what is sure to be a key text for years to come.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Robert Park, Ernest W. Burgess, Roderick D. McKenzie
Изд-во: University of Chicago Press, 1984, 250 с.
The City, first published in 1925 and reprinted here in its entirety, is a cross-section of concerns of the Chicago urban school during the period of its most intense activity. Park and Burgess realized that ecological and economic factors were converted into a social organization by the traditions and aspirations of city dwellers. In their efforts to achieve objectivity, these sociologists never lost sight of the values that propel human beings
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-11-2006
Jon A. Peterson
Изд-во: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003, 464 с.
Jon A. Peterson presents a sweeping narrative history of the origins of city planning in the United States, from its 19th-century antecedents to its flowering in the early 20th century. The text is supplemented by a selection of historic plans, illustrations and photographs.Topics covered in detail include the McMillan Plan for Washington, DC (the first comprehensive plan for an American city), the City Beautiful movement, the major planners - Daniel Burnham, Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr, Charles Mulford Robinson, John Nolen, and others - who led the planning movement; the ascendancy of a generalist approach to the shaping of the physical city, the role of the Progressive Era reform, and the emergence of city planning as a novel field of public endeavour. This book should appeal to students and scholars in urban studies, community planning, American history (the Guilded Age and Progressive Era), American studies, architectural and landscape history, as well as environmental and planning history, including practising professionals in related fields.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Blair A. Ruble
Изд-во: Cambridge University Press, 2001, 448 с.
By exploring and comparing North America's, Russia's, and Japan's 'second cities' - Chicago, Moscow, and Osaka - Second Metropolis discloses the extent to which social fragmentation, frequently viewed as an obstacle to democratic development, actually fostered a 'pragmatic pluralism' that nurtured pluralistic public policies. Such policies are explored through six case studies - the politics of street railways and charter reform in Chicago, adult education and housing in Moscow, and harbor revitalization and poverty alleviation in Osaka - that illustrate how even those with massive political and economic power were stymied by the complexity of their communities. Chicago, Moscow, and Osaka, though the products of very different nations and cultures, nonetheless shared an important experience of inclusive politics during an era of extraordinary growth and social diversity. The success of all three cities, which went well beyond mere survival, rested on a distinctive political resource: pragmatic pluralism.

• Provides a unique comparison of North America's, Russia's, and Japan's 'second cities' - Chicago, Moscow, and Osaka
• Focuses on the 1860s, a decade of wrenching political reform and social change in the United States, Russia, and Japan
• Shows how social fragmentation led to the development of pluralistic public policies rather than impeding democratic development
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Joseph Rykwert
Изд-во: Oxford University Press, 2004, 320 с.
The subtitle to this, the tenth book by architecture professor (and lively writer) Joseph Rykwert--namely, "The City in the Twenty-First Century and Beyond"--is a whopping misnomer. It is only in the final chapter that Rykwert pays attention (and briskly, even then) to urban developments of recent years and to what we might expect in the 100 years to come. What this book really is, despite what its subtitlers intended, is at once a broad-ranging and satisfyingly detailed social history of some of the great cities of the modern world (mostly the Western one, with a marked emphasis on the two cities Rykwert calls home--New York and London--plus Paris) and an inquiry into how well they have served the material and spiritual lives of the people who inhabit them.

Ranging comfortably and coherently back and forth between the Old World and the New, Rykwert begins with the Industrial Revolution, its factories, the throngs of poor country people that flooded the cities to work in them, and the subsequent 150-year challenge faced by urban centres to house, transport and entertain these throngs cheaply, space-consciously and hygienically. But Seduction of Place is not so much a people's history of the city as it is a vibrantly researched and chronicled play-by-play of the big public--and some private--works of the major metropolises. The book also tackles the luminaries--including Haussmann, Olmstead and Vaux, L'Enfant, and Jean-Nicolas-Louis Durand (who pioneered the enduring school of axial planning at Paris' Ecole Polytechnique)--whose names are often uttered in the same breath as the parks, boulevards and edifices they brought to life.

Social critics like Tocqueville, Marx, Engels, Fourier and Ruskin are just as well represented here, however, ably providing the basis for Rykwert's persistent question of what cities ought to be and how responses to that have diverged and evolved over the years, apart from what they have become, for better or ill, and how they got that way. Even though the book takes a more or less familiar course through the 20th century--from the emergence of subways, skyscrapers, and modernism through post-war urban planning, suburban sprawl, and subsequent urban decay and attempts at renewal--Rykwert knows when to dart away from well-known people, places and things to chronicle the planning of lesser-known English "New Towns" or of distinctly 20th-century cities like New Delhi, Islamabad, Australia's Canberra, and--rather famously--Brasilia, the ultimate "zoned" city.

The final chapter pays the requisite nod to the postmodernist implications of, for example, Celebration, Florida, (Disney's controversial new spin on the "company town") but is really distinguished by Rykwert's startlingly on-the-mark reading of how such wildly popular mega-museums as the new international Guggenheim franchise (with Gehry's Bilbao "branch" currently eclipsing Wright's New York "flagship") have come to best personify the encroachment of corporate globalisation in the urban civic realm. It is a fitting conclusion for a book that manages so gracefully to wed an engrossing history of urban growth with the deeper intellectual, cultural and ethical questions it raises--the very questions that the speculators, preservationists and "ordinary citizens" will still have to answer in creating and sustaining the great cities of the 21st century. --Timothy Murphy --
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Saskia Sassen
Pine Science Press, 2006, 288 с.
The Third Edition of Cities in a World Economy shows how certain characteristics of our turn-of-the-millennium flows of money, information, and people have led to the emergence of a new social formation: global cities. These developments give new meaning to such fixtures of urban sociology as the centrality of place and the importance of geography in our social world.

Key Features:

Offers a multidisciplinary perspective: This book features a cross-disciplinary approach to Urban Sociology using global examples. With both depth and clarity, this book examines the impact of global processes on the social structure of cities helping students increase their world awareness. In addition, the book strikes the perfect balance between maintaining academic rigor and employing new and innovative concepts. Includes a new chapter: The new chapter on Global Cities and Global Survival Circuits discusses the highly gendered and unequal nature of the global city and how it forces the underprivileged to live a dangerous and unpredictable life on global survival circuits. Incorporates the most recent data: This new edition updates nearly every piece of data with the most recent facts and figures available. In addition, this book introduces new concepts for understanding contemporary urban sociology.

About the Author
Saskia Sassen is the Ralph Lewis Professor of Sociology at the University of Chicago and Centennial Visiting Professor at the London School of Economics. Her recent books are Territory, Authority, Rights: From Medieval to Global Assemblages (Princeton 2006), the co-edited Digital Formations (2005) , the edited Global Neworks, Linked Cities (2002), and Guests and Aliens (1999). Her books have been translated into 16 languages. She is the editor of the volume on urban sustainability in the new 14-volume Encyclopedia of Life-Systems being produced by UNESCO and EOLSS (2006), for which she coordinated a network of researchers and activists in thirty countries.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006
Peter Saunders
Изд-во: Routledge, 2006, 462 с.
"Social Theory and the Urban Question" offers a guide to, and a critical evaluation of key themes in contemporary urban social theory, as well as a re-examination of more traditional approaches in the light of recent developments and criticism. Dr. Saunders discusses current theoretical positions in the context of the work of Marx, Weber and Durkheim. He suggests that later writers have often misunderstood or ignored the arguments of these 'founding fathers' of the urban question. Dr. Saunders uses his final chapter to apply the lessons learned from a review of their work in order to develop a new framework for urban social and political analysis. This book was first published in 1981
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006
Deborah Stevenson
Изд-во: Open University Press, 2003, 192 с.
*What is distinctive about urban life?
*What key trends have shaped the contemporary city?
*How have the city and urban cultures been explained by sociology and cultural studies?

This is the first book to explore cities and urban life from the perspectives of both sociology and cultural theory. Through an interdisciplinary approach and use of case material, the book demonstrates that the 'real' city of physicality and struggle and the 'imagined' city of representations are entwined in the construction of urban cultures.
Starting with a comparison of the rural and the urban, the book considers ways of imagining the city and of conceptualising urban cultures. It goes on to investigate the implications of several pivotal urban and cultural trends, such as the use of the arts and local cultures in city re-imaging, and the ways in which modernism, postmodernism and globalisation have shaped the built environment and the orientation of academic enquiry. Also examined is the way in which representations of the urban landscape in film, literature, art, and popular texts, have informed dominant ideas about the way certain city spaces - including city centres, urban waterfronts, and so-called 'global cities' - should look, function and 'feel'.
Designed as a text for undergraduate courses in cultural studies, sociology and wider social science, this book traces the development of urban environments from the nineteenth century to the present, and illuminates the nature of urban life.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Anthony Sutcliffe
Изд-во: University of Chicago Press, 1984, 468 с.
An ideal and welcome reference and reader for students of urbanism, Metropolis 1890-1940 examines perceptions of the city during the dramatic urban growth of this period. Metropolis looks at the policies adopted to deal with the new city and at the views of the city expressed in the art, architecture, literature, cinema, music, and ideology of the time. Internationally known experts discuss case studies of London, Paris, Berlin, the Ruhr, New York, Moscow, and Tokyo, and a postscript brings the reader up to date with a survey of postwar urbanism.

Опубликовано на портале: 23-11-2006
Kian Tajbakhsh
Изд-во: University of California Press, 2001, 250 с.
The Promise of the City proposes a new theoretical framework for the study of cities and urban life. Finding the contemporary urban scene too complex to be captured by radical or conventional approaches, Kian Tajbakhsh offers a threefold, interdisciplinary approach linking agency, space, and structure. First, he says, urban identities cannot be understood through individualistic, communitarian, or class perspectives but rather through the shifting spectrum of cultural, political, and economic influences. Second, the layered, unfinished city spaces we inhabit and within which we create meaning are best represented not by the image of bounded physical spaces but rather by overlapping and shifting boundaries. And third, the macro forces shaping urban society include bureaucratic and governmental interventions not captured by a purely economic paradigm. Tajbakhsh examines these dimensions in the work of three major critical urban theorists of recent decades: Manuel Castells, David Harvey, and Ira Katznelson. He shows why the answers offered by Marxian urban theory to the questions of identity, space, and structure are unsatisfactory and why the perspectives of other intellectual traditions such as poststructuralism, feminism, Habermasian Critical Theory, and pragmatism can help us better understand the challenges facing contemporary cities.
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