Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 12
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002Lucio Biggiero, Domenico Laise
Organizational decisions are characterized by a multiplicity of choice criteria. This property, which in reality affects virtually all human behaviors, prevents use of the standard (neoclassical) theory of decisions based on the maximization of a single criterion. Rather, the outranking methods developed by the French school of operational research make it possible to deal with multicriterial choices and avoid the defects of the naive method. This paper develops a paradigmatic example in order to show the essential effects of the outranking methods and their compatibility with the theory of limited rationality and satisfactory choices.
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002Morten Huse, Hans Landstrom
Boards of directors and corporate governance debates have been highly focused in the business press and even in research, but few universities offer courses on these topics. In this paper a research and teaching model is introduced, and we will show some examples of how such courses may be designed and how they relate to research. Examples are given for executive courses, undergraduate courses and graduate courses. The paper concludes by presenting the second international doctoral course on governance in SMEs.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Annika Laine
A competitor can generally be defined from an environmental- or cognitive perspective. Within both perspectives a competitor is defined as a rival and cooperation between competitors is disregarded. Basic arguments in this paper are that we should focus on a company perspective when defining a competitor and that the notion of rivalry can be questioned. The aim is to review existing definitions of a competitor by taking into account cooperation between competitors. The nature of the paper is conceptual and it concludes in four propositions.
Negotiated order in inter-organizational relations: Toward an institutional theory of stakeholder negotiations [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Juha-Antti Lamberg, Grant T. Savage, Kalle Pajunen
In this study we analyze possible links between new institutional economics and stakeholder management models. The authors' preliminary findings fit with the traditional political organization argument: namely that firms organizational decision-making include explicit and implicit aspects, shaped by institutional and technical constraints, and that decisions have to be balanced from this perspective. As an illustrative empirical material the authors use failed merger and acquisition process between United Airlines and US Airways 2000 2001. The basic theorizing methods used in this paper are the alternate template strategy, and comparative analysis between the two readings (texts). The authors suggestion is that the two theoretical frameworks are complementary, and could be useful when studying / estimating the influence of inter-organizational negotiations to organizational decisionmaking, and especially strategizing.
Masson P. Le From R&D to rid at sekurit Saint Gobain [Текст] : how collaborative research invents new organisation and produces knowledge in management science, Collaborative Research Approaches, EURAM-Conference (2002 ; Stockholm) / P. Le Masson, B.Weil. Stockholm : [s. n], 2002. 15 p. [книга]
Опубликовано на портале: 12-08-2004
Main result of the collaborative research with Sekurit Saint Gobain can be summarised as follows: this research provides a new perspective on corporate R&D management in the context of today intensive innovation; in that perspective knowledge production in research lab is distinct from innovation processes; research management isnt innovation management. Based on our intervention research with Sekurit Saint Gobain Research lab, we give some properties of an I function which differ from research and from development (value evaluation, management processes, managerial objects, economic logic).
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002Erik Lerdahl
This article presents a new method for the development of product ideas, where the initial focus for development is not product ideas, but fantasy worlds. Based on a mental visualization session groups develop fantasy worlds through writing stories in circles. Some of these stories are acted out in scenario play. Phrases from these stories are then used as basis for idea development. This method gives interesting ideas that would be hard to come up with through traditional brainstorming. It helps to get a broader and deeper understanding of the design task and it strongly influences the team spirit and atmosphere. The method is presented through a case with industrial design students in Oslo, where the task was to develop new mouth hygiene products for the Norwegian company Jordan.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Jose David Vicente Lorente, Jose Angel Zuniga Vicente
The main purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of strategic moves on the likelihood of organizational survival in a population of firms which has undergone continuous and radical transformations in its environment. To this end, the authors propose and test two competitive hypotheses which are the result of two other theoretical perspectives about the consequences of strategic change: the adaptation view (classic strategic management and dynamic capabilities) and the ecological approach. While from the former strategic change has a positive effect on the likelihood of organizational survival, from the ecological approach, strategic change implies an increase in the likelihood of organizational extinction. The sample used to test the two proposed hypotheses is the Spanish private banks population over the period 1983-1997. The results confirm the negative effect of strategic change on the likelihood of organizational extinction, in line with the conclusions of the adaptive perspective and other research carried out in different settings. This paper introduces two important methodological innovations: (a) the definition and measurement of strategic change by using a new cluster algorithm, MCLUST; and (b) the control of the non-observable heterogeneity using panel data models for logit regression.
Organisational Routines and Organisational Learning in Their Cognitive and Political Dimensions [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003Edward Lorenz
This paper draws on J.R. Commons theory of institutional change to make some suggestions for integrating the political dimension into an analysis of routines and organisational learning, or the processes that change routines. The programmatic advice offered here remains incomplete, though, as the cognitive aspect of routines is examined from the partial angle of the relational and organisation-specific knowledge that individuals require in order to get the job done. In the concluding section of the paper, the author suggest that research based on the cultural-historical approach to distributed cognition may provide the tools for integrating this latter building-block into a Commons inspired account of routines and organisational learning.
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003Bente R. Lowendahl, Oivind Revang
One of the most important and difficult challenges in dynamic competitive environments is the question of how the organization is structured in order to achieve efficiency, agility, and adaptability simultaneously. This paper presents an effort at theory development, based on in-depth studies of highly knowledge intensive firms, and we propose three key dimensions driving the complexity of organizing: the extent to which tasks (activities) are predefinable ex ante (formerly described as task characteristics), the degree of interdependence between tasks, subtasks, and the people performing the tasks, and the type of coordination required.
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003Carmen Cabello Medina, Antonio Carmona Lavado, Ramуn Valle Cabrera
In this paper we present the results of an exploratory study about specific organizative characteristics that innovative companies possess. This study is part of a wider research work about the innovative behavior of firms (Camelo et al, 2001). The case study about four organizations included in the Andalusian Innovations Network reveals that certain factors do exist which behave as the literature supposes they should, along with other factors which are also worthy of consideration given that they contribute to improving our understanding of innovation within a company.
Evaluating Firm Performance: Why Firms Need To Reengineer Their Performance Measurement Systems [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002Rickie Moore, E.M. Lyon
This paper argues that executives and managers need to reevaluate and to reengineer their performance measurement system to make it more pertinent so that it would serve as an effective trigger as well as a critical piloting and control mechanism for effecting strategic management intervention.
Assessing the Structural Change of Strategic Mobility Determinants under Hybercompetitive Environments [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Jose Angel Zuniga Vicente, Jose David Vicente Lorente
In this exploratory study, the authors set out to develop and test a dynamic and integrative framework on strategic change. On the basis of theoretical arguments and prior empirical evidence from the adaptation and inertial perspectives, the researchers propose an original empirical model to examine whether potential determinants of strategic change remain stable over time in a hypercompetitive environment. The authors look for an answer to this question in the Spanish private bank industry during a period of high strategic mobility as consequence of continuous and drastic environmental transformations. The results strongly support that the effect of potential determinants of strategic mobility in this industry did not remain stable over the whole period of analysis. From this point of view, the study sheds new light on major debates and dilemmas in the field of strategy regarding why firms change theirs competitive patterns over time, and hence whether the adaptation and inertial views really must be considered as complementary perspectives. Furthermore, the paper introduces two important methodological innovations which facilitate future empirical replies. First, the definition and measurement of strategic change by employing a new grouping method, the MCLUST. Second, the control of the non-observable heterogeneity using panel data models for logit regression.