Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 11
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002Morten Huse, Hans Landstrom
Boards of directors and corporate governance debates have been highly focused in the business press and even in research, but few universities offer courses on these topics. In this paper a research and teaching model is introduced, and we will show some examples of how such courses may be designed and how they relate to research. Examples are given for executive courses, undergraduate courses and graduate courses. The paper concludes by presenting the second international doctoral course on governance in SMEs.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Andrea Bonaccorsi, Paola Giuri, Francesca Pierotti
The paper studies the relations between technological strategies and market success of firms, through an empirical analysis of the commercial aero-engine industry since 1948 to 1997 detailed at the level of competition among single firms products. It uses a multidimensional measure of technical progress through Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) for measuring technological performances of single products and firms and data on sales of each product over time for representing market success. The paper confirms the existence of heterogeneity of firms technological strategies and draws some main conclusions with respect to strategies of convergence and divergence from the technological frontier, first mover advantage and survival of inefficient products.
The CEOs view of Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning: Technology- or Persons-centered? Results from an empirical study in Spain [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003Rafael Andreu, Sandra Sieber
In todays competitive landscape organizational learning and knowledge management initiatives are emerging of powerful sources of competitive advantage. In this paper, the researches report on the design and expected result of a survey on knowledge management, which has been designed putting special emphasis on the interplay between the technical and non-technical aspects of learning and knowledge management initiatives. Questionnaires have been sent to 1100 firms from 11 industries in Spain, in order to be able to conduct both intra- and inter-industry analysis. In addition, in order to enrich the results, in-depth interviews was going to be held with selected companies. This allowed the authors to report on (1) what knowledge management initiatives was planned and carried out, (2) the role of technology in these initiatives, (3) the role of non-technical aspects like career planning and human resource policies, (4) the perceived effectiveness of the initiatives, and (5) the main underlying causal dynamics at work.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Maurizio Giuli
This paper sets out to assess the ability of Europes textile manufacturers to respond to the competitive challenge of low-cost producers from Eastern Europe and the Far East. In doing so it utilises Porters framework of the competitive advantage of nations to analyse the changing conditions under which the industry operates. The paper highlights the differing structure of the textile industry in the UK and Italy in order to demonstrate that the impact of competition may vary across the EU market as a whole. The conclusion suggests that the ability of European producers to resist the threat from low cost producers of textiles will lie in their ability to extend the strategy of developing high value added products directed towards the top-end of the market to embrace the middle range of consumers and it argues that the industrial groupings which feature collaborative but independent clusters of firms are most likely to succeed in this objective.
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002Frank Brueck, Astrid Kainzbauer
When European managers of differing cultural backgrounds meet, they often have considerable difficulties when it comes to understanding one another. These cultural dissimilarities have a decidedly negative influence on their ability to collaborate.. The factor Culture can be especially disturbing when the acting persons are not aware of their cultural dissimilarities. Since the differences between Europeans are not as obvious as between Japanese and German businessmen, for example, people tend to neglect the influence of Culture in business relations in Europe. One innovative way of researching cultural differences is the Cultural Standard Method. It is based on a qualitative research approach and provides a tool for identifying cultural differences on a more subtle level. The purpose of this paper is to describe the cultural standards method as a tool for the comparison of European business cultures and to give examples of recent research results.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Geert Duysters, John Hagedoorn
This paper contributes to the understanding of the importance of dynamic firm capabilities for corporate performance in isolating the effect of core competences on the performance of companies. It discusses and tests the assumed relation between core competences and economic performance, including the effect of the external appropriation of these competences through mergers and acquisitions as well as through strategic technology alliances. A major conclusion is that, particularly in high-tech sectors, a specific set of endogenous technological core capabilities is needed to generate performance differentials. Also, the external appropriation of competences does not seem to be an easy solution through which companies can improve their existing capabilities.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Ulla Johansson, Lisbeth Svengren
This paper describes the theoretical frame of reference and research methods for a planned research program. The aim of the program is to explore different patterns of collaboration and power games between industrial designers, engineers and marketers. Two main theoretical strategies will be used: On one hand, we are trying to understand the different professional groups own sense-making of the situation. This is done through symbolic interactionism and Weick's theoretical perspective. On the other hand we also try to understand the collaboration from an outside analysis or a deconstruction influenced by Latour and Cooren.
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003Konstantinos C. Kostopoulos, Yiannis E. Spanos, Gregory P. Prastacos
Over the last years the resource-based view (RBV) of strategic management has attracted wide academic and managerial attention. Drawing on RBV literature, this paper analyses the interrelationships between RBV and organizational innovation. The authors examine those aspects of RBV that critically determine the firms capacity to innovate by integrating the relevant theoretical and empirical evidence. A number of contributions setting the ground for future empirical research are provided.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Teresa Canet Giner, Fernando J. Peris Bonet, Ana Redondo Cano
This paper tries to show the relationship between strategic process and process performance, considering the influence of a contextual dimension of organisational complexity. The authors introduce the term vertical complexity, which as considered more related to process. Correlation analysis show the influence of both intention and rationality in the process performance with low levels of vertical complexity in the firm. For high levels of vertical complexity, process and performance are not so strongly related, confirming only partially some of our hypotheses. The final sample were 112 big Spanish firms corresponding to very different industries.
The structure and significance of strategic episodes: social systems theory and the routine practices of strategic change [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002John Hendry, David Seidl
In this paper we draw on Niklas Luhmanns social systems theory, and in particular his concept of an episode, to guide research into strategic practice and its relationship to the operating routines of an organization. Episodes, in Luhmanns theory, provide a mechanism by which a system can suspend its routine structures and so initiate a reflection on and change of these structures. Applying this theory to the organisational process of strategic change, the authors draw attention to the routine nature of strategic episodes and to their organisational role as the effective locus of strategic practice and the interaction between strategic and operating routines.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Julia Balogun, Anne Sigismund Huff, Phyl Johnson
Empirical studies of strategising face contradictory pressures. Ethnographic approaches are attractive, and typically expected. We argue, however, that todays large, multinational, and highly diversified organisational settings require supplementary methods providing more breadth and flexibility. This paper discusses three particularly promising approaches (interactive discussion groups, self-reports, and practitioner-led research) that fit the increasingly disparate research paradigms now being used to understand strategising and other management issues. Each of these approaches is based on the idea that strategising research cannot advance significantly without reconceptualising frequently taken-for-granted assumptions. The paper focuses in particular on the importance of working with organisational members as research partners rather than passive informants.