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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 210

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Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Javier Calatrava-Leyva, Alberto Garrido
Durban, 2003
Water availability in semiarid regions commonly exhibits patterns of extreme variability. Even in basins with large infrastructure development, some users are subject to low levels of water reliability, incurring economic losses during periods of scarcity. More flexible instruments, such as voluntary exchanges of water among users, may help users reduce their risk exposure. Recent changes in the Spanish water Law have given an initial impulse to allow for lease-out contracts of water use rights. This paper analyses, from theoretical and empirical standpoints, the effect that establishing water markets has on the economic risk caused by water availability variations.

The empirical study is performed on an irrigation district of the Guadalquivir Valley (Spain) with fair levels of average water availability but a high probability of periods of extreme scarcity. A non-linear programming model is used to simulate irrigators’ behaviour and derive water demand functions. Another spatial equilibrium model is used to compute market exchange and equilibrium. These programming models are combined with statistical simulation techniques. It is shown that the probability distribution of profits for a representative irrigator is modified if water exchanges are authorised, resulting in unambiguous risk reductions. Results also suggests that if the market would be extended to several irrigation districts and users, each characterised by different hydrological risk exposure, the occurrence of extremely low benefits events would become more unlikely. In sum, it is shown that exchanging water in annual spot markets allows for the reduction of farmers’ economic vulnerability caused by the variability of water supply across irrigation seasons.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-11-2003
Philip R. Cateora, John Graham
New York: McGraw-Hill, 2001
This text continues to dominate the field of International Marketing. Its long standing tradition as the market leader is strengthened in this edition with an increase in coverage of technologys impact on the international market arena and a more comprehensive website, helping to provide updates to text content in this continually changing field.

Один из ведущих учебников по международному маркетингу. Представленное издание содержит более полное описание влияния технологии на международные рынки.

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Claire Chambolle, Eric Giraud-Heraud
We analyse the competition in quality and quantity between a foreign firm and a domestic firm. The domestic firm can belong to a certification of origin, whereas its rival uses a pure brand strategy. We will show how the certification can allow the domestic firm to position itself as a high quality producer and improve the average quality of the products offered on the market. If, however, the certified firm offers the low quality good, the certification can permit it to guarantee a higher profit than that of its competitor and to improve the consumers’ surplus by favoring product standardisation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2003
Hannah Chaplin, Sophia Moissey Davidova, Matthew Gorton
Durban, 2003
Survey evidence from three Central European Countries (Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland) is analysed to identify the degree of non-agricultural farm diversification and the factors facilitating or impeding it in individual farms. The effect of diversification on rural job creation is investigated. The results indicate that the level of diversification is relatively small and enterprise diversification by farmers is unlikely to generate sufficient new jobs and solve the problem of high rural unemployment. The attempt to transpose the Western European model of agricultural diversification to the acceding countries via the SAPARD programme is questionable, as non-farm centric rural policies appear to be more appropriate.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2002
Claudio Ciborra, Antonio Cordella, Miria Grisot
The strategic use of knowledge and its management depend upon the relevant organizational context. The model of the learning ladder is a compact way of describing the unfolding of multiple organizational knowledge creation, transformation and transfer processes in a single firm context. Additionally, in this context the governance of the firm internal knowledge processes is performed according to the resource - based view of strategy. In this paper two different contexts challenging such model are explored in the case of a large pharmaceutical company, AstraZeneca. First, the boundaries of the single firm are crossed by looking at those advantages, which may be attained by managing the transfer and co-production of unique knowledge between a few allied firms according to the theory of relational rents. AstraZeneca formal network is discussed in the light of this model. Secondly, emerging features of how knowledge is managed among a large number of interdependent organizations and individuals are explored with reference to the case of a very peculiar R&D department at AstraZeneca: Clinical Science. While in the first case the model prove to hold, in the latter context behaviours and performances seem to contradict the principles of knowledge management inspired by the resource-based and relational views. This is puzzling: conventional strategic and knowledge management frameworks break down precisely when dealing with highly distributed, knowledge intensive businesses.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-08-2003
Richard Clarida, Jordi Gali, Mark Gertler
Authors study the international monetary policy design problem within an optimizing two-country sticky price model, where each country faces a short run tradeoff between output and inflation. The model is sufficiently tractable to solve analytically. Authors find that in the Nash equilibrium, the policy problem for each central bank is isomorphic to the one it would face if it were a closed economy. Gains from cooperation arise, however, that stem from the impact of foreign economic activity on the domestic marginal cost of production. While under Nash central banks need only adjust the interest rate in response to domestic inflation, under cooperation they should respond to foreign inflation as well. In either scenario, flexible exchange rates are desirable.

Опубликовано на портале: 20-04-2007
David Coady, Margaret Grosh, John Hoddinott
Изд-во: World Bank Publications, 2004, 109 с.
Drawing on a database of more than one hundred anti-poverty interventions in 47 countries, Targeting of Transfers in Developing Countries provides a general review of experiences with methods used to target interventions in transition and developing countries. Written for policymakers and program managers in developing countries, in donor agencies, and in NGOs who have responsibility for designing interventions that reach the poor, it conveys what targeting options are available, what results can be expected as well as information that will assist in choosing among them and in their implementation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-04-2007
Mary Coulter, Jerald R. Smith, Peggy A. Golden
London: Longmans, 2006, 380 с.
A guide integrating the most current strategic management theories and practices, with an array of interactive features. Includes comprehensive cases at the end of each chapter, of companies such as Levi-Strauss and Starbucks, a companion Web site giving students access to online study guides, Internet resources, and more
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Boubaker Dhehibi, Jose Maria Gil, Ana M. Angulo
Durban, 2003
The objective of this paper is to analyse the Spanish demand for food taking into account the consumer.s concern about the relationship between food diet and health. This concern is forcing food demand analysts to assume that consumer utility is a function of nutrients instead of simply the food products themselves. A CBS demand model has been considered to model the new demand function obtained, which is estimated with a complete panel data set. Ten broad categories, nine nutrients and the most relevant socio-economic variables have been considered. Finally, after an apropriate model selection strategy, expenditure, price and nutrient elasticities, as well as main sociodemographic effects, have been calculated.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Sabrina Di Pasquale, Vittorio Gallerani, Davide Viaggi
Water management for irrigation requires suitable policy tools able to meet social objectives and private behaviour. The legal framework in the EU is today faced with the new water framework directive (60/2000), that sets up new criteria for water management, regulation and pricing. Among other things, the water framework directive introduces the principle of full cost recovery and the polluter pays principle for water users. For many areas of Italy, this may be a significant shift compared to present payment criteria, based on traditional rights, political prices, partial running cost coverage or others. The aim of this paper is to analyse the problem of water regulation in agriculture as applied to irrigation issues. This is made by setting up and testing a simulation model based on the integration of a mathematical decision making model at farm level and a principal agent model at the level of irrigation boards. The model allows to quantify water demand and the optimal regulation from the point of view of the policy maker. The results show major impacts of water availability and prices on farm income. The adoption of a mix of pricing instruments related at the same time to crop rotation, water consumption and pollution can significantly improve water policy efficacy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-03-2005
Pierre Dussauge, Bernard Garrett
Москва: Инфра-М, 2002, 352 с.
В данной книге рассматривается понятие стратегического альянса, виды альянсов, проблемы их практического применения, влияние на участников альянса, различные отрасли и экономику в целом. Приводятся и анализируются многочисленные примеры деятельности альянсов фирм-конкурентов, включая интеграционные, псевдоконцентрационные и комплементарные альянсы, а также партнерств неконкурирующих фирм, включая транснациональные предприятия, вертикальные партнерства и межотраслевые соглашения.
Рассчитана на специалистов-практиков, менеджеров, студентов экономических вузов.

Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Karin Eckstein, Helmut Hoffmann, Jutta Gloeggler
In the context of the mid-term evaluation of rural development programmes (EU regulation 1257/99) the Bavarian agri-environmental programme, the so-called Kulturlandschaftsprogramm Part A” (KULAP-A), was evaluated. By means of this programme, only agricultural land related measures are supported. The measures may refer to the whole agricultural enterprise, parts of it or the individual plot. The guideline of the EU-commission demand analysis about the effects of the programme on biotic and abiotic environmental resources such as soil, water, species and their habitat and landscape. This paper focuses on the results concerning the protection of soil erosion and water contamination. For this, statistical data corresponding the supported measures were analysed. Additionally a survey of farmers participating and non-participating at the programme was conducted. In this study the dead-weight-effect is discussed as an effect which can be excluded in cases when: due to the programme an intensification of management is prevented, a low intensive management is reached or the abandonment of farming could at least be delayed.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Hank Folmer, Landis Gabel
USA: Edward Elgar, 2000, 784 с.
Книга по экономике природных ресурсов и окружающей среде раскрывает проблемы использования природных ресурсов и загрязнения окружающей среды, их экономическую составляющую и последствия, современные механизмы и инструменты политики в области защиты окружающей среды и поведение экономических агентов.

Опубликовано на портале: 04-03-2004
Gunter Gabisch, Петр Ильич Гребенников, Александр Иванович Леусский, Леонид Степанович Тарасевич
В главе V электронного учебника "Микроэкономика" расcматривается понятие "факторы производства", их влияние на различные аспекты деятельности предприятия, а также роль цен на факторы производства в национальной экономике.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-06-2007
Yiannis Gabriel, Tim Lang
Изд-во: Sage Publications, 2006, 232 с.
The Unmanageable Consumer examines the key Western traditions of thinking about and being a consumer. Each chapter posits a consumer model with examples from the international community. Readers are invited to enter an exciting and radical analysis of contemporary consumerism which suggests that consumerism is fragile and consumers unpredictable. Updated with new material, this Second Edition looks at the impact of new technologies on consumerism and the consolidation of consumerism and ‘consumer’ language in spheres like education and health. The authors discuss the spread of consumerism to developing countries like India and the effect of demographic change and migration. The fallout from 9/11 and US military hegemony is examined as is the influence on consumerism of Islamic fundamentalism, the anti-globalisation movement, environmental concerns and depleting natural resources
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