Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 8
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003Monica Calcagno
The focus of this paper is on discussing the modularity concept through an in-depth and critical analysis of the wide literature on the subject. The identification of three main streams of research, which most of the literature can be inserted in, will be finally used to propose a conceptual reading of the process of modularisation in its main stages and dynamics.
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002Adrian Atilio Caldart, Joan Enric Ricart
During the last years a debate has raged within the field of Strategic Management between a rational view (IO, Positioning School, Strategic Planning, Cybernetics) and a Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS) view (Emergent strategies,complexity theory, chaos theory) of the field. This paper attempts to shed some light around an issue which must be clarified for the better development of such debate. Being the CAS view a response to the new realities of environmental turbulence, it was discussed which are the behavioral sources of such turbulence in order to clarify if such phenomena is a qualitatively new reality of business environments, or simply a contingent but circumstantial feature affecting many industries. For this purpose, the authors introduced and applied a theoretical model that conceives the strategy of the firm, as a dialectic process in a situation of conflict.
Competitive Pressures and Enterprise Performance in Transition Economies: Conceptual Issues and Empirical Evidence [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Wendy Carlin, Reka Horvath
How important is competition in the product market to the economic performance of the firm? How important is the corporate governance structure of the firm to its performance? How does external competition interact with corporate governance to influence firm performance? These questions are posed in a dramatic way in transition economies because product market competition and profit-seeking organizations with new ownership structures were both introduced within a short time period. This paper does not answer these questions. Its aim is to bring together the several often separate literatures that discuss the issues. In the first part, the competition-performance link in theory and empirical work is examined. In the second part, the ownership and governance structures in the firm and in particular, those that affect the key performance-related decision-making processes are investigated. In the third part, the sparse attention given in the literature to the possible interaction between external market pressures and corporate governance structures is considered. In each section, reference is made first to the theory and evidence from outside transition and second to transition-specific models and evidence.
Complementarity in the Innovation Strategy: Internal R&D, External Technology Acquisition, and Cooperation in R&D [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002Bruno Cassiman, Reinhilde Veugelers
Successful innovation depends on the development and integration of new knowledge in the innovation process. In order to successfully innovate, the firm will combine different innovation activities. In addition to doing own research and development, firms typically are engaged in the acquisition of knowledge on the technology market and cooperate actively in R&D with other firms and research organizations. In this paper the authors provide evidence on complementarity between different innovation activities. Using data from the Community Innovation Survey on Belgian manufacturing firms, the authors show that firms that are only engaged in a single innovation strategy, either internal R&D activities or sourcing technology externally, introduced fewer new or substantially improved products compared to firms which combine internal and external sourcing. This result is consistent with complementarity between own R&D and external technology sourcing activities. Furthermore, the authors show that the different innovation activities are strongly positively correlated and identify common drivers, resulting in the perceived complementarity between these innovation activities. An important finding is that a capacity to strategically protect intellectual property and a more basic R&D base which may serve as an absorptive capacity, are important common drivers for the different innovation activities.
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003Julia Connell, John Nolan
Performance appraisal and managing performance are they one and the same or fundamentally different? The first suggests a reactive stance while the second indicates proactivity. Although effective performance management has been touted as the key lever for change that may boost individual and team accomplishment in organisations, the results will be limited if it is a case of old wine in new bottles. Specifically, the preliminary results of two case studies indicate that performance management systems operate in the same way as old performance appraisals. Some interviewees perceived that knowing how to play the corporate game was as important as performing well. Those who play the game well, were perceived as advancing in the organisation, while those who performed but did not play the game were left confused about their performance, and subsequently, their future. Initial data analysis suggests that if managers want to introduce more innovative ways of managing performance, the solution could be in the level and frequency of informal feedback occurring between managers and employees.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Teresa Canet Giner, Fernando J. Peris Bonet, Ana Redondo Cano
This paper tries to show the relationship between strategic process and process performance, considering the influence of a contextual dimension of organisational complexity. The authors introduce the term vertical complexity, which as considered more related to process. Correlation analysis show the influence of both intention and rationality in the process performance with low levels of vertical complexity in the firm. For high levels of vertical complexity, process and performance are not so strongly related, confirming only partially some of our hypotheses. The final sample were 112 big Spanish firms corresponding to very different industries.
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003Carmen Cabello Medina, Antonio Carmona Lavado, Ramуn Valle Cabrera
In this paper we present the results of an exploratory study about specific organizative characteristics that innovative companies possess. This study is part of a wider research work about the innovative behavior of firms (Camelo et al, 2001). The case study about four organizations included in the Andalusian Innovations Network reveals that certain factors do exist which behave as the literature supposes they should, along with other factors which are also worthy of consideration given that they contribute to improving our understanding of innovation within a company.
Опубликовано на портале: 26-04-2005Ana M. Moreno, Jose C. Casillas
The objective of the present paper is to propose an integrative and explanatory model of the high-growth companies (gazelles). The present paper analyses high-growth firms (also known as gazelles) in the light of three different theoretical focus: (1) model about firm growth; (2) literature about strategic change and renewal; and (3) entrepreneurship field. An integrative model of radical growth of gazelle firms is proposed. This model combines the contributions of each stream of literature and allows the identification of a wide range of relationships among the main variables.