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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 143

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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Zohra Bouamra-Mechemache, Jean-Paul Chavas, Tom Cox, Vincent Requillart
In a period of market liberalization and multilateral trade negotiations, price discrimination for commodities with distinct markets provides additional policy options to support farm income. While both the USA and Canada have implemented price discrimination policies in their domestic dairy sector, so far the European Union (EU) has not. This paper evaluates the options of developing a price discrimination policy in the EU dairy sector. The analysis is based on an interregional model of the EU dairy sector, involving milk production, dairy processing, and consumption of ten dairy commodities in nine regions.

The paper shows that a price discrimination policy that increases prices for commodities with more inelastic demand (fluid milk, soft dairy products) would generate income that can be redistributed to dairy farmers. The results suggest that, while such a price discrimination policy can be a WTO compatible way to support dairy farm income, the efficiency of the associated income transfers declines in the presence of significant supply response.
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Опубликовано на портале: 07-06-2003
Don K. Price
New York: Macmillan Press, 2003
Понимая науку как социальный институт, включенный, зависимый и оказывающий влияние на общество и социальные процессы, Д. Прайс в статье "Отношения между наукой и властью" пишет о социальном контексте развития науки Нового времени и особенно науки современной. В наборе факторов внешнего влияния у автора особое место занимает Вторая мировая война (и наследующая ей эпоха военных заказов времен "холодной войны"), что, кстати, подтверждается и тем, что социология науки как самостоятельная дисциплинарная область возникла, по свидетельству ее основателя Р. Мертона, именно в результате (но не по причине) этой войны.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Rainer Thiele
Durban, 2003
This paper deals with the question of how responsive farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are to changes in incentives. Employing Johansen's multivariate cointegration approach and covering the period 1965.99, it investigates for ten selected SSA countries the long-run effect of pricing policies, macroeconomic distortions, and certain non-price factors on agricultural production. It turns out that - in those cases where cointegration relationships are found - estimated supply elasticities tend to lie between 0.20 and 0.50. Among the non-price factors, drought episodes have significantly impaired agricultural growth in six out of ten sample countries. Technical progress as measured by a simple deterministic time trend has only had a minor impact on output.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-10-2003
Diana LaSalle, Terry A. Britton
Harvard: Harvard Business School Press, 2002
Based on in-the-trenches research and illustrated through powerful real-world stories, Priceless is the first practical guide to experience creation. Experience consultant Diana LaSalle and Terry A. Britton offer a model for understanding the relationship between value and experience and introduce the Experience Engagement Process and the Experience Event Matrix - new systems for evaluating how a company's offerings align with customer expectations. LaSalle and Britton take us from concept to practice, proving that companies can build value-adding experiences around any product or service - whether they're selling candles or computers, catering services or consulting advice. The key, they argue, is to stop thinking about what products do and start thinking about what they offer. Only then can companies transform ordinary products into experiences customers perceive as extraordinary, even priceless. Helping readers recognize exactly what customers will respond to and how to deliver it, this lively, hands-on guide finally unlocks the mystery of customer value. We'll never look at what we sell--or buy--the same way again.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Daniel Hassan, Michel Simioni
The existence and the kind of asymmetry that characterize the relationships between shipping-point and retail prices are investigated for two major French fresh vegetables: tomatoes and chicory. Weekly data allow considering these relationships at very detailed levels such as region or supermarket chain. Moreover, the methodology proposes an implicit treatment of asymmetries in price transmission by using recently developed threshold cointegration methods. Our results do not give evidence to the widespread assertion that shipping-point price increases are completely and rapidly passed by middlemen on to consumers while there is a slower and less complete transmission of shipping-point price declines. As already emphasized in the literature, these results may be linked to the perishable nature of the two considered fresh vegetables.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Atanu Ghoshray, Tim Lloyd
This paper brings time series techniques to bear on the relationships between the prices of the principal types of wheat traded internationally. In all, the relationships between eleven wheat prices (categorised by wheat quality, harvest date and port of despatch) are scrutinised to uncover the structure of the wheat market implicit in the behaviour its prices reveal. The statistical evidence supports the notion of a highly integrated market that is segmented according to wheat strength . the principal determinant of end-use. Three segments are identified: a market for "strong" (bread-making) wheat, another for "weak" (confectionary products- making) wheat and a third for medium strength wheat suitable for unleavened breads and noodles. Whilst informative, market integration - detected by cointegration among prices . is not altogether surprising, yet the presence of cointegration implies a causal structure, which is of more cogent interest. Among a number of complementary techniques, linkages are uncovered using an innovative concept of irreducible cointegration vectors (Davidson 1998, Barassi et al 2001) which provides new evidence on price linkages. Statistical evidence is robust and not test-dependent. Specifically, we find a dominant price leader in each sub-market. In terms of its pricing, the EU is found to play a passive role in the world market, confirming a widely held view.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2003
David D. Friedman
Cincinnati, OH: South-Western Publishing Co., 1990
Книга, где автор наибольшее внимание уделяет теории ценообразования, и с помощью нее объясняет некоторые аспекты функционирования рынка.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Monia Ben-Kaabia, Jose Maria Gil, L. Boshnjaku
The analysis of asymmetries in the price transmission mechanism at different levels of the marketing chain provides some interesting information about the degree of competition in vertical related markets. The objective of this paper is to investigate the non-linear adjustments of prices along the lamb sector in Spain. The methodology used is based on the multivariate approach to specify and estimate a Threshold Autoregressive Model. Price relationships at farm, wholesale and retail levels are considered. Results indicate that in the long-run price transmission is perfect and any supply or demand shocks are fully transmitted to all prices in the system. In the shortrun, analyses suggest that the high degree of horizontal concentration among retailers allow them to have market power. Responses to any shock generate an increase of the retail price spread which is more evident when prices show an upward trend.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Roland Herrmann, Anke Moser
Zaragoza, 2003
In many industrialized countries, the grocery-retailing sector exhibits a strong and increasing market concentration. Hence, it is important to understand retail pricing for many questions related to market power in the marketing chain and to agricultural and food policies. We analyze intertemporal pricing of grocery retailers in Germany with a large set of scanner data for processed foods. In theory, food prices could be rather variable, e.g. due to fluctuating commodity prices in a competitive world, or rather rigid, e.g. due to price adjustment costs. We elaborate that retail sales are crucial and raise food price variability at the points of sale. Despite this, prices are rather rigid and often do not change for many weeks. Moreover, pricing strategies for identical brands vary strongly across retailers. Retailers seem to have differential pricing strategies and, thus, market power. This casts substantial doubt on the assumption of a competitive price transmission in the marketing channel underlying most analyses in agricultural economics.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-11-2003
Kent B. Monroe
USA: McGraw-Hill, 2002, 688 с.
Pricing, 3/e, synthesizes economic and marketing principles with accounting and financial information to provide a basis for analyzing pricing alternatives within legal and corporate constraints. This revision of this classic text brings readers an understandable writing style, a more complete discussion of the quantitative issues, and a greater number of clear-cut examples. The material on the economics of pricing now reflects recent research in pricing by applied economists and marketing researchers trained in economics.

В представленном издании автор синтезирует экономические и маркетинговые принципы с бухгалтерской и финансовой информацией для обеспечения основы для анализа альтернатив ценообразования, одновременно учитывающих правовые и корпоративные ограничения.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Cynthia Donovan, Linda Bailey, Edson Mpyisi, Michael Weber
Durban, 2003
In Rwanda for the past decade, rural households have lived with civil unrest and genocide, changing land laws, large population flows both into and out of the country, and climatic threats with droughts and floods. The illness and untimely death of prime age adults from a number of health problems (increasingly HIV/AIDS) adds to the stress of these households and has lasting effects on the ability of households to survive. In this research, the authors use household and member level survey data to increase understanding about what is happening in households with such shocks and how they may be different from other Rwandan rural households.

This research finds that households affected by adult illness and death strive to maintain their agricultural production, and work to avoid selling assets, yet some households appear to be in a downward spiral, losing assets and income earning potential. They rely heavily on social networks for labor and skills, but clearly these networks will be stretched beyond their means in any continuing epidemics. Female-headed households in particular struggle to find labor with neighbors or work more themselves. If special programs are developed for the affected families, focusing on increasing land and labor productivity fits into their own strategies. Since households with prime age death and disease appear to be similar to other Rwandan households in the poorest two quintiles, such programs would be beneficial to rural households in general, and possibly strengthen social networks through generalized agricultural and income growth.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Trevor Young, David Colman
Cambridge, USA: Cambridge University Press, 1989, 336 с.
Это один из базовых учебников для изучения принципов аграрной экономики. Отличительной чертой книги является анализ развития сельскохозяйственного и продовольственного рынков в развивающихся странах. Учебник является теоретическим и прикладным исследованием аграрных рынков – с точки зрения производства, потребления и торговли, снабжая экономистов инструментами анализа спроса, предложения, аграрных рынков развивающихся стран.

Опубликовано на портале: 18-01-2003
Richard A. Brealey, Stewart C. Myers
New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997
The clear market leader in the corporate finance course, this text filled a very definite need for a MODERN corporate finance text back in 1983 when the first edition was published. It is known for its intuitive, conversational style and for being able to tie together many of the important ideas in corporate finance. The authors discussions and illustrations are unique due to the depth of detail blended with a distinct sense of humor. This new edition continues to be authoritative and student friendly but also carries stronger, modern coverage reflected by current examples and data as well as a unique emphasis upon agency issues.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
Thorvaldur Gylfason
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999
This is a concise and reader-friendly introduction to the principles of economic growth for students of economics and business. Gylfason examines theoretical and empirical models of economic growth through examples and case studies drawn from around the world and through a trenchant analysis of classic thought in this area. The influence of public policy on economic efficiency and growth is a key theme which underpins this textbook's engagement with issues such as liberalization, stabilization, privatization, and unemployment, as well as technology, education, natural resources, and geography. Economic growth is one of the most exciting areas of recent research and debate in the fields of business and economics, and this text, complete with end-of-chapter summaries and review questions, provides an ideal introduction to the topic.
Readership: Ideal for undergraduate students of macroeconomic principles, open economy macroeconomics, business and managerial economics, and international business. These are major courses on economics and business studies degrees. In addition, 'economic growth' has been one of the most exciting areas in economics in recent years, and this means that the text will receive a great deal of academic interest.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-10-2004
Carl Menger
Grove City: Libertarian Press, 1994, 328 с.
Principles of Economics ushered in modern economics. Principles not only revolutionized value, price, and marginal utility theories, but it was also used as the primary textbook by several generations of Austrian students and scholars, including Ludwig von Mises and F. A. von Hayek. No economist's library is complete without a copy of this classic work.