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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 273

Авторы:
А Б В Г Д ЕЖЗ И ЙК Л М НО П Р С Т У Ф ХЦ Ч Ш ЩЭ ЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T UV W XYZ
 
Названия:
А БВ Г Д ЕЖЗ И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У ФХЦЧШ ЩЭ ЮЯ
7 A B C D E F G H I JK L M N O P QR S T U VW XYZ
 

Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002
Jose Angel Zuniga Vicente, Jose David Vicente Lorente
2002
In this exploratory study, the authors set out to develop and test a dynamic and integrative framework on strategic change. On the basis of theoretical arguments and prior empirical evidence from the adaptation and inertial perspectives, the researchers propose an original empirical model to examine whether potential determinants of strategic change remain stable over time in a hypercompetitive environment. The authors look for an answer to this question in the Spanish private bank industry during a period of high strategic mobility as consequence of continuous and drastic environmental transformations. The results strongly support that the effect of potential determinants of strategic mobility in this industry did not remain stable over the whole period of analysis. From this point of view, the study sheds new light on major debates and dilemmas in the field of strategy regarding why firms change theirs competitive patterns over time, and hence whether the adaptation and inertial views really must be considered as complementary perspectives. Furthermore, the paper introduces two important methodological innovations which facilitate future empirical replies. First, the definition and measurement of strategic change by employing a new grouping method, the MCLUST. Second, the control of the non-observable heterogeneity using panel data models for logit regression.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008
Evert-Jan Visser, Ron Boschma
2002
The paper is structured as follows. Section 1 introduces learning as a process of change in cognitive structure, and considers the learning model of Nooteboom (2000). Section 2 discusses the genesis of Italianate industrial districts, analysing the role of social capital in this regard and considering their innovation performance. Section 3 addresses the importance of dissimilar regional clustering processes for learning, focusing on a case of locked-in cluster development. Section 4 considers the impact of various regional clustering and networking processes in the light of Nootebooms learning models. Section 5 presents some conclusions.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008
Max Visser
2002
Current theories of organizational learning tend to concentrate on the mental states of organization members. Knowledge management is a good example in case. In this article a number of objections are raised against this emphasis on mental variables, elaborated in a critical analysis of the concept of knowledge management. As an alternative, a behavioral theory of organizational learning is presented, based on the work of Bateson, Weick and Skinner. Central concepts in this theory are proto-learning and deutero-learning, which are outlined in general terms and applied to organization and management.
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Опубликовано на портале: 10-01-2003
Jeanette Wetterstom
2002
This paper concerns a certain way of approaching and analysing the practice of management in terms of performance and theatrical events. It discusses a theatrical mode of communication, and aims at exploring the dividing line between public/private within managerial practices and procedures. A manager presents him or her self in public. Here some concepts and insights are brought from the discipline of theatre studies, and analogously, management is regarded as performative acts and as managerial styles are becoming expressed through series of actions. The aim of the paper is first and foremost to discuss a methodological framework for applying theatre studies to management research (for example, costume design, lighting effects, dramaturgy of events), and to discuss some illustrating examples.
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-01-2003
Solveig Wikstrom, Richard Normann
London: Routledge, 1994
This is an intriguing book, which weaves together ideas from organization theory, strategic management and marketing to explore the implications of viewing the company as a knowledge processing system. In developing this perspective, the authors describe different types of knowledge and knowledge processes, using their classification to elucidate processes for value creation, organizing for knowledge, and the company as a knowledge system. They argue that much knowledge-and thus value-inheres and accumulates in the complex web of relationships between suppliers and customers. Such a view highlights the significance of durable relations in extended networks as an important route to value creation. The authors describe organizations as knowledge-producing systems and divide the concept of knowledge into categories of 1.information, 2.skill or know-how, 3.explanation, and 4.understanding. The knowledge-creating process is described in terms of: generative processes, creating new knowledge productive processes that form the basis for offerings and commitments to customers, and representative processes that transmit these offerings to customers, often in an interactive mode of joint value-creation. The message dovetails with Richard Normann's writings (with Rafael Ramirez) in the early 90s on the shift from value chains (Porter) to value constellations (value stars) and combines the concepts of competence, customer base, and offerings into an evolutionary model of business growth. The authors delineate a model of the interactive enterprise-an organization where interaction and the forming of relationships are core activities in developing markets, developing products, and shaping and stabilizing partnerships. The value constellation (Normann and Ramirez) is a good illustration of this perspective. Organizations combine their own and their partners' customer bases and competencies into offerings to customers. And customers are invited to share in the value-creation process. A well-functioning value constellation is indeed a learning organization. Central to the organizational learning process is the notion of the client-driven organization and the interactive process of value-creation with the customer. Also the other end of the organizational domain, the production system, is seen as a partnering system with the overriding goal to excel in value-creation. The authors describe the four elements of the industrial system; centralization, standardization, mechanization, and division of labor. They then continue to discuss how current developments change this formation and lead up to the four corresponding elements of information technology production, decentralization, multiplicity, information technology, and integration. The transition from one to the other is not an easy one. It is, however, necessary for those companies that want to survive in turbulent markets and in ever more complex economies. They simply have to exploit the potentials of information technology. They have to develop their core systems into knowledge-creating enterprises. The collapsed model combines the notion of value constellation which integrates partners in the production system and value constellations in the interaction with the final customer and places the three organizational knowledge-creating processes (generative, productive, and representative) as mediators between the two value centers. The value constellations thus serve as complex interfaces between the company and its supply and demand markets. On the one side is purchasing. On the other side is marketing, or perhaps rather market communication. And in between is the knowledge-creating company. The frame of reference pronounces evolutionary growth and the industrial setting and point of reference is first of all service-producing companies. The handling of discontinuities, turnarounds, and the acquisition of new customers, or new competencies, are not in the authors' focus.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
Andrew B. Williams, Xudong Zhang
2003
This paper examines the underlying nature of production development, its relationship to industry & markets within China, & its implications for Western collaboration. A substantive literature review is supported by a case illustration, selected from a random sample of low technology manufacturing companies.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008
Clare H.H. Winsch, John F. Bothams
2001
Environmental scanning is an activity of gathering and interpretation of information for the benefit of the organisation. In this paper, briefly described common attributes and methods of environmental scanning, and also introduced a model that enables thinking in a novel and useful way.
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Опубликовано на портале: 16-06-2004
Hans Wissema
Москва: Финпресс, 2000
Книга Х. Виссема, профессора, известного голландского консультанта по менеджменту, посвящена анализу стратегического предпринимательства как синтеза предпринимательского видения будущего и стратегического управления. Книга является отражением более чем 20-летнего опыта работы автора. В ней приведены многочисленные практические рекомендации менеджерам по принятию различных решений, их выполнению и контролю. Автор показывает, как на различных этапах экономического развития менялось стратегическое поведение компаний. Понять искусство стратегического предпринимательства, безусловно, будет полезно всем, кто интересуется разработкой стратегии и ее претворением в жизнь. Книга предназначена для студентов и аспирантов экономических специальностей, преподавателей, слушателей финансовых академий и бизнес-школ, менеджеров и бизнесменов. М.: Издательство Финпресс, 2000. - 272 с. (маркетинг и менеджмент в России и за рубежом).

Опубликовано на портале: 16-06-2004
Billman Wolfgang
Москва: ТЕИС, 2002
Данная книга в некоторых отношениях уникальна. Очень кратко и сжато (всего на 100 стр.), но последовательно и с традиционной педантичностью изложен немецкий подход к организации любого производственного процесса. Особенно следует отметить наглядные иллюстрации, превращающие сложные организационные схемы в доступные и воспроизводимые способы соединения видов деятельности на предприятии.
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Опубликовано на портале: 26-04-2007
Antonello Zanfei
Изд-во: Edward Elgar, 2006, 249 с.
This book gets to the root of how and why multinational firms differ in the cross-border creation, transfer and diffusion of technology, and provides fresh evidence on the effects that these differences have on productivity and innovation in the economic systems in which they are active.
Davide Castellani and Antonello Zanfei consider multinationals as heterogeneous institutions that combine internal networks of subsidiaries with external networks of collaborative linkages, to bridge different economic and innovation systems. They examine heterogeneity in productivity and innovative behavior between multinational and national firms, as well as across and within multinationals. The authors argue that not every foreign firm is a good source of externality, and not every domestic firm is equally well placed to benefit from multinationals. It is shown that spillovers from multinationals differ according to the technological profiles, embeddedness and linkage creation of both foreign and domestic firms active in local markets. The book supports this view with empirical evidence based on illustrative case studies, and on econometric analysis using extensive firm-level datasets on multinational activities, innovation and economic performances
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-01-2003

Europe: OECD, 1998
This publication contains a summary report of the presentations and discussions held at the Seminar. It has been prepared by the Rapporteurs, Jack Martens, a consultant based in the United States, and Alexander Dynkin, Deputy Director of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO) in Moscow. It also includes a background document prepared by the Russian Ministry of Industry, Science and Technologies on the role of the state in creating a favourable environment for innovation. The reports show that, in spite of considerable achievements in the recent past in building the groundwork for Russias innovation system, the innovation climate still needs drastic improvements. Comprehensive institutional reforms are required, including in areas outside the remit of policy makers in technology and innovation. A lot can be learned, in that respect, from the experience of other countries.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-11-2004

Washington: National Academy of Sciences, 1996, cерия "Доклады CSTB", 176 с.
Отчет Совета по информатике и телекоммуникациям (Computer Science and Telecommunications Board - CSTB), опубликованный в июле 1996 года. В отчете представлены результаты ряда семинаров по проблемам кризисного управления. Объясняется текущая и перспективная роль информационных технологий в этой области, даны рекомендации по дальнейшим исследованиям. Проект привел к изменениям в направлениях исследований многих специалистов и прагматическим тенденциям в правительстве. Он стал обоснованием концепции государственной программы «Цифрового правительства», нацеленной на мотивированные исследования в области информационных технологий и направленные на решение задач государственного управления.
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-01-2003

Europe: OECD, 2002
This report presents a synthesis of the main findings of the OECD project on National Innovation Systems. This project has spanned some seven years and three phases of project implementation. It was carried out under the auspices of the Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy (CSTP) and its working party on Technology and Innovation Policy (TIP). The synthesis covers the full project, but concentrates on the most recent outcomes. It is based mainly on the work of three Focus Groups which undertook analytical work on three areas in the last phase of the project: Clusters, innovative firms and networks, and human resource mobility. The Focus Groups have reported their work in a series of OECD proceedings published during the summer and fall of 2001. The NIS approach rests on the interactive model of the innovation process that puts an emphasis on market and non-market knowledge transactions among firms, institutions and the human resources involved. Innovation performance depends on the scope and efficiency of such transactions, themselves influenced by framework conditions governing capital, products and labour markets and by institutional set ups and policy actions addressing market and systemic failures specific to knowledge transactions.
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Опубликовано на портале: 16-01-2003

Washington: NASA, 2002
NASAs Strategic Management System enables the Agency to establish strategy, make decisions, allocate resources, and manage programs safely, effectively, and efficientlyin ways that are consistent with NASAs strategic plans and performance plans. The purpose of this directive is to document that system. This directive includes: a. Strategic planning b. Implementation c. Performance evaluation This directive also describes the strategic management roles and relationships of NASAs various organizational elements, from the Administrator to all NASA employees. NASAs Strategic Enterprises, Agencywide Functional Offices, and Crosscutting Processes are the framework for NASAs Strategic Management System.
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Опубликовано на портале: 17-03-2005

Europe: OECD, 1998
This report prepared by the Austrian Institute for Economic Research (WIFO) and the Vienna Institute for Comparative Economic Studies (WIIW) provides a timely and very useful piece of empirical evidence. Indeed, as one of the major economic flaws of the socialist system was its lack of openness, understanding how trade flows interact with the transition process is a key issue. Export growth has already played a crucial role in the recovery from the transition shock. Moreover, ensuring sustainable growth is closely related to the capacity of each transition country to reap the benefits of the openness to international trade and foreign investment. Concerning these aspects, however, the Central and Eastern European countries have been revealing a strong heterogeneity. By adopting a comparative approach and combining several approaches, the report sheds light on different interactions between trade, FDI and the process of economic transformation. As a result, it gives a comprehensive view on the strong and weak points of each countrys competitive position, and interesting conclusions are drawn on the extent of economic restructuring that probably still needs to take place. Compared with the existing literature, these are real original points to be stressed.
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