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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 33


все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я

Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Rita Caccamo
Изд-во: Stanford University Press, 2001, 176 с.
Published in 1929, Robert Lynd and Helen Merrell Lynd's "Middletown: A Study in Modern American Culture" was destined to become a sociological point of reference for the quality of life in an average American town in the 1920s. Their Middletown in Transition, a 1937 restudy of the same community now known to be Muncie, Indiana provided a second point of reference on community values in the midst of the great American depression. Achieving the status of cultural benchmarks, these two books have generated an enormous secondary literature on Muncie/Middletown, including a two-volume restudy by Theodore Caplow, published in the 1980s, and a series of six documentary films. Back to Middletown differs from the numerous other investigations and analyses of one of the most famous community studies in the history of sociology. The author, an Italian sociologist, examines the complete Middletown saga through the distinctive lens of an outsider, tracing the character and evolution of middle America from the Lynds' time down to the present. She has been resourceful and meticulous in her discovery of previously unknown sources data, documents, and correspondence that shed new light on the formation and elaboration of the Lynds Middletown project and on the changing evaluation of the project by generations of scholars.
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Bad News [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 18-02-2006

London: Kegan Paul, 1976
«Плохие новости» - первая в серии монографий Медиа-группы университета Глазго (МГУГ), принесшая известность этому исследовательскому коллективу. Как и другие книги МГУГ, она отличается резкой марксистской критикой процессов производства новостей, строгой методологией и наличием большого массива эмпирических данных. Анализируя промышленные новости Великобритании 1975 года, авторы приходят к выводам: между состоявшимися и освещенными забастовками нет последовательной связи; одни типы забастовок представлены больше, чем другие; интерпретации событий всегда смещены в сторону менеджмента предприятий, а забастовщики систематически дискриминируются.

Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006
David Allen Karp, Gregory P. Stone, William C. Yoels
Изд-во: Praeger Publishers, 1991, 296 с.
Being Urban examines the dynamic interplay between what theoretical perceptions tell us about urban life and how ordinary people interpret and respond to the actual experience of living in cities. A major focus of inquiry is the strategies people use to create "community" in an environment where, many theorists believe, only alienation and progressive disintegration are possible. In the second edition of this important work, the authors have expanded their commitment to interdisciplinary perspectives and have also included chapters on significant topics that have been largely neglected in urban sociology. Part I provides a review of the themes of urban sociology developed by nineteenth-century classic theorists and early American social scientists. In Part II, the authors look at selected aspects of everyday city life, including the bases of community, the primacy of social interaction for an understanding of urban life, and conditions that produce the breakdown of urban tolerance for diversity of cultures and lifestyles. A new chapter in Part II studies women's experiences in cities. Part III explores institutional structures of urban life and broad patterns of cultural change. A fascinating chapter focuses on power, stratification, and class structure in cities, while a new chapter analyzes the role of sports in urban life. The final chapter discusses city life in the postindustrial era, and the demographic, cultural, and historical factors that lie behind the ongoing transformation of American cities. This new edition offers a balanced treatment that avoids the anti-urban bias characteristic of much that has been written on the subject. Being Urban is appropriate for professionals and academics concerned with urban life, as well as for courses in urban sociology.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 23-01-2003
Christopher E. Bogan, Michael J. English
New York: McGraw Hill, 1994
The authors note that benchmarking is the systematic process of searching for best practices, innovative ideas, and highly effective operating procedures that lead to superior performance. Best practice benchmarking, considering the experience of others, is a fundamental approach to managing in today's work world. New and innovative methods are important because organizations must look outside to find the best practices in order to motivate their organization to meet the highest standards possible. Included in the appendix are worksheets that can be copied in order to integrate benchmarking into the organization.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 26-05-2004
Vladislav Bajaja, Wilhelm Buhrer, Peter Krassnig, Phillippe Nanopoulos, Emmanuel Raulin, Guy Valentin
Ред.: Utz-Peter Reih, Rudolph Janke
Stuttgart: Mettzler-Poeschel, 1996
Сборник "Статистика предприятий" содержит научные материалы, освещающие все основные вопросы этой отрасли статистики. В нем дано обобщающее статистическое определение предприятия, рассматриваются проблемы составления национальных регистров предприятий, являющихся информационной основой проведения ежегодных обследований, и методические вопросы организации таких обследований. Особенно интересно, что в рецензируемом сборнике, представляющем собой вторую книгу серии "Статистические очерки", собраны статьи представителей двух различных, принятых в Европе статистических подходов к оценке границ сектора предприятий: национального, или французского, и секторального, или немецкого. Научная ценность сборника определяется также и подробным анализом методических подходов к интеграции статистической информации о предприятиях, полученной в указанных различных концепциях определения границ сектора предприятий. Проведение весной 2003 г. экономической переписи в России делает аннотируемый сборник особенно актуальным.

Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Daniel Bertaux
Transaction Publishers, 2005, 232 с.
Between Generations concerns powerful memories that continue to shape the present, but in this case in almost all families throughout the world. What is it that parents pass down to their children? How can we understand the mixture of conscious and unconscious models, myths, and material inheritance that are intertwined in both family and individual life stories? These questions turn out to be unexpectedly complicated, and answering them has suggested how a life-story approach can provide a new key to research on the dynamics of the family and on social change. Because culture is the essence of what makes individual humans into a group, the core of human social identity, its continuity is vital. Cultures are always changing, but the stability of languages, religions, and cultural habits can be astonishing. In contrast to the claims of culture to represent tradition over centuries, stands the sheer brevity of individual human life. Hence, the universal necessity for transmission between generations exists. This paperback edition in the Memory and Narrative series, brings together, contributions from the Americas and Asia as well as from Western and Eastern Europe. They combine the techniques of life story research with the insights of family therapy. Interdisciplinary and intellectually stimulating, the volume will appeal to students in many areas, including history, sociology, literature, psychology, and anthropology.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 25-03-2008
Ред.: Robert Boyer, Steven Tolliday, Ulrich Jurgens, Elsie Charron
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998, 416 с.
Recent years have seen intense debates among management and academics on the rise of `lean production' and `Japanization'. Some authors have stressed the `universal' impact of new forms of work organization and `best practice' while others have questioned the limits of convergence, stressed the weight of national contexts or `societal effects', or highlighted the evolutionary effects of unpredictability in the external environment. The international automobile industry has been a focus for much of this debate and this book, written by a team of leading international researchers in the field, uses this industry to examine in detail the actual practice of the transfer and adaptation of productive models and the trajectories of innovation, compromise, and failure that can result. Case studies cover in detail the Japanese transplant experience in North America, and the global experience of hybrid production systems in Europe, Latin America, and Asia. The book contributes to theoretical discussions about the transfer, adaptation, or convergence of productive models. In particular, the authors argue that direct transplantation or imitation of these models is rarely feasible or even desirable. Systems cannot be transferred without being significantly reshaped. Instead, the book focuses on the process of `hybridization', the complex interaction of productive models with national and societal effects. Hybridization, it is argued, is inevitable. But this should be seen not simply as a process of compromise and retreat but also as an important dynamic of innovation and learning. This book is from the French-based international research network GERPISA (Groupe d'étude de récherche permanent sur l'industrie et les salaries de l'automobile). See related titles below.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 29-09-2003
Das Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung hat es sich daher nach einer dankenswerten Anregung durch sein Kuratorium zur Aufgabe gemacht, aktuell und allgemein verständlich über die demographische Situation in Deutschland zu informieren. Die Authors der Brochure wollen es in Form von Trendaussagen, detaillierten Beschreibungen und graphischen Darstellungen erleichtern, sich einen Überblick über den demographischen Wandel, seine Ursachen und Konsequenzen in Deutschland zu verschaffen. Sie werden erklären, warum die Bevölkerung immer älter wird und welche Konsequenzen für sozialen Sicherungssysteme daraus entstehen. Die Authors werden zeigen, dass Deutschland zu den Niedrig-Fertilitäts-Ländern gehört und die Ursachen dafür nennen. Es wird beschrieben, wie sich die Formen partnerschaftlichen Zusammenlebens verändern. Die Authors machen auf die steigende Scheidungshäufigkeit aufmerksam und weisen darauf hin, wie wichtig die Integration der ausländischen Mitbürger ist.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него

Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006
Ред.: Wolfgang Streeck, Kathleen Thelen
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, 320 с.
Debates surrounding institutional change have become increasingly central to Political Science, Management Studies, and Sociology, opposing the role of globalization in bringing about a convergence of national economies and institutions on one model to theories about 'Varieties of Capitalism'. This book brings together a distinguished set of contributors from a variety of disciplines to examine current theories of institutional change. The chapters highlight the limitations of these theories, finding them lacking in the analytic tools necessary to identify the changes occurring at a national level, and therefore tend to explain many changes and innovation as simply another version of previous situations. Instead a model emerges of contemporary political economies developing in incremental but cumulatively transformative processes. The contributors show that a wide, but not infinite, variety of models of institutional change exist which can meaningfully distinguished and analytically compared. They offer an empirically grounded typology of modes of institutional change that offer important insights on mechanisms of social and political stability, and evolution generally. Beyond Continuity provides a more complex and fundamental understanding of institutional change, and will be important reading for academics, researchers, and advanced students of Political Science, Management Studies, Sociology, and Economics.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2003
Philip Klein
Armonk: M.E.Sharpe, 1994
Some 18 essays by American institutional economist Klein (Pennsylvania State U.), written over the last two decades, are grouped under five major heads: institutionalism - a basic perspective; institutionalism and concentrated power; the role of the public sector; applied institutional economics; and the obligation of the economist.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него

Опубликовано на портале: 26-01-2004
Книга посвящена рассмотрению значения и последствий культурного (или лингвистического) поворота, культурализма и постмодернизма для истории и социологии. В ней также намечаются новые направления развития теории и практики исторических исследований. Различные культурные теории, их сильные и слабые стороны анализируются как с исторической, так и с историко-социологической точек зрения. Дается общая оценка тенденции укрепления позиций культурализма, рассматриваются ключевые проблемы, стоящие перед исторической и социологической наукой в свете изменений, вызванных культурным поворотом и с учетом результатов последних эмпирических исследований социальных практик, нарративов, человеческого тела и самости как критических точек пересечения социального и культурного.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2007
Chris Pierson
Cambridge: Polity Press, 2006, 288 с.
Over the past decade, Beyond the Welfare State? has become established as the key text on the emergence and development of welfare states. It offers a comprehensive and remarkably well-informed introduction to the ever more intense debates that surround the history and, still more importantly, the future of welfare in advanced industrialised states. Comprehensively revised and re-written, this third edition of the book embraces all of the most important theoretical and empirical developments in welfare state studies of recent years. Working within an explicitly comparative framework, the book draws on a wealth of international evidence to survey what are now the most pressing issues surrounding the future of welfare: among them, globalisation, demographic change, declining fertility, postindustrialism and immigration. It draws extensively on the explosion of work on welfare states that has emerged within the North American political science community over the past ten years as well as giving detailed attention to developments with the UK, continental and northern Europe and beyond. Beyond the Welfare State? remains the most comprehensive and up-to-date guide to the complex of issues that surround welfare reform. It is required reading for anyone who wants to come to terms with what is really at stake in arguments about the future of welfare.
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Опубликовано на портале: 16-06-2006
Kewin Dowd
New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1998, 286 с.
Книга "Beyond value at risk" является одной из наиболее известных монографий, посвященных концепции "рисковой стоимости" (value at risk - VaR). Возникновение и развитие концепции value at risk рассматриваются автором в контексте последних достижений финансового риск-менеджмета. В книге содержится подробное изложение различных подходов к расчету показателя VaR: ковариационного метода, метода исторического моделирования, метода Монте-Карло и других методов имитационного моделирования. Специальный раздел посвящен методу проверки на устойчивость ("стресс-тестированию"). Эти методы, а также инновационный подход автора, названный им "обобщенным правилом Шарпа", обсуждаются в книге в их связи с управлением ликвидностью, операционными и юридическими рисками, а также другими аспектами риск-менеджмента. Структура книги и глубина подачи материала позволяют получить целостное представление о современной философии управления рисками - "корпоративном риск-менеджменте" (enterprise-wide risk management). К достоинствам книги следует отнести также и составленную автором обширную библиографию по тематике финансового риск-менеджмента.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 13-11-2007
Ред.: Bob Hancke, Martin Rhodes, Mark Thatcher
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, 450 с.
Since the early 1990s, Europe's economies have been facing several new challenges: the 1992 single market programme, the collapse of the Berlin wall and eastward enlargement, and monetary unification. Building on the influential Varieties of Capitalism (VoC) perspective, first elaborated in detail in the book Varieties of Capitalism (OUP, 2001), this book critically analyzes these developments in the European political economy and their effects on the continental European economies. Leading political economists from Europe and the US debate how VoC can help understand the political-economic challenges that Europe is facing today and how understanding these new challenges can in turn enrich and enhance the VoC perspective. Thematically, the contributions to this volume are organised in four sections:
* how the macro-economics of EMU influenced different European models of capitalism,
* how the Single Market programme was received in the different institutional regimes in European capitalism,
* how welfare and labour market reforms are debated and implemented,
* how European capitalism travelled east after 1989.

Preceding this is a spirited defence of the VoC approach by Peter Hall, and an introduction from the volume editors, considering the approach, and proposing extensions and amendments. This book demonstrates that the VoC approach remains, as the editors put it in their introduction, a rich seam to mine, capable of accommodating new developments, and theoretically flexible enough to branch out into new arguments.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 15-07-2004
Current edition of the classic upper-level biostatistics text. Separate compendium of tables was used with Sokal/Rohlf, Biometry, 3/e, avoids an inconvenience of turning within the text back and forth to refer to data. In can be used with other texts, or as an independent research resource.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)