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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 67


7 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z

Опубликовано на портале: 28-04-2004
Abraham Kaplan
Перев.: Инна Феликсовна Девятко (ориг.: Русский)
San Francisco: Chandler, 1964
Предлагается перевод первой главы (с сокращениями).
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-10-2003
Many undergraduate texts treat macroeconomics as a set of distinct topics rather than as a unified body of theory and empirical findings. In contrast, this text by Alan Auerbach and Laurence Kotlikoff uses a single analytic framework - the two-period life-cycle model - to explore and connect each of the major issues in contemporary macroeconomics. The model describes the evolution of the economy over time in terms of the behavior of overlapping generations of individuals, each of whom lives for two periods: youth and old age. This versatile framework can encompass most macroeconomic schools of thought through the alteration of key assumptions. The use of one basic model also allows the authors to explore important topics not always addressed adequately in other texts; these include credit constraints, real business cycles, generational accounting, and international capital flows markets.

Written in a clear, accessible style, this shortened and simplified second edition provides a systematic way to interpret macroeconomic outcomes, to understand various policy proposals, and to appreciate how individuals and firms fit into the big picture.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Guy Blaise Nkamleu, Jim Gokowski, Harounan Kazianga
Durban, 2003
This paper examines changes in agricultural productivity in 10 Sub-saharan countries. The relative performance of agricultural sector was gauged using data envelopment analysis. From a panel data set of the 10 countries which included the 28-year period 1972-1999, mathematical programming methods were used to measure Malmquist indexes of total factor productivity. It was found that, during that period, total factor productivity have experienced a negative evolution in sample countries. A decomposition of those measures suggest that, most of the weak performance of factors productivity is attributable more to technological change than technical efficiency change. French-speaking countries better succeeded to raise their productivity than English-speaking countries do. In addition, it have been found that Sahelian countries failed to rise their agricultural productivity compared to forest countries where a positive evolution have been detected.
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Опубликовано на портале: 19-05-2006
Zvi Bodie, Alex Kane, Alan J. Marcus
Москва: Вильямс, 2002, 984 с.
Рассматриваются основные проблемы управления инвестиционным процессом. Всесторонне отражены наиболее значимые изменения на мировых финансовых рынках за последнее десятилетие, непосредственно затрагивающие сферу инвестиционного бизнеса. Структура книги соответствует методике подготовки и аттестации специалистов в Институте дипломированных финансовых аналитиков. Читатели смогут воспользоваться набором электронных таблиц Excel, позволяющим досконально изучить различные теоретические понятия. Электронные таблицы открываются через Word Wide Web на соответствующем Web-сайте. Дают представление о сложнейших аналитических инструментах, используемых профессионалами инвестиционного бизнеса.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Ayalneh Bogale, Konrad Hagedorn, Benedikt Korf
Durban, 2003
This paper seeks to address the question: why does poverty persist in rural Ethiopia? We argue that it is largely a lack of entitlements to fundamental livelihood assets which urges poor rural farmers into livelihood diversification to make a living. We base our findings on empirical work, which is based on information gathered from a three-round survey of 149 rural households in Ethiopia during 1999/2000 cropping season. The FGT poverty index is employed to examine the extent and severity of rural poverty and reveals that nearly 40% of the sample households live below poverty line with average poverty gap of 0.047. The binary logit estimates shed light on factors behind the persistence of poverty and indicates that rural poverty is strongly linked to entitlement failures to crucial assets such as land, human capital and oxen. The study also reveals that poor households attempt to smooth their consumption and income through livelihood diversification, among which petty trading, charcoal making and fuelwood gathering for sale, brewing and
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
J. Stephen Clark, Kurt K. Klein, William A. Kerr
A new procedure is developed to estimate innovation possibility frontiers and test for biases in technological change. Using data on four inputs (land, machinery, chemicals and labour) from central Canada (Ontario and Quebec) over the period 1926-1985, we find that the innovations possibilities frontier shifts neutrally over time. This is consistent with Ahmad.s model of induced innovations, but is not consistent with de Janvry.s application of Ahmad.s model to the historical development of Argentine agriculture. Agricultural research in Canada has been conducted with the objective of developing cost minimizing technologies. Empirical support was found for this notion in the development of the innovation possibilities frontier.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Marijke D'Haese, Wim Verbeke, Guido Van Huylenbroeck, Johann Kirsten, Luc D'Haese
Durban, 2003
Commercial producers, brokers, exporters and spinners dominate the wool supply chain in South Africa. Until recently smallholder farmers in the Transkei region had limited access to a profitable market outlet for their wool. In response, the South African wool industry has taken the initiative to help local farmers by building shearing sheds, under which the local association can bulk the wool and trade directly with the brokers. More direct access to the wool brokers is a prerequisite for the farmer to develop a viable business.

This article investigates on the effect of membership in the local shearing shed association on the farmers. revenue. A two-step regression model of the gross margin is used to analyse whether farmers selling through the local association have better financial records as compared to those who sell their wool to local traders. This article exemplifies how institutional innovation through local marketing associations can contribute to economic development in poor rural areas.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Christos Fotopoulos, Athanasios Krystallis, Mitchell Ness
The present study attempts to offer more insights into the Greek wine market with emphasis on wines produced from organically grown grapes by relating wine choice to consumers’ personal value structure. With the use of a qualitative sample and applying the Means-end Chains methodology and the corresponding “laddering” interviewing technique, it attempts first to reveal the way basic motives are linked to wine shopping behaviour of consumers and the way wine purchase-relevant knowledge is stored and organised in their memory in relation to their personal values. Then, by discriminating between organic food buyers and non-buyers, the study identifies motivational and cognitive discriminating differences between the two consumer types, which can offer a solid explanation as to their distinctive purchasing behaviour in respect of the organic products.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-02-2004
The subject of this papers will be the experiences relating to pension fund regulations from the point of view of their safety of operations in five counties of Central and Eastern Europe (Hungary, Poland and Bulgaria, Estonia and Lithuania). In analysing the socially safe functioning of pension funds, special attention has been devoted to institutions supervising the pension fund.

Опубликовано на портале: 01-05-2004
Francis J. Gouillart, James N. Kelly
Москва: Дело, 2000
Книга написана на основе многолетнего опыта консультирования и изучения преобразований крупнейших корпораций мира. Авторы рассматривают корпорацию не как `бездушный` механизм, состоящий из отдельных сменных деталей, а как целостный `живой` организм. Его трансформация требует всестороннего согласования воздействия (`лечения`), а не локального `хирургического` вмешательства. Книга посвящена концепции построения так называемой биокорпорации, секрет долголетия которой заключается в способности управлять одновременным взаимосвязанным преобразованием всех ее систем (технологии, менеджмент, человеческие ресурсы, взаимодействие с окружающей средой и т.д.). Книга предназначена для студентов и преподавателей вузов, руководителей, консультантов, всех, интересующихся современными проблемами управления.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Jason Hartell, Maureen Kilkenny, Johan Swinnen
In this paper, we attempt to shed some light on the state of current thinking in Europe about rural development and policy. To do so, the priorities and preferences of European agricultural economists who work in the area of rural development policy were identified using a survey that asked the following questions: who do we believe needs help, what are the problems and objectives, which policies are likely to be effective, who is able to deliver, and where do we get these ideas? The paper documents the diversity in rural development problems and favored tactics across Europe.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-03-2003
Robert A. Hart, Seiichi Kawasaki
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003
Сравнительный анализ институциональной природы рынка труда Японии с акцентом на изучении особенностей типов занятости и системы оплаты труда в Японии. Особое внимание уделяется деятельности профсоюзов и дифференциации заработной платы. Рассматриваются причины отказа от использования концепции оценивания труда по конечному результату и действие японской системы дополнительного вознаграждения. Подчеркнута особая роль малых предприятий и субконтрактной системы. Все рассматриваемые материалы, касающиеся рынка труда в Японии даны в сравнении с материалами по рынкам труда в США и Европе, что позволяет говорить не только об особенностях структуры и динамики японского рынка труда, но и дать сравнительную оценку его функционирования.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Jill Hobbs, William A. Kerr, James Gaisford
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997, 416 с.
This book offers a coherent perspective on the transition to a market-based agri-food system in the Central and Eastern European Countries and the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union. It provides a formal analysis of the entire food chain from farm inputs to final consumers, including imports and exports, and covers all major components of the system, from food security, multinationals, and commercial law, to theoretical approaches to prices, transaction costs, and bilateral monopolies.

В книге представлен анализ перехода к основанной на рыночных условиях хозяйствования агропродовольственной системе в странах центральной и восточной Европы, СНГ. Авторами рассматривается вся продовольственная цепочка от фермера до потребителя, структура, задействованные экономические агенты, импорт и экспорт, проблемы продовольственной безопасности, роль транснациональных корпораций, процессы ценообразования, трансакционные издержки, институты.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
E.E. Imad, Rifaat Ahmed Abdel Karim
Durban, 2003
This paper assesses and quantifies the consequences of world trade liberalization in agriculture on trade and food security of Sudan. Sudan, with the agricultural sector as the main sector of economy, is characterized by its small open economy, and is classified as one of the least developed countries. Thus, Sudan becomes more vulnerable to any changes in international agricultural markets. The liberalization of international agricultural trade has a great influence on Sudan's food security and on the whole economy. An extended form of a multi-market model for Sudan is developed and used for the analysis. The model embodies important characteristics of agriculture in Sudan like substitution effects and stages of production.

As agriculture is the main sector of Sudan's economy, the model is extended to explicitly integrate some of the key important macroeconomic linkages, and to establish certain feedback effects between agriculture and the macro-economy. The model simulations reveal that a higher world market price would overall lead to measurable gains in food security and agricultural trade of the country. However, when the effect of a higher cost of production is considered, the positive results are reversed. Furthermore, the results of the model simulations show that the domestic policy environment matters very much with respect to the potential impact of world trade liberalization of agriculture. The paper concludes that Sudan should reorient its national policies towards export promotion in order to benefit from the new emerging trading opportunities in world markets. However, to capture a greater benefit from the new environment in the international markets, Sudan should consider and manage carefully all factors, domestically or internationally - e.g. quality standard, loss of preference, dumping effects - that hinder its economic and trade growth.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-10-2003
This volume deals with the "monetary side" of the subject. It is concerned with the balance of payments adjustment process under fixed exchange rates, with exchange rate determination under flexible exchange rates, and with the domestic ramifications of these phenomena. Accordingly, it deals mainly with economic issues, although microeconomic methods are frequently utilized, especially in work on expectations, asset markets, and exchange rate behavior.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)