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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 78

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Опубликовано на портале: 18-02-2006
Richard Ericson, Patricia M. Baranek, Janet B.L. Chan
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1989, 421 с.
Книга основана на обширном исследовании репортерской деятельности группой канадских социологов, исходивших из конструктивистского представления о медиа-производстве как о процессе, в котором новость появляется в результате взаимодействия журналистов с их источниками. Авторы ставят задачу изучить это взаимодействие, определить степень взаимозависимости сторон, их стратегии и влияние их отношений на конечный продукт и на знание общества о самом себе. Опираясь на ряд положений Ирвинга Гоффмана, авторы предлагают классификацию журналистских стратегий по отношению к источникам и далее рассматривают весь комплекс их взаимоотношений с такими источниками как суды, полиция, парламент и частный сектор.

Опубликовано на портале: 27-05-2006
Thomas Hylland Eriksen
Москва: Весь мир, 2003, 208 с.
Факс, электронная почта, мобильные телефоны, казалось бы, должны беречь наше время. Однако его становится все меньше. Почему? Этим вопросом задается автор книги, профессор социальной антропологии Университета Осло Т.Х.Эриксен. Он стремится найти решение труднейшей задачи: как подчинить себе бег времени, ускоряющийся по мере развития информационных технологий. Издание предназначено всем интересующимся проблемой того, как человек ощущает время, а это не только профессиональные социологи, политологи, психологи, но и самые широкие круги читателей, которые свыклись с мыслью: "Никогда ничего не успеваю".

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Emil Erjavec, Stanko Kavcic
This paper's aim is an assessment of economic effects of Slovenia’s accession to the EU in the field of agriculture and a discussion about some key dilemmas about the introduction of CAP in the new member states. For the purpose of assessing economic effects, a new sectoral model of Slovenian agriculture APAS-PAM has been compiled which allows assessment of market and income effects for ten key agricultural products with regard to various accession scenarios. The accession under the scenario of equal treatment of new member states would bring significant improvements in the aggregate income levels. On the other hand, discrimination of the candidate countries in the field of direct payments (“phasing in” process) would result in a fall of aggregate income level by an eighth. Moreover, noncompetitive production structures in the food-processing sector would deteriorate the economic situation of agricultural production by up to further 40 %. The positive effects of different accession scenarios are expected in the sugar beet and - under assumption of eligibility for direct payments - also in coarse grains, beef and sheep meat production. The economic situation in milk production is not expected to change significantly. The negative accession effects can be expected in pigmeat, cereal, egg and, potentially, poultry production. The results reveal a great significance of the equal treatment and differentiation approach to negotiation process for the preservation of the economic situation of Slovenian agriculture after accession. This holds especially for cereal, beef and sheep meat production.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Andrew Errington
One of the most critical stages in the development of any family business is the transfer of its ownership and control to the next generation. However, the process by which this transfer is achieved in farming has been one of the least-researched facets of farm business management. This paper draws on an on-going research project which seeks to remedy this omission. Comparable data for a total of 3,500 farms in England, France and Canada has been analysed to provide a portrait of the main features of the process in which the older generation retires from the farm while the younger generation takes over its ownership and management. The paper begins by defining the three distinct, but interrelated, processes of inheritance, succession and retirement. Focusing on the process of succession, it briefly summarises some of the main similarities and differences in current practice among farm families in the three countries. Having presented a typology of patterns of farming succession based on a review of the literature, the paper goes on to modify this in the light of findings from the more recent surveys.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Lire Ersado, Gregory Amacher, Jeffrey Alwang
Durban, 2003
The adoption of more efficient farming practices and technologies that enhance agricultural productivity and improve environmental sustainability is instrumental for achieving economic growth, food security and poverty alleviation in sub-Saharan Africa. Our research examines the interaction between public investments, community health, and adoption of productivity and land enhancing technologies by households in the northern Ethiopian state of Tigray. Agricultural technology adoption decisions are modeled as a sequential process where the timing of choices can matter. We find that time spent sick and opportunity costs of caring for sick family members are significant factors in adoption. Sickness, through its impact on household income and labor allocation decisions for healthcare and other activities, significantly reduces the likelihood of technology adoption. Our findings suggest that agencies working to improve agricultural productivity and land resource conservation should consider not only the financial status of potential adopters, but also their related health situation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002
Alejandro Escriba-Esteve, Martina Menguzzato-Boulard
Some researchers have pointed out that the mere formation of an alliance is not sufficient guarantee for the achievement of its potential benefits. During its implementation, the behaviour of the companies will play a key role for the appropriate development of the relationship. Through a case study methodology of research, the authors analyse why in some agreements a more cooperative relationship is reached among the partners than in others. The authors tried to advance in the knowledge about the determinant factors of the partners behaviour in both international and domestic strategic alliances. A theoretical model related to the determinant factors of the cooperative behaviour is the major result of this paper.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-02-2007
Gosta Esping-Andersen
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999, 218 с.
The Golden Age of postwar capitalism has been eclipsed, and with it seemingly also the possibility of harmonizing equality and welfare with efficiency and jobs. Most analyses believe that the emerging postindustrial society is overdetermined by massive, convergent forces, such as tertiarization, new technologies, or globalization, all conspiring to make welfare states unsustainable in the future. Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies takes a second, more sociological and more institutional, look at the driving forces of economic transformation. What, as a result, stands out is postindustrial diversity, not convergence. Macroscopic, global trends are undoubtedly powerful, yet their influence is easily rivalled by domestic institutional traditions, by the kind of welfare regime that, some generations ago, was put in place. It is, however, especially the family economy that hold the key as to what kind of postindustrial model will emerge, and to how evolving tradeoffs will be managed. Twentieth-century economic analysis depended on a set of sociological assumptions that, now, are invalid. Hence, to better grasp what drives today's economy, we must begin with its social foundations.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-03-2004
Gosta Esping-Andersen
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990, 248 с.
Few discussions in modern social science have occupied as much attention as the changing nature of welfare states in Western societies. Gsta Esping-Andersen, one of the foremost contributors to current debates on this issue, here provides a new analysis of the character and role of welfare states in the functioning of contemporary advanced Western societies. Esping-Andersen distinguishes three major types of welfare state, connecting these with variations in the historical development of different Western countries. He argues that current economic processes, such as those moving toward a postindustrial order, are shaped not by autonomous market forces but by the nature of states and state differences. Fully informed by comparative materials, this book will have great appeal to all those working on issues of economic development and postindustrialism. Its audience will include students of sociology, economics, and politics.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Roberto Esposti, Pierpaolo Pierani
The public R&D capital stock is introduced as a quasi-fixed input in a variable cost function. The relative shadow price allows the correct measurement of the equilibrium levels of quasi-fixed inputs thus explicitly assessing the hypothesis of public R&D under (over) investment. By introducing an appropriate R&D price in the long-run equilibrium, the model can also provide empirical evidence on the rationale driving public R&D investment and on the hypothesis that free-riding on public R&D can explain overinvestment. Moreover, the model allows a formal testing of the induced innovation hypothesis and a more accurate calculation of both internal rate of return to R&D and residual exogenous productivity growth. The empirical implications of the model are appraised in the case of Italian agriculture for the period 1960-1995.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-08-2004
Alison Etheridge
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001
Finance provides a dramatic example of the successful application of advanced mathematical techniques to the practical problem of pricing financial derivatives. This self-contained text is designed for first courses in financial calculus aimed at students with a good background in mathematics. Key concepts such as martingales and change of measure are introduced in the discrete time framework, allowing an accessible account of Brownian motion and stochastic calculus: proofs in the continuous-time world follow naturally. The Black-Scholes pricing formula is first derived in the simplest financial context. The second half of the book is then devoted to increasing the financial sophistication of the models and instruments. The final chapter introduces more advanced topics including stock price models with jumps, and stochastic volatility. A valuable feature is the large number of exercises and examples, designed to test technique and illustrate how the methods and concepts can be applied to realistic financial questions.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Wilfred J. Ethier, J. Peter Neary, Elhanan Helpman
Cambridge, USA: Cambridge University Press, 1995, 308 с.
This book presents a representative collection of state-of-the-art papers on international trade, one of the most dynamic sub-fields in economics. The contributions range over all the major areas of current research, including articles on the geographical aspects of international trade by Paul Krugman and Alan Deardorff, on dynamic stochastic economies by Avinash Dixit, and on endogenous growth by Gene Grossman and Elhanan Helpman. In addition to the theoretical contributions, the book also contains work on important policy issues such as auction quotas, discussed by Kala Krishna, and the role of government in economic development, by Anne Krueger. Also included is an assessment by Bill Ethier of the theoretical achievements of a leading authority in international trade theory, Ronald Jones, in whose honour the essays were written.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
George W. Evans, Seppo Honkapohja
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001
A crucial challenge for economists is figuring out how people interpret the world and form expectations that will likely influence their economic activity. Inflation, asset prices, exchange rates, investment, and consumption are just some of the economic variables that are largely explained by expectations. Here George Evans and Seppo Honkapohja bring new explanatory power to a variety of expectation formation models by focusing on the learning factor. Whereas the rational expectations paradigm offers the prevailing method to determining expectations, it assumes very theoretical knowledge on the part of economic actors. Evans and Honkapohja contribute to a growing body of research positing that households and firms learn by making forecasts using observed data, updating their forecast rules over time in response to errors. This book is the first systematic development of the new statistical learning approach. Depending on the particular economic structure, the economy may converge to a standard rational-expectations or a "rational bubble" solution, or exhibit persistent learning dynamics. The learning approach also provides tools to assess the importance of new models with expectational indeterminacy, in which expectations are an independent cause of macroeconomic fluctuations. Moreover, learning dynamics provide a theory for the evolution of expectations and selection between alternative equilibria, with implications for business cycles, asset price volatility, and policy. This book provides an authoritative treatment of this emerging field, developing the analytical techniques in detail and using them to synthesize and extend existing research.
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Маркетинг [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 03-05-2004
Joel R. Evans, Berry Berman
Москва: Сирин, 2002
Маркетинг это одна из основных дисциплин для профессиональных деятелей рынка - руководителей предприятий, менеджеров, работников сбыта, рекламы и т.д. В работе дана общая характеристика маркетинга как направления хозяйственной деятельности. В общедоступной форме излагается весь его комплекс и основные элементы. Показано, как использовать маркетинг в той или иной конкретной рыночной ситуации. Для облегчения усвоения автор использует ряд специальных приемов, включающих постановку целей в каждой главе и начальные заставки. В книге приведены многочисленные схемы, таблицы, содержащие дополнительные примеры. Книга знакомит с современной концепцией маркетинга как системой организации производства и сбыта продукции с ориентацией на требование рынка.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-10-2003
This text offers business school students an excellent practical explanation of the short-term linkages in the macroeconomic arena. While the underlying theoretical constructs are not ignored, emphasis is placed on the empirical underpinnings and managerial implications of macroeconomics. The text begins by introducing key concepts such as the GDP, National and Personal Income, and the various measures of inflation and unemployment. Building on this foundation it then analyzes the following aspects of macroeconomics: aggregate supply and demand, international financial markets, cyclical fluctuations, policy analysis, and forecasting.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-06-2007
E.C. Eyre, Richard Pettinger
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999, 308 с.
Mastering Basic Management is a fully comprehensive introduction to the principles and practice of management. This edition has been extensively revised to incorporate the latest developments in management thinking, and to include the effects on managerial practice and activities of the European Union, and globalisation of business. It also makes substantial reference to the changes in public services, and increased activity in the not-for-profit sector
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