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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 199

все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Thia Hennessy
This paper examines intergenerational succession on Irish dairy farms. The factors that influence the decision to enter dairying farming are examined using a binary choice logit model. Reasons that are frequently published in the popular farming press as being an obstacle to intergenerational succession are analysed and the significance of their effect is quantified. Results show that the level of education of the heir is the most significant factor in the succession decision. Heir’s with third level education are 30% less likely to enter dairy farming than their second level only educated counterparts. The sizes of milk quota and income that are associated with high probabilities of succession are identified.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-07-2004
"Modelling Individual Choice" discusses the econometric methodology appropriate to the modelling of individual choices using survey data. It is especially concerned with problems of econometric specification raised by discreteness in the variables to be modelled.
Most microeconomic texts stress the neo-classical model of smooth optimising behaviour in an environment of constant prices. Most econometric texts stress regression - based on methods implying continuous variation in economic quantities. If one attempts to estimate a model of rational behaviour from data on individuals it is soon apparent that neither of these views is generally tenable.
This book discusses the econometric methodology appropriate to the modelling of individual choices (concentrating particularly on demend and labour supply), using survey data. It is especially concerned with problems of econometric specification raised by discreteness in the variable to be modelled.
The book begins with preparatory chapters surveying the theory of rational choice and the statistical characteristics of cross-section data. Later chapters examine: models of choice between discrete alternatives; models based on corner solutions and other mechanisms generating zero demands; choice in the presence of kinked and discontinuous budget constraints; sequential choice duration analysis; ratioing and other obstructions to free choice, and finally the aggregative implications of these models.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Javier Calatrava-Leyva, Alberto Garrido
Water availability in semiarid regions usually exhibits patterns of extreme variability. Even in intensively controlled basins, some users are subject to low levels of water reliability, and more vulnerable to periods of extreme scarcity. To reduce their risk exposure more flexible instruments, such as voluntary exchanges of water among users, are required. Recent changes in the Spanish water Law have given an initial impulse to allow for leases of water use rights. Properly designed and monitored, this instrument provides some flexibility to water management, and may increase the economic use efficiency as well as mitigate the adverse economic effects of droughts.

This paper looks at the risks and uncertainty dimensions of water markets, which have not been paid much attention in the literature. It analyses, from theoretical and empirical standpoints, the role that uncertainty plays in market participants’ decisions and its impact on gains from trade. Two models have been developed to carry out the empirical application. One is a stochastic and two-stage discreet programming model which simulates irrigators behaviour and the other is a spatial equilibrium model to compute market exchange and equilibrium. Water market price endogeneity is solved by an iterative process, which characterise price uncertainty from the results obtained from the spatial equilibrium model. Hydrological risk is characterised at the irrigation farm level through the variation of the water allowances served for irrigation. The application is performed on eleven irrigated farms in a district of the Guadalquivir Valley (Southern Spain). It is shown how water availability uncertainty reduces farmers’ benefits because of the fact that they must take ex – ante decisions. However, if market participation is allowed once water allowances become known, even at an uncertain price, the benefit losses are partly mitigated. From a methodological standpoint, these results suggest that the agricultural water market benefits estimates found in the literature may be undervalued as a result of omitting the option to participate in the market in the mix of possible strategies. Exchanging water in annual spot markets allows for the reduction of farmers’ economic vulnerability caused by the variability and uncertainty of water supply within an irrigation season.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-08-2003
Richard Blundell, Thomas Stoker
Amsterdam: North-Holland, 2000
The key concern of this chapter is to assess the importance of individual heterogeneity for understanding the relationships between economic aggre- gates. We highlight three aspects: (i) heterogeneity in individual tastes, (ii) heterogeneity in market participation and (iii) heterogeneity in (uninsur- able) risks faced by individuals. The central question addressed is whether one can track, predict or explain variation in economic aggregates in a way that captures the separate inЯuences of behavioral responses and hetero- geneity across individuals. Recent solutions to aggregation problems in certain speciЮc application areas are presented. The aim is to address the concerns faced by empirical researchers regarding questions of aggregation.

Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2007
David Coates
Cambridge: Polity Press, 2000, 320 с.
The contemporary debate on economic policy is dominated by the issue of 'which model of capitalism works best'. Which model/models worked best in the past? Which, if any, will work best in the future? This wide-ranging and ambitious study offers the first systematic and multi-disciplinary answer to these key questions. Focusing on the US, UK, Japanese, German and Swedish economies, it documents the degree to which the postwar performance of each was affected by the strength of labour movements, the quality of education and training, the dominance of particular cultural systems, the organization of industry and finance, and the role of the state. In so doing, it effectively challenges prevailing orthodoxies on how capitalist economies function, and demonstrates the inadequacy of existing policy mixes.Wide ranging in its scholarship and radical in its argument, Models of Capitalism brings the story of each leading economy up to the new millennium and into the age of global capital. It explores the impact of globalization on each model in turn, and explains the diminution in labour rights and working conditions which is now evident in all of them. Breaking down the barriers between social science disciplines and written in a style accessible to the general reader, this study is destined to become a major point of reference for those seeking civilized ways of organizing economic activity in the twenty-first century.This book is suitable for second- and third-year undergraduate students and postgraduate scholars in political science, economics, management studies and sociology, including those pursuing courses on political economy, industrial relations and trade unions.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007
Mauro F. Guillén
Изд-во: University of Chicago Press, 1994, 432 с.
In this book, Mauro F. Guillén explores differing historical patterns in the adoption of the three major models of organizational management: scientific management, human relations, and structural analysis. Moving beyond Reinhard Bendix's classic Work and Authority, Models of Management takes a fresh look at how managers have used these models in four countries during the twentieth century. Guillén's study of two liberal-democratic societies (the United States and Great Britain) and two corporatist societies (Germany and Spain) reveals significant differences in the way managerial elites and firms have adopted the three models. His data show that ideas themselves—independent of material interests and technology—can cause organizational change. Throughout the book, contrasts between modernist-technocratic and liberal-humanist mentalities, as well as between Protestant and Catholic religious backgrounds, emerge as decisive factors in determining managerial ideology and practice. In addition to analyzing management methods in organizations, Guillén explores larger issues: the interaction among managerial, government, and labor elites; the impact of the state and the professions on managerial behavior; and the role that managers play in modern societies.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Catherine Hakim
Ashgate, 2004, 298 с.
This book reports on two comparative nationally representative surveys of men and women in Britain and Spain, two countries chosen to illustrate the diversity of modern European societies. The British survey was funded within the ESRC Future of Work Research Programme and was carried out by the Office of National Statistics (ONS). Using these surveys, Catherine Hakim presents a study of ideal models of the family and family roles, work orientations, patriarchal values, and lifestyle preferences, showing how these impact on women's marital histories, fertility, employment patterns, occupational segregation, and labour mobility, but not on men's labour market participation. Lifestyle preferences and work orientations have a strong impact on women's activities, and especially on married women's employment choices, but patriarchal values (which are most commonly studied by social attitude surveys) have virtually no impact on behaviour. The analyses demonstrate that political and religious values have virtually no connection with orientations to employment and family roles. The book also covers educational homogamy, housing classes and contrasts between ethnic minority groups in core values and labour market participation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-10-2003
Thomas L. Powers, Madelon Powers
Belmont, CA: West Information Pub Group, 1997
Рекомендуется для использования во вводных и базовых курсах «Промышленный маркетинг» и «В-2-В маркетинг».
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-09-2003
This text, aimed specifically at undergraduate students, will provide the basic background in statistics and matrix algebra giving students the necessary grounding for a proper understanding of econometrics. Emphasises the use of econometric methods by taking the basic techniques and showing how they can be applied to basic data sets. Discusses recently developed econometric techniques. Separate chapters focus on the specification of models, error correction models and cointegration.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-12-2003
В 1971 году американский экономист Саймон Кузнец получил премию памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за эмпирически обоснованное толкование экономического роста, которое привело к новому, более глубокому пониманию как экономической и социальной структуры, так и процесса развития. Данная публикация представляет собой его нобелевскую лекцию; в ней автор рассматривает современный ему экономический рост мировой экономики и его перспективы. Лекция написана простым английским языком. Она находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Paul Diederen, Hans van Meijl, Arjan Wolters
This paper addresses the question which factors influence a farmer in deciding to adopt an innovation. We differentiate between innovations that are new to the farmer, but already well established in the sector, innovations that are early in their process of diffusion, and innovations that are new to the farmer’s sector. We use an ordered probit approach to relate adoption behaviour to variables that capture characteristics of the farm (labour and financial resources and market position), of the business environment of the farm (type of production and market, degree of regulation) and of the farmer (access to information, capabilities, preferences). We use data on 865 Dutch farms and find that innovation adoption is positively related to labour resources, market position, access to information and past adoption behaviour, and negatively to solvency and the degree of market regulation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 15-10-2004
Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Robert S. Smith
Изд-во: Addison Wesley Higher Education, 2000
Книга Р. Эренберга и Р. Смита представляет собой учебное пособие по экономике труда, предназначенное прежде всего для студентов, начинающих изучение предмета, или знакомых с ним лишь поверхностно. Авторы ясно и последовательно излагают основы предмета, затрагивая вопросы спроса на труд и предложения труда, оплаты труда, инвестиций в человеческий капитал, мобильности работников, проблемы профсоюзов, безработицы и дискриминации на рынке труда. При этом в книге представлены как классические подходы к перечисленным проблемам, так и современные теории поведения на рынке труда. Изложенные здесь теоретические подходы иллюстрируются примерами из реальной жизни в деловом, историческом и культурном аспектах. Кроме того, авторы уделяют немало внимания проблеме применения теоретической экономики труда в разработке реальной социальной политики.

Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007
Sanford M. Jacoby
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 1998, 360 с.
Winner of the 1998 Taft Labor History Award of the School of Industrial and Labor Relations. One of Choice's Outstanding Academic Books of 1998. In light of recent trends of corporate downsizing and debates over corporate responsibility, Sanford Jacoby offers a timely, comprehensive history of twentieth-century welfare capitalism, that is, the history of nonunion corporations that looked after the economic security of employees. Building on three fascinating case studies of "modern manors" (Eastman Kodak, Sears, and TRW), Jacoby argues that welfare capitalism did not expire during the Depression, as traditionally thought. Rather it adapted to the challenges of the 1930s and became a powerful, though overlooked, factor in the history of the welfare state, the labor movement, and the corporation. "Fringe" benefits, new forms of employee participation, and sophisticated anti-union policies are just some of the outgrowths of welfare capitalism that provided a model for contemporary employers seeking to create productive nonunion workplaces. Although employer paternalism has faltered in recent years, many Americans still look to corporations, rather than to unions or government, to meet their needs. Jacoby explains why there remains widespread support for the notion that corporations should be the keystone of economic security in American society and offers a perspective on recent business trends. Based on extensive research, Modern Manors greatly advances the study of corporate and union power in the twentieth century.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-12-2003
Eric A. Hanushek, Jeffrey S. Banks, Alberto Alesina, David P. Baron, Randall Calvert, A. John Ferejohn, Edward M. Gramlich, Raymond Riezman, William Riker, Pablo T. Spiller, David L. Weimer, John D. Wilson
New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995, 283 с.
Political economy has been an essential realm of inquiry and has attracted myriad intellectual adherents for much of the period of modern scholarship, although its formal split into the distinct disciplines of political science and economics in the nineteenth century has limited the study of important social issues. This volume calls for a reaffirmation of the importance of the unified study of political economy, and explores the frontiers of the interaction between politics and markets. It brings together intellectual leaders from various areas, drawing on state-of-the-art theoretical and empirical analysis from each of the underlying disciplines. Each chapter, while beginning with a survey of existing work, focuses on profitable lines of inquiry for future developments. Particular attention is devoted to fields of active current development.
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Monetary Economics [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 09-11-2004
Jagdish Handa
London, New York: Routledge, 2000, 784 с.
A comprehensive overview of advanced monetary economics, integrating the presentation of monetary theory with empirical formulations and their empirical tests. Unlike most texts this book brings together in a single unified source the core areas of monetary economics. Key features include: cross-country comparison of central banking in the US, UK and developing countries, theories and empirical studies on money demand, including precautionary and buffer stock models and monetary aggregation, detailed comparison of Keynesian and modern classical macroeconomic theoretical and policy models, a focus on the role of money and financial institutions and growth.
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