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Микроэкономика представляет собой хорошо разработанный научный и учебный предмет, который является стандартной частью экономического образования в любой стране. Это логически стройная, весьма интересная и необычайно полезная для понимания окружающей нас действительности дисциплина... (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 3

Книги

Авторы:
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Названия:
А БВГДЕЖЗИ ЙК ЛМ НО П Р С Т У Ф ХЦЧШЩЭ ЮЯ
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Опубликовано на портале: 08-10-2004
Masahiko Aoki
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, 186 с.
This work uses comparative institutional analysis to explain differences in national economic performance. Countries have their own rules for corporate governance and different market arrangements; and these differences in rules and organization affect the way firms behave. Countries also tend to develop norms for the internal structure of firms whether their hierarchies are functional, horizontal, or decentralized. This affects the way in which they process information, and information management is increasingly seen as being of crucial importance to a firm's performance. Aoki accords more importance to these factors than to the factors conventionally used in applying a neoclassical model of economic efficiency. He applies game theory, contract theory, and information theory. By describing the rules and norms in Japan, the USA, and the transitional economies, Aoki shows how firms can achieve competitive advantage in international markets if these norms and rules are well suited to the industrial sector in which the firms operate.

Опубликовано на портале: 08-10-2004
Masahiko Aoki
Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988, 332 с.
This book is not another parable of Japan's economic success; it provides rich and systematic descriptions of Japanese microeconomic institutions and interprets their workings in terms familiar to Western economists. A systematic, in-depth analysis of Japanese institutions of this kind has never been available before. In making his comparative analysis of the Japanese system, the author critically examines conventional notions about the microstructure of the market economy that have strongly shaped and influenced economists' approach to industrial organization. While these notions may constitute an appropriate foundation for the analysis of the highly market-oriented Western economies, the author has found that a more complete understanding of the Japanese economy requires us to broaden such "specific" notions. Topics include the internal information structure, incentive scheme, and capital structure of the Japanese firm; corporate and bureaucratic behavior from the viewpoint of bargaining game theory; subcontract design; functions of corporate grouping; the pattern of innovation; and the possible impacts of cultural factors.

Опубликовано на портале: 08-10-2004
Masahiko Aoki, Yujiro Hayami
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000, 419 с.
This volume presents historical, contemporary, and theoretical perspectives on the role of local communities and social norms in the economic development process. Using historical evidence combined with recent developments in institutional economics involving game theory and contracts, it establishes that communities can enhance the development of a market economy under certain circumstances, and sheds light on what those circumstances are.