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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 270

Книги

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А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
1 2 3 4 5 7 9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 15-05-2007
Мануэль Кастельс, Pekka Himanen
Москва: Логос, 2002, 224 с.
Финляндия уже давно попала в центр сообщества информации и коммуникационных технологий, обрастая исключительно успешными компаниями и эффективным распространением медиатехнологий, а также значительным коэффициентом инноваций во всех социальных сферах. Тем не менее, ее социальные и культурные ценности и институциональное управление являются контрастными по отношению к Силиконовой Долине. Ключевой миф неолиберализма состоит в том, что государственные компании неэффективны и убыточны по определению. Однако при взгляде на компанию Sitra, деятельность которой подробно анализируется в предлагаемой вниманию читателей книге, рушится вся система идеологической аргументации "Вашингтонского консенсуса". Sitra не просто добилась высокой эффективности, но и стала силой, преобразующей все финское общество. В сущности, перед нами модель общественной корпорации новой эпохи. Модель, имеющая ценность не только применительно к Финляндии, и не только в информационном секторе.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 28-06-2006
Джей Шафритц, Albert Hyde
Москва: Изд-во Московского университета, 2003, 800 с.
Предлагаемая российскому читателю книга во многом уникальна. В ней собран колоссальный объем сведений о столетней истории и современном состоянии науки о государственном управлении, обобщающей богатый практический опыт. Она содержит самое полное собрание данных о наиболее фундаментальных разделах государственного управления, намечает пути дальнейшего развития, основываясь на первоисточниках. Достоинство работы в ее доступности: несмотря на высокий научный уровень представленных работ, они легко читаются и могут быть полезными как специалистам, так и людям, не имеющим специальной подготовки. Для специалистов в области государственного управления, экономистов, политологов, историков, практиков и всех интересующихся теорией государственного управления.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 26-01-2004
Nicolas Abercrombie, Stephen Hill, Bryan Stanley Turner
Ред.: Сергей Арсеньевич Ерофеев
Москва: Экономика, 1999, 428 с.
Книга представляет собой новое, значительно дополненное и переработанное издание широко известного социологического словаря из серии издательства «Penguin Books». Словарь содержит обширную информацию об идеях ведущих социальных теоретиков современности, раскрывает как традиционные, так и новые ключевые понятия социологической науки, а также служит введением в принципиальные дискуссии о социальных изменениях в современных обществах. Издание выделяется тем, что оно содержит обширную библиографию со-временной и классической социологии с указанием на существующие переводы на русский язык. Для студентов, занимающихся изучением социальных наук, преподавателей, исследователей и всех, кто стремится к пониманию происходящего в современном мире.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2005
Philippe Aghion, Peter Howitt
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1997
Advanced economies have experienced a tremendous increase in material well- being since the industrial revolution. Modern innovations such as personal computers, laser surgery, jet airplanes, and satellite communication have made us rich and transformed the way we live and work. But technological change has also brought with it a variety of social problems. It has been blamed at various times for increasing wage and income inequality, unemployment, obsolescence of physical and human capital, environmental deterioration, and prolonged recessions.
To understand the contradictory effects of technological change on the economy, one must delve into structural details of the innovation process to analyze how laws, institutions, customs, and regulations affect peoples' incentive and ability to create new knowledge and profit from it. To show how this can be done, Philippe Aghion and Peter Howitt make use of Schumpeter's concept of creative destruction, the competitive process whereby entrepreneurs constantly seek new ideas that will render their rivals' ideas obsolete.
Whereas other books on endogenous growth stress a particular aspect, such as trade or convergence, this book provides a comprehensive survey of the theoretical and empirical debates raised by modern growth theory. It develops a powerful engine of analysis that sheds light not only on economic growth per se, but on the many other phenomena that interact with growth, such as inequality, unemployment, capital accumulation, education, competition, natural resources, international trade, economic cycles, and public policy.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 28-08-2003
Joshua Aizenman, Ricardo Hausmann
2003
This paper investigates budgetary rules for an economy characterized by inflation and volatile relative prices. We view the budgetary process as a limited contingencies contract between the treasury and the ministers. The budgetary process allows a minister, whose realized real budget falls short of a threshold, to ask for a treasury, the minister obtains the extra funds needed to meet the expenditure threshold level. The contract sets both the projected budget and the threshold real expenditure that justifies budget revisions. We identify the efficient contract and show that for significant state verification costs and for low volatility, the contract is non contingent (i.e., a nominal contract). For volatility significant enough the contract becomes state contingent -- it reduces the initial allocation [i.e., the projected budget,] and reduces the threshold associated with budgetary revisions. Both adjustments imply that in volatile economies the projected revenue understates the realized budget hence the average budget error is positive. As volatility increases, the contract converges to a full ex-post indexation. Hence, one of the costs of inflation is that nominal contracts lose their disciplining role in determining the real allocation. Instead, the economy shifts towards more costly arrangements like ex-post indexation, where discipline is accomplished by constant monitoring The last part of the paper uses the data from 12 Latin American countries to test the model's predictions. Our tests confirm that in an inflationary environment the planned budget is under-predicting the realized one -- higher inflation increases the budget error and the average budget error is positive.

Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2003
Arega D. Alene, Rashid M. Hassan
Durban, 2003
This paper employed a robust stochastic efficiency decomposition technique that accounts for scale effects to derive the technical, allocative, and overall productive efficiency of two samples of farmers, participants and non-participants in the New Extension Program (NEP), in two agro-climatic zones in eastern Ethiopia. Using data for the 2001/2002 agricultural year, we find that both groups of farmers in the two zones have considerable overall productive inefficiencies. In the wet highlands, although the participants in NEP used a superior technology and have higher technical efficiencies, their allocative efficiencies turned out to be lower than the non-participant farmers, relative to their respective technologies. However, both groups exhibit similar productive efficiencies. In the dry lands, apart from using homogeneous production technologies, the two groups do not have significantly different technical and allocative efficiencies and that they have similar productive efficiencies.

Therefore, we find no empirical evidence of a positive impact of NEP on overall productive efficiency in both agro-climatic zones. An investigation of the influence of several socioeconomic and institutional factors revealed that education, credit, previous participation in extension programs, off-farm income and the share of the leading cropping system have a positive impact on efficiency.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Sven Anders, Johannes Harshce, Roland Herrmann
Zaragoza, 2002
The objective of this paper is twofold. First, we intend to show how regional impacts of the CAP can be measured in terms of the price and revenue impacts. Second, new empirical evidence will be presented by use of the proposed method for regions in Germany. Data utilized are available over time (1986-99) and across commodities, so that regional support due to the CAP can be aggregated from support for the individual commodities.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 08-10-2004
Masahiko Aoki, Yujiro Hayami
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000, 419 с.
This volume presents historical, contemporary, and theoretical perspectives on the role of local communities and social norms in the economic development process. Using historical evidence combined with recent developments in institutional economics involving game theory and contracts, it establishes that communities can enhance the development of a market economy under certain circumstances, and sheds light on what those circumstances are.

Опубликовано на портале: 31-08-2003
Alan J. Auerbach, Kevin A. Hassett
2003
This paper explores optimal fiscal policy in an overlapping-generations general-equilibrium model under uncertainty and the impact on optimal policy of the introduction of a type of policy stickiness intended to account for the stylized fact that major reforms happen infrequently. In general, our analysis suggests not only that action should not be delayed, but further that action should actually be accelerated. The added realism of restrictions on the frequency of policy changes alters this result in two ways. The prospect of being unable to set policy in the future occasions even more precautionary saving today, if the government acts. However, the government may also choose not to set policy, and its inaction range is very asymmetric. Because the impact of its policies on the current elderly cannot be reversed in the future, the government is much more likely to choose inaction when fiscal tightening is called for. Thus, the optimal policy response over time might best be characterized by great caution in general, but punctuated by occasional periods of apparent irresponsibility.

Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006
Jesse Ausubel, Robert C. Herman
Изд-во: National Academy Press, 1988, cерия "Series on Technology & Social Priorities", 368 с.
Cities and Their Vital Systems asks basic questions about the longevity, utility, and nature of urban infrastructures; analyzes how they grow, interact, and change; and asks how, when, and at what cost they should be replaced. Among the topics discussed are problems arising from increasing air travel and airport congestion; the adequacy of water supplies and waste treatment; the impact of new technologies on construction; urban real estate values; and the field of "telematics," the combination of computers and telecommunications that makes money machines and national newspapers possible.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002
Julia Balogun, Anne Sigismund Huff, Phyl Johnson
2002
Empirical studies of strategising face contradictory pressures. Ethnographic approaches are attractive, and typically expected. We argue, however, that todays large, multinational, and highly diversified organisational settings require supplementary methods providing more breadth and flexibility. This paper discusses three particularly promising approaches (interactive discussion groups, self-reports, and practitioner-led research) that fit the increasingly disparate research paradigms now being used to understand strategising and other management issues. Each of these approaches is based on the idea that strategising research cannot advance significantly without reconceptualising frequently taken-for-granted assumptions. The paper focuses in particular on the importance of working with organisational members as research partners rather than passive informants.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Bruno Barbier, Robert R. Hearne, Jose Manuel Gonzalez, Andy Nelson
2003
In Honduras, traditional coffee processing is the cause of two major problems: poor coffee quality and contaminated water. In this paper we present a method that determines the trade-off between economic efficiency and contamination in a Honduran sub-watershed. The method is a bioeconomic model based on mathematical programming that simulates the functioning of the interlinked economic and ecological processes in the sub-watershed. We compare various scenarii where the model is given the possibility of replacing traditional coffee processing plants with a network of improved ecological plants. For different levels of contamination the model determines the optimal location and size of new coffee processing plants along river streams by minimizing transport, variable and fixed costs. The restrictions of the system are the volume of wet coffee to be processed, the available stream water, and in the alternative scenarii, investment capital and contaminant concentration in the river. We apply the method to a typical sub-watershed in the hillsides of western Honduras and show that coffee quality can be improved and contamination can be reduced substantially at a relatively low cost.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Peter J. Barry, Paul N. Ellinger, C.B. Baker, John A. Hopkin
USA: Prentice-Hall, 1999, 682 с.
Учебник по управлению финансами в сельском хозяйстве уровня студентов последнего года обучения в бакалавриате или первого года обучения в магистратуре, имеющими достаточное знакомство с микроэкономическими принципами и статистическими методами анализа данных. В издании рассматриваются прикладные концепции и методы финансового анализа, способы интерпретации финансовых данных и полученных результатов на сельскохозяйственном предприятии.

Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Catherine Benjamin, Chantal Gueguen, Magalie Houee
Durban, 2003
Previous quantitative assessments of likely impacts of recent reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy (in particular the Agenda 2000) differ across empirical studies. Differences are mainly due to the ways the policy instruments are taken into account (explicit modeling or implicit modeling i.e. using ad-valorem equivalents). The aim of this paper is to assess empirically the impacts of recent reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy and the consequences of the Mid-Term proposals on world cereals markets. We develop an econometric, dynamic, multi-product, partial equilibrium commodity model that focuses on arable crops. Major exporters and major importers are modeled separately, other countries being included in a rest of the world category. For the countries or regions explicitly integrated the model estimates supply, demand and trade. The model we develop has two important features:
i) the parameters estimated in the behavioral equations (supply and demand) satisfy regularity conditions and
ii) the agricultural policy instruments (in particular CAP instruments) are modeled in an explicit way.

In the empirical section, attention focuses on the world cereals market. We provide a market outlook through the year 2009 for three different scenarios: baseline projections and two scenarios based on different assumptions regarding the evolution of the Common Agricultural Policy (the Mid-Term Review scenario and the decoupling scenario). Estimated effects of the mid-term scenario on EU crop prices depend on the relationship between EU and world market prices.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 30-07-2004
Eric N. Berkowitz, Roger A. Kerin, Steven W. Hartley
New York: McGraw-Hill, 1999
Данная книга "Маркетинг, шестое издание" является лидером среди учебников по маркетингу и может быть использована преподавателями, проповедующими разные подходы к обучению: как традиционные (лекционные), так и современные (интерактивные).
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