Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 1
Опубликовано на портале: 23-01-2003
Europe: OECD, 2002
This report presents a synthesis of the main findings of the OECD project on National Innovation Systems. This project has spanned some seven years and three phases of project implementation. It was carried out under the auspices of the Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy (CSTP) and its working party on Technology and Innovation Policy (TIP). The synthesis covers the full project, but concentrates on the most recent outcomes. It is based mainly on the work of three Focus Groups which undertook analytical work on three areas in the last phase of the project: Clusters, innovative firms and networks, and human resource mobility. The Focus Groups have reported their work in a series of OECD proceedings published during the summer and fall of 2001. The NIS approach rests on the interactive model of the innovation process that puts an emphasis on market and non-market knowledge transactions among firms, institutions and the human resources involved. Innovation performance depends on the scope and efficiency of such transactions, themselves influenced by framework conditions governing capital, products and labour markets and by institutional set ups and policy actions addressing market and systemic failures specific to knowledge transactions.