Государственное и муниципальное управление » Теория и история государственного управления » Международный опыт государственного строительства
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 3
Опубликовано на портале: 20-04-2007Donald F. Kettl
Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2005, 108 с.
Over the past quarter century, governments around the world have launched ambitious efforts to reform the way they manage. Citizens have demanded smaller, cheaper, more effective governments while asking for more programs and better services. To resolve this paradox, governments are experimenting with many ideas to improve performance and production and to reduce costs. In this new edition of The Global Public Management Revolution, Donald F. Kettl charts the basic models of reform being employed worldwide.
Опубликовано на портале: 20-04-2007Vincent Ostrom
Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1989, 202 с.
The author dichotomizes the democratic administration and bureaucratic administration. Bureaucratic administration, originated with Weber and Wilson, is associated with a system of "good" administration that is hierarchically ordered in a system of graded ranks subject to political direction by heads of departments at the center of government. The bureaucratic administration is assumed to produce efficient results and also makes the government responsible, as opposed to fragmented authority, in that it will be possible to show clearly who is the responsible when failures occurred. Democratic administration, according to Ostrom, is associated with fragmentation of authority and overlapping jurisdictions, and represents the opposite of bureaucratic administration based on unitary command of authority. To Ostrom, democratic administration, indulging fragmented authority and overlapping jurisdictions, is that what founding fathers of the United States deliberately envisioned. Ostrom believes that Wilsonian paradigm of bureaucratic administration has changed the nature of American public administration by leading to numerous reforms that aimed to strengthen the President and by overcoming "fragmented authority and overlapping jurisdictions" with the promise to "make the government more responsible and efficient in solving the problems of the society (i.e., war on poverty). Ostrom explains how the centralization of power in the Executive branch created unfortunate problems that have consumed the trust of citizens in government that divulges itself in the fact that half of the registered voters don't bother to voting any longer.
Опубликовано на портале: 20-04-2007David Coady, Margaret Grosh, John Hoddinott
Изд-во: World Bank Publications, 2004, 109 с.
Drawing on a database of more than one hundred anti-poverty interventions in 47 countries, Targeting of Transfers in Developing Countries provides a general review of experiences with methods used to target interventions in transition and developing countries. Written for policymakers and program managers in developing countries, in donor agencies, and in NGOs who have responsibility for designing interventions that reach the poor, it conveys what targeting options are available, what results can be expected as well as information that will assist in choosing among them and in their implementation.