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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 37

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АБВГ ДЕЖЗ ИЙКЛМ Н ОПР С ТУФХЦЧШЩЭЮЯ
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Названия:
А БВГ ДЕЖЗИЙКЛМНОПР С ТУФХЦЧШЩЭ ЮЯ
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Graham Crow, Sue Heath
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002, 288 с.
This book is concerned with the significance of time in work and everyday life. The contributors are among the foremost authorities in the field, and their up-to-date contributions consider the changing social meanings that time has in work, leisure and everyday routines. Together they provide a combination of theoretical and empirically-based approaches that reveal the social significance of time in all aspects of everyday lives.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Kerry J. Daly
Изд-во: Contemporary Perspectives in Family Research, 3, 2001, 440 с.
We are directed to "mind the time" on occasions when diligence to the clock is important. However, to deliberately invoke "mind your time" is to remember how quickly time, and the clock which serves as its agent, can so quickly recede into the mundane and taken for granted parts of our lives. The experience of time in families can both permeate all activities but nevertheless be hidden. The papers in this volume, representing a range of disciplines (history, sociology, psychology, family therapy, leisure studies, family science) intentionally foreground the way that time shapes everyday family worlds. Each chapter offers different insights into the way that we conceptualize time including analyses of pace, rhythm, negotiation, politics, timetables, schedules, social interaction and support. The meaning of time is illustrated through analyses of a variety of family issues including father involvement, infertility, work and family, mothering and care work, housework, family time, single parent families, family life education and gender. This volume will be of interest to scholars in a wide range of disciplines who are interested in expanding their theoretical and empirical understanding of time in families.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Shirley Dex
Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2003, 64 с.
This report draws together the findings of a four-year programme of research into families and work. Incorporating 19 research projects, it focuses on three key themes: the effects of work on family life; the employer's perspective on work-family relations and social responsibility; and work and family in relation to the wider community. Drawing out some key issues for policy makers, the author considers: are families coping?; does work keep families out of poverty?; is childcare still a problem for working families?; is work or family people's central interest?; has labour market deregulation changed the profile of work and the workplace?; do we need more regulation?; are social networks disintegrating?; and are work places responding to the needs of the workplace?.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Erik E. Filsinger
USA: Sage Publications, 1988, 208 с.
New theoretical models conceptualize families as systems affected by, and effecting change in, reciprocal influences among social, behavioral, and biological processes. Technological breakthroughs make noninvasive assessment of many biological processes available to family researchers. These theoretical and measurement advances have resulted in significant increases in research on family processes and relationships that integrate knowledge from the fields of behavioral endocrinology, behavior genetics, and, to a lesser degree, evolutionary psychology. This review covers a broad spectrum, including the topics of parenthood, early child development, adolescent and middle child development, parent-child relations, courtship and mate selection, and the quality and stability of marital and intimate relations. Our intention is to introduce, by example, the relevance of the biosocial approach, encourage family researchers to consider the application of these ideas to their interests, and increase the participation of family researchers in the next generation of studies.

Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Janet Finch
Изд-во: Routledge, 1992, 228 с.
Negotiating Family Responsibilities provides a major new insight into contemporary family life, particularly kin relationships outside the nuclear family. While many people believe that the real meaning of 'family' has shrunk to the nuclear family household, there is considerable evidence to suggest that relationships with the wider kin group remain an important part of most people's lives. Based on the findings of a major study of kinship, and including lively verbatim accounts of conversations with family members concepts of responsibility and obligation within family life are examined and the authors expand theories on the nature of assistance within families and argue that it is negotiated over time rather than given automatically.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Bonnie Fox
Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2001
The second edition of Family Patterns, Gender Relations thoroughly examines the dynamics and patterns in family life. The 33 articles include a mix of classics and new work commissioned for the book. These readings, by leading scholars in Canada, the US, and the UK, help to build a thorough understanding of the relations through which people care for their children, themselves, and eachother. The book starts with a theoretical examination of what constitutes a family, examines the family as it has evolved historically, and then moves on to current issues, such as sexuality, childbirth, racial and ethnic diversity, and parenting.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Robert P. George, Jean Bethke Elshtain
Spence Publishing Company, 2006, 336 с.
The movement for same-sex marriage has triggered an unprecedented crisis in the social norms and laws governing marriage. All great civilizations have sought to unite, in the institution of marriage, the goods of sexual intimacy, childbearing and childrearing, and life-long love between adults. But the last five decades have witnessed the erosion of marriage as a public institution in the developed world. The separation of the goods previously united in marriage has led thoughtful people to question why marriage should be denied to homosexuals. This volume brings together the best of contemporary scholarship on marriage from a variety of disciplines—history, ethics, economics, law and public policy, philosophy, sociology, psychiatry, political science—to inform, and reform, public debate. Rigorous yet accessible, these studies aim to rethink and re-present the case for marriage as a positive institution and ideal that is in the public interest and serves the common good. The essays in this volume were presented to an audience of scholars, journalists, public policy experts, and other professionals, at a conference sponsored by the Witherspoon Institute. The authors are among the most eminent authorities on marriage and public policy in the English-speaking world.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Diana Gittins
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 1993, 218 с.
After a decade of Thatcherism, rising illegitimacy and the moral panic over child sexual abuse, the family is more of a political issue than ever. But is it 'the family' that is in crisis, or family ideology? In this revised edition of an important and controversial book, Diana Gittins adds to a broad range of historical, anthropological and feminist evidence, a new chapter on child sexual abuse.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Catherine Hakim
Ashgate, 2004, 298 с.
This book reports on two comparative nationally representative surveys of men and women in Britain and Spain, two countries chosen to illustrate the diversity of modern European societies. The British survey was funded within the ESRC Future of Work Research Programme and was carried out by the Office of National Statistics (ONS). Using these surveys, Catherine Hakim presents a study of ideal models of the family and family roles, work orientations, patriarchal values, and lifestyle preferences, showing how these impact on women's marital histories, fertility, employment patterns, occupational segregation, and labour mobility, but not on men's labour market participation. Lifestyle preferences and work orientations have a strong impact on women's activities, and especially on married women's employment choices, but patriarchal values (which are most commonly studied by social attitude surveys) have virtually no impact on behaviour. The analyses demonstrate that political and religious values have virtually no connection with orientations to employment and family roles. The book also covers educational homogamy, housing classes and contrasts between ethnic minority groups in core values and labour market participation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Tamara K. Hareven
Walter de Gruyter, 1995
This volume features some of the papers prepared by international scholars for a 1991 conference on "aging and generational relations over the life course" at the University of Delaware.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Tamara K. Hareven
Изд-во: Westview Press, 1999, 374 с.
One of the prevailing myths about the American family is that there once existed a harmonious family with three generations living together, and that this "ideal" family broke down under the impact of urbanization and industrialization. The essays in Families, History, and Social Change challenge this myth and provide dramatic revisions of simplistic notions about change in the American family. In these interdisciplinary essays that are deeply rooted in history, Hareven provides important perspectives on family relations in the present, dispels myths about family relations in the past, offers new directions in research and interpretation, and revises our understanding of social change. Hareven's essays, which are based on thirty years of research, combine empirical evidence with theoretical frameworks and discussions of the state of the art in this exciting field. The essays cover a wide spectrum of issues and topics such as the organization of the family and the household, the networks available to children as they were growing up, the role of the family in the process of industrialization, the division of labor in the family along gender lines, and the relations between the generations in the later years of life. Coincidentally, the essays revolve around three central themes: The family's interaction with the process of industrialization, the life course, and the development of the field of family history--and its future directions. They are both interdisciplinary and cross-cultural. Professor Hareven is a pioneer and leader in the development of the field of family history. Her work makes a major contribution to the theoretical and substantive aspects of scholarship on family life, past and present, and on social change. Her essays also provide a fine understanding of this field's development.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Wendy Hollway
Изд-во: Routledge, 1997, 216 с.
Parenting, lone motherhood and the breakdown of the family ae all subjects of current political and social debate in the West, and there is little agreement among cultural commentators on what mothers should be, what children need, and how those needs conflict with the needs of parents. Feminists have played a large part in these debates in recent years, reacting particularly to negative portrayal of lone mothers in the press and the implications thay they are the source of other social problems. Mothering and Ambivalence brings together authors from therapeutic, academic and social work backgrounds to address these issues, but counters the reluctance of current feminist literature to embrace psychoanalytic understandings of dependency, anxiety and identity. Drawing on extensive professional experience the contributors use psychoanalysis to go beyond the often simplistic claims of the political debate to mothering. In their discussions of parenting and gender relations within families, the authors also surmount the narrowness of purely feminist polemics, keeping in view the importance of the diverse identities for women who become mothers. For all who are frustrated with the polarised debate about women's and children's needs and rights, this book offers and intersubjective approach to the emotional life of mothers, examining what it feels like to mother amid the pressures of contemporary social life.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Jerry A. Jacobs, Kathleen Gerson
Изд-во: Harvard University Press, 2005, 272 с.
In a panoramic study that draws on diverse sources, Jerry Jacobs and Kathleen Gerson explain why and how time pressures have emerged and what we can do to alleviate them. In contrast to the conventional wisdom that all Americans are overworked, they show that time itself has become a form of social inequality that is dividing Americans in new ways--between the overworked and the underemployed, women and men, parents and non-parents. They piece together a compelling story of the increasing mismatch between our economic system and the needs of American families, sorting out important trends such as the rise of demanding jobs and the emergence of new pressures on dual earner families and single parents.
Comparing American workers with their European peers, Jacobs and Gerson also find that policies that are simultaneously family-friendly and gender equitable are not fully realized in any of the countries they examine. As a consequence, they argue that the United States needs to forge a new set of solutions that offer American workers new ways to integrate work and family life.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Peter Laslett, Richard Wall
Изд-во: Cambridge University Press, 1972, 635 с.
Сборник "Домохозяйство и семья в прошлом..." издан по итогам одноименной международной конференции, которая была инициирована "Кембриджской группой по изучению истории населения и социальной структуры" под руководством Питера Ласлета. Представленные исследования основывались на данных переписей. Работа оказала большое влияние на последующие кросс-культурные исследования истории института семьи.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Edward O. Laumann
Изд-во: University of Chicago Press, 2004, 435 с.
We think of the city as a place where anything goes. Take the sensational fantasies and lurid antics of single women on Sex in the City or young men on Queer as Folk, and you might imagine the city as some kind of sexual playground—a place where you can have any kind of sex you want, with whomever you like, anytime or anywhere you choose.

But in The Sexual Organization of the City, Edward Laumann and company argue that this idea is a myth. Drawing on extensive surveys and interviews with Chicago adults, they show that the city is—to the contrary—a place where sexual choices and options are constrained. From Wicker Park and Boys Town to the South Side and Pilsen, they observe that sexual behavior and partnering are significantly limited by such factors as which neighborhood you live in, your ethnicity, what your sexual preference might be, or the circle of friends to which you belong. In other words, the social and institutional networks that city dwellers occupy potentially limit their sexual options by making different types of sexual activities, relationships, or meeting places less accessible.

To explain this idea of sex in the city, the editors of this work develop a theory of sexual marketplaces—the places where people look for sexual partners. They then use this theory to consider a variety of questions about sexuality: Why do sexual partnerships rarely cross racial and ethnic lines, even in neighborhoods where relatively few same-ethnicity partners are available? Why do gay men and lesbians have few public meeting spots in some neighborhoods, but a wide variety in others? Why are African Americans less likely to marry than whites? Does having a lot of friends make you less likely to get a sexually transmitted disease? And why do public health campaigns promoting safe sex seem to change the behaviors of some, but not others?

Considering vital questions such as these, and shedding new light on the city of Chicago, this work will profoundly recast our ideas about human sexual behavior.
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