Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 20
Understanding Financial Crises [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 02-12-2008Franklin Allen, Douglas Gale
Изд-во: Oxford University Press, 2007, cерия "Clarendon Lectures in Finance", 303 с.
What causes a financial crisis? Can financial crises be anticipated or even avoided? What can be done to lessen their impact? Should governments and international institutions intervene? Or should financial crises be left to run their course? In the aftermath of the recent Asian financial crisis, many blamed international institutions, corruption, governments, and flawed macro and microeconomic policies not only for causing the crisis but also unnecessarily lengthening and deepening it. Based on ten years of research, the authors develop a theoretical approach to analyzing financial crises. Beginning with a review of the history of financial crises and providing readers with the basic economic tools needed to understand the literature, the authors construct a series of increasingly sophisticated models. Throughout, the authors guide the reader through the existing theoretical and empirical literature while also building on their own theoretical approach. The text presents the modern theory of intermediation, introduces asset markets and the causes of asset price volatility, and discusses the interaction of banks and markets. The book also deals with more specialized topics, including optimal financial regulation, bubbles, and financial contagion.
Understanding futures markets [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003Robert W. Kolb
New York: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1997, 640 с.
Учебник раскрывает основные понятия фьючерсных рынков. Авторами рассматриваются товары, торгуемые на товарных биржах, игроки, стратегии, институты данного рынка. Основные темы - фьючерсные рынки, цены на фьючерсы, игроки и их функции на фьючерсном рынке, сельскохозяйственные и металлургические фьючерсные контракты, другие виды фьючерсов, опционы.
Опубликовано на портале: 02-05-2006Nicholas Stevenson
London: Sage Publications, 2002, 256 с.
Книга представляет собой критический анализ некоторых наиболее важных теоретических направлений в социальных исследованиях массовой коммуникации. Автор излагает основные положения и результаты и и предлагает анализ: разных ветвей марксизма (Рэймонд Уильямс, Медиа-Группа университета Глазго, Стюарт Холл), критических исследований аудитории (Дэвид Морлей, Джон Фиск, феминизм), концепций Юргена Хабермаса, Жана Бодрийяра, Маршалла МакЛюэна и торонтской школы. Книга – путеводитель по современной теории массовой коммуникации, полезная как для студентов, так и для преподавателей.
Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007Douglass C. North
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2005, cерия "Princeton Economic History of the Western World", 2208 с.
In this landmark work, a Nobel Prize-winning economist develops a new way of understanding the process by which economies change. Douglass North inspired a revolution in economic history a generation ago by demonstrating that economic performance is determined largely by the kind and quality of institutions that support markets. As he showed in two now classic books that inspired the New Institutional Economics (today a subfield of economics), property rights and transaction costs are fundamental determinants. Here, North explains how different societies arrive at the institutional infrastructure that greatly determines their economic trajectories. North argues that economic change depends largely on "adaptive efficiency," a society's effectiveness in creating institutions that are productive, stable, fair, and broadly accepted--and, importantly, flexible enough to be changed or replaced in response to political and economic feedback. While adhering to his earlier definition of institutions as the formal and informal rules that constrain human economic behavior, he extends his analysis to explore the deeper determinants of how these rules evolve and how economies change. Drawing on recent work by psychologists, he identifies intentionality as the crucial variable and proceeds to demonstrate how intentionality emerges as the product of social learning and how it then shapes the economy's institutional foundations and thus its capacity to adapt to changing circumstances. Understanding the Process of Economic Change accounts not only for past institutional change but also for the diverse performance of present-day economies. This major work is therefore also an essential guide to improving the performance of developing countries.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006Richard Wilkinson
London, New York: Routledge, 1996, 272 с.
Among the developed countries it is not the richest societies which have the best health, but those which have the smallest income differences between rich and poor. Inequality and relative poverty have absolute effects: they increase death rates. But why? How can smaller income differences raise average life expectancy? Using examples from the USA, Britain, Japan and Eastern Europe, and bringing together evidence from the social and medical sciences, Unhealthy Socities provides the explanation. Healthy, egalitarian societies are more socially cohesive. They have a stronger community life and suffer fewer of the corrosive effects of inequality. As well as inequality weakening the social fabric, damaging health and increasing crime rates, Unhealthy Societies shows that social cohesion is crucial to the quality of life. The contrast between the material success and social failure of modern societies marks an imbalance which needs attention. The relationship between health and equality suggests that important social needs will go unmet without a larger measure of social and distributive justice.
Unions, Employers and Central Banks: Macroeconomic Coordination and Institutional Change in Social Market Economies [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2007Ред.: Torben Iversen, David Soskice, Jonas Pontusson
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000, cерия "Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics", 356 с.
This book focuses on some of the most important political-economic changes in advanced industrialized countries over the past two decades, namely, the sharp rise in unemployment in some countries and the growth of inequality in others. Using a variety of methodological approaches, the essays provide different pieces to this puzzle and explain how economic outcomes may be linked to macroeconomic policies and wage bargaining practices. Focusing on the experiences of northern European countries, the book also explores the intersection of partisan politics, the international economy, and nationally specific institutions.
Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006Ред.: Thomas Kochan, Anil Verma
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004, 320 с.
This book presents a series of research essays on the state of unions in many different parts of the world. Written by leading researchers in the field it provides insights into the causes of union decline. But it goes beyond historical analyses to investigate the prospects for the future. Can unions organize in segments of the workforce such as the youth, women, low wage workers and those in the informal sector? Can unions network with other organizations such as NGOs nationally and internationally to gain power and influence?
Unsere postmoderne Moderne [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 31-01-2004Wolfgang Welsch
1987, cерия "Acta Humaniora", 344 с.
Книга ведущего немецкого исследователя постмодернизма предлагает скурпулезную реконструкцию истории выражения «постмодерн», развивая единое понятие «постмодерна», актуализируемого в различных сферах. Автор анализирует феномены постмодерна во всей их широте. Рассматривая явления в области литературы, архитектуры и других искусств, исследователь также выносит на обсуждение новые явления в области научной теории, уделяет внимание социологической постановке вопроса, диагностирует изменения в жизненном мире, освещает философское измерение проблемы. Свою позицию Вельш развивает в активном диалоге с позициями других исследователей и теоретиков постмодерна, представляя вниманию читателя панораму концепций Ваттимо, Фуко, Делеза, Деррида, Рорти, Гуиссена, Фостера, Джеймисона и Лиотара. Выходя за пределы своей дисциплины, Вельш охватывает взором современную ему действительность, воссоздавая картину времени, основной характеристикой которого, по Вельшу, становится понятие плюрализма. Версия постмодерна, которую предлагает книга Вельша, проблемно-ориентированная. В книге анализируются также предшественники постмодерна. В конце работы Вельш развивает оригинальную концепцию разума, которая после многих лет критики разума в качестве попытки выхода из нее вводится автором в контекст ситуации постмодерна и раскрывает возможности нового понимания принципов разумности и справедливости.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-11-2006Lewis D. Hopkins
Изд-во: Island Press, 2001, 288 с.
With increased awareness of the role of plans in shaping urban and suburban landscapes has come increased criticism of planners and the planning profession. Developers, politicians, and citizens alike blame "poor planning" for a host of community ills. But what are plans really supposed to do? How do they work? What problems can they successfully address, and what is beyond their scope? In Urban Development, leading planning scholar Lewis Hopkins tackles these thorny issues as he explains the logic of plans for urban development and justifies prescriptions about when and how to make them. He explores the concepts behind plans, some that are widely accepted but seldom examined, and others that modify conventional wisdom about the use and usefulness of plans. The book: places the role of plans and planners within the complex system of urban development offers examples from the history of plans and planning discusses when plans should be made (and when they should not be made) gives a realistic idea of what can be expected from plans examines ways of gauging the success or failure of plansThe author supports his explanations with graphics, case examples, and hypothetical illustrations that enliven, clarify, and make concrete the discussions of how decisions about plans are and should be made.Urban Development will give all those involved with planning human settlements a more thorough understanding of why and how plans are made, enabling them to make better choices about using and making plans. It is an important contribution that will be essential for students and faculty in planning theory, land use planning, and planning project courses.
Опубликовано на портале: 20-04-2007Denise DiPasquale
Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,: Prentice-Hall, 1995, 378 с.
This up-to-date, highly-accessible book presents a unique combination of both economic theory and real estate applications, providing readers with the tools and techniques needed to understand the operation of urban real estate markets. It examines residential and non-residential real estate markets—from the perspectives of both macro- and micro-economics—as well as the role of government in real estate markets.
Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006Freek Columbijn, Aygen Erdentug
London, New York: Routledge, 2002, 312 с.
This collection attempts to answer the two leading questions of how urban space structures the life of ethnic groups and how ethnic diversity helps to shape urban space. A multi-disciplinary team of authors search the various dimensions of the spatial organization of inter-ethnic relations in cities around the globe. The presentation of material from diverse locations such as Toronto, Philadelphia, Beirut, Jakarta, Tehran, Osaka and Albuquerque presents a unique opportunity for comparative analysis of ethnicity and spatial patterns.
Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006Malcolm Miles, Tim Hall
London, New York: Routledge, 2003, 280 с.
This collection brings together commentaries from a wide range of contemporary disciplines relevant to urban culture, form and society. The book concerns cities in the broadest sense, not just as buildings and spaces, but also as processes and events or sites of occupation, in which meanings are constructed in many ways. The contributors draw on their specialist areas of research to inform current debate, but they also speculate as to how cities will be shaped in the 21st century. Specific areas of research include homeless people's organizations, restoration ecology, post-industrial urban landscapes, cyberspace as a site (or not) of community, post-industrial economics, tourism, cultural planning and the relation of urbanization and bio-physics.
Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006Ad van der Woude, Jan de Vries
Изд-во: Claredon Press, 1995, 371 с.
Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006Pierre Hamel, Henri Lustiger-Thaler, Margit Mayer
London, New York: Routledge, 2000, 232 с.
Urban social movements have traditionally been seen as being preoccupied with local issues, and as a result have been marginalized in the wider study of social movements. However, the increasing globalization of cities, the international flows of people, money and policy, have meant that the local issues urban movements engage with are becoming less parochial and more global. This collection deals with the transformation of urban movements in these new social, economic and political environments.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-11-2006Enzo Mingione
Изд-во: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1996, 448 с.
Over the last two decades poverty has moved centrestage as an issue within the social sciences. This volume, edited by one of Europe's foremost sociologists, aims to assess the debates surrounding poverty and the responses to it, exploring the ways in which the various socio-political systems and welfarist regimes are being radically transformed. The essays examine how such change is effected by failing welfare programmes and enervating social structures such as family and community which once would have provided mechanisms of social stability.The first part of the book provides reflections on urban poverty; the second part discusses the widely debated idea of an underclass and its meanings in Europe and in the USA, and the final part draws on concrete empirical analyses to examine the patterns of poverty thoughout Western Europe.This volume will be of first-rate importance to all serious students of politics, sociology, geography, public policy, youth and community studies, social policy and American studies.