Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 10
Champions of change: how CEOs and their companies are mastering the skills of radical change [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-01-2003David A. Nadler
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1997
The author's basic teachings are now accepted by many organizations: the CEO must lead the change; the entire organization must be involved; and the organizational culture must be taken into account before any major change. The first part of the book is a solid summary of what it takes for successful organizational change, with a review of why change is so hard and the presentation of a five-step plan for managing the process. The rest of the book leads the reader into new thinking about organizational change.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Evert-Jan Visser, Ron Boschma
The paper is structured as follows. Section 1 introduces learning as a process of change in cognitive structure, and considers the learning model of Nooteboom (2000). Section 2 discusses the genesis of Italianate industrial districts, analysing the role of social capital in this regard and considering their innovation performance. Section 3 addresses the importance of dissimilar regional clustering processes for learning, focusing on a case of locked-in cluster development. Section 4 considers the impact of various regional clustering and networking processes in the light of Nootebooms learning models. Section 5 presents some conclusions.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Marius T.H. Meeus, Jan Faber, Leon A.G. Oerlemans
This paper is based on the assumption that a synthesis of the old Chandlerian structure follows strategy notion and the literature on innovation and learning. The main research question was as follows: To what extent does the level of strategic activity in innovation affect the external and internal structuring directly and to what extent is this effect mediated by learning and innovation processes?
Competitive Pressures and Enterprise Performance in Transition Economies: Conceptual Issues and Empirical Evidence [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Wendy Carlin, Reka Horvath
How important is competition in the product market to the economic performance of the firm? How important is the corporate governance structure of the firm to its performance? How does external competition interact with corporate governance to influence firm performance? These questions are posed in a dramatic way in transition economies because product market competition and profit-seeking organizations with new ownership structures were both introduced within a short time period. This paper does not answer these questions. Its aim is to bring together the several often separate literatures that discuss the issues. In the first part, the competition-performance link in theory and empirical work is examined. In the second part, the ownership and governance structures in the firm and in particular, those that affect the key performance-related decision-making processes are investigated. In the third part, the sparse attention given in the literature to the possible interaction between external market pressures and corporate governance structures is considered. In each section, reference is made first to the theory and evidence from outside transition and second to transition-specific models and evidence.
Complementarity in the Innovation Strategy: Internal R&D, External Technology Acquisition, and Cooperation in R&D [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002Bruno Cassiman, Reinhilde Veugelers
Successful innovation depends on the development and integration of new knowledge in the innovation process. In order to successfully innovate, the firm will combine different innovation activities. In addition to doing own research and development, firms typically are engaged in the acquisition of knowledge on the technology market and cooperate actively in R&D with other firms and research organizations. In this paper the authors provide evidence on complementarity between different innovation activities. Using data from the Community Innovation Survey on Belgian manufacturing firms, the authors show that firms that are only engaged in a single innovation strategy, either internal R&D activities or sourcing technology externally, introduced fewer new or substantially improved products compared to firms which combine internal and external sourcing. This result is consistent with complementarity between own R&D and external technology sourcing activities. Furthermore, the authors show that the different innovation activities are strongly positively correlated and identify common drivers, resulting in the perceived complementarity between these innovation activities. An important finding is that a capacity to strategically protect intellectual property and a more basic R&D base which may serve as an absorptive capacity, are important common drivers for the different innovation activities.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Francesca Gino
This paper presents some measures of complexity of decomposable structures. The literature on complexity is reviewed and then the distinction among different measures of complexity is discussed. At first, a broad definition of complex systems is provided and the main characteristics of such systems are described briefly. Then, two particular kinds of measures are considered. The first group is based on information theory and deals with the concept of entropy. This index refers to the amount of information that we need in order to understand what is happening within a system. The authors claim that the entropy measure focuses only on the information complexity of a system without taking account of the interdependencies existing among the components. And finally, it was discussed the usefulness of both entropy and Kauffmans K value as appropriate measures of the complexity of decomposable structures.
Computing and Communications in the Extreme: Research for Crisis Management and Other Applications /Информационные технологии в чрезвычайных ситуациях: Исследования в области кризисного управления и других приложений [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-11-2004
Washington: National Academy of Sciences, 1996, cерия "Доклады CSTB", 176 с.
Отчет Совета по информатике и телекоммуникациям (Computer Science and Telecommunications Board - CSTB), опубликованный в июле 1996 года. В отчете представлены результаты ряда семинаров по проблемам кризисного управления. Объясняется текущая и перспективная роль информационных технологий в этой области, даны рекомендации по дальнейшим исследованиям. Проект привел к изменениям в направлениях исследований многих специалистов и прагматическим тенденциям в правительстве. Он стал обоснованием концепции государственной программы «Цифрового правительства», нацеленной на мотивированные исследования в области информационных технологий и направленные на решение задач государственного управления.
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002Cristina Quintana Garcia, Carlos A. Benavides Velasco
In this paper, first of all, a review of theoretical perspectives of co-opetition is made, and then, the authors identify alternative types of strategic behavior from the combination of competitive and cooperative attitudes. The aim of presented empirical study was to analyze correlation between different strategic behavior and performance. Particularly, the hypothesis was contrasted in the biotechnology industry.
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002Giovanni Battista Dagnino, Giovanna Padula
The purpose of this paper is threefold. First, by proposing a first definition of coopetiton, it aims to move away from the mere recognition of the oversimplified conventional conception to a deeper understanding of the nature of coopetition. By suggesting that coopetition is a matter of incomplete interest (and goal) congruence concerning firms interdependence, the authors stress that coopetition does not simply emerge from coupling competition and cooperation issues, but rather it implies that cooperation and competition merge together to form a new kind of strategic interdependence between firms, giving rise to a coopetitive system of value creation. Second, the researchers advance a typology of coopetition based on the differing explanatory variables of this incomplete interest (and goal) congruence. Third, with the support of a number of coopetition microcases, especially referring to firms operating in the automobile industry, the contribution and the potential of coopetition strategy to the advancement of both strategic management, organization theory and managerial practice was clarified.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Maria Bengtsson, Anders Soderholm
The paper starts with a discussion on time, and on how different time reckoning systems have been introduced and used to coordinate activities. The discussion leads to the conclusion that time has become institutionalized and conceived of as a taken-for-granted commodity. At the same time, however, time is socially constructed. We argue that different constructions of time can be escribed using four dimensions (rate, duration, synchronization, and sequence), and that that the construction of time, as far as the four dimensions are concerned, is of importance for the organizing and coordination of activities. Four different coordinating principles (time schedules, levelers, checkpoints, and brackets) are derived from a discussion on the four dimensions. Thereafter five empirical examples on coordination of time are presented. The empirical examples are used to further analyze the coordinating principles and suggest a comprehensive understanding of the when-question.