Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 5
Dimensions of Change Failure [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Marc Buelens, Geert Devos
The overall picture of change effectiveness is rather gloomy. The change environment presented in terms of two general dimensions: power distance and uncertainty. The authors revealed and described the four generic change failures: leadership failure, negotiation failure, registration failure and action-planning failure. In conclusion the authors presents three major reasons for change failures: fail to see that their environment is changing; fail to apply the right strategies in view of the organizational environment so even the correct assessment of the environment and the selection of the correct strategy can lead to change failure.
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003Danielle Devogelaer
This paper examines the refocusing activity of multi-business firms in the European Union. Theory and empirical data are offered to argue that diversification has diminished during the 90s, although not as vastly and widespread as we expected. In this paper, you may seek an explanation for the observation that most of the firms the researches study remain remarkably diversified. Therefore, the author investigate the extent and determinants of diversification and refocusing across a sample of 277 leading European manufacturing firms. The results confirm that refocusing happens mainly at firm level. Above that, the author refine the general refocusing belief in distinguishing between conglomerate diversification and technology and market concentric diversification. You may also see that conglomerate diversification decreases throughout the 90s, but that the resource based technology and market concentric diversification are gaining momentum.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Geert Duysters, John Hagedoorn
This paper contributes to the understanding of the importance of dynamic firm capabilities for corporate performance in isolating the effect of core competences on the performance of companies. It discusses and tests the assumed relation between core competences and economic performance, including the effect of the external appropriation of these competences through mergers and acquisitions as well as through strategic technology alliances. A major conclusion is that, particularly in high-tech sectors, a specific set of endogenous technological core capabilities is needed to generate performance differentials. Also, the external appropriation of competences does not seem to be an easy solution through which companies can improve their existing capabilities.
Organizational Improvisation: An Empirically-Based Exploration of an Innovative Management Concept [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 31-08-2003Miguel Pina e Cunha, Joao Vieira Da Cunha, Ken Kamoche
Drawing on a grounded theory research we present a model of organizational improvisation which asserts that this phenomenon is triggered by an unexpected important event brought about by a moderate level of turbulence, relying on a minimal structure and simple resources. The success of improvisation is shown to be affected by the level of equivocality and by the perceived level of task complexity, and results in increased group cohesiveness and faster and less costly future actions. In conclusion the authors argue in favor of a contingency view of organizational improvisation and contend that our model suggests the possibility of a dialectical approach to organizational improvisation.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002David Tranfield, David Denyer, Palminder Smart
Undertaking a review of the literature is an important part of any research project. The researcher both maps and assesses the relevant intellectual territory, in order to specify a research question, which will further develop the knowledge base. However, traditional 'narrative' reviews often lack rigour, and in many cases are not undertaken as genuine pieces of investigatory science. Consequently they can lack a means for making sense of what the collection of studies is saying. These reviews can be biased by the researcher and often lack rigour. Further, the use of reviews of the available evidence to provide insights and guidance for intervention into the operational needs of practitioners and policy-makers has largely been of secondary importance. For practitioners making sense of a mass of often contradictory evidence has become progressively harder. The quality of evidence underpinning decision making and action has been questioned, for inadequate or incomplete evidence seriously impedes policy formulation and implementation. In exploring ways in which evidence-based management reviews might be achieved, the authors evaluate the process of systematic review used in the medical sciences. Over the last 15 years medical science has attempted to improve the review process by synthesising research in a systematic, transparent and reproducible manner with the twin aims of enhancing the knowledge base and informing policy making and practice. This paper evaluates the extent to which the process of systematic review can be applied to the management field in order to produce a reliable knowledge stock and enhanced practice by developing context sensitive research. The paper highlights the challenges in developing an appropriate methodology.