Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 207
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2007Ред.: Richard Whitley
Изд-во: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2002, cерия "Critical Studies in Economic Institutions", 1040 с.
This authoritative collection (two volume set) brings together the leading contributions to the comparative study of forms of capitalism. An introductory essay presents the context in which these contributions developed, discusses the major issues raised by such comparative work, and suggests likely future developments. Topics include: the major theoretical issues involved in analyzing different kinds of market economies; the key frameworks for comparing systems of economic organization, both historically and between societies; the analysis of the distinctive varieties of industrial capitalism that have developed in the Anglo-Saxon countries, Continental Europe and East Asia; and studies of globalization and the connections between types of market economies and varying forms of economic performance, particularly in terms of sectoral development and technical change. The collection will be an indispensable reference source and will improve access to important papers that may not be available in many libraries.
Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006Richard Whitley
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999, 312 с.
The late twentieth century has witnessed the establishment of new forms of capitalism in East Asia as well as new market economies in Eastern Europe. Despite the growth of international investment and capital flows, these distinctive business systems remain different from each other and from those already developed in Europe and the Americas. This continued diversity of capitalism results from, and is reproduced by, significant differences in societal institutions and agencies such as the state, capital and labour markets, and dominant beliefs about trust, loyalty, and authority. This book presents the comparative business systems framework for describing and explaining the major differences in economic organization between market economies in the late twentieth century. This framework identifies the critical variations in coordination and control systems across forms of industrial capitalism, and shows how these are connected to major differences in their institutional contexts. Six major types of business system are identified and linked to different institutional arrangements. Significant differences in post-war East Asian business systems and the ways in which these are changing in the 1990s are analysed within this framework, which is also extended to compare the path-dependent nature of the new capitalisms emerging in Eastern Europe.
Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2007Ред.: Richard Whitley
Изд-во: Sage Publications Ltd, 1994, 302 с.
As Europe moves towards greater unification there is increasing awareness of the differences within the business structure--the significant diversity between cultures and social institutions affecting the myriad and complex business systems. European Business Systems explores these differences and the key characteristics of businesses and markets in eight European countries--Denmark, Finland, The Netherlands, Germany, Britain, Sweden, Italy, and France. Central to the analysis is the thorough examination of the impact that the different cultural, political, and economic groups have had on Europe's business market. The editors show how such factors as the role of the state, financial sectors, education and training, and employment expectations and labor relations are crucial to management styles and decision-making processes, growth and diversification strategies, and to market relationships and development. A major contribution to the analysis of international business, European Business Systems is indispensable reading for all those engaged in, or studying, European and international business, comparative management, and the sociology of organizations.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2007Ред.: Richard Whitley, Peer Hull Kristensen
Изд-во: Oxford University Press, 1997, 288 с.
Global pressures present similar challenges to companies in different countries, but how those organizations deal with them depends on the social and institutional framework in which they develop and operate. In this book, leading academics explore and explain variations in governance systems, focusing in particular on European trends. In Governance at Work: The Social Regulation of Economic Relations the authors ask: Are structures of work and business organization changing? Are we seeing a move away from large-scale (Fordist) mass-production systems that have dominated the industrialized world in the 20th century? What are the local/national determinants of business organization? Can we speak of different national business systems if so, how do these interact with the operations of international companies in global competition?
Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2007Ред.: Richard Whitley, Peer Hull Kristensen
Изд-во: Thomson Learning, 1996, 320 с.
Throughout Europe, governments have acted in accordance with the conviction that a larger and uniform market would enable greater economics of scale and the growth of large corporations. This is seen in terms of the spread of multinational, US-style companies, enforcing a uniform type of firm across countries. The contributions to this volume, in contrast, show how the nature of firms is embedded in the larger societal context of nations, preventing a homogenised firm-type spreading across European countries. It becomes clear that researchers should locate the firm in the social context in which it is rooted, rather than looking to economic science to explain a 'non-ideal type.' Areas covered by the contributors include the comparison of typical firms in Denmark adn Finland; the limited transformation of large enterprises in Hungary; and an analysis of supply networks in Britain and Germany. Through these essays and a discussion of the variations in the nature of the firm in Europe by leading Eur
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2007Ред.: Richard Whitley, Peer Hull Kristensen, Glenn Morgan
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, 329 с.
In contrast to the traditional view of multinational firms as cohesive rational actors maximizing the use of resources across national boundaries, the contributors to this volume argue that they are complex social arenas where competing groups draw on resources from their own socially-embedded locations in developing new transnational social relationships. As firms seek to manage across national and institutional boundaries, they stretch their existing capacities and routines and develop new sets of transnational social relationships through different groups competing and cooperating. These processes occur at a number of levels which are explored in different empirical settings. Firstly, at the level of governance, multinational firms may develop conflicts between investors from different national contexts, e.g. between the arms-length orientation of Anglo-Saxon institutional investors and the more committed orientation of investors in certain European and Asian contexts. The tension between opening the firm up for foreign investors in order to have access to more and cheaper capital and the consequent effects on management strategy is explored in a number of chapters. Secondly, at the level of coordinating activities across different sites, multinationals may encourage competition between plants in different countries as well as seeking to transfer best practices. The result may be pressure on managers and employees in certain plants to give up traditional practices and employment rights. Thirdly, multinational firms operate in environments where other forms of coordinating international business activity may also occur, e.g. cartels or the creation of international regulatory activity. They therefore compete for the regulatory space in complex political environments that will enable them to prosper.
Changing Capitalisms? Internationalism, Institutional Change, and Systems of Economic Organization [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-12-2007Ред.: Glenn Morgan, Eli Moen
Руководитель: Richard Whitley
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, 466 с.
An increasing number of studies in the last decade or so have emphasized the viability and persistence of distinctive systems of economic coordination and control in developed market economies. Over more or less the same period, the revival of institutional economics and evolutionary approaches to understanding the firm has focused attention on how firms create distinctive capabilities through establishing routines that coordinate complementary activities and skills for particular strategic purposes. For much of the 1990s these two strands of research remained distinct. Those focusing on the institutional frameworks of market economies were primarily concerned with identifying complementarities between institutional arrangements that explained coherence and continuity. On the other hand, those focusing on the dynamics of firm behaviour studied how firms develop new capacities and are able to learn new ways of doing things. This book aims to bring together these approaches. It consists of a set of theoretically motivated and empirically informed chapters from a range of internationally known contributors to these debates. In their chapters, the authors show how institutions and firms evolve. Ideas of path dependency and complementarity of institutions are subjected to critical scrutiny both by reference to their own internal logic and to empirical examples. Varieties of institutional integration, the surprising maintenance of 'deviant' or alternative traditions and processes, and the existence of unpredictable yet consequential policy options that can lead to breaks in path dependency are scrutinized with particular reference to how national and international firms may relate to institutions at various levels as a diverse arena of potential resources rather than as a singular and determinant constraining force. The book provides a set of theoretical and empirical challenges for researchers concerned with the relationship between national institutional contexts and firm dynamics. For those involved in teaching or studying at doctoral, Masters and higher level undergraduate courses, the book provides a structured entry into the debates about how institutions and firms are changing in the contemporary era.
Опубликовано на портале: 21-02-2008Ред.: Richard Whitley, Glenn Morgan, Sigrid Quack
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2000, cерия "Advances in Organization Studies", 322 с.
Why are some firms successful on global markets whilst others are not? In this collection of papers, a group of distinguished international researchers examine the inter-relationship between national context, firm performance and global competitiveness. In a series of empirical studies covering major industries (such as banking, telecommunications, construction, automobiles, and airlines) in a number of European countries (Great Britain, France, Germany, Holland, Finland, Slovenia), the studies show how distinctive patterns of firm competences and capabilities arise from national contexts. These influence the way in which firms perform in response to changing technologies and competitive pressures. Thus the impact of the globalisation of economic activity may be to reinforce existing national differences in firm performance rather than producing a homogenisation and standardisation. This book will be of interest to researchers in business and management, sociology, economics and political science for its comparative organizational approach to problems of economic performance.
Опубликовано на портале: 13-11-2007Jane Whittle
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000, cерия "Oxford Historical Monographs", 376 с.
This is an important new scholarly study of the roots of capitalism. Jane Whittle's penetrating examination of rural England in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries asks how capitalist it was, and how and why it changed over the century and a half under scrutiny. Her book intelligently relates ideas of peasant society and capitalism to a local study of north-east Norfolk, a county that was to become one of the crucibles of the so-called agrarian revolution. Dr Whittle uses the rich variety of historical sources produced by this precocious commercialized locality to examine a wide range of topics from the manorial system and serfdom, rights to land and the level of rent, the land market and inheritance, to the distribution of land and wealth, the numbers of landless, wage-earners, and rural craftsmen, servants, and the labour laws.
Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006Ред.: Geoffrey Wood, Philip James
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006, 376 с.
How do working life, the nature of production, and firms and institutions relate? How have these relationships changed over the last two decades? Contributors examine these issues, incorporating macro- and micro-level analyses. Draws on a range of different and disciplinary approaches, including regulation, institutional, and labour process theory. Contributors include: Robert Boyer, Rogers Hollingworth, Mick Marchington, Jill Rubery, Ray Hudson, Andrew Sayer, Russell Lansbury, Eddie Webster, Erik Olin Wright, and Jamie Peck.
Опубликовано на портале: 02-02-2007Ред.: Jonathan Zeitlin, David M. Trubek
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003, 300 с.
Europe and the United States confront common challenges in responding to the transformations of work and welfare in the 'new economy', and there are signs of far-reaching changes in the role of government as a direct result. This volume presents the latest research by a team of outstanding international contributors. Parts One and Two examine new approaches to the governance of work and welfare in the EU and the US respectively; and Part Three surveys emergent trends and reflects on future possibilities.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2007Ред.: Alan Zuege, Richard Westra, Makoto Itoh, Robert Albritton
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2001, 368 с.
In this collection authors from eight different countries, representing a wide variety of academic disciplines and theoretical perspectives, investigate the differing phases of capitalist development. They offer diverse and powerful analyses of the postwar boom, economic crises and globalization within this context.