Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 5
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Evert-Jan Visser, Ron Boschma
The paper is structured as follows. Section 1 introduces learning as a process of change in cognitive structure, and considers the learning model of Nooteboom (2000). Section 2 discusses the genesis of Italianate industrial districts, analysing the role of social capital in this regard and considering their innovation performance. Section 3 addresses the importance of dissimilar regional clustering processes for learning, focusing on a case of locked-in cluster development. Section 4 considers the impact of various regional clustering and networking processes in the light of Nootebooms learning models. Section 5 presents some conclusions.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Marius T.H. Meeus, Jan Faber, Leon A.G. Oerlemans
This paper is based on the assumption that a synthesis of the old Chandlerian structure follows strategy notion and the literature on innovation and learning. The main research question was as follows: To what extent does the level of strategic activity in innovation affect the external and internal structuring directly and to what extent is this effect mediated by learning and innovation processes?
Competitive Pressures and Enterprise Performance in Transition Economies: Conceptual Issues and Empirical Evidence [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Wendy Carlin, Reka Horvath
How important is competition in the product market to the economic performance of the firm? How important is the corporate governance structure of the firm to its performance? How does external competition interact with corporate governance to influence firm performance? These questions are posed in a dramatic way in transition economies because product market competition and profit-seeking organizations with new ownership structures were both introduced within a short time period. This paper does not answer these questions. Its aim is to bring together the several often separate literatures that discuss the issues. In the first part, the competition-performance link in theory and empirical work is examined. In the second part, the ownership and governance structures in the firm and in particular, those that affect the key performance-related decision-making processes are investigated. In the third part, the sparse attention given in the literature to the possible interaction between external market pressures and corporate governance structures is considered. In each section, reference is made first to the theory and evidence from outside transition and second to transition-specific models and evidence.
Complementarity in the Innovation Strategy: Internal R&D, External Technology Acquisition, and Cooperation in R&D [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002Bruno Cassiman, Reinhilde Veugelers
Successful innovation depends on the development and integration of new knowledge in the innovation process. In order to successfully innovate, the firm will combine different innovation activities. In addition to doing own research and development, firms typically are engaged in the acquisition of knowledge on the technology market and cooperate actively in R&D with other firms and research organizations. In this paper the authors provide evidence on complementarity between different innovation activities. Using data from the Community Innovation Survey on Belgian manufacturing firms, the authors show that firms that are only engaged in a single innovation strategy, either internal R&D activities or sourcing technology externally, introduced fewer new or substantially improved products compared to firms which combine internal and external sourcing. This result is consistent with complementarity between own R&D and external technology sourcing activities. Furthermore, the authors show that the different innovation activities are strongly positively correlated and identify common drivers, resulting in the perceived complementarity between these innovation activities. An important finding is that a capacity to strategically protect intellectual property and a more basic R&D base which may serve as an absorptive capacity, are important common drivers for the different innovation activities.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Maria Bengtsson, Anders Soderholm
The paper starts with a discussion on time, and on how different time reckoning systems have been introduced and used to coordinate activities. The discussion leads to the conclusion that time has become institutionalized and conceived of as a taken-for-granted commodity. At the same time, however, time is socially constructed. We argue that different constructions of time can be escribed using four dimensions (rate, duration, synchronization, and sequence), and that that the construction of time, as far as the four dimensions are concerned, is of importance for the organizing and coordination of activities. Four different coordinating principles (time schedules, levelers, checkpoints, and brackets) are derived from a discussion on the four dimensions. Thereafter five empirical examples on coordination of time are presented. The empirical examples are used to further analyze the coordinating principles and suggest a comprehensive understanding of the when-question.