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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 142

Авторы:  
Названия:
А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
7 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Leigh J. Maynard, Jason Hartell, A. Lee Meyer, Jianqiang Hao
Durban, 2003
An experimental store was created to evaluate initial demand for locally-produced and guaranteed tender steak products as a more realistic alternative to contingent valuation (CV) and dichotomous-choice experimental methods. Strengths of the approach are incentive compatibility, a realistic consumption set, and a familiar choice environment. Consumers selected among USDA Choice, premium quality, lean, guaranteed tender, and locally-produced strip steaks. Double-hurdle count data model indicated initial willingness-topay for locally-produced steak comparable to prior CV results, but demand was highly elastic. Demand for premium quality steak crowded out demand for the guaranteed tender product, contrasting with prior dichotomous-choice experimental results.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Armelle Maze
2002
The optimal level of formalisation of contracts and their dynamic is at stake in the economic literature on the optimum design of ex post renegotiation with third party enforcement. Another theoretical interpretation is that contract adaptations may also reflect mutual learning process between contractors. Why transactors write explicit contract that they know cannot be court enforced ?

The central idea is that explicit contract terms makes it clearer to the transactors what has been agreed upon, thus are decreasing the cost of private enforcement sanctions (Klein, 1996). Empirical evidences are provided by the diachronic analysis of the full set of tri-partite contracts between one of the top-ten french large retailer and its beef suppliers before and after the BSE crisis (period 1993-1999). The analysis emphasizes also the role of this increased codification of supply contracts with a progressive change in the internal retailer’s organization, i.e. increased centralization of decision and supervision mechanisms. Contract design and organizational choices are then strongly interrelated.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Mario Mazzocchi, Gianluca Stefani
2002
The paper develops a measure of consumer welfare losses associated with withheld information about BSE linkage with vCJD. food safety. The Cost of Ignorance (COI) is measured by comparing the utility of the informed choice with the utility of the uninformed one, under condition of improved information. Unlike previous work, based on a single equation demand model, the measure is obtained retrieving a cost function from a dynamic Almost Ideal Demand System. The results indicate that Italian consumers bore a significant loss because of the delayed release of information.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Stephen G. Mbogoh, Florence M. Wambugu, Sam Wakhusama
2003
This article is based on a socio-economic impact study of the introduction and adoption of tissue-culture (tc) technology in banana production in Kenya. It attempts to demonstrate that a prudent introduction and promotion of a new biotechnological innovation in farming can make a positive contribution to the socio- economic status of resource poor farmers in a developing country, such as Kenya. Adoption of tc technology in banana production in Kenya is considered a good example of biotechnological applications in agriculture. Hence the article hopes to make a contribution to recent debates at international levels as to whether biotechnology can make a difference in uplifting the living standards of people in the third world (Qaim, 1999; Graff, et al 2002; Qaim, et al 2002) by showing that it actually does so, using experiences from Kenya. The study utilizes both primary and secondary data sources. The results show that tc-banana production is relatively more capital intensive than non-tc banana production (re: about 70% fixed costs for tc banana versus about 49% fixed costs for non-tc banana). However, tc-banana production is found to offer relatively much higher financial returns than non-tc banana production. The high profitability of tc-banana production relative to traditional (non-tc) banana production and other farm enterprises in the pilot tc-banana project area in Kenya demonstrates the importance of biotechnological applications in rural development and shows that biotechnology can make a difference in uplifting the living standards of people in the third world. Therefore, efforts to promote tc-banana production in Kenya are justifiable from both food security and economic criteria.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-09-2003
Addresses a class of statistical models that generalizes classical linear models-extending them to include many other models useful in statistical analysis. Incorporates numerous exercises, both theoretical and data-analytic Discusses quasi-likelihood functions and estimating equations, models for dispersion effect, components of dispersion, and conditional likelihoods Holds particular interest for statisticians in medicine, biology, agriculture, social science, and engineering
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-11-2007
Daniel L. McFadden, Tom Domencich
Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Co., 1975
Describes the cutting edge in travel demand analysis using the latest methods. Emphasizing mathematical modeling techniques, this is the first book to integrate economic concepts of supply and demand equilibrium for urban activities using the concept of traffic equilibrium within transportation networks. Models for optimal transportation are integrated with demand models. Transit travel and goods movement are specifically addressed.
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-11-2007
Daniel L. McFadden, Charles F. Manski
Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1981
This volume deals with parametric statistical inference on structural conditional probability models in which some or all of the endogenous variables are discrete valued. Within this broad theme the models posed and inferential questions addressed arise out of each author's work in econometric analysis. Taken together, these chapters provide a methodological foundation for the analysis of economic problems involving discrete data and chart the current frontiers of this subject. Some chapters are also relevant to other literatures concerned with structural analysis of discrete data: biometrics, psychometrics, sociometrics, discrete multivariate analysis, and applied subjects such as finance, marketing, geography, and transportation. Workers in these areas will recognize that econometric methods for discrete data analysis have benefited from their own literatures. This volume is intended to be useful not only for econometricians but also for the wider community of researchers involved in the structural analysis of discrete data.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-01-2003
Terry McKinley
Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2001
In the late twentieth century, structural adjustment policies became the West's received wisdom as a solution to the economic problems of the South. Based on detailed empirical research, the contributors to this volume take a more heterodox and even critical approach. Indeed, many of the issues raised here are now being assimilated into a new 'Post-Washington Consensus'. The range of geographical coverage matched with the coherence of the approaches taken by the contributors allows striking comparisons to be made.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Beverley Mcnamara
Crows Nest: Allen & Unwin, 2001
Beverley McNamara looks at death from a sociological perspective. Arguing that despite popular belief death does not make us equal, she shows that dying is a chaotic and uncertain process. Yet despite the disorderly manner in which people die, McNamara demonstrates that social and cultural patterns can be found in the way we approach dying and the care of terminally ill people. She examines the medicalisation of care for the dying, attitudes of carers and the notion of the 'good death'. She also explores the euthanasia debate and our fear of cancer. Drawing on wide-ranging qualitative research, Fragile Lives is a sensitive analysis of the social issues surrounding death.
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-08-2006
Howard Means
Москва: Аналитика, 2002, 256 с.
Лицо всех отраслей экономики – от торговых судов до микропроцессоров – всегда определялось могущественными лидерами бизнеса, оказывавшими поворотное воздействие на развитие коммерции. Эти пророческие личности появлялись, принося свои продукты и идеи, точно в подходящий момент времени, невольно способствуя свершению определяющей перемены прошлого тысячелетия – перетеканию денег и власти от Церкви и короны к новой светской империи бизнеса.
Эта книга написана на основе одноименного документального сериала CNBC "Деньги и власть" (продюсер и режиссер - Дэвид Грубин (David Grubin), удостоен премии Emmy).
Она ведет читателя в захватывающее путешествие по местам рождения бизнеса – от феодальных поместий средневековой Европы и многолюдных улиц древней Венеции до тихих лабораторий Силиконовой долины. Написанная первоклассным журналистом, редактором и романистом Говардом Минзом (Howard Means), книга знакомит нас с драматической историей того, как магнаты-первопроходцы и их династии прокладывали путь к богатству и процветанию и формировали современный мир. Описывая происхождение ремесел, банковского дела, промышленности, торговли и власти на Востоке и Западе, книга переносит читателя во времени из одного бурлящего делового центра в другой.
Рассказ сопровождается биографическими очерками таких легендарных личностей, как: Св. Годрик (St. Godric), монах, живший в XII веке, чьи неукротимые амбиции помогли ему порвать с предрассудками и создать свое собственное богатство – пока судьба не повела его по другому пути; Роберт Вудрафф (Robert Woodruff), воспользовавшийся эффектом "сжимающегося земного шара" и Второй мировой войной, чтобы создать первую глобальную торговую марку – Coca-Cola; Джеймс Ватт (James Watt) и Мэтью Боултон (Matthew Boulton), предложившие роторный паровой двигатель как раз в то время, когда промышленность выдвинула новые требования к энергоснабжению; Генри Форд (Henry Ford), который создавал не только автомобили, но и рыночный спрос на них – что сделало его богаче, чем даже Карнеги (Carnegies) и Рокфеллеры (Rockefellers); Билл Гейтс (Bill Gates), чьи предпринимательские инстинкты и совершенное знание технологий заслужили ему славу и состояние, ставшие неотъемлемой частью Информационного века.
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Опубликовано на портале: 07-07-2005
Alexander Mehlmann
Providence: American Mathematical Society, 2000, 159 с.
It all started with von Neumann and Morgenstern half a century ago. Their Theory of Games and Economic Behavior gave birth to a whole new area of mathematics concerned with the formal problems of rational decision as experienced by multiple agents. Now, game theory is all around us, making its way even into regular conversations. In the present book, Mehlmann presents mathematical foundations and concepts illustrated via social quandaries, mock political battles, evolutionary confrontations, economic struggles, and literary conflict. Most of the standard models--the prisoners' dilemma, the arms race, evolution, duels, the game of chicken, etc.--are here. Many non-standard examples are also here: the Legend of Faust, shootouts in the movies, the Madness of Odysseus, to name a few. The author uses familiar formulas, fables, and paradoxes to guide readers through what he calls the "hall of mirrors of strategic decision-making". His light-hearted excursion into the world of strategic calculation shows that even deep insights into the nature of strategic thought can be elucidated by games, puzzles, and diversions. Originally written in German and published by Vieweg-Verlag, this AMS edition is a translation tailored for the English-speaking reader. It offers an intriguing look at myths and paradoxes through the lens of game theory, bringing the mathematics into sharper focus at the same time. This book is a must for those who wish to consider game theory from a different perspective: one that embraces science, literature, and real-life conflict. The Game's Afoot! would make an excellent book for an undergraduate course in game theory. It can also be used for independent study or as supplementary course reading. The connections to literature, films and everyday life also make it highly suitable as a text for a challenging course for non-majors. Its refreshing style and amusing combination of game theoretic analysis and cultural issues even make it appealing as recreational reading.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-10-2006
Klaus V. Meier, William J. Morgan
Champaign: Human Kinetics, 1988, 546 с.
The aim of this work is to present an anthology devoted to the philosophy of sport covering classic and recent literature. The intended audience is undergraduate and graduate students and scholars interested in sport in general. There are six parts. As an avid reader of the philosophy of sport, the author "find it quite relevant to any interest in parapsychology. In both parapsychology and sport the primary goal is to transcend physical limits. Moreover, ESP and PK tests, both informal and formal, can be classed in a game paradigm and some of them have been deliberately devised as games or forms of competition. In this connection, the chapters in Parts II and III are especially relevant. In PK, the analogy between parapsychology and sport is more apt. It is my guess that at the limits of human possibility where new records are set wherein humans transcend all previous limits and are the first to do so some form of psi may be involved, though it is not possible to separate it from the many physical, physiological, psychological, social, and even sociological factors involved. For these reasons this book provides a very useful introduction to the philosophy of sport".
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Patricia Mejias, Consuelo Varela-Ortega, Guillermo Flichman
2003
The interactions of water policies and agricultural policies are increasingly determinant for achieving an efficient management of water resources in many countries. In the EU, agricultural and environmental policies are seeking to converge progressively towards mutually compatible objectives and, in this context, the recently reformed Common agricultural Policy (Agenda 2000) and the EU Water Framework Directive constitute the policy framework in which irrigated agriculture and hence water use will evolve. In fact, one of the measures of the European Water Directive is to establish a water pricing policy for improving water use and attaining a more efficient water allocation. The aim of this research is to investigate the irrigators. responses to these changing policy developments in a self-managed irrigation district in Southern Spain. For this purpose, we have developed a stochastic programming model that estimates the farmers. responses to the application of water pricing policies in different agricultural policies scenarios when water availability is subject to varying climate conditions and water storage capacity in the district.s reservoir. Results show that irrigators are price-responsive but a similar water-pricing policy could have distinct effects on water use, farmers. income and collected revenue by the water authority in different agricultural policy options. Water availability is a determinant factor and pricing policies are less effective for reducing water consumption in drought years. Thus, there is a need to integrate the objectives of Water Policies within the objectives of the CAP programs to avoid distortion effects and to seek a synergy between these two policies.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-10-2003
This book presents new original contributions from some of the world's leading economists including Ronald Coase, Douglass North, Masahiko Aoki, Oliver E. Williamson and Harold Demsetz. It demonstrates the extent and depth of the New Institutional Economics research program which is having a worldwide impact on the economics profession.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-10-2003
This important new book deals with some of the most fundamental issues of transaction cost economics. It focuses on the analysis of the internal nature and characteristics of organizations and on the subtle interactions between institutional environment and governance structures over time.
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