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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 331

Авторы:  
Названия:
А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
1 2 3 4 5 7 9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 06-01-2004
В книге представлены достижения и ошибки пост-коммунистических правительств, и содержатся некоторые предложения по дальнейшему развитию социально-экономической сферы стран с переходной экономикой. Основным рассматриваемым понятием в книге является политэкономия преобразований, которая понимается как инструмент изменения структурных характеристик экономики.

По мысли авторов, основными целями реформ являются повышение жизненного уровня населения и более выраженная защита прав и свобод личности. Рынок труда - важнейший компонентом достижения этих целей. Рынки труда стран Восточной Европы по-разному отреагировали на экономические изменения при общем курсе на открытость Западу при проведении реформ. Например, безработица в Центральной и Восточной Европе растет и по сей день, тогда как в России она снижается; вместе с этим средняя заработная плата в РФ сравнима только с минимальной заработной платой в странах ЦВЕ.
Авторы уделяют особое внимание опыту Западной Европы. Ключевым моментом в борьбе с кризисом является политическая стабильность. Рост Европейского Союза может способствовать постепенному сближению разных экономических систем. Важную роль играют материальные аспекты реформ, повышение жизненного уровня, свобода передвижения, свободный доступ к мировым СМИ. Однако самое главное не в них. Повышение жизненного уровня и демократия - лишь инструменты; истинная задача реформ -дать гражданам права и возможности. Первым шагом к решению этой задачи будет передача знаний и обеспечение свободы их использования. Для этого необходима свободная пресса и хорошая система образования.

Права и возможности подразумевают также напрямую связаны с хорошим здоровьем, передаваемыми трудовыми навыками и успешно работающими рынками труда, которые дают людям определенную власть над своей работой; зависят они и от стабильности дохода.

Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
Robert J. Barro
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1998
Nothing matters more to the long-term economic welfare of a nation than its rate of economic growth. Compounded over many years, seemingly small differences in annual growth rates can lead to vast differences in standards of living. Research on economic growth has exploded in the past decade. Hundreds of empirical studies on economic growth across countries have highlighted the correlation between growth and a variety of variables. Determinants of Economic Growth, based on Robert Barro's Lionel Robbins Memorial Lectures, delivered at the London School of Economics in February 1996, summarizes this important literature.
The book contains three essays. The first is a survey of the research on the determinants of long-run growth through the estimation of panels of cross-country data. The second essay details the interplay between growth and political freedom or democracy and finds some evidence of a nonlinear relationship. At low levels of political rights, an expansion of rights stimulates growth; however, once a moderate level of democracy has been obtained, a further expansion of rights reduces growth. The final essay looks at the connection between inflation and economic growth. Its basic finding is that higher inflation goes along with a lower rate of economic growth.
Unlike recent work that has focused on "endogenous" growth theories, in which the long-term growth rate was determined by government policies and other forces contained in the model, cross-country empirical work draws heavily on the older neoclassical model. The neoclassical model's central idea of conditional convergence receives strong support from the data: holding measures of government policy, initial levels of human capital, and other variables constant, poor countries grow faster than rich countries.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Economic Growth [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 29-08-2003
Robert J. Barro
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1998
Why do economies grow? What fixes the long-run rate of growth? These are some of the simplest, but also hardest, questions in economics. Growth of lack of it has huge consequences for a country's citizens. But for various reasons, growth theory has had long fallow patches. Happily, this is changing.
In 1956 Robert Solow developed what became the standard neo-classical model of economic growth. Counties grow, on this theory, by accumulating labour and capital. Adding either obeys diminishing returns: the more labour or capital you already have, the more you need for a further given jump in output. One consequence is that an economy with less capital ought to outgrow one with more. Generally, they do. Another is that growth should eventually drop to zero. Awkwardly, it stays positive. To save the theory, long-run growth was explained by an outside factor, technical innovation, which is not in the growth function itself-- hence the label "exogenous" for the Solow family of models.
Partial as it was, the Solow model won wide acceptance and growth theory slumbered for three decades. Then came two changes. One was an attempt to add technical change and other factors to labour and capital within the growth function so that the model might predict long-run growth without leaning on outside "residuals"--the so-called "endogenous" approach. The other was a huge number of factual studies.
Barro and Sala-i-Martin explain all this and more with admirable clarity (and much demanding maths) in the first modern textbook devoted to growth theory. The main theories are examined. The stress throughout is on linking theory to fact. One of three chapters on empirical work suggests how much each of several possible factors would be needed to explain differing international growth rate--not an explanation itself, but an indispensable set of empirical benchmarks.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 29-08-2003
Robert J. Barro
2003
A tax-smoothing objective is used to assess the optimal consumption of public debt with respect to maturity and contingencies. This objective motivates the government to make its debt payout contingent on the levels of public outlay and the tax base. If these contingencies are present, but asset prices of non-contingent indexed debt are stochastic, then full tax smoothing dictates an optimal maturity structure of the non-contingent debt. If the certainty-equivalent outlays are the same for each period then the government should guarantee equal real payouts in each period, that is, the debt takes the form of indexed consols. This structure insulates the government's budget constraint from unpredictable variations in the market prices of indexed bonds of various maturities. If contingent debt is precluded, then the government may want to depart from a consol maturity structure to exploit covariances among public outlay, the tax base, and the term structure of real interest rates. However, if moral hazard is the reason for the preclusion of contingent debt, then this consideration also deters exploitation of these covariances and tends to return the optimal solution to the consol maturity structure. The issue of nominal bonds may allow the government to exploit the covariances among public outlay, the tax base, and the rate of inflation. But if moral-hazard explains the absence of contingent debt, then the same reasoning tends to make nominal debt issue undesirable. The bottom line is that an optimal-tax approach to public debt favors bonds that are indexed and long term.

Опубликовано на портале: 29-08-2003
Robert J. Barro, Vittorio Grilli
Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 1994
This major macroeconomics text by Robert Barro and Vittorio Grilli is written from a European perspective. It adopts an open-economy approach and incorporates full treatment of European labour and financial institutions and markets. The authors cover in a rigorous and stimulating fashion the main macroeconomic theories and policy in relation to the components of the macroeconomic environment, including the household, the monetary system, the production process, the government and business cycles, and address the major economic problems of the world today.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 26-06-2004
Colin Barrow
Москва: Альпина Паблишер, 2003
Для выживания в конкурентной среде менеджеру Интернет-компании необходимы инструменты, помогающие поддерживать бизнес на плаву во время шторма, возрождать его, когда все идет наперекосяк и четко определять тот момент, когда нужно красиво уйти. Возникает закономерный вопрос, а пригодятся ли старые инструменты управления в такой новой экономике? Действительно ли е-бизнес настолько не похож на все существовавшее ранее, что привычные инструменты в нем не работают? Книга Колина Барроу отвечает на эти вопросы и показывает, как необходимо действовать менеджерам Интернет-компаний для налаживания стабильного бизнеса.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Peter J. Barry, Paul N. Ellinger, C.B. Baker, John A. Hopkin
USA: Prentice-Hall, 1999, 682 с.
Учебник по управлению финансами в сельском хозяйстве уровня студентов последнего года обучения в бакалавриате или первого года обучения в магистратуре, имеющими достаточное знакомство с микроэкономическими принципами и статистическими методами анализа данных. В издании рассматриваются прикладные концепции и методы финансового анализа, способы интерпретации финансовых данных и полученных результатов на сельскохозяйственном предприятии.

Опубликовано на портале: 13-07-2005
Peter Bartelmus
New-York: Routledge, 1994, 192 с.
«Environment, Growth and Development» offers a unique analysis of sustainable economic growth and development and the implications for policy and planning at the local, national and global scale of «green accounting». A complete revision and expansion of Environment and Development, this books offers a new focus on macroeconomic aspects.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 22-03-2005
Christopher A. Bartlett, Sumantra Ghoshal
Изд-во: Harvard Business School Press, 2002, 416 с.
The first edition of Managing Across Borders was hailed as a landmark book, widely praised for its pioneering insights into the management of companies operating in an international environment. With the introduction of an entirely new organizational form--the transnational--Bartlett and Ghoshal showed how the nature of the competitive game had fundamentally changed, requiring that companies simultaneously capture global-scale efficiency, respond to national markets, and cultivate a worldwide learning capability for driving continuous innovation across borders. In this newly revised edition, the authors revisit their breakthrough concepts, updating the material with fresh, timely examples drawn from today's leading global enterprises. The insightful profiles of global middle managers and the real-world case studies paint a complete picture of the issues, problems, and opportunities encountered on the road to becoming a transnational. Included with this edition is a new application workbook, a highly practical tool for translating the book's ideas into action.

Опубликовано на портале: 11-11-2004
Christopher A. Bartlett, Sumantra Ghoshal
London: Heinemann, 1998, 368 с.
This book brings together six years of research and writing by two leading thinkers on global organization. Drawing on their detailed knowledge of major corporations, including ABB, Canon, 3M, and McKinsey, Ghoshal and Bartlett argue that we are witnessing the emergence of a new and radically different organizational form. The philosophy that underpins this form focuses on the power of the individual as the driver of value creation in the company and on the importance of individuality in management. Stressing the significance of purpose, process and people, their analysis pays particular attention to creating and leveraging knowledge, building organizational capabilities as well as developing individual competence. Readers may already be familiar with some of Ghoshal and Bartlett's ideas that have been published elsewhere-but by bringing them together here, they become at once more accessible and more challenging.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 30-10-2003
Christopher A. Bartlett, John Quelch
USA: Prentice-Hall, 1999
Discusses the changing landscape of global economies within the last few years & what is expected in the future & how strategies may be developed to establish a firm hold of market shares as global competition escalates.

В книге обсуждаются вопросы, связанные с теми изменениями в глобальной экономике, которые произошли в последние годы и ожидаются в будущем. Однако основной акцент сделан на стратегии – какие действия должны предпринимать компании с тем, чтобы сохранять и упрочивать свои рыночные позиции при усилении глобальной конкуренции. В книге собрана прекрасная коллекция кейсов. Рекомендуется преподавателям для подготовки курсов: «Международный (глобальный) маркетинг», «Международный (глобальный) маркетинг менеджмент».
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Fabio Bartolini, Vittorio Gallerani, Meri Raggi, Davide Viaggi
2004
The objective of the paper is to develop a methodology for supporting the evaluation and design of agri-environmental schemes. The methodology is based on a combination of mathematical programming, contract theory and multicriteria analysis and is tested on a case study in Northern Italy. The methodology proposed can add insights into the policy design process, by taking consistently into account three issues often overlooked: the adaptation of cropping systems to the measures proposed; the diversity of compliance costs among farmers; the multidimensionality of the decision problem.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 27-01-2003
Yoram Barzel
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002
This book models the emergence and evolution of the rule-of-law state. The protector or ruler is assumed to be self-seeking. Individuals will install a protector only after they create institutions to control him. Organized protection engenders legal institutions that enforce rights. A "state of nature" then gradually turns into a rule-of-law state. Individuals employ both the state and other third parties for enforcement. The fraction of agreements that the state enforces determines its scope. Rule-of-law states encourage market transactions and standards that facilitate trade. The larger the domain of the state's ultimate enforcer, the greater the advantage of scale economies to contracting. This force may explain the creation of rule-of-law empires.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
Yoram Barzel
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997
This study offers a unified theoretical structure to analyze exchange, formation of economic rights, and organization. The cost of measuring accurately all assets' attributes is prohibitive. Therefore, rights are never fully delineated and others (using theft, adverse selection, free riding, and shirking) may appropriate one's assets. The central question is how people allocate resources and organize their activities to maximize the value of their rights. The approach emphasizes nonmarket constraints, but is also applicable to market economies. It is useful for analyzing allocations within organizations as well as allocation by voting and charity. Chapters have been extended for this second edition and a new chapter devoted to the firm has been added.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 14-10-2003
This collection of Barzel's articles and papers from the 1960s through the 1990s reveals how the economist's research in microeconomics has evolved, and features his work on production functions and productivity, optimal timing, economic analysis of slavery, and the rise and fall of Jewish lending in the Middle Ages. The collection includes an autobiographical sketch in which Barzel details his education, the development of his ideas, and his influences.