Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 207
Опубликовано на портале: 15-01-2008Ред.: Wolfgang Streeck, Joel Rogers
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995, 436 с.
As the influence of labor unions declines in many industrialized nations, particularly the United States, the influence of workers has decreased. Because of the need for greater involvement of workers in changing production systems, as well as frustration with existing structures of workplace regulation, the search has begun for new ways of providing a voice for workers outside the traditional collective bargaining relationship.Works councils--institutionalized bodies for representative communication between an employer and employees in a single workplace--are rare in the Anglo-American world, but are well-established in other industrialized countries. The contributors to this volume survey the history, structure, and functions of works councils in the Netherlands, Germany, France, Spain, Sweden, Italy, Poland, Canada, and the United States. Special attention is paid to the relations between works councils and unions and collective bargaining, works councils and management, and the role and interest of governments in works councils. On the basis of extensive comparative data from other Western countries, the book demonstrates powerfully that well-designed works councils may be more effective than labor unions at solving management-labor problems.
Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006Ред.: Wolfgang Streeck, Kathleen Thelen
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, 320 с.
Debates surrounding institutional change have become increasingly central to Political Science, Management Studies, and Sociology, opposing the role of globalization in bringing about a convergence of national economies and institutions on one model to theories about 'Varieties of Capitalism'. This book brings together a distinguished set of contributors from a variety of disciplines to examine current theories of institutional change. The chapters highlight the limitations of these theories, finding them lacking in the analytic tools necessary to identify the changes occurring at a national level, and therefore tend to explain many changes and innovation as simply another version of previous situations. Instead a model emerges of contemporary political economies developing in incremental but cumulatively transformative processes. The contributors show that a wide, but not infinite, variety of models of institutional change exist which can meaningfully distinguished and analytically compared. They offer an empirically grounded typology of modes of institutional change that offer important insights on mechanisms of social and political stability, and evolution generally. Beyond Continuity provides a more complex and fundamental understanding of institutional change, and will be important reading for academics, researchers, and advanced students of Political Science, Management Studies, Sociology, and Economics.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-01-2008Ред.: Wolfgang Streeck, Kozo Yamamura
Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2003, cерия "Cornell Studies in Political Economy", 401 с.
After the devastation of World War II, Germany and Japan built national capitalist institutions that were remarkably successful in terms of national reconstruction and international competitiveness. Yet both "miracles" have since faltered, allowing U.S. capital and its institutional forms to establish global dominance. National varieties of capitalism are now under intense pressure to converge to the U.S. model. Kozo Yamamura and Wolfgang Streeck have gathered an international group of authors to examine the likelihood of convergence—to determine whether the global forces of Anglo-American capitalism will give rise to a single, homogeneous capitalist system. The chapters in this volume approach this question from five directions: international integration, technological innovation, labor relations and production systems, financial regimes and corporate governance, and domestic politics. In their introduction, Yamamura and Streeck summarize the crises of performance and confidence that have beset German and Japanese capitalism and revived the question of competitive convergence. The editors ask whether the two countries, confronted with the political and economic exigencies of technological revolution and economic internationalization, must abandon their distinctive institutions and the competitive advantages these have yielded in the past, or whether they can adapt and retain such institutions, thereby preserving the social cohesion and economic competitiveness of their societies.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-01-2008Ред.: Wolfgang Streeck, Kozo Yamamura
Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2001, cерия "Cornell Studies in Political Economy", 288 с.
The German and Japanese economies are more socially and politically regulated, and in this sense less liberal, than their Anglo-American counterparts. In The Origins of Nonliberal Capitalism, an international and interdisciplinary group of scholars explains why and how Germany and Japan developed nonliberal types of capitalism, looking at the institutional histories of the welfare state, the financial system, corporate governance and skill formation. Similarities and differences are traced in relation to attempts at conservative social reform during late 19th century industrialization and subsequent political pathways to democratization. The book's analysis of the historical dynamics of institutional change, particularly the political and organizational challenges of adapting and integrating new institutional repertoires, suggests new insights on how nationally distinct forms of capitalism will respond to current and future challenges of internationalization.
Опубликовано на портале: 14-08-2007Adam Szirmai
Изд-во: Cambridge University Press, 2005, 744 с.
Why are poor countries poor and rich countries rich? How are wealth and poverty related to changes in nutrition, health, life expectancy, education, population growth and politics? This modern, non-technical introduction to development studies explores the dynamics of socio-economic development and stagnation in developing countries. Taking a quantitative and comparative approach to contemporary debates within their broader context, Szirmai examines historical, institutional, demographic, sociological, political and cultural factors. Key chapters focus on economic growth, technological change, industrialisation, agricultural development, and consider social dimensions such as population growth, health and education. Each chapter contains comparative statistics on trends from a sample of twenty-nine developing countries. This rich statistical database allows students to strengthen their understanding of comparative development experiences. Assuming no prior knowledge of economics the book is suited for use in inter-disciplinary development studies programmes as well as economics courses, and will also interest practitioners pursuing careers in developing countries. A multidisciplinary approach drawing on a wide range of disciplines including economics, history, sociology, anthropology, demography and political science. Easily accessible for students with no prior knowledge of the field; it also exposes more advanced students to the latest state of ongoing theoretical and empirical debates on developmen. Rich statistical analysis of data from twenty-nine developing countries includes 75 tables with comparative time series on development indicators.
How Institutions Evolve: The Political Economy of Skills in Germany, Britain, the United States, and Japan [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2007Kathleen Thelen
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004, cерия "Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics", 352 с.
The institutional arrangements governing skill formation are widely seen as a key element in the institutional constellations defining ‘varieties of capitalism’ across the developed democracies. This book explores the origins and evolution of such institutions in four countries - Germany, Britain, the United States and Japan. It traces cross-national differences in contemporary training regimes back to the nineteenth century, and specifically to the character of the political settlement achieved among employers in skill-intensive industries, artisans, and early trade unions. The book also tracks evolution and change in training institutions over a century of development, uncovering important continuities through putative ‘break points’ in history. Crucially, it also provides insights into modes of institutional change that are incremental but cumulatively transformative. The study underscores the limits of the most prominent approaches to institutional change, and identifies the political processes through which the form and functions of institutions can be radically reconfigured over time.
Метаморфозы власти [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 01-02-2007Alvin Toffler
Москва: АСТ, 2001, cерия "Philosophy", 672 с.
Перед вами - одна из самых влиятельных работ в жанре так называемой `социальной философии` - `Метаморфозы власти` Элвина Тоффлера. Книга, в которой развитие его оригинальных, ярких идей достигает уже кульминационной точки. Итак, происходят ли `метаморфозывласти` лишь на глобальном уровне - или, незаметные для нас, давно уже стали частью нашей повседневной, обыденной жизни? И что принесет нам это в грядущем - новые информационные войны и новый политический антагонизм, противостояние уже не между социальными, но между информационными системами? Двадцать первый век уже настал. Будущее уже наступило. Каким же будет новый облик нашей стремительно - возможно, слишком стремительно, - развивающейся цивилизации?..
Шок будущего [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 01-02-2007Alvin Toffler
Москва: АСТ, 2001, cерия "Philosophy", 560 с.
Книга американского футуролога и публициста Э.Тоффлера "Шок будущего", несомненно, бестселлер последних десятилетий. Автор обращает внимание на неслыханный темп, который характерен для современных культурных, политических изменений. Человечество может погибнуть не из-за экологической катастрофы, ядерной реакции или истощения ресурсов. Шок, который испытывают люди, приводит к психологическому онемению, к самой реальной опасности, которая подстерегает человечество. Это главная угроза. Надо осознать ее и по возможности устранить. Автор надеется, что предложенные им меры смогут помочь человеку выжить в новой реальности и предотвратить шок будущего.
Опубликовано на портале: 01-02-2007Alvin Toffler, Heidi Toffler
Изд-во: Alfred A. Knopf Publishers, 2006, 512 с.
Starting with the publication of their seminal best-seller, Future Shock, Alvin and Heidi Toffler have given millions of readers new ways to think about personal life in today's high-speed world with its constantly changing, seemingly random impacts on our businesses, governments, families and daily lives. Now, writing with the same rare grasp and clarity that made their earlier books classics, the Tofflers turn their attention to the revolution in wealth now sweeping the planet. And once again, they provide a startling, penetrating, coherent way to make sense of the seemingly senseless. Revolutionary Wealth is about how tomorrow's wealth will be created, who will get it and how. But 21st Century wealth, according to the Tofflers, is not just about money, and cannot be understood in terms of industrial-age economics. Thus they write here about everything from education and childrearing to Hollywood and China, from everyday truth and lies to what they call our "Third Job" --- the unnoticed work we do without pay for some of the biggest corporations in our country. They show the hidden connections between extreme sports, chocolate chip cookies, Linux software and the "surplus complexity" in our lives as society wobbles back and forth between depressing decadence and a hopeful post-decadence. In their earlier work, the Tofflers coined the word "prosumer" for people who consume what they, themselves, produce. In Revolutionary Wealth they expand the concept to reveal how many of our activities -- whether parenting or volunteering, blogging, painting our house, improving our diet, organizing a neighborhood council or even "mashing" music -- pump "free lunch" from the "hidden" non-money economy into the money economy that economists track. Prosuming, they forecast, is about to explode and compel radical changes in the way we measure, make and manipulate wealth. Blazing with fresh ideas, Revolutionary Wealth provides readers with powerful new tools for thinking about -- and preparing for -- their future.
Война и антивойна [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 01-02-2007Alvin Toffler, Heidi Toffler
Москва: АСТ, 2005, cерия "Philosophy", 416 с.
Элвин Тоффлер - известный американский философ, автор книг "Метаморфозы власти". "Шок будущего", "Третья волна". Новая книга Элвина и Хейди Тоффлер посвящена проблеме войны, которая рассматривается с точки зрения концепции волн социального развития. Это книга о будущих войнах и борьбе с ними. О мире - и о войне в тех условиях XXI века, которые мы сами создаем в совместной гонке к враждебному будущему...
Welfare States and the Future [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006Ред.: Bhagavathi Vivekanandan, Nimmi Kurian
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, 416 с.
This volume presents a thought provoking analysis of key welfare state issues engaging policy makers across the globe. It provides a unique and comprehensive evaluation of the state of welfare states- developed and developing. It maps the diversity of welfare regimes across the world and brings to fore the particularities and nuances that characterise them. The book also focuses on the on-going reforms and makes a powerful case for the increased relevance of the welfare state in a globalizing era.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2007Ред.: Henry Wai-Chung Yeung
Изд-во: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2007, 488 с.
The rise of Asia as an important region for global business has been widely recognized as one of the most significant economic phenomena in the new millennium. This accessible and comprehensive Handbook brings together state-of-the-art reviews of Asian business in an expansive range of areas including: business organizations, strategic management, marketing, state-business relations, business and development, business policy issues. It is argued that whilst academic studies on Asian business have been in existence for over two decades, there is relatively little systematic integration of our knowledge and research on Asian business. The contributors, drawn from a variety of disciplines within the social sciences, aim to redress the balance with their lively, cutting-edge discussion. Serving as a timely overview of more than two decades of scholarly research, this Handbook will be warmly welcomed by academics, students and researchers interested in Asian business.
Теории информационного общества [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 24-04-2007Frank Webster
Москва: Аспект-Пресс, 2004, 400 с.
Книга представляет собой рассмотрение более или менее известных теорий второй, послевоенной, половины XX в., которые, учитывая так называемый информационный взрыв, считали основой глобальной "информационной" экономики. В предлагаемой книге Фрэнк Уэбстер подвергает критическому анализу теории Д.Белла, М.Кастельса, Г.Шиллера, Ю.Хабермаса, Э.Гидденса, Ж.Бодрийяра и З.Баумана и др. Для изучающих социальные теории современного общества, а также для всех, кто интересуется социальными и технологическими переменами в современном мире.
Business Systems and Organizational Capabilities. The Institutional Structuring of Competitive Competences [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-12-2007Richard Whitley
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, 375 с.
Twenty-first century capitalism has been marked by an increasing international economic independence, and considerable differences between dominant economic systems of coordination and control. In this context, national competition and coordination within industries has increased, but the governance of leading firms, and the kinds of competences they develop, remain quite diverse. This book shows how different kinds of firms become established and develop different capabilities in different societies, and as a result are effective in particular kinds of industries and markets. By integrating institutionalist approaches to organizations with the capabilities theory of the firm, Richard Whitley suggests how we can understand this combination of diversity and integration by developing the comparative business systems framework in three major ways. First, by identifying the particular circumstances in which distinctive business systems and innovation systems become nationally established and reproduced, as well as how changing endogenous and exogenous pressures have affected the major kinds of business systems that developed in many OECD states during the postwar period. Second, by showing how variations in authority sharing with employees and business partners and in the provision of organizational careers lead institutional regimes to affect the nature of organizational capabilities that dominant firms develop and enable them to deal with different kinds of risks and opportunities in particular technologies and markets. Third, by identifying the circumstances in which multinational firms are likely to develop distinctive transnational organizational capabilities through such authority sharing and careers, and so become different kinds of companies from their more domestically focused competitors. In many, if not most, cases of cross national managerial coordination, these conditions rarely exist, and so the extent to which multinational firms do indeed constitute distinct organizational forms and strategic actors is much less than is sometimes claimed.
Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2007Richard Whitley
Изд-во: Sage Publications Ltd, 1994, 288 с.
As trends toward the internationalization and globalization of business intensify, it becomes increasingly apparent that different cultures manifest very different--yet no less effective--forms of business organization. And while much has been written about the Japanese approach to business, far less attention has been paid to other East Asian business systems. In this fascinating and informative book, Whitley looks at business in its social context in South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong as well as Japan. He explores similarities and differences organizations, markets and societies. The author also compares East Asian business systems with dominant Western practices and considers the international transferability of different business "recipes." Clearly demonstrating how different business practices can only be fully understood with reference to the societies from which they come, this volume will be essential reading for all students and managers concerned with international business, the comparative analysis of organizations, and the social foundations of business enterprise.