Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 228
Child growth, shocks, and food aid in rural Ethiopia / доклад на 25 конференции IAAE, Reshaping Agriculture’s Contribution to Society, International Convention Centre, Durban, South Africa, 16-23 August 2003 [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003Takashi Yamano, Harold Alderman, Luc Christiaensen
Over the past decades child stunting in Ethiopia has persisted at alarming rates. While the country experienced several droughts during this period, it also received enormous amounts of food aid, leading some to question the effectiveness of food aid in reducing child malnutrition. Using nationally representative household surveys from 1995-96 and controlling for program placement, we find that children between 6 and 24 months experienced about 0.9 cm less growth over a six-month period in communities where half the crop area was damaged compared to those without crop damage. Food aid was also found to have a substantial effect on growth of children in this age group. Moreover, on average the total amount of food aid appeared to be sufficient to protect children against plot damage, an encouraging sign that food aid can act as an effective insurance mechanism, though its cost effectiveness needs further investigation.
Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003Trevor Young, David Colman
Cambridge, USA: Cambridge University Press, 1989, 336 с.
Это один из базовых учебников для изучения принципов аграрной экономики. Отличительной чертой книги является анализ развития сельскохозяйственного и продовольственного рынков в развивающихся странах. Учебник является теоретическим и прикладным исследованием аграрных рынков – с точки зрения производства, потребления и торговли, снабжая экономистов инструментами анализа спроса, предложения, аграрных рынков развивающихся стран.
(When) Will Ukraine be a Global Player on World Agricultural Markets? /доклад на 10 конгрессе ЕААЕ, Exploring Diversity in the European Agri-Food System, Zaragoza, Spain, 28-31 August 2002 [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003Sergiy Zorya, Stephan Cramon-Taubadel
Competitiveness has been a subject of considerable attention in agricultural economics. In this paper we study the development of the international competitiveness of Ukrainian crop production between 1996 and 2001 using the concepts of Domestic Resource Cost and Private Cost Ratio. We distinguish between ‘average’ and ‘best’ farms to get a comprehensive picture of farm competitiveness in Ukraine. Our main conclusion is that agriculture responds quickly to incentives, and there are indications that Ukrainian agriculture has entered a phase of dynamic development. A shortage of human capital and physical bottlenecks in grain and oilseeds marketing could limit this development in coming years; if policy makers respond to these risks Ukraine could easily be a global player by the end of the current decade.