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Аграрная экономика - – это часть экономической теории. Она изучает использование ограниченных ресурсов в производстве, переработке, реализации и потреблении продовольствия... (подробнее...)
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АБВГДЕЖЗИЙКЛМНОПРСТУФХЦЧШЩЭЮЯ
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Klaus Frohberg, Peter Voigt
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 39-80 с.
The 15 member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) departed all from the same system and pursue similar goals in the transition process. Hence, this paper discusses the economic development of these countries and evaluates the state it has reached so far.

The analysis indicates that while all the CIS countries have bilateral agreements only some countries have realized that the CIS is in fact in some ways beneficial for them. In fact, the economies of the CIS countries are very closely interrelated. However, the search for a new identity and the problem of ethnic heterogeneity have led to a strengthening of national borders. The tendency towards ethnic segregation is also a threat in the Russian Federation which could aggravate the vacuum of power as well as the economic crisis in the entire region.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Konrad Hagedorn
2002
This paper aims at explaining the role and importance of the evolution of institutions for sustainable agri-environments during the transition process by referring to agrienvironmental problems faced in Central and Eastern European countries. A central question therefore is whether the required institutional arrangements for achieving sustainability in the area of agri-environmental resource management can be built more easily in periods of transition as they fill institutional gaps, or whether processes of transition make institution building a more difficult and far more time consuming task than previously thought. Above all, we want to find out, how these two processes of institution building at different scales affect the sustainable management of resources such as water and biodiversity in agriculture. It will become clear that the agri-environmental problem areas faced during transition are complex and dynamic and require adequate institutions both by political design and from the grassroots, to be developed by the respective actors involved. Transition from centrally planned to pluralistic systems has to be considered as a particular and in some respect nontypical process of institutional change. Popular theories of institutional change do not necessarily apply. The privatisation experience from many CEE countries will serve as an example. Finally, we will emphasis the problem of missing or insufficient interaction between political actors or agencies and people in CEE countries. Substantial investments into social and human capital, particularly regarding informal institutions are needed for institutions of sustainability to evolve.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Karen Macours, Johan Swinnen
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 9-35 с.
Economic reforms have induced different output and productivity changes in Russia, China and the transition countries of Eastern Europe. The main objective of this paper is to analyze what has caused these differences in performance. We discuss how initial conditions and reform policy choices affect changes in property rights, production organization, terms of trade, and the liberalization of the economy. We analyze how these, in turn, have affected economic performance.

The hypotheses are tested by quantitative analysis. We conclude that it is a combination of both initial conditions and reform policy choices which has caused the differences in performance.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Karen Macours, Johan Swinnen
Berlin, 2000
This paper analyzes the causes of the differences in transition performance in agriculture. The analysis draws on three empirical studies in which we estimated the impact of reform policies and initial conditions, and their 'intermediate results', (i.e. changes in relative prices, farm restructuring, changes in property rights and overall economic liberalization), on performance, i.e. agricultural productivity and output.

Two studies (Macours and Swinnen, 1999, 2000b) use aggregate data for 15 transition countries (as presented in figure 3); the third (Macours and Swinnen, 2000a) uses annual data on crop output for eight CEECs.
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