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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 87


7 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Julian M. Alston, Philip G. Pardey
Berlin, 2000
Estimated rates of return to research are distorted by problems of attributing the credit for particular research results, or for particular research-induced productivity increases, to research expenditures undertaken at different times, in different places, and by different agencies. A comprehensive assessment of the evidence from past economic evaluations of the returns to agricultural R&D indicates that studies generally report high rates of return, with enormous variation among studies, but that much of this evidence has been tainted by inadequate attention to attribution problems. br>
This paper raises these concerns in a general way, and illustrates their importance with reference to two particular types of attribution problem. First, we consider the problem of accounting for locational spillovers in attributing varietal improvement technology among research performers, using U.S. wheat varieties as an example. Second, we consider the temporal aspects of the attribution problem using the specification of research lags in econometric models to illustrate the problem of attributing aggregate productivity gains to research expenditures at different times.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-09-2004
Robin Bade, Michael Parkin
Boston: Addison Wesley Higher Education, 2003
Bade and Parkin have changed all that for the better. In the book they provide a serious yet accessible economics course that is focused on helping students:
understand the basic principles of economics
connect these principles to today's economic issues
develop a lasting interest in economics as a relevant part of their own lives.
Each chapter focuses on a limited number of core concepts, to allow students to thoroughly explore, analyze, and review a concept before moving on to the next one. Learning objectives are explicitly linked at the beginning of each chapter to the core concepts; checkpoints maintain and refer back to these specific links. Chapters are formatted with a carefully balanced blend of text and graphics that provide visual clarification without clutter or unnecessary distractions. The writing style throughout is fluid and conversational, reinforcing the underlying principle that economics is an everyday issue that can be addressed in everyday language.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Samuel Benin, Melinda Smale, Berhanu Gebremedhin, John Pender, Simeon K. Ehui
On farm conservation of crop diversity entails policy challenges, especially when the diversity of crops maintained on farms has both inter-specific (among crops) and infra-specific (within a crop) components. Survey data is used to compare the determinants of inter- and infra-specific diversity on household farms in the highlands of northern Ethiopia. Physical features of the farm, and household characteristics such as livestock assets and the proportion of adults that are men, have large and significant effects on both the diversity among and within cereal crops grown, varying among crops. Demographic aspects such as age of household head and adult education levels affect only infra-specific diversity of cereals. Though there are no apparent trade-offs between policies that would enhance one type of diversity (richness) versus another (evenness), those designed to encourage infra-specific diversity in one cereal crop might have the opposite effect on another crop. Trade-offs between development and diversity in this resource-poor system are not evident. Market-related variables and population density have ambiguous effects. Education positively influences cereal crop diversity. Growing modern varieties of maize or wheat does not detract from the richness or evenness of these cereals on household farms.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Catherine Benjamin, Isabelle Piot
The European Union beef market regulation is largely influenced by the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). With the 1992 CAP reform, there was a partial shift by the EU from product price support to a more direct form of income support by way of direct payments. For beef there was a move to direct payments on intermediate products which was essentially a direct payment for the possession of various categories of animals and these were linked to a land resource base. The Agenda 2000 reform consists in a further price decrease associated with an increase in direct payments. The objective of this paper is to assess how the behaviour of beef producers is sensitive to changes in production prices and to changes in premiums. The analysis relies on an analytical framework which allows to take into account the dynamic feature of beef production and the subsidies provided by the Common Agricultural Policy. We studys how the beef supply response is modified when various exogenous variables like prices or premiums are changed. The application focuses on the dynamics of beef supply response in the French beef sector.
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Опубликовано на портале: 01-09-2003
Ben S. Bernanke, Thomas Laubach, Frederic S. Mishkin, Adam S. Posen
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001
Inflation Targeting is a groundbreaking study that will have a major impact on the debate over the right monetary strategy for the coming decades. As a unique comparative study of what central banks actually do in different countries around the world, this book will also be invaluable to anyone interested in how economic policy is made.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 30-04-2004
William C. Byham, Audrey B. Smith, Matthew J. Paese
Москва: Вильямс, 2002, 416 с.
Идеи, изложенные на страницах этой книги, основаны на более чем тридцатилетнем опыте работы компании Development Dimensions International (DDI), которая специализируется на оказании помощи организациям в поиске и воспитании новых руководителей и менеджеров. Современные организации все сильнее ощущают недостаток высококвалифицированных и инициативных руководителей на всех уровнях управления. Выращивая и воспитывая своих собственных лидеров, компания дает сотрудникам с высоким потенциалом возможность приобретать новые навыки и умения, принимать на себя большую ответственность и, следовательно, ощущать свою важность для организации и продвигаться вверх по карьерной лестнице. За эти годы DDI приходилось работать с 19 тыс. компаний по всему миру, 470 из которых входят в список 500 наиболее преуспевающих фирм рейтинга Fortune. Отличительной характеристикой DDI является ее способность помогать своим клиентам как выявлять служащих с высоким потенциалом, так и развивать необходимые навыки и умения. Книга будет полезной для менеджеров различного уровня, работников кадровых служб, консультантов по работе с персоналом.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2002
Thomas H. Davenport, Laurence Prusak
Cambridge: Harvard Business School Press, 1997
According to the publishers, this book will establish enduring vocabulary and concepts and serve as the hands-on resource of choice for organizations that recognize knowledge as "the only sustainable source of competitive advantage". The authors examine all types of organizations to see how they analyze, measure, and manage their intellectual assets. In the process, they consider the key cultural and behavioral issues managers must address to effectively use knowledge; what are the best ways to incorporate technology into knowledge work; and, what does a successful knowledge project look like, how do you know whether it has succeeded?
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 29-10-2003
This textbook provides a comprehensive and up to date review of the rapidly expanding business cycle literature. It covers three key strands of the theory which have dominated recent literature in the subject: equilibrium (monetary and real) business cycles, nonlinear business, cycle models and political business cycle theories.
Business Cycles is designed for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students of macroeconomics and monetary theory and policy and academic economists wishing to keep abreast of the substantial recent developments in this field.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Istvan Feher, Zsolt Papp
Based on the Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) approach this paper provides an assessment of the competitive position of the Hungarian agro-food industry in view of EU integration. The situation in the food processing sector is assessed with the use of actual cost data from representative Hungarian companies. The paper presents an assessment of the current situation prior to EU integration as well as a future outlook under various scenarios with regard to the expected policy environment and the rate of technological change. The actual measurement of competitiveness in this study focuses mainly on Private Resource Cost (PRC) which indicates competitiveness under real market conditions and Domestic Resource Cost (DRC) which gives an assessment on the social or economic efficiency of an activity, i.e. whether domestic resources are really used efficiently in current production. In the food processing sector 21 different food products have been investigated which fall into four industries: meat, poultry, dairy, and fruits and vegetables. Under current conditions only some products are competitive in private terms. The situation would improve after EU integration especially for poultry, fruits and vegetables, because agricultural policy conditions are more favourable under the CAP. If additional FDI(Foreign Direct Investments) would flow into the country after EU membership, this would boost profitability. As far as DRC values are concerned, it must be stated that only some of the production activities are clearly efficient. Dairy, fruits and vegetables, and roast goose production show relatively weak social competitiveness, while other poultry and fruit and vegetables products are more favourable from the economic point of view. As EU policies provide on average higher protection levels, the competitiveness of Hungarian food processing on world markets would deteriorate for most products after EU accession. However, these effects can be offset by additional technological change due to FDI inflows or otherwise induced technological progress.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Achim Fock, Peter Weingarten, Olaf Wahl, Mikhail Prokopiev
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 271-297 с.
The paper analyzes the impact of different agricultural trade policies on Russia’s bilateral trade patterns, price and quantity changes, and welfare effects for producers, consumers, and the state budget. Three experiments are simulated using a partial equilibrium model based on the Armington approach. The results show that the current situation of import tariff-free trade between Russia and other CIS countries has small positive welfare effects for the Russian Federation in comparison to a situation where import tariffs between these countries were to be imposed.

However, according to the results, an elimination of import tariffs against all trading partners is preferable for Russia in terms of net welfare. An increase in discriminatory trade barriers against non-CIS countries would cause overall welfare losses for the Russian economy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Steven Franzel, Donald Phiri, Paramu Mafongoya
Durban, 2003
Although there is increasing emphasis on targeting of improved technology towards poor and female farmers, few adoption studies assess the uptake of new practices by these groups in a comprehensive manner.

In this study, community members used the wealth ranking method to identify the different wealth groups in their communities, to determine each household.s wealth status, and to assess the association of wealth and different types of households with the planting of improved tree fallows, a practice for improving crop yields. There were no significant differences between the proportions of women and men planting improved fallows nor were there differences between single women and female heads of households who were married. There was some evidence of association between planting improved fallows and wealth. That 22% of the .poor. group and 16% of the. very poor. group were planting them suggests that there are no barriers preventing low-income households from doing so. Moreover, the proportion of females, poor, and very poor people planting improved fallows varied considerably among villages, suggesting that opportunities exist for increasing their use of the technology. Whereas the use of mineral fertilizer is strongly associated with high- income, male farmers, improved fallows appear to be a gender-neutral and wealth-neutral technology. Poor farmers appreciate improved fallows because they permit them to substitute small amounts of land and labour for cash, their most scarce resource. Finally, the high degree of consistency among different key informants in classifying households among wealth groups confirmed the effectiveness and accuracy of the wealth ranking exercise.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Lilyan E. Fulginiti, Richard K. Perrin, Bingxin Yu
Durban, 2003
Agricultural productivity in 41 Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries from 1960 to 1999 is examined by estimating a semi-nonparametric Fourier production frontier. Over the four decades the estimated rate of productivity change was 0.83% per year, although the average rate from 1985-99 was a strong 1.90% per year. Former UK colonies exhibited significantly higher productivity gains than others, while Liberia and countries that had been colonies of Portugal or Belgium exhibited net reductions in productivity. We measure a significant reduction in productivity during political conflicts and wars, and a significant increase in productivity among those countries with a measure of political rights and civil liberties.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-04-2004
Представлены материалы научной конференции, проведённой университетом штата Мэриленд и Аналитическим центр АПЭ 6-7 июля 2001 г. в Голицино-2. Цель конференции, посвященной исследованию рынков факторов производства в АПК России, - оценить степень изученности проблемы и наметить направления исследований в данной области по программе "Базис".
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-07-2005
Malcolm Gillis, Dwight H. Perkins, Steven Radelet, Michael Roemer, Donald R. Snodgrass
New York: W.W. Norton, 2001, 60 с.
Adopted at more than 400 colleges and universities worldwide, «Economics of Development» remains the standard of excellence in its market. That tradition continues with this Fifth Edition in which the all-star team of authors, including newcomer Steven Radelet, introduce a number of important improvements to the book's scope and coverage. Like previous editions, this one benefits from the wide-ranging expertise of its authors, both as researchers and field practitioners, and its approach remains steadfastly pragmatic and authoritative. Now more than ever before, «Economics of Development» is the book to count on in your development course.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 30-07-2004
Gary Hamel, C. K. Prahalad
Москва: Олимп-Бизнес, 2002, 288 с.
Книга "Конкурируя за будущее. Создание рынков завтрашнего дня" Г. Хамела и К. К. Прахалада, известных специалистов в области делового администрирования и международного бизнеса, знакомит читателей с их новыми яркими идеями и подходами. Цель авторов - мотивировать менеджеров и руководителей компаний отойти от традиционной практики сокращения штатов при преобразовании своих предприятий. Взамен они предлагают компаниям стратегию завоевания лидирующий позиций не только на существующих, но и на будущих рынках. Из книги читатель узнает, как пробудить и развить в себе талант предвидения, необходимого для последовательного изменения отрасли, как разработать стратегическое намерение и мобилизовать свою компанию на его реализацию, как создать ключевые компетенции для будущего, расширить границы корпоративного воображения и оживить процесс создания нового бизнеса. "Конкурируя за будущее" - это в равной степени учебник для революционеров в бизнесе и руководство по созданию рынков будущего. Книга адресована тем, кто не хочет довольствоваться ролью догоняющего, кто убежден, что лучший путь к успеху - это переделать правила игры, кто не боится подвергать сомнению традиции и более склонен строить, чем переделывать. Книга предназначена для предпринимателей и профессиональных менеджеров, стремящихся преуспеть в конкуренции за будущие рынки. Она будет интересна также преподавателям и студентам, готовящимся вступить на путь создания новой экономики, полный трудностей, борьбы и творчества.
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