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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 20


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On Capitalism [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2009
Ред.: Victor Nee, Richard Swedberg
Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2007, 368 с.
Capitalism dominates economies all over the world and is a key force in the process of globalization. What makes it such a uniquely dynamic social and economic force, however, is open to debate. The essays in this book take up this issue, offering theories on both what encourages and what blocks capitalism. In On Capitalism leading economists, sociologists, and political scientists develop ideas and insights into the dynamic of capitalism as a global economic order. Unlike studies that focus only on localized descriptions of what has made capitalism function in a specific place, these essays examine the general mechanisms that account for dynamic or rational capitalism. As each chapter shows, the mechanisms motivating and facilitating today's global capitalism are not rooted in the materialist domain of incremental capital accumulation, but in the realm of ideas and institutional structures. Taken as a whole, these essays offer a rich account of the interconnectedness of the economic, political, and religious institutions of modern capitalism.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-10-2003
Drawing on philosophy and psychology, Schlicht seeks to reintroduce the notion of custom in economics. In the process, he provides a link between market processes, which are often analyzed, and customary elements, which have been neglected by economists or at best seen as routines that have been adopted because they were competitively successful.
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Опубликовано на портале: 06-01-2004
James E. Foster, Amartya Sen
Oxford: Claredon Press, 1997
In this classic text, first published in 1973, Amartya Sen relates the theory of welfare economics to the study of economic inequality. He presents a systematic treatment of the conceptual framework as well as the practical problems of measurement of inequality. In his masterful analysis, Sen assesses various approaches to measuring inequality and delineates the causes and effects of economic disparities. Containing the four lectures from the original edition as well as a new introduction, this timeless study is essential reading for economists, philosophers, and social scientists.

In a new introduction, Amartya Sen, jointly with James Foster, critically surveys the literature that followed the publication of this book, and also evaluates the main analytical issues in the appraisal of economic inequality and poverty.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-10-2003
Institutionalist analysis is increasingly used as a key research tool for economists confronted with the shortcomings of mainstream economic analysis and the problems presented by the transformation of socio-economic systems in Eastern Europe. On Economic Institutions brings together leading economists working in a wide range of research traditions who examine theories of institutions and institutional change.
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Опубликовано на портале: 16-01-2003
Andrew S. Grove
New York: Currency-Doubleday, 1996
Based on the author's years in management roles at Intel, this book presents sound ideas on managing change. Grove suggests that close attention be paid to the time in organizational life when its fundamentals are about to change: a change that can mean great opportunity or a change that can signal the end. He calls these change periods "strategic inflection points", and notes that they call for full-scale change. Grove warns that unattended strategic inflection points can be deadly and that they can affect careers, as well as organizations. He goes on to demonstrate that in both cases, the greatest danger is in standing still: there needs to be commitment to a course accompanied by watchful concern to maintain a constant pace designed to not waste momentum and/or valuable resources.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-03-2004
Книга Р. Шартье посвящена анализу и критическому сопоставлению новых подходов в историографии и культурной истории, которые при всех их различиях вписываются в рамки прагматического поворота в социальных науках (М. Фуко, М. де Серто, Н. Элиас, Ф. Ариес и др.). Обсуждению книги Р. Шартье "On the Edge of the Cliff" посвящен специальный форум "Critical Pragmatism, Language, and Cultural History", опубликованный в журнале French Historical Studies, Vol. 21, № 2 (Spring 1998). Среди статей, опубликованных на форуме, ответ Р. Шартье "Writing the Practices".
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Konrad Hagedorn
This paper aims at explaining the role and importance of the evolution of institutions for sustainable agri-environments during the transition process by referring to agrienvironmental problems faced in Central and Eastern European countries. A central question therefore is whether the required institutional arrangements for achieving sustainability in the area of agri-environmental resource management can be built more easily in periods of transition as they fill institutional gaps, or whether processes of transition make institution building a more difficult and far more time consuming task than previously thought. Above all, we want to find out, how these two processes of institution building at different scales affect the sustainable management of resources such as water and biodiversity in agriculture. It will become clear that the agri-environmental problem areas faced during transition are complex and dynamic and require adequate institutions both by political design and from the grassroots, to be developed by the respective actors involved. Transition from centrally planned to pluralistic systems has to be considered as a particular and in some respect nontypical process of institutional change. Popular theories of institutional change do not necessarily apply. The privatisation experience from many CEE countries will serve as an example. Finally, we will emphasis the problem of missing or insufficient interaction between political actors or agencies and people in CEE countries. Substantial investments into social and human capital, particularly regarding informal institutions are needed for institutions of sustainability to evolve.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Agnar Hegrenes, Anders Ringgaard Kristensen, Gudbrand Lien
Durban, 2003
A model is presented to investigate the optimal economic life cycle of grass leys with winter damage problems in northern Norway and to determine the threshold of winter damage before it is profitable to reseed. A two-level hierarchic Markov process has been constructed using the MLHMP software. The model takes uncertainty concerning yield potential, damage estimation and weather dependent random fluctuations into account. A Kalman filter technique is used for updating of knowledge on yield potential and damage level.

The application of the model is demonstrated using data from two commercial Norwegian farms. Since parameter estimates vary considerably among farms, it is concluded that decision support concerning optimal economic life cycle of grass leys should be done at farm level. The results also show the importance of using a flexible dynamic replacement strategy. Use of the model for a specific farm situation is illustrated.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Anna Haring
Organic farming is increasingly considered in the European Common Agricultural Policy. Sound evaluations of the effects of policy measures on organic farms in the EU are needed to face the challenges in future policy design. The effects of various policy scenarios on profitability and development strategies of typical organic arable and dairy farms are analysed for the EU countries Germany, Denmark, the United Kingdom and Italy. Based on an approach which integrates simulation modelling and focus groups, profitability of model farms is analysed ex-post for year the 1999 and their potential development simulated until 2008 under Agenda 2000 and three alternative policy scenarios. For each policy scenario potential farm adaptation strategies are analysed.

Size, structure, productivity, achieved output prices and policy surrounding of typical organic farms differ widely between countries and farm types. Great differences in the contribution of payments to total farm profit and farm family labour remuneration are observed. Dairy model farms are expected to slightly benefit from Agenda 2000, while arable farms are more susceptible to price reductions realised in the Agenda 2000 package. In adaptation to Agenda 2000 organic dairy farms are expected to grow, while arable farms are more likely to diversify production or envisage valued adding strategies. The effects of alternative policy scenarios on profitability of typical farms are similar in all countries. The choice of adaptation strategy of farmers in the different countries, however, vary significantly, mainly due to the current market situation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-01-2003
Edgar Schein
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1992
'Organizational learning, development and planned change cannot be understood without considering culture as a primary source of resistance to change.' Thus argues Schein in the second edition of this seminal book. The work is organized into six parts, dealing with a.what culture is and does; b.the dimensions of culture; c.how to study and interpret culture; d.the role of leadership in building culture; e.the evolution of culture and leadership and; f.learning cultures and learning leaders. Schein's discussion of learning draws explicitly on the thinking of Donald Michael, Tom Malone and Peter Senge and asserts that the leaders of the future will have to be perpetual learners. This is a highly readable book, which pulls together insights from both the academic and practitioner worlds. Its canvass is broad but represents the real depth of understanding that comes from an expert who has spent years developing his knowledge of this topic.
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Опубликовано на портале: 16-01-2003
M. D. Cohen, Lee S. Sproull
Thousemd Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1996
This is an excellent collection of readings, many of them published originally in a special edition of Organization Science in 1991. Authors include such luminaries as March, Simon, Starbuck, Weick, and Winter. The book contains many stimulating and often contradictory perspectives. For example, whilst Simon argues that all learning takes place inside individual human heads, Weick and Roberts posit the existence and significance of what they call collective minds, the pattern of heedful interrelations of actions in a social system.. In their introduction, the editors suggest that this set of papers on organizational learning challenges conventional organization theory in three ways: 1.they focus on action rather than choice; 2.they emphasize dynamics, with stability interpreted in that context; and 3.they explain organizational coherence rather than assuming it. The reader should find here a rich seam to mine for an understanding of current perspectives in this field.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Jurgen Zeddies
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 471-493 с.
This paper analyzes the situation of large scale farms, mostly former kolkhozes and sovkhozes, in the Russian transition period. A continuing, significant decline in land use, employment, production, productivity, liquidity and financial results since privatization in 1992 and after the considerable changes in economic and legal sphere in 1995-96 is documented.

The development of factor endowment, crop and livestock production, marketing and management failures rising from necessary adjustment to the changing economic environment and organization problems are elaborated. Finally the paper gives some policy recommendations for improving the economic setting in which Russia’s large scale farms have to operate.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-02-2003
Andrew Hoffman, Marc Ventresca
Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002
Brings together emerging perspectives from organization theory and management, environmental sociology, international regime studies, and the social studies of science and technology to provide a starting point for discipline-based studies of environmental policy and corporate environmental behavior.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-09-2003
Ред.: Oliver E. Williamson
New York: Oxford University Press, 1995, 288 с.
An important contribution to organization theory, this volume reports on recent progress in this field, and projects a productive research future. This collection of papers is edited by renowned business thinker Oliver Williamson, who is currently Transamerica Professor of Corporate Strategy at the School of Business Administration at Berkeley. The fiftieth anniversary of the publication of Chester I. Barnard's remarkable and still influential book, The Functions of the Executive, was celebrated with a seminar series at the University of California, Berkeley in the Spring of 1988. Eight of those lectures are published here. The contributors include organization specialists and sociologists (Barbara Levitt and James March; W. Richard Scott; Glenn Carroll; Jeffrey Pfeffer), an anthropologist, a political scientist, and two economists (Mary Douglas; Terry Moe; Oliver Hart; Oliver Williamson). An important contribution to organization theory, this volume reports on recent progress in this field, and projects a productive research future.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007
Charles Perrow
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2005, 272 с.
American society today is shaped not nearly as much by vast open spaces as it is by vast, bureaucratic organizations. Over half the working population toils away at enterprises with 500 or more employees--up from zero percent in 1800. Is this institutional immensity the logical outcome of technological forces in an all-efficient market, as some have argued? In this book, the first organizational history of nineteenth-century America, Yale sociologist Charles Perrow says no. He shows that there was nothing inevitable about the surge in corporate size and power by century's end. Critics railed against the nationalizing of the economy, against corporations' monopoly powers, political subversion, environmental destruction, and "wage slavery." How did a nation committed to individual freedom, family firms, public goods, and decentralized power become transformed in one century? Bountiful resources, a mass market, and the industrial revolution gave entrepreneurs broad scope. In Europe, the state and the church kept private organizations small and required consideration of the public good. In America, the courts and business-steeped legislators removed regulatory constraints over the century, centralizing industry and privatizing the railroads. Despite resistance, the corporate form became the model for the next century. Bureaucratic structure spread to government and the nonprofits. Writing in the tradition of Max Weber, Perrow concludes that the driving force of our history is not technology, politics, or culture, but large, bureaucratic organizations. Perrow, the author of award-winning books on organizations, employs his witty, trenchant, and graceful style here to maximum effect. Colorful vignettes abound: today's headlines echo past battles for unchecked organizational freedom; socially responsible alternatives that were tried are explored along with the historical contingencies that sent us down one road rather than another. No other book takes the role of organizations in America's development as seriously. The resultant insights presage a new historical genre. Charles Perrow is Research Scholar and Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Yale University. Two of his six books are prizewinners: Normal Accidents (Princeton) and The AIDS Disaster. Complex Organizations (McGraw Hill) is in its third edition. He has written seventy articles and book chapters. Perrow has been a visiting professor at the London Graduate School of Business Studies, a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and a visiting scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation and the Institute for Advanced Study.
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