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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 64

Книги

Авторы:
А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И Й К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
7 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R ST U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 20-04-2007
G. Calvin MacKenzie, Michael Hafken
Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2002, 160 с.
This book explores the process that led to the current state of ethics regulation in the federal executive branch. It assesses whether efforts to scandal proof the federal government have been successful, what they have cost, and whether reforms should be considered. Informed by research of unprecedented scope and depth, Scandal Proof provides a balanced assessment of the character and impact of federal ethics regulatory efforts—in the process raising an important question: Is there a better way to ensure honest government in Washington?
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Blair A. Ruble
Изд-во: Cambridge University Press, 2001, 448 с.
By exploring and comparing North America's, Russia's, and Japan's 'second cities' - Chicago, Moscow, and Osaka - Second Metropolis discloses the extent to which social fragmentation, frequently viewed as an obstacle to democratic development, actually fostered a 'pragmatic pluralism' that nurtured pluralistic public policies. Such policies are explored through six case studies - the politics of street railways and charter reform in Chicago, adult education and housing in Moscow, and harbor revitalization and poverty alleviation in Osaka - that illustrate how even those with massive political and economic power were stymied by the complexity of their communities. Chicago, Moscow, and Osaka, though the products of very different nations and cultures, nonetheless shared an important experience of inclusive politics during an era of extraordinary growth and social diversity. The success of all three cities, which went well beyond mere survival, rested on a distinctive political resource: pragmatic pluralism.

• Provides a unique comparison of North America's, Russia's, and Japan's 'second cities' - Chicago, Moscow, and Osaka
• Focuses on the 1860s, a decade of wrenching political reform and social change in the United States, Russia, and Japan
• Shows how social fragmentation led to the development of pluralistic public policies rather than impeding democratic development
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Andrzej Kwiecinski, Natasha Pescatore
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 111-127 с.
The level of support provided to Russian agriculture, as measured by the Producer Subsidy Equivalent (PSE), may be used as a criterion to divide the period from 1986 to 1997 into three distinct phases: a phase of very extensive support during the Soviet period, a phase of negative at the beginning of the transition period and increasing in more recent years, with the exception of 1997 when the level of support fell again. It is highly likely that Russia’s PSE will fall again in 1998 as a result of the strong devaluation of the ruble in August 1998, further cuts in budgetary support for agriculture and some reductions in charges on food imports.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-03-2004
James Scott
New Heaven: Yale University Press, 1998, 464 с.
В своей книге Джеймс Скотт развивает идеи о тактиках сопротивления слабых и подчиненных социальных групп, специфическими ресурсами которых являются локальное знание, практики, смекалка, уход от прямых столкновений, творческое приспособление. Автор исследует несколько исторических примеров (научное лесничество в Германии, аграрные реформы в Танзании, коллективизацию в СССР, современное градостроительство) того, как модернистские проекты авторитарных государств терпели поражение из-за непрямого сопротивления «слабых». В книге также содержится концептуальная глава о понятии практики и практического знания.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 31-08-2003
Joel L. Horowitz
New York: Springer-Verlag, 2003
Standard methods for estimating empirical models in economics rely heavily on assumptions about functional forms and the distributions of unobserved random variables. Often, it is assumed that functions of interest are linear or that unobserved random variables are normally distributed. Such assumptions greatly simplify estimation and statistical inference bu are rarely justified by economic theory or other a priori assumptions. Inference based on convenient but incorrect assumptions about functional forms and distributions can be highly erroneous. Semiparametric statistical methods provide a way to reduce the strength of the assumptions required for estimation and inference, thereby reducing the opportunities for obtaining misleading results. These methods are applicable to a wide variety of estimation problems in empirical economics and other fields.

In recent years, semiparametric estimation problems have generated a large literature in econometrics and statistics. Most of this literature is highly technical, and much is divorced from applications. This book presents the main ideas underlying a variety of semiparametric methods in a way that will be accessible to graduate students and applied researchers who are familiar with econometric theory at the level taught in graduate-level courses. The book emphasizes ideas instead of technical details and provides as intuitive an exposition as possible. There are empirical examples that illustrate the methods that are presented and examples without data of applied problems in which semiparametric methods can be useful.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Jeffrey Weeks
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 1996, 288 с.
The new sociology of sexuality has a two-fold aim: to demonstrate how the social shapes the sexual; and to analyse how the sexual in turn becomes a focal point for personal identity, cultural anxiety value debates and political action. Drawing on papers from the 1994 British Sociological Association annual conference on 'Sexualities in Social Context', this volume brings together key contributors to this stimulating new approach. Topics covered include theoretical developments, the relationship between history and contemporary controversies, community and identity, especially in the context of AIDS, value conflicts and changes in the meanings of intimacy. The book as a whole offers a significant intervention into debates on sexuality, and a thoughtful contribution to the broadening of the sociological agenda.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006
Mari Sako
Oxford: Open University Press, 2006, 320 с.
All firms wrestle with restructuring, involving consolidation of mergers and acquisitions on the one hand, and fragmentation through outsourcing and spin-offs on the other. Through an in-depth investigation into the organizational strategies of Japanese corporate management and union leaders in Japan, Mari Sako explores the issue of 'organizational boundaries' that arises from such restructuring. Examining the strategy and structure of both businesses and trade unions, the book draws upon empirical evidence drawn from interviews conducted at Toyota and Matsushita and their respective unions. It examines their respective strategies in coping with organizational boundaries against the backdrop of changing labour markets, and, in the process, challenges widely held notions about Japanese corporate and union structures. Mari Sako goes on to explore the implications of these relationships in other advanced industrial countries for corporate restructuring, jobs, and labour market flexibility.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Simon Maxwell
Durban, 2003
Rural development has not received the priority and attention warranted by the present and future concentration of poverty in rural areas. Is this perhaps because rural development agencies present conflicting narratives? A framework is presented within which to answer that question, and is then applied to the recent policy statements of the EU, FAO, IFAD and the World Bank. Each policy statement is compelling in its own way, but the strategies are not consistent. A narrative is needed which: recognises the rapid pace of change in rural areas; acknowledges the overriding need for diversification out of agriculture; builds market institutions for growth; and works effectively within the current international consensus on poverty reduction, emphasising opportunity, empowerment and security.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-12-2006
Irena Grugulis
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, cерия "Management, Work and Organisations", 272 с.
This book focuses on the way people are developed at work; the skills that are encouraged, the way they are controlled and the implications they have for the people who possess and exercise them. Taking a critical perspective, Skill, Training and Human Resource Development draws on a wide range of research and covers an array of organizational practices - from managing culture and emotional labour to job design and qualifications - and adeptly considers the implications of these for the people involved.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Arthur J. Vidich, Joseph Bensman
Изд-во: University of Illinois Press, 2000, 560 с.
"First published in 1958, "Small Town in Mass Society" set community studies on a new course by placing the small town within the framework of large-scale, bureaucratic mass society. Drawing attention to the dynamics of class and ethnicity in relation to economics and politics, this landmark work was among the first to document the consequences of centralized administration on life in American communities. Through a close study of ""Springdale, New York,"" Arthur J. Vidich and Joseph Bensman depict the small town as continuously and increasingly drawn into the central institutions and processes of the total society. Vidich and Bensman based their conclusions on extensive interviews with and close observation of the inhabitants of one community. The original publication of the book caused a sharp response among the town's citizens who felt their trust had been violated and their town misrepresented. The present volume includes the editorials and correspondence evoked by that controversy, the authors' articles describing their methodology, a new foreword by Michael W. Hughey, and a new afterword in which Arthur J. Vidich recounts the creation and history of the book."
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Graham Crow, Sue Heath
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002, 288 с.
This book is concerned with the significance of time in work and everyday life. The contributors are among the foremost authorities in the field, and their up-to-date contributions consider the changing social meanings that time has in work, leisure and everyday routines. Together they provide a combination of theoretical and empirically-based approaches that reveal the social significance of time in all aspects of everyday lives.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию) ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 26-11-2007
Ronald Philip Dore
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2001, 328 с.
Ronald Dore’s enquiring mind, rigorous reasoning and comparative methodology have greatly enhanced our understanding of Japan. His insights from Japan have been deployed to generate fresh perspectives on Britain and other industrialized and developing countries. This careful selection of writings reflects his underlying concern with what light the study of Japan sheds on theoretical generalizations about how societies evolve and how economies work. Social Evolution, Economic Development and Culture brings together Ronald Dore’s key writings for the first time, making his work accessible across a wide range of social science disciplines. It produces a distinctive perspective with four interlinking themes – technology-driven social evolution, late development, culture and polemics. These are highly topical in the current context of rapid technological innovation and socio-economic change, globalization and accompanying policy choices. The book provides a rich empirical and conceptual source for those interested in technology, socio-economic evolution and culture, and the ways in which they interact. Researchers, teachers and students in the fields of evolutionary economics, economic development, comparative education, institutional economics, political economy and economic and classical sociology (as well as Japanese studies) will find this volume invaluable reading.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 13-02-2007
Gosta Esping-Andersen
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999, 218 с.
The Golden Age of postwar capitalism has been eclipsed, and with it seemingly also the possibility of harmonizing equality and welfare with efficiency and jobs. Most analyses believe that the emerging postindustrial society is overdetermined by massive, convergent forces, such as tertiarization, new technologies, or globalization, all conspiring to make welfare states unsustainable in the future. Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies takes a second, more sociological and more institutional, look at the driving forces of economic transformation. What, as a result, stands out is postindustrial diversity, not convergence. Macroscopic, global trends are undoubtedly powerful, yet their influence is easily rivalled by domestic institutional traditions, by the kind of welfare regime that, some generations ago, was put in place. It is, however, especially the family economy that hold the key as to what kind of postindustrial model will emerge, and to how evolving tradeoffs will be managed. Twentieth-century economic analysis depended on a set of sociological assumptions that, now, are invalid. Hence, to better grasp what drives today's economy, we must begin with its social foundations.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 08-09-2006
The research presented in this volume varies in its coverage and its approach to issues of social inequality in health and health care delivery. This volume includes both theoretical and quantitative papers, and deals with complex understandings of macro system issues, the impact of the patient and individual factors on health and health care and the impact of the provider and interaction between providers and patients. The first section focuses on macro system issues and includes both more theoretical approaches to the topic and quantitative approaches. The second section includes articles with a greater focus on patient characteristics. These articles vary greatly in their coverage, with some focusing on the US as a whole, and others on specific sections of the US or subgroups within the population such as African American women or the elderly. The third section focuses on providers and issues of social inequality and health care delivery. These papers examine issues of gender, race and poverty as examples of sources of inequality in modern societies. In contrast to the second section, although these papers may pay some attention to individual factors, the focus of the chapters are on aspects of health care providers. Research on providers of care is another long, important research tradition within medical sociology.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 27-03-2004
Theodore Schatzki
New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996, 260 с.
Одна из первых книг, специально посвященных построению теории общества на основе концепции практик. В книге содержится обобщение взглядов Л. Витгенштейна на природу социального, что стало отправной точкой для дальнейшего уточнения определения и классификации социальных практик. Язык книги довольно сложный и тяжелый, однако в ней много новых идей, например, противопоставление дисперсных и интегративных практик.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)