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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 45

все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я

Опубликовано на портале: 07-03-2008
Ред.: Yves Saillard, Robert Boyer
London: Routledge, 2001, 352 с.
Robert Boyer and Yves Sailard's "Theorie de la Regulation" introduced the Francophone public to one of the most important new currents in social science of the past half-century. This long-awaited translation will help broaden its impact still further. "Regulation" "Theory" focuses on the structural features of a given model and has helped enliven the examination of core economic concepts.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Ann-Christin Sorensen, Berit Tennbakk
We have employed a simple model to analyse market regulation in a situation with multifunctional agricultural production, i.e., a public good produced jointly with a private good, and where there is imperfect competition in processing. We have analysed the impact on welfare of two archetype regulatory institutions formed to overcome the market imperfections. The institutions, a Regulatory Marketing Board and a Regulatory Marketing Cooperative, are both represented in the Norwegian agricultural market. Taking into account the cost of public funds, we find that the Board in general ensures the highest social welfare. The Cooperative does not replicate the Board solution unless restricted by a price cap and in combination with a production subsidy. If the restricted Cooperative is able to practise a higher degree of cost sharing than the Board, it may however produce the highest welfare.
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Опубликовано на портале: 09-12-2003
Mark Armstrong, Simon G.B. Cowan, John Vickers
Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1994, 406 с.
Regulatory reform had its beginnings in the United States in the 1970s, and today it is taking place around the globe. One of the central questions for industrial policy is how to regulate firms with market power. Regulatory Reform tackles this important policy issue in two parts: it describes an analytical framework for studying the main issues in regulatory reform, and then applies the analysis to the British experience in four utility industries - telecommunications, gas, electricity, and water supply. Britain's utility industries, state-owned monopolies just ten years ago, offer a dramatic example of comprehensive reforms with parallels elsewhere: industries have been restructured, markets have been liberalized, and new regulatory methods and institutions have been created. The authors focus on common policy questions that arise in each industry while taking into account the considerable diversity between the industries and the different reform policies adopted. The analysis and experience in Britain's utility industries also provides a rich variety of issues concerning monopolistic and anticompetitive practices that are of interest for competition policy in general.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Jens-Peter Loy
The paper aims at analyzing the potentials for reducing income risk and income variation for slaughter hog producers in Germany and Holland by participating at futures markets in Amsterdam or Hannover. The relative market and hedging efficiency for the Amsterdam stock exchange markets is tested and the optimal hedge ratio is derived for minimizing risk and variance of slaughter hog gross margins (income). Relative market efficiency and a significant impact of hedging on income risk and variance can not be rejected. The results show that the optimal hedge ratio is smaller for variance compared to risk minimizing hedging strategy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 15-07-2005
Norman Gemmell
Статья представляет собой обзор различных вариантов моделирования внешних эффектов высшего образования с точки зрения моделей роста и человеческого капитала. Большая часть статьи посвящена также эмпирическому материалу по данной теме.
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Опубликовано на портале: 08-09-2006
The creation of `test-tube babies' acted as a spur to public debate about the implications of research on embryos, in vitro fertilization, surrogate motherhood, and the whole range of technologies concerned with human reproduction. The scope of reproductive technologies examined in this volume - from techniques for the medical `management' of childbirth, to genetic engineering - is such that few women in the western world, and smaller and smaller numbers in the third world, escape their influence. What then is their impact: on the process of reproduction, on family life and particularly on women? Contributors explore the problem of infertility which is used to validate reproductive technologies; the way assumptions about the family and about biological parenthood continue to structure the arguments for and against; the impact of the medicalization of childbirth; the way debates are embedded in changing conceptions of paternal rights, maternal rights and embryo rights; the problems of providing adequate health care for women; and, above all, the urgency with which these issues raise problems about the accountability of science.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-10-2003
The studies in this volume reveal how vast information systems like Dun & Bradstreet and TRW generate reputation and beneficial exchange, and how brand names, middlemen, and dealers give their own sort of seal of approval. One chapter describes the origins of Underwriters' Laboratories, an organization that sells its inspection services and mark of approval for product safety. Another argues that J. P. Morgan's investment banking service was in large part applying astute judgment in granting the Morgan seal of approval to firms in need of capital. Other, less formal, reputational mechanisms such as gossip, customary law, and written correspondence are also explored. Contexts range from trust among merchants in Medieval Europe, social control in small communities, and good conduct in a vast anonymous society such as our own.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-03-2007
David Kelleher, S.M. Hillier
London: Routledge, 1996, 257 с.
There are concerns about the poor health and prevalence of chronic illness among a number of ethnic minority populations. There are also debates about how best to improve the situation. For some, the answer is to see their experiences as part of the general social class inequality in health. However recent evidence questions the extent to which social class can explain the variations in health which ethnic minorities experience. "Researching cultural differences in health" offers a range of accounts of how people in ethnic minority groups perceive and manage their illness. Some of the chapters focus on Bangladeshi, and other South Asian groups, as well as Afro-Caribbeans and Irish people. The illnesses discusses include diabetes, hypertension, sickle-cell disorder, mental illness and coronary heart disease.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Ред.: Nigel Walford, John Everitt, Darrell Napton
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999, 288 с.
Focusing on changes in the United Kingdom, the United States, and Canada, this book explores the issues of continuity and change associated with the operation of demographic, socio-economic, and political processes as they reshape the countryside.

В книге исследуется процесс серьёзных изменений, происходящих сегодня в сельской местности под воздействием демографических, социо - экономических и политических факторов (на примере США, Канады, Великобритании).

Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Jens-Peter Loy, Robert D. Weaver
Durban, 2003
Retail pricing strategies incorporate promotions, sales, and rigidities. A number of models have been proposed in particular to explain the occurrence of sales. Focussing on the market for fresh foods the model by Varian and the loss leader argument seem to be intuitively best fitting to the conditions in the fresh food market.

From these models we derive several hypotheses that are tested for a unique data set of the German fresh food retail market. The data set consists of weekly prices for ten food items in 131 grocery shops over the period from 1995 to 2000. Following Varian sales should lead to reduced expenditures, while the loss leader argument assumes that consumers are lured into the shop by promotional sales which are covered by higher prices for other products. The results indicate that expenditures decrease with the number of sales in the short run but this effect is outweighed by a dynamic price adjustment thereafter.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-03-2004
Ред.: Michèle Lamont, Laurent Thévenot
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000, 375 с.
Книга представляет собой итог совместного франко-американского сравнительного исследования, осуществлявшегося рабочей группой под руководством Мишель Ламон (Prinston University) и Лорана Тевено (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris) в 1994-1999 гг. Исследование построено на сравнении сходных по формальной структуре ситуаций взаимодействия социальных акторов в двух странах. Выбирались различные ситуации из культурной, политической и экономической сферы, в которых возникал конфликт из-за расхождения точек зрения на то, что следует считать правильной или неправильной манерой действия (спорные художественные и культурные акции и произведения, объективность СМИ, конфликт между промышленными и природоохранными проектами, расизм, сексуальные домогательства и т.д.). Сравнивались репертуары оценок, использовавшиеся акторами в двух странах, их удельный вес в той и другой стране, характер столкновений и способы достижения компромиссов. Таким образом, исследователям удалось сравнить, каким образом в двух странах способы вынесения оценок акторами, основанные на повседневной практической компетентности, укорененной в соответствующих локальных культурных практиках, расширяются до уровня публичного и влияют на позиции акторов и их действия при решении публичных проблем.
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Rethinking Families [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Fiona Williams
Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, 2004, 96 с.
Rethinking the Family sets out the main trends - the increase in the number of working mothers, in cohabitation and divorce, in single and step parenthood, in people living on their own or in more open same-sex relationships - within the context of ethnic and cultural diversity and an ageing society. What, it asks, are the effects of these changes and what are the implications for future social policy? In pulling together much new research, it offers a balanced understanding of what matters to people in their intimate lives and develops a practical 'ethic of care' which it applies to issues of current concern, including the work/life balance, parenting support, partnership agreements, services for children, divorce, social inclusion, and citizen participation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2007
Colin C. Williams
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, 360 с.
How will work be organised in the future? This book challenges many popular myths that limit how we think about the future of work. With its global perspective and critical approach, Re-Thinking the Future of Work provides not only an overview and examination of the array of competing visions, but also a radical rethink about the direction of change. The result is to transcend the conventional narratives and open up the future of work to new possibilities.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Maria Bielza, Alberto Garrido, Jose M. Sumpsi
Various forms of revenue insurance have been applied in Canada and in the US with relative success. In this paper different combinations of traditional agricultural policies and revenue and yield insurance are analysed for the Spanish olive oil sector. Taking a database containing about half million Spanish olive growers during 8 campaigns, five possible policies are studied and the results are examined according to different criteria including average revenue and its variability, growers utility gains, taxpayers cost and the transfer efficiency of support. The policies analysed are:
(1) non-intervention;
(2) the policy currently in force in Spain that combines a production aid with a yield insurance;
(3) a revenue insurance, only;
(4) revenue insurance combined with a production aid; and
(5) an aid per tree in combination with revenue insurance.

The methodology is based on Monte-Carlo simulations performed on about 100 groups of growers that have been grouped according to their expected yields and variability. Assuming and estimating olive oil price and yields correlations for each group of growers, the analysis allows for consistent policy comparisons at a very disaggregate level. Using the results for all analysed groups, policies are ranked based on the above criteria at the provincial and national levels. Results show that the current regime of EU production aids of olive oil eliminates the advantage of extending the current yield insurance to a revenue insurance. It is also shown that the level of support delivered by production aids cannot be reached with revenue insurance even with completely subsidised premiums. Finally, it is shown that the policy that combines tree aids with revenue insurance exhibits good results for all examining criteria.
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Опубликовано на портале: 01-02-2007
Alvin Toffler, Heidi Toffler
Изд-во: Alfred A. Knopf Publishers, 2006, 512 с.
Starting with the publication of their seminal best-seller, Future Shock, Alvin and Heidi Toffler have given millions of readers new ways to think about personal life in today's high-speed world with its constantly changing, seemingly random impacts on our businesses, governments, families and daily lives. Now, writing with the same rare grasp and clarity that made their earlier books classics, the Tofflers turn their attention to the revolution in wealth now sweeping the planet. And once again, they provide a startling, penetrating, coherent way to make sense of the seemingly senseless. Revolutionary Wealth is about how tomorrow's wealth will be created, who will get it and how. But 21st Century wealth, according to the Tofflers, is not just about money, and cannot be understood in terms of industrial-age economics. Thus they write here about everything from education and childrearing to Hollywood and China, from everyday truth and lies to what they call our "Third Job" --- the unnoticed work we do without pay for some of the biggest corporations in our country. They show the hidden connections between extreme sports, chocolate chip cookies, Linux software and the "surplus complexity" in our lives as society wobbles back and forth between depressing decadence and a hopeful post-decadence. In their earlier work, the Tofflers coined the word "prosumer" for people who consume what they, themselves, produce. In Revolutionary Wealth they expand the concept to reveal how many of our activities -- whether parenting or volunteering, blogging, painting our house, improving our diet, organizing a neighborhood council or even "mashing" music -- pump "free lunch" from the "hidden" non-money economy into the money economy that economists track. Prosuming, they forecast, is about to explode and compel radical changes in the way we measure, make and manipulate wealth. Blazing with fresh ideas, Revolutionary Wealth provides readers with powerful new tools for thinking about -- and preparing for -- their future.
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