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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 210

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Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008
Maurizio Giuli
This paper sets out to assess the ability of Europes textile manufacturers to respond to the competitive challenge of low-cost producers from Eastern Europe and the Far East. In doing so it utilises Porters framework of the competitive advantage of nations to analyse the changing conditions under which the industry operates. The paper highlights the differing structure of the textile industry in the UK and Italy in order to demonstrate that the impact of competition may vary across the EU market as a whole. The conclusion suggests that the ability of European producers to resist the threat from low cost producers of textiles will lie in their ability to extend the strategy of developing high value added products directed towards the top-end of the market to embrace the middle range of consumers and it argues that the industrial groupings which feature collaborative but independent clusters of firms are most likely to succeed in this objective.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Barney G. Glaser, Anselm Strauss
New-York: Aldine De Gruyter, 1965
A study of the process of dying in American hospitals focuses upon discernible recurrent patterns of interaction between staff members, terminally ill patients, and their families. Strauss and Glaser suppose that the expectation of death by both the dying and the relatives are a key to understanding the interactions between those people. Their choice of hospitals and stations allowed them to compare various kinds of expectations. On a premature infant station, mortality was high but the patients were not aware of their impeding deaths, while on an oncology station, dying was slow and differences in the awareness of dying were very pronounced. The hypothesis results in a theory on the influence of awareness on the interaction with dying people.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Thomas Glauben, Christian Henning, Arne Henningsen
The study is devoted to the comparative static analysis and econometric estimation of farm household decisions under both standard and agricultural taxes. Accounting for labor market constraints a non- separable model is constructed implying increasing per-unit costs of accessing labor markets. To control for tax-induced adjustments related to labor market imperfections we compare the results to those derived from a separable approach, assuming perfect labor markets. Theoretical results suggest that most tax-induced responses are ambivalent mainly caused by shadow prices effects. Further, tax-induced effects differ between the two model versions. In particular standard taxes may imply production adjustments in the case of non- separability.

Thus, income and value-added taxes are no more necessarily superior to agricultural taxes. Econometric analysis using individual household data from Mid-West Poland indicates remarkable responses to market surplus and input taxes. In contrast, standard and land taxes imply only negligible production adjustments. Thus, they seem to be superior, at least in the Polish case.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Thomas Glauben, Hendrik Tietje, Christoph Weiss
This study examines family farms and characteristics affecting farm succession. Based on a farm survey, three aspects of succession are analysed in the paper: the probability of family succession; the likelihood of having a successor designated; and the timing of succession. Large and specialised farms are more likely to be transferred within the family and to have appointed a successor. The number of family members, as well as the experience of farm operator, is also significantly related to the succession behaviour. The probabilities of succession, and of having a successor, first increase with age and then decline again. Furthermore, timing of succession is delayed as the farm holder ages, suggesting most farm operators’ succession plans to be inconsistent over time. In addition, we find a significant interrelationship between the different aspects of succession indicating that decisions on family succession, the designation of a successor, as well as the timing of succession, are not separable.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Thilo Glebe, Klaus Salhofer
The number of agri-environmental programs, as well as the share of agricultural land covered under these programs, varies significantly between EU member states. We analyze national differences in the uptake of agri-environmental programs by developing a model of countries’ political objective function. Based on this model we identify six factors which may explain the extent to which agri-environmental policies are implemented: environmental benefits, opportunity costs of participation, financial budget pressure, the share of program expenditures financed by the EU, contribution to the EU budget, and political weight attributed to farmers’ income. The conceptual approach is then supplemented by an empirical analysis.
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Опубликовано на портале: 15-07-2004
Misspecification tests play an important role in detecting unreliable and inadequate economic models. This book brings together many results from the growing literature in econometrics on misspecification testing. It provides theoretical analyses and convenient methods for application. The main emphasis is on the Lagrange multiplier principle, which provides considerable unification, although several other approaches are also considered. The author also examines general checks for model adequacy that do not involve formulation of an alternative hypothesis. General and specific tests are discussed in the context of multiple regression models, systems of simultaneous equations, and models with qualitative or limited dependent variables.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Renan-Ulrich Goetz, Alois Keusch
Zaragoza, 2002
The paper proposes the use of meta models to determine the optimal intertemporal management of soil and phosphorus losses from agricultural land. This approach allows finding a equilibrium of the economic and biophysical system simultaneously. In contrast to the existing literature the model takes account of nonlinear relationships and of a large number of agricultural activities. The mathematical problems arising from this complex setup are addressed and the model is solved numerically. The results show that the second best policy in form of soil protection scores is highly inefficient, while another second best policy in form of land-use taxes is nearly as efficient as the first best policy.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 28-03-2004
Erving Goffman
Москва: КАНОН-пресс-Ц, 2000, 304 с.
Ставшая классической книга И. Гоффмана является образцом авторской социологии повседневности. Наблюдения и аналитические описания ритуалов, мельчайших деталей социального взаимодействия в пространственно-временных контекстах подкрепляют идею автора о том, что личность не обладает сущностными характеристиками, а является эффектом удавшихся представлений и инсценировок, принятых другими. На этой книге следует учиться « делать » социологию, хотя весь этот цинизм, конечно, относится, главным образом, к американскому среднему классу.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006
Robbie B.H. Goh, Brenda S. A. Yeoh
Изд-во: World Scientific Publishing Company, 2003, 228 с.
Theorizing the Southeast Asian City as Text examines the ways in which culture, ethnicity, languages, traditions, governance, policies and histories interplay in the creation of the urban experiences in contemporary Southeast Asian cities. It focuses on the ways in which urban spatial forms are textual experiences, subject to interpretative strategies and the influence of other discourses. In addition it also analyzes the experiences of modernization in such cities, but also in terms of the strategies of containment, refurbishment, and loss which this has occasioned.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
Arthur S. Goldberger
Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 2003
This is a textbook for the standard undergraduate econometrics course. Its only prerequisites are a semester course in statistics and one in differential calculus. Arthur Goldberger, an outstanding researcher and teacher of econometrics, views the subject as a tool of empirical inquiry rather than as a collection of arcane procedures. The central issue in such inquiry is how one variable is related to one or more others. Goldberger takes this to mean "How does the average value of one variable vary with one or more others?" and so takes the population conditional mean function as the target of empirical research. The structure of the book is similar to that of Goldberger's graduate-level textbook, A Course in Econometrics, but the new book is richer in empirical material, makes no use of matrix algebra, and is primarily discursive in style. A great strength is that it is both intuitive and formal, with ideas and methods building on one another until the text presents fairly complicated ideas and proofs that are often avoided in undergraduate econometrics. To help students master the tools of econometrics, Goldberger provides many theoretical and empirical exercises and, on an accompanying diskette, real micro-and macroeconomic data sets. The data sets deal with earnings and education, money demand, firm investment, stock prices, compensation and productivity, and the Phillips curve.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Marthe R. Gold
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996, 448 с.
В книге содержится подробное описание вопросов использования и проведения анализа эффективности затрат как вспомогательного средства при принятии решений в сфере здравоохранения и медицины. Хотя книга изначально создавалась в качестве руководства по оценке эффективности размещения ресурсов для менеджеров высшего и среднего звена в медицинских учреждениях, она также может быть полезна и для чиновников и руководителей промышленных предприятий, желающих ознакомиться с основами и возможностями применения анализа эффективности затрат. 
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-05-2004
R. Goldsmith, S. Brown, Gordon R. Foxall
Санкт-Петербург: Питер, 2001
В книге всесторонне освещены вопросы психологии потребителя. Рассматривая эту тему с точки зрения управления маркетингом, авторы акцентируют внимание на моделях поведения потребителей, на факторах, влияющих на покупательские предпочтения, на воздействии внешнего окружения на выбор потребителя. К несомненным достоинствам книги можно отнести и глубокий теоретический анализ проблемы, и ценный практический инструментарий, который можно использовать при разработке и реализации маркетинговых мероприятий. Книга предназначена для менеджеров по маркетингу, других специалистов, изучающих психологию потребителей, и всех, интересующихся данной темой.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 20-04-2007
Daniel Goleman
New-York: Bantam Books, 2000, 400 с.
Working With Emotional Intelligence takes the concepts from Daniel Goleman's bestseller, Emotional Intelligence, into the workplace. Business leaders and outstanding performers are not defined by their IQs or even their job skills, but by their "emotional intelligence": a set of competencies that distinguishes how people manage feelings, interact, and communicate. Analyses done by dozens of experts in 500 corporations, government agencies, and nonprofit organizations worldwide conclude that emotional intelligence is the barometer of excellence on virtually any job. This book explains what emotional intelligence is and why it counts more than IQ or expertise for excelling on the job. It details 12 personal competencies based on self-mastery (such as accurate self-assessment, self-control, initiative, and optimism) and 13 key relationship skills (such as service orientation, developing others, conflict management, and building bonds). Goleman includes many examples and anecdotes--from Fortune 500 companies to a nonprofit preschool--that show how these competencies lead to or thwart success.
Unlike IQ, emotional intelligence can keep growing--it continues to develop with life experiences. Understanding and raising your emotional intelligence is essential to your success and leadership potential.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 05-02-2004
The subject of this papers will be the experiences relating to pension fund regulations from the point of view of their safety of operations in five counties of Central and Eastern Europe (Hungary, Poland and Bulgaria, Estonia and Lithuania). In analysing the socially safe functioning of pension funds, special attention has been devoted to institutions supervising the pension fund.

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Jose A. Gomez-Limon, Laura Riesgo, Manuel Arriaza
In modelling farm systems it is widely accepted that risk plays a central role. Furthermore, farmers’ risk aversion determines their decisions in both the short and the long run. This paper presents a methodology based on multiple criteria mathematical programming to obtain relative and absolute risk aversion coefficients. We rely on multiattribute utility theory (MAUT) to elicit a separable additive multiattribute utility function and then estimate the risk aversion coefficients and apply this methodology to an irrigated area of Northern Spain. The results show a wide variety of attitudes to risk among farmers, who mainly exhibit decreasing absolute risk aversion (DARA) and constant relative risk aversion (CRRA).
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