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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 78

все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
David Grigg
USA: Routledge, 1995, 256 с.
Учебник начального уровня по географии сельского хозяйства. Рассматриваются различные факторы, повлиявшие на становление и развитие сельского хозяйства во всём мире: климатические, географические, экономические, социальные, культурные институциональные. Основные разделы книги – введение, биология сельского хозяйства, климат и сельскохозяйственные культуры, почвы и фермер, высота и сельское хозяйство, спрос на сельскохозяйственные продукты, экономическое поведение фермеров, модернизация сельского хозяйства, государство и сельское хозяйство, рынки и транспорт, сельское хозяйство и урбанизация, население-предложение труда -сельское хозяйство, размер ферм и владение землёй, инновации в сельском хозяйстве, культурный аспект в сельском хозяйстве, сельское хозяйство и окружающая среда.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-07-2004
Concise, complete, nontechnicalthe ideal introduction to an increasingly important topic.
In recent years, the use of statistical methods for categorical data has increased dramatically in a variety of areas and applications. This book provides an applied introduction to the most important methods for analyzing categorical data. It summarizes methods that have long played a prominent role, such as chi-squared tests, but places special emphasis on logistic regression and loglinear modeling techniques.
Special features of the book include:
emphasis on logistic regression modeling of binary data and Poisson regression modeling of count data; a unified perspective, based on generalized linear models, that connects these methods with standard regression methods for normally-distributed data; an appendix showing the use of a new SAS procedure (GENMOD) for generalized linear modeling that can conduct nearly all methods presented in the book; an entertaining historical perspective of the development of the methods Specialized methods for ordinal data, small samples, multicategory data, and matched pairs; more than 100 examples of real data sets and more than 200 exercises Writing in an applied, nontechnical style, Alan Agresti illustrates methods using a wide variety of real data, including alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use by teenagers; AZT use and delay of AIDS; space shuttle launches and O-ring failure; passive smoking and lung cancer; and much more. An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis is an invaluable tool for social, behavioral, and biomedical scientists, as well as researchers in public health, marketing, education, biological and agricultural sciences, and industrial quality control.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2003
Ines MacHo-Stadler, David Perez-Castrillo
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001
A textbook on optimal contract theory, An Introduction to the Economics of Information covers the consequences for the character and efficiency of the interaction between individuals or organizations when one party has more or better information on some aspect of the relationship.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-10-2003
This book draws together seminal contributions on the nature of macroeconomics in open economies and illuminates the material by using: explanatory introductions to each piece discussion questions suggestions for further reading reference to the key journal articles boxed key terms. This is an essential guide to the subject for students, as commented upon by the most influential commentators.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Manfred Zeller, Manohar Sharma, Carla Henry, Cecile Lapenu
Zaragoza, 2003
Many development projects seek to reach the poorest in the provision of agricultural inputs, extension, credit, education, and many other services. However, low-cost and reliable methods for assessing whether a project reaches the poor are lacking at present.

In this paper, we present an operational method that was designed during a two-year research project from 1999-2001 with the support of an international donor- coordination office. The objective of the research was to develop and test a new method that could be later used by development practitioners to assess the poverty level of beneficiaries of development projects that target the poor in relation to the general population in the intervention area. The method constructs a poverty index using principle component analysis, and is based on a range of indicators that describes different dimensions of poverty and for which credible information can be quickly and inexpensively obtained. To ensure the method’s usefulness to a wide number of countries and projects, the method was tested in collaboration in rural and urban areas in four countries: Nicaragua (urban and rural), Kenya (urban and rural), Madagascar (rural), and India (rural). We present results from these studies. We conclude that the method has a promising potential for monitoring and evaluation purposes of development organizations. Since 2001, the method has been used in over 20 project assessments.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-11-2008
Andrei Shleifer
Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005, 218 с.
Russia's historic transition from communism in the 1990s sparked intense, often ideological debates. This book offers a firsthand glimpse into the intellectual challenges that Russia's turbulent transition generated. It deals with many of the most important reforms, from Gorbachev's half-hearted "perestroika," to the mass privatization program, to the efforts to build legal and regulatory institutions of a market economy. The essays in this book attempt to identify the driving forces of Russia's rapidly changing economic and social reality. To understand Yeltsin's reforms, the book argues, it is essential to grasp their twin goals of destroying the remnants of the communist order and building the institutions of a market economy. Time after time, reforms were shaped to assure that communism, with its overwhelming control of the economy and society, the planning ministries, and pervasive centralization, cannot come back to Russia. Many of the successes, as well as the pathologies, of the Russian economy during the 1990s must be understood from this perspective. Despite many setbacks, Yeltsin succeeded in his life's mission. By the end of the twentieth century, both a market economy and a democracy were developed in Russia. Each was both vulnerable and flawed, but the escape from communism was certain. A decade after communism, Russia became a normal country.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-10-2003
This book shows that, in calling economics the `dismal science', Thomas Carlyle was profoundly wrong. Economic ideas have illuminated behaviour in all of the social sciences in addition to the economists' traditional domain. The broadening of economics and the use of economists' methods by social scientists in other fields is leading to a unified and positive view of economies and societies.
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Опубликовано на портале: 09-12-2003
Richard A. Posner
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001, 304 с.
When it was first published a quarter of a century ago, Richard Posner's exposition and defense of an economic approach to antitrust law was a jeremiad against the intellectual disarray that then characterized the field. As other perspectives on antitrust law have fallen away, Posner's book has played a major role in transforming the field of antitrust law into a body of economically rational principles largely in accord with the ideas set forth in the first edition. Today's antitrust professionals may disagree on specific practices and rules, but most litigators, prosecutors, judges, and scholars agree that the primary goal of antitrust laws should be to promote economic welfare, and that economic theory should be used to determine how well business practices conform to that goal.

In this thoroughly revised edition, Posner explains the economic approach to new generations of lawyers and students. He updates and amplifies his approach as it applies to the developments, both legal and economic, in the antitrust field since 1976. The "new economy," for example, has presented a host of difficult antitrust questions, and in an entirely new chapter, Posner explains how the economic approach can be applied to new industries such as software manufacturers, Internet service providers, and those that provide communications equipment and services.

"The antitrust laws are here to stay," Posner writes, "and the practical question is how to administer them better-more rationally, more accurately, more expeditiously, more efficiently." This fully revised classic will continue to be the standard work in the field.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Daniele Moro, Paolo Sckokai, Claudio Soregaroli
In this paper we present a partial equilibrium model for the bovine sector (beef and dairy) in Italy, which can be used for simulation and forecasting. The structure of the model follows the vertical chain of the beef and dairy sector, allowing trade of both agricultural raw materials and final products. Since the processing and retailing stage is characterised by an imperfectly competitive structure, the model accounts for market power in modeling the price transmission mechanism. This provides further insights on the vertical transmission of shocks, both at the final level (i.e. the BSE crisis) and at the farm level (i.e. agricultural policy reform).
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-04-2007
A Place on the Team is the inside story of how Title IX revolutionized American sports. The federal law guaranteeing women's rights in education, Title IX opened gymnasiums and playing fields to millions of young women previously locked out. Journalist Welch Suggs chronicles both the law's successes and failures-the exciting opportunities for women as well as the commercial and recruiting pressures of modern-day athletics. Аннотация ращмещена на сайте Enlivened with tales from Suggs's reportage, the book clears up the muddle of interpretation and opinion surrounding Title IX. It provides not only a lucid description of how courts and colleges have read (and misread) the law, but also compelling portraits of the people who made women's sports a vibrant feature of American life. What's more, the book provides the first history of the law's evolution since its passage in 1972. Suggs details thirty years of struggles for equal rights on the playing field. Schools dragged their feet, offering token efforts for women and girls, until the courts made it clear that women had to be treated on par with men. Those decisions set the stage for some of the most celebrated moments in sports, such as the Women's World Cup in soccer and the Women's Final Four in NCAA basketball. Title IX is not without its critics. Wrestlers and other male athletes say colleges have cut their teams to comply with the law, and Suggs tells their stories as well.
Аннотация размещена на сайте издательства Princeton University Press.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Harry B. Bowen, Abraham Hollander, Jean-Marie Viaene
Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 1998, 680 с.
This text is about positive and normative issues in international trade and focuses on methods of applied analysis. It includes essential theory sections and chapters dealing with imperfect competition and other new trade theory topics. It also identifies the implications and weaknesses of the various theories and models in terms of empirical implementation. In summary, the text provides a complete and up-to-date approach to applied international trade analysis.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-07-2004
From the reviews of the First Edition.
"An interesting, useful, and well-written book on logistic regression models... Hosmer and Lemeshow have used very little mathematics, have presented difficult concepts heuristically and through illustrative examples, and have included references."- Choice

"Well written, clearly organized, and comprehensive... the authors carefully walk the reader through the estimation of interpretation of coefficients from a wide variety of logistic regression models . . . their careful explication of the quantitative re-expression of coefficients from these various models is excellent." - Contemporary Sociology "An extremely well-written book that will certainly prove an invaluable acquisition to the practicing statistician who finds other literature on analysis of discrete data hard to follow or heavily theoretical."-The Statistician In this revised and updated edition of their popular book, David Hosmer and Stanley Lemeshow continue to provide an amazingly accessible introduction to the logistic regression model while incorporating advances of the last decade, including a variety of software packages for the analysis of data sets. Hosmer and Lemeshow extend the discussion from biostatistics and epidemiology to cutting-edge applications in data mining and machine learning, guiding readers step-by-step through the use of modeling techniques for dichotomous data in diverse fields. Ample new topics and expanded discussions of existing material are accompanied by a wealth of real-world examples-with extensive data sets available over the Internet.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-07-2004
Applied Nonparametric Regression brings together in one place the techniques for regression curve smoothing involving more than one variable. The computer and the development of interactive graphics programs has made curve estimation popular. This volume focuses on the applications and practical problems of two central aspects of curve smoothing: the choice of smoothing parameters and the construction of confidence bounds. The methods covered in this text have numerous applications in many areas using statistical analysis. Examples are drawn from economics--such as the estimation of Engel curves--as well as other disciplines including medicine and engineering. For practical applications of these methods a computing environment for exploratory Regression--XploRe--is described.

"Professor Härdle has provided us with an important book, one that will be appreciated both by applied statisticians who want to implement nonparametric regression techniques and by theoreticians interested in becoming knowledgeable in this growing field. Applied Nonparametric Regression is a very welcome addition to the literature." Journal of the American Statistical Association

"Nonparametric regression analysis has become central to economic theory. Härdle, by writing the first comprehensive and accessible book on the subject, has contributed enormously to making nonparametric regression equally central to econometric practice." Charles F. Manski, University of Wisconsin, Madison

"This book represents an optimally estimated common thread for the numerous topics and results in the fast-growing area of nonparametric regression. The user-friendly approach taken by the author has successfully smoothed out most of the formidable asymptotic elaboration in developing the theory. This is an excellent collection for both beginners and experts." Ker-Chau Li, University of California, Los Angeles

"This monograph on nonparametric regression presents a particularly clear and balanced view of the methodology and practice of this very important subject, and so is of use to theoreticians and practitioners alike." Peter Hall, University of Glasgow

"This book makes the main ideas and methodologies of nonparametric regression easily accessible to nonexperts, and is a valuable reference source for experts as well because of its wide scope." J.S. Marron
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-10-2003
The entropy concept was developed and used by Shannon in 1940 as a measure of uncertainty in the context of information theory. In 1957 Jaynes made use of Shannon's entropy concept as a basis for estimation and inference in problems that are ill-suited for traditional statistical procedures. This volume consists of two sections. The first section contains papers developing econometric methods based on the entropy principle. An interesting array of applications is presented in the second section of the volume.
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Опубликовано на портале: 18-02-2006
Ред.: Roger Dickinson, Olga Linne, Ramaswami Harindranath
London: Arnold, 1998, cерия "Foundations in Media"
Хрестоматия предлагает всесторонний обзор современных академических исследований аудиторий, также как и краткое описание исторического развития отрасли. В книге рассматриваются влияния СМИ различных уровней: от индивидуальных до общественных и глобальных. Основные темы включают: социальные влияния СМИ; общественное мнение и медиа; индивидуальные воздействия и использования СМИ; дети, молодежь и масс медиа; нацинальные и классовые культуры; семьи и домохозяйства и СМИ. Каждый раздел представлен серией ключевых исследований в данной теме и сопровождается критической статьей, написанной известным автором. Хрестоматия является третьей книгой в серии «Основы исследований медиа», в которой вышли еще две книги: Oliver Boyd-Barrett, Chris Newbold «Approaches to Media: A Reader» (1995) [20] и Annabelle Sreberny-Mohammadi, Dwayne Winseck,  Jim McKenna,  Oliver Boyd-Barrett,    «Media in Global Context» (1997). [21]
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