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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 13

Книги

Авторы:
все АБВГДЕЖЗИЙК ЛМНОПРСТУФХЦЧШЩЭЮЯ
A BC D EF G H IJ K L M N O P QR S T UV W XYZ
 
Названия:
АБВ ГДЕЖЗИЙКЛМНОПРСТУФХЦЧШЩЭ ЮЯ
A B C D E F GH I JKLM N O P QR S T U VWXYZ
 

Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002
Julia Balogun, Anne Sigismund Huff, Phyl Johnson
2002
Empirical studies of strategising face contradictory pressures. Ethnographic approaches are attractive, and typically expected. We argue, however, that todays large, multinational, and highly diversified organisational settings require supplementary methods providing more breadth and flexibility. This paper discusses three particularly promising approaches (interactive discussion groups, self-reports, and practitioner-led research) that fit the increasingly disparate research paradigms now being used to understand strategising and other management issues. Each of these approaches is based on the idea that strategising research cannot advance significantly without reconceptualising frequently taken-for-granted assumptions. The paper focuses in particular on the importance of working with organisational members as research partners rather than passive informants.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002
Maria Bengtsson, Anders Soderholm
2002
The paper starts with a discussion on time, and on how different time reckoning systems have been introduced and used to coordinate activities. The discussion leads to the conclusion that time has become institutionalized and conceived of as a taken-for-granted commodity. At the same time, however, time is socially constructed. We argue that different constructions of time can be escribed using four dimensions (rate, duration, synchronization, and sequence), and that that the construction of time, as far as the four dimensions are concerned, is of importance for the organizing and coordination of activities. Four different coordinating principles (time schedules, levelers, checkpoints, and brackets) are derived from a discussion on the four dimensions. Thereafter five empirical examples on coordination of time are presented. The empirical examples are used to further analyze the coordinating principles and suggest a comprehensive understanding of the when-question.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002
Lucio Biggiero, Domenico Laise
2002
Organizational decisions are characterized by a multiplicity of choice criteria. This property, which in reality affects virtually all human behaviors, prevents use of the standard (neoclassical) theory of decisions based on the maximization of a single criterion. Rather, the outranking methods developed by the French school of operational research make it possible to deal with multicriterial choices and avoid the defects of the naive method. This paper develops a paradigmatic example in order to show the essential effects of the outranking methods and their compatibility with the theory of limited rationality and satisfactory choices.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002
Andrea Bonaccorsi, Paola Giuri, Francesca Pierotti
2001
The paper studies the relations between technological strategies and market success of firms, through an empirical analysis of the commercial aero-engine industry since 1948 to 1997 detailed at the level of competition among single firms products. It uses a multidimensional measure of technical progress through Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) for measuring technological performances of single products and firms and data on sales of each product over time for representing market success. The paper confirms the existence of heterogeneity of firms technological strategies and draws some main conclusions with respect to strategies of convergence and divergence from the technological frontier, first mover advantage and survival of inefficient products.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008
Robert P. Bood
1999
This paper is about the role of scenarios in strategic management. Generally, a scenario depicts some feasible future state of organizational's environment and mostly includes the dynamic sequence of interacting events, conditions and changes that is nessasary to reach that state. The scenario approach changed considerably during the last two deacades. This reflected in the different functions ascribed to scenarios. The more traditional functions (in first generation scenarios) are tool for evaluation and selection of ctrategies, integration of various kinds of data, and exploration and identification of future possibilities. The more recent ones (in second generation scenarios) are making managers aware of environmental uncertainties, stretching of managers' mental models, and triggering and accelerating processes of organizational learning. The paper discusses especially the later cluster of functions wich are closely linked to each other.
By linking the dynamic-development process to Kolb's learning cycle and strategic management, the strategic learning cycle can be enhanced. The strategic learning cycle elucidates a number of bottlenecks that may seriously hinder learning within strategic management. Scenarios seem to dissolve these bottelnecks and in doing so support strategic learning.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002
Tony Bovaird
2002
This paper looks at ways in which a framework for strategy evaluation can be constructed which is consistent with the adaptive and interpretive schools of strategic management. It suggests that some of the key instruments in the rational planning toolkit can be reinterpreted as methods for managing power and uncertainty in a multi-stakeholder environment.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002
Dee Brereton, Oswald Jones
2002
The topic of entrepreneurship has been the subject of a considerable amount of academic interest over the last twenty years. Despite a vast amount of published work there have been very few attempts to study the entrepreneurial process. In other words, we know little of the what happens as an entrepreneur moves from idea to the objective reality of a fully functioning business. A more recent phenomenon has been the shift from a focus on entrepreneurial traits to the study of entrepreneurial networks. This is recognition that even the most individualistic of entrepreneurs rely heavily on their social relationships during the creation of a new business. These two factors, networks and the entrepreneurial process, are brought together in this paper which utilises a first-hand account of activities associated with business startups. The paper also examines the way in which MBA education provides useful skills to even the most experienced entrepreneur.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002
Frank Brueck, Astrid Kainzbauer
2002
When European managers of differing cultural backgrounds meet, they often have considerable difficulties when it comes to understanding one another. These cultural dissimilarities have a decidedly negative influence on their ability to collaborate.. The factor Culture can be especially disturbing when the acting persons are not aware of their cultural dissimilarities. Since the differences between Europeans are not as obvious as between Japanese and German businessmen, for example, people tend to neglect the influence of Culture in business relations in Europe. One innovative way of researching cultural differences is the Cultural Standard Method. It is based on a qualitative research approach and provides a tool for identifying cultural differences on a more subtle level. The purpose of this paper is to describe the cultural standards method as a tool for the comparison of European business cultures and to give examples of recent research results.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
Ben Bryant
2003
This paper is an exploration of how sensemaking patterns amongst management groups influence the actual practices of strategising over extended periods of time. Using an eight-year longitudinal case study of a single strategic issue, (a strategic marketing innovation in a division of a global financial services company), the paper aims to advance the work of Gioia and Chittipeddi (1991) by exploring the micro-processes of sensegiving and other sensemaking patterns amongst management groups. In the first order analysis, four different patterns of sensemaking are identified: sensegiving, fragmented sensemaking, polarised sensegiving and communal sensemaking. In the second order analysis the paper explores deeper explanations for each of the patterns of the sensemaking processes by examining contextual variables and triggers for each sensemaking pattern. Finally, a phased model is presented for discussion which links the four sensemaking patterns together over time and in so doing, identifies a number of theoretical issues in the strategising process such as the dynamic patterns of actions and interactions between senior and middle managers, the integration of micro-politics and sensegiving patterns, the study of social action in sensemaking beyond strategic conversations and communications, and the dynamic nature of consensus and diversity.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008
Marc Buelens, Geert Devos
2002
The overall picture of change effectiveness is rather gloomy. The change environment presented in terms of two general dimensions: power distance and uncertainty. The authors revealed and described the four generic change failures: leadership failure, negotiation failure, registration failure and action-planning failure. In conclusion the authors presents three major reasons for change failures: fail to see that their environment is changing; fail to apply the right strategies in view of the organizational environment so even the correct assessment of the environment and the selection of the correct strategy can lead to change failure.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002
Teresa Canet Giner, Fernando J. Peris Bonet, Ana Redondo Cano
2002
This paper tries to show the relationship between strategic process and process performance, considering the influence of a contextual dimension of organisational complexity. The authors introduce the term vertical complexity, which as considered more related to process. Correlation analysis show the influence of both intention and rationality in the process performance with low levels of vertical complexity in the firm. For high levels of vertical complexity, process and performance are not so strongly related, confirming only partially some of our hypotheses. The final sample were 112 big Spanish firms corresponding to very different industries.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008
Evert-Jan Visser, Ron Boschma
2002
The paper is structured as follows. Section 1 introduces learning as a process of change in cognitive structure, and considers the learning model of Nooteboom (2000). Section 2 discusses the genesis of Italianate industrial districts, analysing the role of social capital in this regard and considering their innovation performance. Section 3 addresses the importance of dissimilar regional clustering processes for learning, focusing on a case of locked-in cluster development. Section 4 considers the impact of various regional clustering and networking processes in the light of Nootebooms learning models. Section 5 presents some conclusions.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008
Clare H.H. Winsch, John F. Bothams
2001
Environmental scanning is an activity of gathering and interpretation of information for the benefit of the organisation. In this paper, briefly described common attributes and methods of environmental scanning, and also introduced a model that enables thinking in a novel and useful way.
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